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Title: The Art of German Cooking and Baking

Author: Lina Meier

Release date: November 26, 2020 [eBook #63883]

Language: English

Credits: Ronald Grenier (This file was produced from images
generously made available by The Internet Archive)

*** START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE ART OF GERMAN COOKING AND BAKING ***

Mrs. Lina Meier portrait

Mrs. Lina Meier,
Teacher of Cookery, German Cooking School,
Milwaukee, Wis.

THE ART
OF
GERMAN COOKING
AND BAKING

Revised and Enlarged Edition.

Compiled and Published by
Mrs. LINA MEIER,
German Cooking Teacher.

MILWAUKEE, U.S.A.
1922.

COPYRIGHT 1922.
By Mrs. LINA MEIER, Milwaukee, Wis.

3

PREFACE TO REVISED EDITION

This cook book consists of about 1,250 recipes which have been tested and prepared. It is divided into 26 Chapters, as follows:

ChapterRecipes
1Soups68
2Beef6
3Veal42
4Mutton32
5Pork35
6Poultry and Game Birds56
7Game25
8Fish61
9Headcheese and Gelatines12
10Dressings or Gravies58
11Potatoes26
12Vegetables74
13Salads47
14Eggs15
15Omelets, Pancakes, Waffles Noodles and Pies58
16Jams and Sauces23
17Desserts128
18Beverages29
19Wheat and Rye Bread, Yeast Cakes, Baking Powder Cakes and Tarts111
20Fillings and Frostings27
21Cookies53
22Confectionery20
23Preserves115
24Menu5
Sandwiches8
25Cookery for Invalids63
26Miscellaneous12

In giving to the public this second edition I am glad to be able to, offer a revised and improved cook book. It has been my aim to improve it in every way and to make it as clear, practical and helpful as possible.

The previous material has been carefully revised and changes made in the wording where it was believed that the language could be improved upon to make the author’s meaning more clear and comprehensible. A radical change has also been made in the construction and arrangement of the pages, which I trust will be an advantage.

In recognition of the friendly attitude of the great public toward my first book, I wish to say that the entire edition of about 5,000 copies is scattered all over the country and many assurances of appreciation have come to me. I therefore feel encouraged to send this new edition out upon the world, knowing that it is the same excellent cook book, only improved and augmented, and I hope that the book will contribute materially to the happiness and attractiveness of many homes and help to solve many problems, especially for brides and beginners.

Respectfully,

MRS. LINA MEIER,

Author.

Milwaukee, Wis., U.S.A.

4

Reliable Weights and Measures as used in this Book.

Are
equal to
Flour1quart or 4 teacups1lb.
Flour (sifted)3coffee cups, level1lb.
Flour2tbsps., well-rounded1oz.
Flour1teaspoonful, heaped½ oz.
Sugar, granulated2measuring cups, level1lb.
Sugar, “A” coffeecoffee cups, level1lb.
Sugar, powderedcoffee cups, level1lb.
Sugar, powdered2tbsps., well-rounded1oz.
Sugar, best Brown2coffee cups, level1lb.
Sugar, granulated, “A” or brown1tbsp., well-heaped1oz.
Butter, soft2full cups, well-pressed1lb.
Butter, soft3tbsp., well-rounded2ozs.
Butter, soft1Piece size of an egg1oz.
Lard2cups1lb.
Eggs10but if quite large 9llb.
Cornstarch3cups1lb.
Indian Mealcoffee cups, level1qt.
Coffee, ground4cups1lb.
Chocolate, sweet3grated tablespoons1oz.
Rice2cups, heaped1lb.
Rice2tablespoons1oz.
Sago2cups, heaped1lb.
Barley4cups1lb.
Bread crumbs1cup, grated2ozs
Chopped meat2cups, heaped1lb.
Suet1pint1lb.
Nutmeg2cups1lb.
Almonds5medium-sized1oz.
Figs2cups1lb.
Dates2cups1lb.
Raisins2cups1lb
Prunes2cups1lb.
Citron2cups, heaped1lb.
1 cup4ozs
2 rounded tablespoons1oz.

5

CHAPTER 1.
SOUPS.

No. 1—BOUILLON.

Preparation: The soup bone is put over the fire in 6 qts. of cold water after it has been washed in cold water. Soup greens and salt are added and the whole is boiled slowly 4 hours until it is boiled down to 2 or 3 quarts. Before using pour the bouillon through a fine sieve. If you like the bouillon very strong and of a good color add ½ teaspoonful of beef extract.

No. 2—BOUILLON.

The soup bone and the soup greens are fried light brown with a piece of butter or lard. Water is then added and salt. Boil 4 hours as in the preceding recipe and strain before using.

No. 3—OXTAIL BOUILLON.

Preparation: Cut the ox-tail into small pieces and together with the soup greens, fry them in butter light brown. Add 5 qts. of water and salt. Let it boil 4 or 5 hours slowly down to 2 qts. This bouillon will be very strong and may be served in cups, and bread or cheese sticks may be served with it.

No. 4—BOUILLON OF MEAT EXTRACT.

Preparation: Stew the soup greens in butter or lard a little while, then add water and salt and boil slowly for 20 minutes. Add the meat extract and strain. The yolk of one egg may be stirred into it.

No. 5—BOUILLON OF BEEF.

Preparation: Soup bone, soup greens, and salt and water are put over the fire to boil one hour, then the beef is added6and the whole is boiled slowly for another 2 or 2½ hours. Strain after boiling. This soup is very strong. Boiled in this way the meat is tender and nourishing.

No. 6—BOUILLON.

Made of Roast Bones or Meat Remnants.

Preparation: Chop the bones and put over the fire with soup greens, salt and water; boil 2 hours, then strain. If the bouillon is not strong enough, add a little meat extract.

No. 7—DUMPLINGS FOR BOUILLON.

Marrow Dumpling Soup.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Boil or cook the marrow until it is melted, strain it through a fine sieve. Put 3 tablespoonfuls into a dish and let it cool off. Then beat it to foam and add the yolks of the eggs, salt, parsley, nutmeg, the grated rolls and water. Finally beat the whites of 2 eggs to stiff froth and stir into the mass.

Form small dumplings, let bouillon come to a boil, put the dumplings in and boil slowly ¼ hour.

It is best to try one dumpling first; in case it does not hold together, add some more grated roll.

The soup must be served at once. A little chopped parsley put into it is a pleasing and palatable addition.

No. 8—BUTTER-DUMPLING SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation of butter-dumplings is the same as the marrow dumplings in No. 7.

The butter is beaten to a cream at once and less salt is added, because the butter is already salted.

7

No. 9—LIVER-DUMPLING SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The butter is stirred and liver, yolk of eggs, salt, parsley, onion, nutmeg and roll crumbs added. The whites of eggs are beaten to a froth and stirred into the mass, then small dumplings are formed. When the bouillon comes to a boil, put the dumplings in and boil ¼ hour.

The soup should be served at once.

No. 10—MEAT-DUMPLING SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The butter is stirred, then meat, yolk of eggs, parsley, salt, nutmeg added and well mixed. The whites of eggs beaten to a froth and added to the mass. Small dumplings are formed and when bouillon boils, let the dumplings boil in it 10 minutes. A little parsley may be put into the soup, which must be served at once.

No. 11—SPONGE-DUMPLING SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Eggs and milk or bouillon are well stirred or beaten, salt is added and the mass boiled in double boiler for 20 minutes. If you have no double boiler put your soup into a small pot and place this into a larger one with boiling water.

The bouillon is put into the soup tureen and the dumplings are cut with a teaspoon and put into the bouillon. A little finely chopped parsley is added.

No. 12—FARINA-DUMPLING SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The milk is brought to a boil, stir in the farina and butter and salt, then boil 2 or 3 minutes, stirring 8constantly until the mass loosens from the pot. Take from the stove, stir into it the yolk of egg. Beat the white of the egg to a froth and add to the mass. When it is cool make small dumplings, or you may also cut into sponges with teaspoon. Let the bouillon boil 5 minutes with the dumplings. Some chopped parsley in the soup is very good.

No. 13—STIRRED SPONGE DUMPLINGS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The butter is beaten to a cream, add yolks of 2 eggs, salt, parsley, nutmeg, flour and milk.

The whites of 2 eggs are beaten to a froth and stirred in. When the bouillon boils cut out small sponges with teaspoon and boil 5 minutes.

If the dumplings are too soft, add some more flour. The soup must be served at once.

No. 14—CURDLE SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The milk, eggs, flour, salt and nutmeg are well mixed.

When the bouillon boils the mass is slowly poured into it and boiled 5 minutes. The soup must be stirred constantly while boiling, lest it should burn. When served the parsley is added.

No. 15—MARROW STRIPS FOR SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The rolls are cut into equal strips and baked light brown in the butter. They are then placed on a platter. Soak the marrow in water, cut into layers and place on the hot bread. Sprinkle with salt and pepper and place the pan or platter into a hot oven. Leave it in the oven until the marrow is transparent and serve with the bouillon.

9

No. 16—BREAD STICKS FOR BOUILLON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The warm milk and flour is beaten to a thin dough. The yeast is dissolved in a tablespoonful of warm milk and added to the dough. The whole is placed near a warm stove for rising which requires about ½ hour.

When this is done, work the dough with flour thick enough to roll out in ½ inch layer. Cut this dough into narrow strips 4 inches long and set aside for rising again, then bake them in a tin until, of a yellow color. Serve them fresh and warm with a strong bouillon.

No. 17—CHEESE STICKS FOR BOUILLON.

Quantity for 12 Persons.

Preparation: The butter is beaten to foam, the cheese is grated fine and added, also salt and paprika. Then the flour is kneaded into it to make a smooth dough and rolled out to ½ inch thickness. Cut in ½ inch strips and 5 inches long. Now bake in a medium hot oven to a light yellow color. If too dark the sticks will taste bitter.

They are served fresh and warm with strong bouillon.

No. 18—CHEESE PASTRY.

Quantity for 12—15 Persons.

Preparation: The butter is beaten to a cream, and the finely grated cheese added. The cream, sugar, salt, nutmeg, paprika and flour added, made into a fine paste and rolled out into ½ inch thickness. Cut out with a small glass and bake in a medium hot oven to a light yellow color.

Remarks: It is better to put the paste on ice for a while and then roll it out. They are served hot with bouillon; or this pastry, as also the cheese sticks in No. 17 may be served as dessert instead of bread, butter and cheese.

10

No. 19—FLOUR DUMPLINGS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The flour and salt are mixed and the boiling water, in which the butter is melted, poured on and the mass stirred briskly, after which the egg is mixed in.

The bouillon should be boiling, and the dumplings are formed or cut out with a teaspoon, put into the bouillon, and boiled 8 minutes.

Remarks: These dumplings may be made large, boiled in salt water 10 minutes and served with stewed fruit.

No. 20—RICE SOUP WITH BOUILLON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The rice is washed and put on with 2 cups of cold water to boil 5 minutes; then pour off the water. Now add 3 qts. bouillon and cook slowly for 1 hour.

No. 21—BOUILLON RICE SOUP WITH TOMATOES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: After the bouillon boils as in No. 1, add instead of one tomato the quantity mentioned in this recipe. Proceed as in No. 20, strain the bouillon and boil the rice in it for 1 hour.

No. 22—RICE SOUP WITH MILK.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The rice is washed in water, and boiled for 5 minutes. Pour off the water and gradually add milk. It takes the rice about 1½ to 2 hours to get soft. Serve with sugar and cinnamon or cooked prunes.

In the summer time rice is palatable and refreshing, served cold with milk.

11

No. 23—COLD RICE SOUP WITH APPLES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The rice is washed and boiled in 2 cups of water for 5 minutes, then this water is poured off and 2 qts. added to boil 1 hour. In the meantime peel the apples and remove the core, cut them up in ⅛ths and put into rice, also cut up the ½ lemon in slices and add to the soup. Boil all this 20 minutes after adding salt and sugar as stated above.

If the soup is too thick, add some more water. It can be served warm, but it tastes better when cold.

Remarks: You can improve the soup by adding ½ pt. of white wine and more sugar.

No. 24—BARLEY SOUP WITH BOUILLON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparations: The barley is washed in cold water and then brought to boiling in cold water. The water is poured off and the bouillon poured on and with this it is boiled slowly for 1½ hours. During the last ¾ of an hour the asparagus is put in and boiled until soft. If you wish, you may leave out the asparagus.

If the soup looks too white you may add some meat extract or stir into it the yolk of one egg.

No. 25—BARLEY GRUEL SOUP WITH BOUILLON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The barley is washed and boiling water poured on and off twice. Heat the butter and cook the barley in it for a while. Then the bouillon is poured on and the soup is boiled slowly for 2½ hours. Now the soup is strained through a fine hair sieve and heated again.

If you wish some asparagus in it, which gives it a nice flavor, cook the asparagus pieces separately in bouillon until soft and add it to the soup, or stir the yolk of one egg into the soup.

This soup is very good for sick persons, but for this purpose the asparagus is left out.

12

No. 26—BARLEY GRUEL SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The barley is washed and put over the fire in some cold water. Let it get hot and pour off the water. Put the barley into the butter and let it steep a while, then add more water and boil for one hour. Add salt and nutmeg and at last add the parsley. You can also add a piece of fresh butter.

No. 27—SWEET BARLEY GRUEL SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

This soup is the same as No. 26 with the exception of parsley and nutmeg which are left out. ½ cup of sugar and some cinnamon are added. The soup is then strained through a fine hair sieve and the yolk of one egg is stirred into it.

No. 28—SAGO SOUP WITH BOUILLON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The sago is soaked for 1 hour in cold water. Pour off the water and add boiling hot bouillon, and in this the sago is left to boil until it is transparent.

No. 29—SAGO SOUP WITH RED WINE OR RASPBERRY JUICE.

Quantity for 2 Persons.

Preparation: The sago is soaked in cold water for one hour. This water is then poured off and 3 cups of fresh water added in which the sago is boiled until soft and transparent. Add the quantity of red wine or juice, sugar and lemon and let it boil 5 minutes longer. Remove the lemon slices.

Serve this soup with zwieback or with small slices of toast.

13

No. 30—FARINA SOUP WITH BOUILLON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Let the already strained bouillon boil, then pour the farina into it slowly while stirring it, and leave it to boil 10 minutes.

No. 31—GREEN CORN SOUP WITH BOUILLON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The green corn is steeped in the tablespoonful of butter, then the bouillon is added and this boiled slowly for 2 hours. This is then strained through a hair sieve and the yolk of one egg stirred in.

The milk roll is cut into cubes and fried in the ½ tablespoonful of butter until light yellow. When serving the soup put these bread cubes into it or serve them with the soup.

No. 32—OATMEAL SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The oatmeal is put on with the water and salt and boiled slowly for ½ hour, then the soup is strained or pressed through a hair sieve. Now add butter and meat extract and let this all come to a boil. If the soup is too thick add some more boiling water.

Remarks: Instead of water you may also take milk and leave out the meat extract. You may add some sugar. Small pieces of rolls fried in butter are good with this soup. It is very good for invalids.

No. 33—BEAN SOUP WITH BOUILLON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The beans are soaked in water for some hours, pour off the water, put on fresh water and bring to 14boil. After boiling for 10 minutes, pour off this water and boil again. Now pour it off for the last time, add the bouillon and boil the beans in this until soft. The ham bone is boiled in the bouillon. It requires 3 hours to cook this soup.

No. 34—BEAN-PUREE SOUP WITH CRAB OR LOBSTER BUTTER.

Quantity for 4 Persons.

Preparation: The beans are soaked, drained and boiled until soft in 1½ qts. of water. When they are soft the water must be all boiled down. Strain the beans through a fine sieve. This puree or mass is stewed in the butter and the crab or lobster butter and then the bouillon is added, also the white pepper. The cream is put into the soup dish and the soup is poured over it.

Begin preparation of this soup about 3 hours before time to serve.

No. 35—PEA SOUP WITH BOUILLON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The peas are prepared just like the beans in No. 33, then they are boiled until soft in bouillon for 3 hours. The soup is then strained. If it is ham that is being boiled in the bouillon, cut same into small pieces and put them into the strained peas.

Cut the roll into small cubes, fry them in butter until light yellow and serve with the soup.

No. 36—LENTIL SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The lentils are soaked in water for one hour, then this water is poured off and the lentils brought to boil in 15cold water. They must boil for 10 minutes. This water is again poured off and the bouillon added; in this the lentils are boiled until soft which requires 2½ to 3 hours. When the lentils are done, the butter is heated and the flour stirred into it; this is then poured into the soup. Ten minutes before serving put the Wieners into the soup, let come to a boil and then merely steep. The Wieners are served with the soup.

Remarks: Put very little salt into the soup, because the Wieners are already seasoned.

No. 37—FRESH VEGETABLE SOUP WITH BOUILLON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The butter is heated and flour put into it to stew, then the bouillon is added; all vegetables and potatoes cut into smalls pieces, and put into the boiling bouillon and cooked for one hour until soft. If you cannot get all of these vegetables you may put less of it into the soup. Instead you may put small meat dumplings of veal or chicken into it. These dumplings are prepared as in recipe No. 10.

No. 38—ASPARAGUS SOUP WITH BOUILLON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The butter is heated and the flour stewed in it, then the bouillon is added and let come to a boil. The asparagus is peeled, cut into small pieces, 1½ inches long, and boiled in the bouillon for ¾ of an hour.

If the asparagus is tender it will be done after ½ hour cooking.

No. 39—CAULIFLOWER SOUP WITH BOUILLON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The preparation of this soup is the same as No. 38. The cauliflower is broken into small roses and boiled in the prepared bouillon about 20 minutes.

16

No. 40—SORREL SOUP WITH BOUILLON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The sorrel and lettuce leaves are put into boiling water for a minute and placed in a sieve to drain. It is then put into ¼ lb. of butter and stewed for 10 minutes. After this the mass is pressed through a sieve and stirred with the yolks of eggs and cream. The bouillon should be prepared and heated beforehand; the butter should be heated and the flour stirred in, and to this the bouillon is gradually added. The cubes of roll are fried light yellow in the ½ tablespoonful of butter. When the puree is done it is poured into the boiling bouillon and sugar and pepper put in to suit taste. The fried roll cubes are served with the soup.

No. 41—CELERY SOUP WITH MILK.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The celery is cut into small pieces, and boiled in water until soft, then strained through a hair sieve. The butter is heated with the flour in it and the milk is now added. The boiled and strained celery is added, let come to a boil, stirring constantly. Add enough salt and pepper to suit your taste, stir in the yolks and serve at once. If you leave the soup standing it will get thick.

No. 42—TOMATO SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The tomatoes are boiled in water for a few minutes. If you have taken fresh tomatoes let them cook ½ 17hour in 1¼ qts. of water. Butter and finely cut onions are steeped so that the onions remain light yellow, add the flour and cook a little more. Butter, flour and onions are now put into the boiling tomatoes, and boiled with them. Then the mass is strained, sugar, salt, pepper added, the whole heated, the chopped parsley put in, and the soup served. The roll cubes are fried light yellow and put into the soup or if you wish you can serve them with the soup.

No. 43—TOMATO SOUP WITH MILK.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation. The can of tomatoes is heated, the fresh tomatoes must be boiled until soft in ½ qt. of water, then pressed through a fine sieve.

The milk and butter are brought to boil in a double boiler and the tomatoes are put into it. Salt, pepper and sugar put in, then the soda stirred in and the soup served at once.

No. 44—MOCK-TURTLE SOUP.

Quantity for 8 Persons.

Preparation: The finely cut ham, soup greens and onions are fried and the calf’s head and tongue or chopped feet are then put in and the quantity of water added. The feet must be scalded before using.

The whole is cooked until tender and salt and pepper added. Then it is strained. The skin of the calf’s head is cut into small pieces (also the tongue and feet) a little salt is strewn over the meat and the red wine poured over it.

Butter and flour are browned and the bouillon, from which the fat has been removed is poured on, also the Madeira wine.

The soup is now slowly boiled for one hour. The scum and fat must be taken off.

Now the meat with the red wine are put in.

18

The eggs are boiled hard and the whole yolks put into the soup. You can also cut the yolks in halves and put one-half into each soup dish.

It requires 3 hours to cook this soup.

No. 45—POTATO SOUP WITH BOUILLON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are pared, cut into small pieces and cooked until soft in the bouillon, then pressed through a sieve. If you wish you may leave the pieces of potatoes whole.

The roll cubes are toasted light yellow and put into the soup or served with it.

Remarks: Potato soup of rabbitroast bones or fowl bones is very good. If there is some meat left on these bones, cut it in small pieces and put it into the soup.

No. 46—POTATO SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are pared, cut into small pieces, and cooked until soft in the 2 qts. of water, then pressed through a sieve and cooked again. Salt, butter, meat extract are now added.

The roll cubes are fried light yellow in the ½ tablespoonful of butter and put into the soup before serving.

No. 47—WHITE WINE SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The water with the spices is boiled for 2 minutes before the wine is added and let come to a boil again. 19The yolks of the 3 eggs are stirred with flour and a little water and then stirred into the soup. Let it come to a boil once more, stirring constantly. Then it is taken from the stove. The whites of the eggs are beaten to a stiff froth and put into the soup when served.

Cloves, lemon slices, and cinnamon are taken out. Zwieback or toasted slices of rolls are served with this soup.

No. 48—RED WINE SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Boil the water, sugar and spices for 10 minutes. The flour mixed with some water is stirred in and let come to a boil, stirring constantly.

Heat the red wine and put it into the soup but do not boil any longer. Serve at once. Serve zwieback or small soup macaroons with it.

No. 49—BEER SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Water, beer, sugar and spices are brought to a boil. The flour and yolks of eggs are mixed with water and stirred into the soup and brought to a boil again. The whites of eggs are beaten to a stiff froth and put into the soup when served.

Zwieback or toasted slices of rolls are served with the soup.

No. 50—APPLE SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The apples with their peelings on are cut into pieces and the core removed, and then boiled in the water with the spices until soft. The flour is mixed with a little 20water and put into the apples while boiling. Then the whole is strained or pressed through a sieve. Now the washed currants are added and a cup of red wine or white wine and cooked again.

Remarks: All fruit soups may be prepared this way, i.e., plum, cherry, apricots, strawberries, raspberries, currants, grapes, gooseberries or rhubarb soups are made this way but some need more sugar than others, or the wine is left out.

Dried fruit may also be used.

No. 51—RYE BREAD SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The rye bread which may be stale is put on with 2 qts. of cold water and boiled a little, then pressed through a hair sieve.

If it should be too thick, leave out some bread. It is then boiled with the salt, sugar, currants and butter for a little while. The white wine is poured into the soup dish and the soup added to it while boiling hot.

No. 52—FLOUR SOUP, (WHEAT).

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The butter is browned, flour stirred in, milk, water and salt added. The soup must be boiled 20 minutes, constantly stirring it. You may stir into it the yolk of one egg.

No. 53—RYE FLOUR SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The rye flour is stirred into the cold water, butter and salt added and cooked for 20 minutes while stirring constantly. Add the milk and boil again; then stir in the yolks.

21

No. 54—MILK SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: 1½ qts. milk, sugar, spices and salt, let come to a boil. The flour is mixed with ½ qt. of milk and stirred into the boiling milk, then boiled for ¼ hour. Stir in one egg yolk, then serve.

No. 55—CHOCOLATE SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Prepare the chocolate soup just the same as the milk soup No. 54. Grate the chocolate and stir it into the flour or cornstarch and milk. If it gets too thick add more milk.

No. 56—FISH SOUP WITH FISH DUMPLINGS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fish is scaled, drawn and washed. The meat is cut from the bones, the liver and gall removed. The bones are chopped up and with water, onions, salt and spices slowly stewed for a fish bouillon.

Melt ⅛ lb. butter, stir in the flour, simmer to a light yellow, pour the fish bouillon in, let it simmer slowly for ¾ of an hour.

The crawfish or crabs are boiled in the meantime. The meat is taken out of the shells. The oysters and the fish liver, which is cut into pieces, are heated in the white wine, but not boiled. The meat of the pickerel is also cut into small pieces and stewed in 2 tablespoonfuls of butter until tender.

The fish dumplings are also cooked 10 minutes in the white wine. When done, put the dumplings into the soup tureen. All the meat, liver, crabs and oysters are put into the soup tureen, the gravy is strained and the yolks of 2 eggs 22stirred in and then poured into the tureen. Salt to taste. It is a very fine soup.

The fish dumplings are made the same way as the meat dumplings in No. 10, only instead of meat take fish, and take half the quantities given in No. 10. Leave out the nutmeg.

No. 57—CRAWFISH OR CRAB SOUP WITH MARROW DUMPLINGS OR LIVER DUMPLINGS.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The crabs are washed carefully and thrown into boiling salt water, but taken out again immediately. Mash the crab meat and stew it ¼ of an hour in the ¼ lb. of butter. After this stir in the bouillon, cover and cook slowly 1 hour.

Marrow dumplings or liver dumplings are cooked in the soup which has been strained. The marrow dumplings are prepared as directed in No. 7 and the liver dumplings as in No. 9. Take the same quantities. Serve at once when the dumplings are done.

No. 58—OYSTER SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The milk is boiled and butter, salt, and pepper added. The oysters with their juice are put into the boiling milk; stir constantly while doing this, let come to boiling, stirring continually; then serve at once. Serve crackers with the soup.

No. 59—CHICKEN BOUILLON TO DRINK.

Quantity for 4 Persons.

Preparation: The chicken is cleaned well and all fat removed. The meat is removed from the bones and chopped fine, the bones cracked or split, the egg is stirred in and with water and salt put into a covered pot and cooked slowly for 3 hours. Strain through a sieve and serve. This soup is very good for invalids and convalescents.

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No. 60—PIGEON BOUILLON TO DRINK.

Quantity for 3 Persons.

Preparation: The pigeons are cleaned well and washed. The meat is removed from the bones and chopped fine, the bones split or cracked and the egg stirred in. Put on the fire with the water and salt and cook in a covered pot for 3 hours. Strain and serve. This soup is also good for sick people.

No. 61—PIGEON SOUP.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The pigeons are cleaned well and the breast and clubs or legs cut off and left whole. The other meat is chopped, also the beef, and all is boiled until soft in the quantity of water with salt and soup greens. In the meantime the barley is soaked. Drain well and stew the barley in butter for a little while, then gradually pour on the strained bouillon.

Peel the asparagus and cut it into inch lengths and add to the barley and bouillon. Boil for 1 hour. The meat from the breast and legs is cut fine and put into the soup when served. If you have used beef for the soup you may make hash or salad of it.

No. 62—CHICKEN SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The chicken is cleaned well, washed and cooked until soft with soup greens, salt and water which requires 1½ hours. If it is an old chicken it will require 2 to 3 hours. The rice is washed and put on with some cold water to get partly done. When the water is all boiled down add the strained bouillon.

The asparagus and cauliflower are cleaned and cut into 24small pieces and cooked until soft with the rice in the bouillon. When the soup is done the meat extract is added.

The chicken breast is cut into small pieces and put into the soup. You can also carve the whole chicken and serve it with the soup.

No. 63—PARTRIDGE SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The partridges are cleaned well and fried in the 2 tablespoonfuls of butter to a light brown. The flour is browned in the 1½ tablespoonfuls of butter and the water added, also potatoes, carrots and salt and the fried partridges; all of this is boiled until tender in a covered pot. This will require 2 to 2½ hours. The partridge breast is cut in pieces and served in the soup.

The remaining partridge meat may be utilized in hash or dumplings.

No. 64—WILD GAME OR POULTRY SOUP.

Quantity for 4–6 Persons.

You can make soups from all kinds of wild or tame birds. Follow directions given for chicken, pigeon or partridge soup. If the soup is made of bones and remnants and not rich enough you may add meat extract.

No. 65—RED WINE SOUP WITH SAGO.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The sago and raisins are boiled until soft in the water. Then the red wine is added, also cinnamon, sugar and lemon slices, and the soup is brought to boil again. Zwieback or toasted rolls are served with it.

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No. 66—TOMATO SOUP WITH SMALL MEAT OR POTATO DUMPLINGS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Meat Dumplings.

Potato Dumplings.

Preparation: Tomatoes are cooked in the water for 10 minutes. The butter is melted and the onions put in and stewed a little, then the flour is stirred in and the whole is put into the soup. Salt, pepper and sugar are added and after a few minutes boiling the whole is strained.

The meat dumplings contain beef, pork, 1 egg, butter, salt and pepper, which is all mixed and small dumplings are formed.

The potato dumplings are made of mashed or grated boiled potatoes which are mixed with 1 egg, flour, salt and pepper. Small dumplings are formed and rolled in flour.

The tomato soup must be boiling when the dumplings are put in, and boil 10 minutes. Serve the soup at once with the dumplings in it.

A teaspoonful of finely chopped parsley may be put in the soup.

No. 67—BUTTERMILK SOUP OR SOUR MILK SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Buttermilk and sweet milk are brought to a boil with the sago. Cinnamon and lemon added. Cook slowly for one hour, stirring frequently. Add salt and a little sugar. The soup may be served hot or cold.

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No. 68—OYSTER PLANT SOUP.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The oyster plants are scraped and cut into small pieces. Put the clean oyster plants immediately into water mixed with vinegar and flour so that they will not get black.

When they are well cleaned they are stewed with the butter and a little water until tender; then stir in the flour and cook a few minutes. Then the milk is gradually added while stirring the soup constantly. Now the soup is left to cook a little, stirring occasionally and then salt and pepper are added.

At last the yolks of 2 eggs are stirred in.

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CHAPTER 2.
BEEF.

Numbered cuts on a beef cow

Preparation of All Kinds of Beef Dishes. Boiled, Roasted and Salted Beef. How Remnants of Beef May be Utilized.

The best quality of beef has a nice red color and white suet. The meat of young cows is more pale and tender.

Old cows have dark, brownish red meat and yellow suet.

Young beef makes a good roast, but a poor bouillon.

Old beef makes a tough roast, but a good bouillon.

The best Pieces for Roasting.

The fillet, roast beef, and the inner part of the forerib.

The best Pieces for braising or Pot Roast.

The rump, the sirloin, the fillet, roast beef, (well hung), also the chuck and round shoulder, (well hung).

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The best Pieces for Bouillon.

The meat from the round, the rump, the chuck, in fact all lean meat and bones.

Meat for Salting and Pickling.

The meat from the round, also from the brisket, but without bones.

Best Pieces for Boiling.

The rump, the brisket and chuck.

No. 1—ROAST BEEF.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The roast beef is salted and peppered, put into a roasting pan with the quantity of water given and roasted in the oven. After ½ hour’s roasting add 2 to 3 tablespoonfuls of butter and let it roast for another hour, basting frequently. In 1½ hours the roast beef is rare inside and in 2 hours it is well done.

If the roast is small, it will require 15 minutes less per pound, and if larger 15 minutes longer for roasting. When the roast is done, put it on a platter and make the gravy.

Take ¾ tablespoonful of flour, put it into the pan, stir it well and let it boil 3 minutes, then pour in the 1 cup of water, boil a few minutes, strain and serve.

Remarks: Be careful that the butter does not turn too dark during the roasting. Should this be the case add a little water, so that the gravy may not taste bitter.

No. 2—MEAT PUDDING.

How to Utilize Roast Beef.

Roast Beef With Rice Covering.

Quantity for 4–6 Persons.

Preparation: The roast meat is chopped, but not too fine, 29and stewed in a pan with the butter and onions. The gravy is mixed with flour, salt and pepper and poured on the meat which is left to cook a few minutes until the gravy gets thick.

The rice is cooked until soft and thick in the water or bouillon, the grated cheese is put in and at last the yolks of 2 eggs. Taste the rice for salt. Butter a pudding mold and strew in some grated rolls, now put in one layer of rice and one layer of meat and so on until all the meat and rice are in. Close the mold well and set in a steamer over a kettle of boiling water and steam for 2 hours.

After the pudding is done, turn it out and pour over it a Dutch gravy or serve the gravy separately with it.

No. 3—BEEF FILLET ROAST.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The fillet roast is freed from fat and skin. The bacon is cut in narrow strips and the fillet larded with it.

The butter is put into the frying pan and heated and then the fillet browned in it on both sides and sprinkled with salt and pepper. It is roasted in the oven for ¾ of an hour, basting frequently with the gravy or water; the cream is put on 1 spoonful at a time. The roast must be of a nice pink color. It is placed on a platter.

The gravy: The given quantity of flour is put into the pan and browned, the water poured over and cooked for a few minutes; then strain and serve.

You can also put champignons into the gravy, which makes it richer.

No. 4—BEEF FILLET BEEFSTEAK.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Cut the 2½ lbs. of fillet into 6 pieces, trim off the fat and skin and pound slightly. They are then formed into round beefsteaks and sprinkled with salt and pepper.

The butter is put into a frying pan and heated and the steaks quickly browned on both sides, which requires about 5 minutes. Fry for 5 minutes more, basting and turning occasionally. 30The steaks are then taken out and put on a platter. The water poured into the butter and boiled a little while; this gravy is put over the steak. Beefsteak is fried in an open frying pan on the top of the stove.

No. 5—BEEF FILLET STEAKS WITH CHAMPIGNONS AND FRIED GOOSE LIVER.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fillet is prepared just the same as in No. 4, and also fried the same way. The goose liver is salted and peppered and sprinkled with flour, then fried light yellow in ⅛ lb. of butter; add 1 tablespoonful of water, cover the pan and stew ¼ hour longer.

The water having been drained off the champignons, add ½ tablespoonful of butter, ¼ teaspoonful of flour and a little salt and then cook a little. The cream and meat extract are added and simmered a while longer.

The ready fried beefsteaks are put on a hot platter. The goose liver is cut into as many pieces as there are steaks, and one piece put in the center of each steak. The prepared champignons are placed around each piece of goose liver on top of each steak.

The gravy is put on the platter too. You can garnish the platter with scallops of puff paste. This dish is nice between courses.

No. 6—BROILED STEAK OF ROAST BEEF.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The roast beef is cut into 1½ inch thick slices and pounded well. A broiler is put on the open medium hot fire and the slices laid on to broil for 20 minutes, turning frequently. Put them on a hot platter, sprinkle with pepper and salt, cut the butter into small pieces and place them on the hot meat. Serve at once.

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No. 7—STEAK FROM THE BEEF ROUND.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is cut into slices ¾ inch thick and pounded slightly.

The butter is heated; the onion is sliced and fried till light yellow in the butter, then taken out and the meat put into this hot onion butter after it has been salted and peppered. Fry for 5 to 8 minutes to a light brown, turning it once or twice.

The meat is put on a hot platter and the onions on top. A little water is put into the pan with butter and boiled a little. This gravy is poured over the meat. Serve at once.

Remarks: If you do not like onions, omit them.

No. 8—CHOPPED GERMAN STEAK OR HAMBURG STEAK.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The lean meat from the round is chopped fine or ground fine by putting it twice or three times through the grinder, then salted, peppered and mixed with the eggs, a tablespoonful of butter and onion if you like. If you do not like onions, omit them.

After mixing well, scant ¼ lb. dumplings are formed and flattened to 1½ inches in thickness. The butter or lard heated, the steaks put in and fried about 10 minutes, turning and basting frequently.

Serve the steaks on a hot platter, and for gravy pour a little water into the frying pan with the butter, let come to a boil, and pour over the steaks.

Remarks: You may serve mustard gravy with this steak by adding 2 teaspoonfuls of mustard to the steak butter and 1 teaspoonful of flour and bouillon or water, boiled for 2 minutes and strained.

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No. 9 RAW BEEFSTEAK A LA TARTARE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The beef which must be very fresh and free from sinews, is chopped or ground twice in the grinder. Mix with salt and pepper and form into 6 equal 1¼ inch thick steaks. With a knife, score or mark squares on the surface. Make a depression in the middle of each steak and put into this carefully one raw yolk of egg. Garnish each steak with a small heap of onions, chopped small pieces of pickles, sardines from which the bones have been removed. Capers and mustard mixed with oil and vinegar may be served with it. The steaks must be served fresh.

No. 10—FILLET BEEFSTEAK FOR BREAKFAST.

Quantity for 2 Persons.

Preparation: The pan which must have a cover is buttered. The potatoes and onions are cut into cubes, salted and peppered and put into the pan.

The pounded meat, cut into slices is browned on both sides in 1 tablespoonful of butter from the ⅛ lb. This must be done quickly in about one minute. The browned meat is then put on the raw potatoes. The gravy is poured into the beefsteak butter, or if you have no gravy, take water and boil it for one minute with a little meat extract, pour it over the potatoes and meat, cover well, and cook it 5 minutes over a hot fire; then set it aside and cook it slowly for 20 minutes more. Serve it at once in the covered pan. The pan must be small for such a small portion.

Remarks: Instead of potatoes and onions you can take fresh or canned champignons, morels or mushrooms. This dish is good for sick persons if you omit the onions and mushrooms and take potatoes only.

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No. 11—BEEF POT ROAST.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat—from rump, chuck or sirloin—is pounded. The bacon cut in small thick pieces is stuck into the meat, heat the suet, add onions and brown meat slightly on both sides. When this is done it is placed on a platter. Flour is browned in the suet to which water and the spices are added, and cooked. The browned meat is put into the gravy, which should cover it. Cover the pot well. The best thing for a pot roast is an iron pot. Put the covered roast into the moderately hot oven for 2½ to 3 hours, basting frequently. One-half hour before done, pour the wine over it. When done, take the roast out and prepare the gravy. Take off all fat; if too thick add more water and strain.

No. 12—BRAISED BEEF SLICES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat slices are salted, pounded, browned in hot butter and put into a pot. The carrots and onions are added and the bouillon is poured over. Cook slowly until tender.

The meat, carrots and onions are taken out with a big skimmer. The flour is browned in the butter in which the meat was first browned, the gravy of the meat added and the vinegar; boil and strain. The onions and carrots are arranged around the roast slices and a few tablespoonfuls of the gravy put on the meat. You can also add for garnishing some nice cuts of boiled potatoes or small potato dumplings.

No. 13—ROASTED RIB PIECE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The bones and tendons are taken out, the 34meat is then rubbed with salt and the spices and put into vinegar for ½ hour. The vegetables, which have been cut into small pieces, are stewed in the given quantity of butter until soft. Add salt, and a little water from time to time to prevent the vegetables from becoming brown. The meat is fried in a pan with butter or lard for ½ hour, turning occasionally. One-half of this fried meat is put into a flat pan, the stewed vegetables are put on top and the other half of the meat is placed on top of this and the whole is thus baked ¾ hour in a medium hot oven. From time to time drop on a little butter.

When serving, be careful to place the roast on the platter without dropping some of the vegetables. The gravy may be served with it.

Remarks: When the roast is ready for baking you can roll it in a piece of oiled paper and bake it in that.

No. 14—SOUR ROAST.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: For the sour roast take the same kind of meat as in No. 11, pound it, put it into vinegar with the spices and leave it in that for 4 days, turning it over once in a while. After this time take it out and lard it with bacon cut into pieces one-third inch thick and 2½ inches long. Pierce the meat with a pointed knife and insert the bacon.

Heat the lard and fry the meat light brown on both sides and place it on a platter. Brown the flour in the lard and pour on the vinegar with the spices, water and salt. Put in a piece of honey cake (Pfeffer Kuchen) if on hand, and ½ tablespoonful of sugar, boil all and put the roasted meat into this gravy. Cover the roast and bake in the oven for 2½ to 3 hours, turning and basting frequently with the gravy. One-half hour before done, pour in the red wine.

When the roast is tender, finish the gravy. Put the roast on a platter, take all grease off the gravy and strain it. If it is too thick, add more water, if not sour enough, add more vinegar.

Potato dumplings or noodles are good with this roast.

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No. 15—BEEF ROULADE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The best meat for this is from the round. The meat slices are pounded and cut into squares, then sprinkled with salt and pepper, covered with bacon and onions, rolled up and fastened with twine or toothpicks.

Heat the butter or lard and brown the roulades in it, sprinkle flour over and stew, adding some salt and the bouillon or water. Then stew slowly for 1 hour in a covered pan or pot. If the roulades are small it requires less time, if large it requires from 2 to 2½ hours. The roulades are served with the gravy after the twine or toothpicks have been removed.

No. 16—BEEF GULASH.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The onions are stewed in the lard. The meat is cut into pieces 1½ inches thick and 1½ inches square and added to the stewed onions, stewed 10 minutes, flour, salt and pepper added, and stewed 10 minutes longer, and then 1 cup of water poured over. In a covered pot or pan it is now stewed for 2 to 2½ hours, stirring often. If it gets too dry, pour on more water. Gulash must not be too juicy. A little red wine may be added.

Remarks: From leavings of roast beef fillets or pot roast you can prepare gulash in ½ hour. Instead of water you may use the left over gravy.

No. 17—STEAMED BEEF-BRISKET.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The beef is pounded and tied into a white 36cloth in a good shape. The water is heated with salt, soup greens and spices to the boiling point, then the meat added which must boil 1 hour so little that you hardly notice it. The pot must be well covered. If there are bones in the meat, they should be removed and put into the stock.

When the meat is tender, take it out, cover it with fricassee gravy which is first stirred with 2 yolks of eggs. Strew the Parmesan cheese and roll crumbs over it and baste with some melted butter. Now set it into the oven and bake for 20 minutes. You can garnish the roast with fried cut potatoes or macaroni.

Cucumber salad, mixed pickles or salt- or pepper-pickles go nicely with this meat.

Remarks: The bouillon may be boiled down and used for soup.

No. 18—BEEF CUTLETS OF ROAST BEEF.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is cut into 3 slices and bones, tendons, fat and skin removed from it. It is then pounded well. It must be 1½ inches thick. The butter is heated, the meat fried 20 minutes, turning it over several times. The last 5 minutes you put it off the hot fire and let it simmer. Sprinkle with salt and pepper, then baste with the butter. Serve on a hot platter and garnish with parsley. The remnants may be used for gulash.

No. 19—BOILED BEEF.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat which may be from the rump, thick rib piece or breast, is washed. The water with the bones, all soup greens and salt is boiled for 1 hour, then put in the meat and boil slowly 2½ hours. With this meat serve onion, mustard, horse radish or leek gravy.

Remarks: This meat may be utilized for hash, salad, meat pudding or beef with onions and eggs.

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No. 20—BEEF HASH.

Preparation: The meat is chopped fine and may be of soup meat, roast or steak. The onions are cut fine and stewed in butter, then the chopped meat put in, the flour strewn over it, simmered a little while longer, salt and pepper added and bouillon. If you take water add ¼ tablespoonful of meat extract and wine. Let it cook ¼ hour and serve. Fresh boiled, peeled potatoes are nice to serve with it.

No. 21—HASH WITH POTATOES.

Quantity for 4–6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is chopped fine. The onions are cut fine and steeped in the butter, then the meat put in and cooked 5 minutes. Salt and pepper are added, the potatoes are also chopped fine and added and water or bouillon poured on. The whole is cooked for ¼ of an hour, then served.

No. 22—BEEF WITH ONIONS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The onion is cut fine and simmered in the butter or suet until soft; then add flour, simmer until brown; pour on the bouillon, vinegar, salt, pepper and meat extract and let come to a boil.

The meat is cut in slices and put into the gravy and heated.

No. 23—BOILED BEEF SLICES FRIED WITH EGGS AND ONIONS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

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Preparation: Meat and onions are cut into inch thick slices. Sprinkle with salt and pepper and fry in the butter or lard until light brown. Put the meat and onions on a hot platter. Fry the eggs in butter, strew salt over and lay them on each slice of meat. Be careful to keep the yolk whole.

Potato salad is good served with this meat.

No. 24—BEEF SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is cut in cubes and mixed with the egg yolks and cream. Now vinegar, bouillon, mustard and all the other ingredients except the oil are mixed in well. After the salad has stood for 1 to 2 hours, covered up well, the oil is stirred in. The salad is served in mound-shape, garnished with hard-boiled eggs and pepper-pickles cut into nice slices.

No. 25—CROQUETTES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is chopped fine or ground twice and mixed well with all the given spices and the soaked rolls. Make oblong dumplings of this mass, roll them in roll crumbs and fry to a light brown in the butter or lard. For gravy serve one of sardines or prepare one of the croquette drippings as follows: When the croquettes are done put ½ tablespoonful of flour into the drippings and let it stew a while, then add ½ cup of bouillon or water, ½ teaspoonful of meat extract and salt according to taste. Let it boil a while and pour the gravy over the croquettes.

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No. 26—MEAT PUDDING No. 2.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Meat and bacon are chopped fine and mixed well with yolks of 2 eggs, gravy, chopped sardines, onion, salt, capers, pepper and the roll. Add the beaten whites of eggs; put into a pudding mold which has been buttered and strewn with roll crumbs. Set it in a steamer over a kettle of boiling water and let it steam 1½ hours, or bake in the oven for 1 hour.

No. 27—KÖNIGSBERGER KLOPS.

Meat Balls.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The beef and pork are mixed well with the butter; add the roll which has been soaked and the water pressed out, and all other things mentioned above, and mix well. Then small dumplings are made, rolled in flour, and boiled slowly in bouillon or salt water for 15 or 20 minutes. Put them into a deep dish and pour white fricassee gravy over them. Sauerkraut is nice with this meat. You can also fry the Klops instead of boiling them.

No. 28—FRIED BEEF LIVER WITH BREAKFAST BACON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The bacon must be lean and is fried light yellow, then placed on a platter on the stove. The liver slices are salted and peppered, dipped into flour and fried in the bacon dripping, quite crisp. It is put on the platter with the 40bacon. One-half cup of water or bouillon is poured into the lard in which the bacon and liver were fried and left to boil. This gravy may be served separately or on the meat. It requires only a few minutes to fry the liver.

No. 29—COW UDDER.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cow udder is washed well and placed over the fire with much cold water. As soon as it comes to a boil the water is poured off and the 2 qts. of fresh water poured on and all the spices named added, then boiled until soft which requires 4 or 5 hours. Then it is cut in pieces, and these are rolled in roll crumbs and fried in butter until light yellow. Or a nice brown gravy is made by taking 2 tablespoonfuls of butter and in it brown 2 tablespoonfuls of flour, then add some of the bouillon, 1 tablespoonful of vinegar, ½ glass red wine, 1 teaspoonful of sugar—all this well cooked.

Now the udder is put into this gravy, stewed a little while and served. The gravy must not be too thick.

No. 30—CORNED BEEF.

Preparation: Water, saltpetre, sugar and salt are boiled until an egg will float on the mixture. Then this mixture is poured, while hot, on to the fresh meat. The liquid must be 1½ inches above the meat after a stone or something heavy is placed on it. The meat may remain in this mixture for 3 to 4 weeks and should be turned once in a while. Smaller pieces need only 8 to 10 days.

No. 31—CORNED BEEF FOR COOKING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation:. When the beef is very salty, soak it in water for a few hours. Put it to boil with the 4 qts. of water and 41soup greens and boil for 2½ to 3 hours slowly. Larger pieces need more time.

Cabbage goes nicely with this beef. In carving, cut against the grain.

No. 32—SMOKED CORNED BEEF.

When the meat is taken out of the brine, hang it in a cool, airy place for one day and then smoke it.

No. 33—PICKLED BEEF TONGUE.

Preparation: The throat end is cut off and the skin of the tongue is cut with a sharp knife at several places. Salt, sugar and saltpetre are heated and the tongues rubbed well with the mixture. They are then packed into a jar and weighted with a stone. They must be turned every day. It takes 10 to 14 days to pickle the tongues.

No. 34—SMOKED, PICKLED OR FRESH BEEF TONGUE FOR COOKING AND FRYING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For Cooking.

For Frying.

Preparation: Cut off the throat end and if the pickled tongue is too salty, leave it in water for a few hours, the same with fresh tongue to remove the slime or mucous. The smoked tongue is left in water over night. After this is done the tongue is cooked until soft in the 3 qts. of water, adding bay-leaf, pepper-corns, cloves, soup greens and onion. If it is a fresh tongue, add some salt. It requires 3 hours to cook a tongue.

When the tongue is soft, take it out of the water and skin it. You can serve the tongue in this manner or cold and 42sliced. If you wish to serve the tongue warm and whole, it is nicer to fry it. Put it into a low frying pan, add the given quantity of butter and fry it 10 minutes on both sides, add 1 tablespoonful of flour and let it simmer a few minutes. Now add the bouillon or water. With the water put in ¼ teaspoonful of meat extract, red wine, sugar, salt and lemon juice, and then cook ¼ of an hour, basting it several times. Then serve. The gravy must be strained.

Boiled, warm tongue is nice with vegetables. Cut the tongue into slices and place it around the vegetables like scales.

No. 35—RAGOUT OF OX-TONGUE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For Cooking.

Sauce.

Preparation: The tongue is cooked the same as in No. 34. For ragouts the smoked tongue is preferable. When the tongue is soft, skin it and cut it into thin slices.

Gravy: Brown the butter and flour, add the bouillon, salt, sugar, pepper, 1 clove, ½ bay-leaf, one slice of lemon and the juice of ½ lemon, Madeira or red wine and the water from the champignons. Let it boil for ½ hour and strain.

Peel the truffles, chop them fine and put them into the strained gravy and if the champignons are large cut them into quarters and put them also in the gravy and finally the slices of tongue. The gravy must not be too spicy if it is a smoked or pickled tongue. After the ragout has been thus prepared it may stew on the stove for ¼ hour. The gravy must not be too thin and watery.

The ragout is placed on a platter and garnished with warm scallops of puff paste or meat dumplings.

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Meat Dumplings.

Mix this all very well and form small dumplings, then put them into boiling hot salt water or bouillon and cook for 10 minutes slowly, or fry in butter light brown and place them around the tongue ragout.

The plates and the platter on which they are served must be hot.

Remarks: This is a fine dish for parties.

No. 36—CHOP SUEY.

For About 6 Persons.

Preparation: Cut the meat in cubes; put the lard and flour in pan and brown; add meat and put enough water on to cover it; add the molasses and cook slowly for 1 hour.

Cut the stalk of celery in small pieces and add them to the meat. Cut the onions fine and fry them light brown in a little butter; add to the rest and boil slowly another half hour. Serve with plain Chinese sauce.

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CHAPTER 3.
VEAL.

Numbered cuts on a calf

Preparation of Veal.

Appearance of Good Veal.

It must be of a white color, a fine firm grain and have plenty of fat.

Do not buy very young veal because those calves are as a rule not healthy. Cheap meat is never economical. Veal is quickly prepared because it does not require long boiling. The bouillon is good for invalids because it contains much gluten.

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Best Pieces for Roast.

Leg or Loin.

The leg with the fricandeau, the fillet, loin and kidney roast.

Small Pieces for Frying.

The chump end of loin for chops, veal cutlets from rib piece, fillet.

Pieces for Pot Roast.

The breast, neck, shoulder.

Pieces for Boiling.

The thick rib piece, neck.

Pieces for Bouillon.

The calves’ feet, calf-bones, calf-tail, also lean meat.

Parts for Fricassee.

Lungs, brain, sweetbreads, breast piece.

No. 1—LEG OF VEAL.

Quantity for 8–10 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is pounded, boiling water poured over, i.e., scalded, which makes the meat white; let the water run off immediately. Sprinkle with salt and pepper and put into pan. Cut the bacon into thin slices and put it on the meat, add the butter and place into oven. Roast for 2 hours, basting frequently. About ½ hour before done, put the flour into the gravy and stew 5 minutes, then add water and put the cream on the leg in spoonfuls. When the roast is tender, put on platter and strain the gravy which must not be too thin.

Remarks: If the roast has much stock, pour some off before adding flour, stand cold and let it jelly. Now cut it into slices and serve with slices of tenderloin. Veal roast may be utilized in various ways.

No. 2—WARMED UP VEAL ROAST.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Put the roast into an earthen dish, heat the 46gravy, pour it over the roast, cover up the dish, place it into a covered pot with boiling water, let it boil slowly for one hour and baste the roast several times.

The gravy is usually thin, therefore add the flour and serve with the roast; the contents of the dish must not boil, otherwise the roast will become dry. Cut the roast into slices, place them into a buttered mold, put the sardines, capers and bits of butter between them and drip the lemon juice on. Cover the mold, put it into the dish with boiling water and boil for ¾ hours. The meat is served in the mold, the gravy heated and served with it.

No. 3—VEAL ROAST WITH POTATOES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is cut into small pieces, placed in 2 or 3 layers alternately with sliced potatoes into an earthenware buttered dish so that the top layer will be potatoes. Season each layer with salt, pepper and a little onion.

The meat gravy which may be diluted with bouillon or water is poured over the whole until level with the potatoes; then put small pieces of butter on top and bake in the oven for 1½ hours.

If you have no left over gravy then take 1 tablespoonful of butter, brown it, stir in 1½ tablespoonfuls of flour, add water or bouillon, ½ teaspoonful of meat extract, 3 tablespoonfuls of cream (if on hand), boil and pour over the potatoes and meat and bake. Serve in the earthen dish.

No. 4—VEAL ROAST RAGOUT—BROWN.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: If you have no left over gravy then make a false gravy by directions given in No. 3. Add sugar and vinegar according to taste, cut pickles into small pieces and 47put into the gravy with the onions. Cut the meat into pieces and put it into the hot gravy; it must not boil, otherwise the meat will be tough; put another piece of butter on top and serve.

No. 5—SHELLS FILLED WITH VEAL ROAST.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The butter is melted and flour stirred in. Stew it and add water or bouillon (if you take water, use ¼ teaspoonful of meat extract), cream, white wine, salt, pepper, lemon juice. The gravy must boil. Taste it to make sure that it may not be either too salty, too sweet, or too sour.

Chop the veal roast and put it into the gravy. The mixture should be pretty thick; fill it into the shells, sprinkle with the Parmesan cheese and roll crumbs and place small pieces of butter on top. Then bake them in the oven to a light yellow color which requires 10 minutes. Serve at once.

No. 6—VEAL ROAST PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The veal roast is chopped fine. Three-fourths of the butter is creamed, and the 3 yolks stirred in, meat, salt, pepper, Parmesan cheese, roll crumbs, cream, parsley, all well mixed. The chopped onion is cooked in butter for a little while and then stirred in.

The white of egg is beaten stiff and also added to the mass. A tin pudding mold is buttered and strewn with roll crumbs, the mixture put in, and the closed mold set in a steamer over boiling water and steamed for one hour.

Dump the pudding on a hot platter and pour over it tomato or sardine gravy.

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No. 7—VEAL ROAST SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Milk, flour, yolks of eggs, salt, pepper, vinegar, and butter are stirred to a gravy and brought to boil. It requires 10 minutes time till the gravy is thick and smooth. Veal roast and pickles are cut into thin slices. Meat, pickles and onions are put into layers in a dish and between each two layers a few spoonfuls of gravy, concluding with gravy over the top.

Three hard-boiled eggs quartered and placed on or around the salad makes it look nice.

No. 8—SADDLE OF VEAL.

Quantity for 10 Persons.

Preparation: The saddle of veal is well prepared by the butcher so it will lie flat in the pan. Skin and scald the veal and lard it with bacon, then sprinkle with salt and pepper and put into the pan. Heat the butter, pour it over the meat and set it into a medium hot oven. Pour a little water over once in a while so the butter does not get too brown; the roast must be basted every 10 minutes to make it juicy. It requires 1 or 1½ hours roasting to make it tender. One-quarter of an hour before done put in the flour and cream. The gravy must be strained before serving. The kidneys may be removed, cut into thin slices, arranged around the roast with the pieces overlapping each other like scales.

Remarks: The gravy may be prepared in various ways. Instead of cream take ¼ cup of Madeira or red wine and cut truffles into thin slices and put into the gravy.

Another way is to take cream and champignons and lemon juice.

The left over roast may be utilized for ragout, gulash, fricassee, meat dumplings or in a pudding made of roast and potatoes. The bones are split and used to make bouillon.

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No. 9—ROAST VEAL LOIN WITH KIDNEY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Pound the meat and sprinkle with salt and pepper. Cut the kidney off and if it is very fat, cut some of the fat off and render it to be used for frying or cooking. The roast is then put on and basted with hot butter or lard; the kidney is put in with the roast. Let it roast until well done and baste it frequently. Shortly before it is done, add flour to the gravy and then the cream. If there should be too little gravy, add more water and let it roast ¼ hour longer. Baste with the gravy several times and serve. The gravy must be strained, the kidney cut in slices and arranged around the roast for garnishing.

No. 10—ROASTED FRICANDEAU OF VEAL.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fricandeau, which is a choice piece of lean meat cut from the thickest part of the leg, is nicely trimmed, pounded and larded with bacon. It requires 1 to 1¼ hours to roast it. Prepare it just the same as directed in No. 9.

No. 11—STUFFED BREAST OF VEAL.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The Filling.

Preparation: The meat is pounded a little, washed, an incision is made between meat and bone and ¼ teaspoonful of salt rubbed in. The ingredients for the filling are mixed well and put into the cavity formed by the cut, then sewed up. The ⅛ lb. of butter is heated, the stuffed breast put in and roasted 50a little; then add 2 tablespoonfuls of flour, sprinkle with salt and pepper, let it cook 10 minutes.

Now pour in 1 cup of water, roast for 1½ hours, basting frequently. Strain the gravy and serve.

No. 12—BREAST OF VEAL WITH BEER.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: This breast of veal should be from the brisket end as the meat is thicker and it does not have as much bone and skin as a piece from the middle breast. It must be pounded and tied with a white string into a good shape. Then it is roasted in the butter to a nice brown color on all sides. When this is done, put the meat into another dish. Put the flour and sliced onion into the butter, cook them brown and add the beer; then add all the spices, put in the meat, cover, and bake in oven slowly for 2 hours, turn over occasionally and baste with gravy. If you do not like beer, use water. The gravy must not be too thin; if it gets too thick, add more water or beer; strain it. Garnish the roast with slices of lemon.

No. 13—CALF’S HEAD RAGOUT.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The calf’s head is split in half, the brain and the tongue taken out and soaked in water. Take the skin off the calf’s head, brush the skin in water until it is white, then boil it with the tongue until tender. Put in the split head bones, all the soup greens, salt, pepper-corns, bay-leaf, 51tarragon and boil for 2 hours. The bouillon must be boiled down to 1½ or 2 qts.

When the skin is done, cut it into squares. The tongue is skinned and cut into slices. Both are put into a dish and red wine, salt and pepper added.

Beef, veal, ham and onion are cut into pieces and fried brown in ⅛ lb. of butter. Add ⅛ lb. of flour, cook a little and add the calf’s head bouillon and Madeira and cook slowly for 2 hours. The gravy must be strained, the fat taken off and then seasoned. Put into it the pieces of skin and tongue, some lemon juice and sugar. Serve the ragout on a hot platter. Fry the brains to a light yellow, cut it in pieces and garnish the ragout with them; also with scallops of pastry and the ⅛ths of eggs. It is a fine side dish.

No. 14—CALF’S TONGUE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The Gravy.

Preparation: The tongues must be fresh and washed well, cooked until tender in 2 qts. of water with all the given ingredients, then skinned and cut into slices.

The Gravy: Butter is heated, flour stirred in, bouillon added and cooked well with lemon juice, cream, sugar and capers.

The slices of tongue are put in the gravy and heated, the yolks of eggs stirred in and then served. The gravy must not be too thin. The slices of tongue may be salted, dipped into yolks of eggs and roll crumbs and fried in butter.

No. 15—CALF’S BRAINS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The brains are soaked in water. One quart of water is brought to boil, the brains put in and boiled for 5 minutes, then taken out and the small veins and skin removed, 52then salted and peppered. Beat the egg well, dip the brains in and then in roll crumbs and fry in hot butter to a golden yellow.

Remarks: When the brains have been thus prepared, drip a few drops of lemon juice on and then bake, or, it may be served with lemon slices.

No. 16—VEAL FRICASSEE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Gravy.

Preparation: The meat is cut into nice pieces and the cartilage left on. Scald it for ½ minute and drain well. With the 2 qts. of water, onion, salt and spices, it is boiled until tender. Boil down the bouillon to ¾ of a quart so it is very strong. It requires 1 hour to cook the meat done.

The Gravy.

Heat the butter, put in the flour and stew a little. Butter and flour must remain white, stir in the veal bouillon gradually that the gravy may become smooth. Then add the white wine and cook 1 minute, stir in the yolks of eggs and stop cooking. The meat, which has been kept hot, is put into the gravy and served. Rice cooked in water and bouillon is nice served with this. Place the meat in the middle of the platter and garnish with the rice.

No. 17—VEAL GULASH.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is cut into 1½ inch squares. The onion is cut into small cubes and fried slightly in the butter, the meat is then added and stewed 10 minutes. Add the flour, salt and pepper and stew 5 minutes more. The water is then poured in and covered up. Stir it once in a while and let it cook until done, which will require about 1½ hours. Gulash must not be too juicy.

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No. 18—UNBREADED VEAL CUTLETS.

(Chops).

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cutlets are cut from the back, each one containing a bone. It is pounded, shaped neatly and sprinkled with salt and pepper. The butter is heated, the cutlets put in and fried brown on both sides, then put on platter. Put into the butter the ½ tablespoonful of flour and brown it. Should there be too much butter, take some out before putting in the flour, then pour into the butter and flour one cup of water, salt if necessary, lemon juice and cream. Press the capers through a sieve and stir into the gravy. Put the cutlets into this gravy, cover the pan and stew 10 minutes, then serve. If the gravy is too light brown, add the ½ teaspoonful of meat extract.

Remarks: Anyone who does not like the taste of capers and lemon juice may leave them out, also the cream. If you wish the gravy very fine, leave off the above and add champignons and finely chopped or cut truffles and 2 tablespoonfuls of Madeira.

No. 19—BREADED VEAL CUTLETS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cutlets are pounded, shaped neatly and sprinkled with salt and pepper. The egg is mixed well with the milk; in case you have some white of egg left over, use that with milk, dip the cutlets into it, then into the roll or cracker crumbs and place them into the hot butter to brown on both sides. Put the fried cutlets on a platter.

The Gravy: Put ¼ tablespoonful of flour into the hot cutlet butter and stew, add a half cupful of water, cook a little while, pour it over the cutlets, garnish with lemon slices and serve.

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No. 20—VEAL CUTLETS AS A FINE SIDE DISH.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The cutlets are pounded, salted and peppered and fried to a light brown on both sides in ⅛ lb. of butter.

The tongue is cooked well done in water with salt, a piece of onion, 4 pepper-corns, 2 cloves, 1 bay-leaf; ¼ hour before done, put in the sweetbreads. When both are done, skin them and chop them or cut them into cubes.

The gravy: Put 2 tablespoonfuls of flour into the cutlet butter, stew a little while, then add bouillon in which the tongue and sweetbreads were cooked, add some of the champignon juice, a wine glass of red wine, 1 tablespoonful of lemon juice, 1 teaspoonful of sugar and cook for ¼ hour, strain and put champignons, finely chopped truffles, sweetbreads and tongue in the sauce and heat.

Put the cutlets into an oblong or round casserole, strew with Parmesan cheese, drip some crab butter over. The ragout is poured over them and the whole is baked in the oven for ¼ hour and when served in the casserole, it is a very fine dish.

No. 21—CHOPPED VEAL CUTLETS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cutlets are chopped and cut off the rib bone. Remove all tendons and skin, and shape the chopped meat round and press it against the bone. Beat the egg well. Salt and pepper the cutlets, dip carefully into the egg and then into the flour. Now heat the butter and fry the cutlets in it to a light brown on both sides. Handle them carefully so they will not fall apart, then take them out and place them on a hot platter. Put ½ cup of water into cutlet butter, salt if necessary and cook, pour over cutlets, garnish with lemon slices and serve.

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No. 22—BREADED VEAL CHOPS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat for this must be from the loin or leg. It is cut into ¾ inch slices, pounded, salted and peppered. Beat the white of egg well or take egg and milk, dip the pieces of veal in and then into the roll or cracker crumbs. Fry them brown in the hot butter or lard, this will require 10 minutes. They must not be rare inside. For the gravy, put ½ tablespoonful of flour into the lard or butter, brown and add ¾ cup of water; add a little salt if necessary, cook well, then pour it over the meat, garnish with lemon slices and serve.

No. 23—VIENNA VEAL-SCHNITZEL, (VEAL CUTLETS).

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The veal is cut into six ¾ inch thick slices, pounded, salted, peppered. Beat the eggs well, dip the meat into it and then sprinkle with flour. Heat the butter and fry the slices to a light brown on both sides. While they are frying, drip the lemon juice on. When well done, put them on a hot platter. Make the gravy with ½ cup of water poured into frying butter and salt if necessary, cook and pour over the cutlets. The eggs are fried and placed on each cutlet carefully so the yolk does not run out.

No. 24—VEAL CUTLET OR SCHNITZEL A LA HOLSTEIN.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is cut into six ½ inch thick slices, 56sprinkled with salt and paprika and dipped into well-beaten egg. The butter is heated and the meat fried brown on both sides, then put on a hot platter. The ¼ tablespoonful of flour stirred into the butter and ¾ cup of water added with ½ teaspoonful of meat extract and salt, if necessary, then boiled and poured over the meat.

The hard-boiled eggs are chopped fine, the whites separate from the yolks. The sardines are drained and cut into halves lengthwise, then rolled up. Now arrange your dish neatly, little heaps of beets, onions, pickle, white and yolk of egg, lemon slices on each cutlet. The rolled sardines in the middle of the lemon slice, heaps of the rest around each and the capers singly in between. Should be prepared quickly but appetizingly.

No. 25—VEAL CUTLETS IN WHITE WINE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is cut into slices ¾ inch thick, salted and peppered, then fried light brown on both sides in the heated butter and placed on a platter.

For the gravy stir 2 tablespoonfuls of flour into the butter and brown, then add water and wine, the vegetables and salt. The vegetables must be cooked very tender, then put in the veal schnitzel or cutlets and cook slowly for 20 minutes. The whole, schnitzel, gravy, and vegetables, is served in one dish. It makes a fine dish. The gravy must not be thick.

No. 26—VEAL STEAK FROM THE LEG.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The steak must not be cut too thick. Remove the skin from the steak and pound it well, then fry it in the butter on medium fire for ½ hour, turning and basting it several times. Serve it on a hot platter and sprinkle with salt and pepper and put a little fresh butter over the whole.

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For the gravy, pour into the frying butter ¼ cup of water, cook well and strain, then serve separately. Garnish the steak with lemon slices.

No. 27—SWEETBREADS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The sweetbreads are cooked in salt water for 10 minutes, then taken out and skinned. It is then cut lengthwise if it is very thick and sprinkled with salt and pepper. The egg is beaten well and the sweetbreads dipped into that and then into the roll or cracker crumbs. Then it is fried to a golden yellow in the butter. For the gravy, pour a little water into the hot butter and boil, then pour over the sweetbreads. This is a good dish with vegetables.

No. 28—SWEETBREADS IN SHELLS OR OTHER SMALL MOLDS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The sweetbreads are boiled in ¾ qts. of salt water until tender, which requires ¼ hour. Take them out, skin them well and cut them into very small pieces. Boil down the bouillon of it to 1½ cups.

The Gravy: Heat the butter and stir in the flour and stew but do not brown it, then add the bouillon, cream, wine, lemon juice and juice of the champignons, salt and pepper and cook until it thickens.

The champignons and truffles are chopped fine and put into the gravy with the sweetbreads. Heat and fill into shells or other small molds, sprinkle with a little Parmesan cheese, a few roll crumbs and a little piece of butter and bake in oven light brown, which requires 10 minutes. This makes a fine side dish.

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No. 29—PUFF PASTE PATTIES FILLED WITH SWEETBREAD RAGOUT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The Filling.

The Paste.

Preparation: The flour is made into a smooth paste with water, ½ of the egg and brandy, then rolled out. The butter, which must be very hard, is placed on the paste in a chunk, the paste folded around it and then rolled out again. The board and rolling pin must be well covered with flour. This is repeated 4 or 5 times. The last time roll out the paste ¼ inch thick, cut out with a tumbler or cake cutter, then cut narrow strips and fasten them to the edge of the disk by brushing them first with the egg. Set the strips one on top of another until the edge is 1½ inch high, put a small mold in the opening. With a smaller tumbler, cut out the covers. Bake them both light brown or yellow. After cooling off, carefully remove the small mold, fill the patties with the ragout, cover with the baked covers and bake the patties 10 minutes in medium hot oven. Serve at once.

The filling is made like the one in No. 28. For 6 patties cut out 6 bottoms and six covers and use the other paste for strips.

No. 30—CROQUETTES OF SWEETBREADS.

Quantity for 4 Persons.

Preparation: The sweetbreads are boiled in salt water until almost done, then skinned and cut into cubes.

The Gravy: Heat the butter and stir in the flour, add 1 59cup of bouillon, white wine, lemon juice, cream, champignon juice, salt and pepper, then boil. It must be savory and thick.

The champignons are cut into small pieces and put into the gravy, also the sweetbread cubes. Then stir in the yolks of 2 eggs. Cool it and shape into oblong croquettes. Beat the egg well, dip in the croquettes and then into the roll crumbs. Bake in deep lard to a golden yellow color. If the croquettes are too soft, add more flour. If you want them as a side dish, take only half the quantity given.

Remarks: You can make croquettes from remnants of veal and prepare them much more simply. See No. 31.

No. 31—CROQUETTES FROM VEAL REMNANTS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is cut very fine. The preparation is the same as in No. 30, Sweetbread Croquettes.

No. 32—MEAT BALLS FROM VEAL REMNANTS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is chopped fine or ground twice and mixed well with the eggs, salt, pepper, lemon juice, capers and nutmeg. It is then formed into oblong shapes, dipped in roll crumbs and baked or fried to a light brown in hot butter or lard, then placed on a platter.

For the gravy put ½ tablespoonful of flour into the butter or drippings, steep and add ¾ cup of water or bouillon or left over gravy. Strain and pour over the meat balls and serve. They are also good served cold.

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No. 33—VEAL HASH FROM REMNANTS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is chopped and put into hot butter with onions. Cook and then add ½ tablespoonful of flour, salt, pepper and cream and boil slowly for 5 minutes. If it gets too thick, add more water or cream and the wine, if you wish. Serve on fresh wheat bread toast. This is a fine breakfast dish.

No. 34—LIVER DUMPLINGS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The liver and bacon are chopped very fine or ground twice. The rolls are grated and browned in butter. The onions are cut fine and cooked or fried to a light yellow in ½ tablespoonful of butter.

Mix well the crumbs, onion, eggs, salt, pepper, nutmeg, flour, liver and bacon, then cut out dumplings with a floured round wooden ladle as large as a medium-sized potato. The salt water must boil, then put in the dumplings and cook for 10 minutes. Put them in a dish or platter and baste with browned butter in which some roll crumbs or onions are fried.

Try one dumpling first and if it does not stay whole, add more flour.

Sauerkraut will go well with this dish.

No. 35—VEAL OR CALF’S LIVER WITH BREAKFAST BACON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Liver is cut into ¼ inch strips and bacon in 3x4 inch slices. The bacon is fried light yellow, then put on a platter and kept hot. The liver is sprinkled with salt and 61pepper, dipped in flour and baked to a light brown in butter or the bacon drippings. Then placed on the same platter with the bacon and served. Stir into the bacon drippings or butter 1 tablespoonful of flour and the sliced onions, boil and add water or bouillon. Strain the gravy and serve.

No. 36—LARDED AND BAKED CALF’S LIVER.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The white wine, carrot, onion, celery, pepper-corns, cloves, bay-leaf, 1 pinch of salt are covered and boiled slowly for ½ hour.

The liver is skinned, larded, salted and peppered and the cooked wine with contents poured over. Let stand for 10 hours. After that, roast the liver in hot butter in the oven for 30 minutes and baste frequently. During the last 10 minutes, pour the wine in which the liver had been lying over it and boil. Stir in 1 tablespoonful of flour and cream and boil again. The liver is served on a hot platter. The gravy is strained and served separately. Garnish the dish with lemon slices and parsley.

No. 37—LARDED BRAISED CALF’S LIVER.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The liver is skinned and larded and sprinkled with salt and pepper, fried quickly until light brown in ⅛ lb. of butter. Flour, onion, carrot and parsley root and all the spices are added and all fried in the liver butter a while. Then pour in the red wine or beer and enough bouillon to cover the liver. Cover and bake in the oven 1½ hours. Serve on a hot platter and strain the gravy.

Remarks: You can fry the larded liver without wine or beer, using only bouillon and ½ Cup of cream.

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No. 38—VEAL KIDNEYS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The veal kidneys are fried, some fat cut off, then they are cut in thick slices, sprinkled with salt and pepper, fried one minute in the ⅛ lb. of butter until light brown and put on a hot platter. The ham is sliced and fried in the same butter rapidly about 2 minutes on both sides and placed on the platter with the kidney slices. In the same butter, fry the sliced onions, flour and the sliced champignons. Pour in the veal gravy, Madeira or red wine, lemon juice and sugar, boil and taste. Put in the meat slices and heat again but do not cook; serve at once. Toasted wheat bread served with this dish or placed around the edge of the platter is very nice.

No. 39—VEAL KIDNEY ON BREAD OR ROLLS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The calf kidney must be cooked tender and chopped fine, then mixed well with the roll crumbs, capers, parsley, onions, yolk of egg, butter, salt and pepper. Cut the rolls or the wheat bread in slices, cover each thickly with the mixture and sprinkle with Parmesan cheese. Put on a few drops of melted butter and bake in a medium hot oven for 5 minutes. Serve this dish with asparagus, cauliflower or spinage.

If you do not like the taste of cheese, leave it out.

No. 40—VEAL OR CALF’S TRIPE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The calf’s tripe must be fresh. It is cleaned 63well and scalded several times, then rubbed down with salt and left in water for ¼ day. After that it is cut into 3 inch squares and cooked until tender. Now add salt, pepper-corns, bay-leaf, cloves and onion. Heat the butter and flour, take some of the bouillon when the tripe is done and pour it into the butter to make the gravy thick and stir in 2 yolks of eggs.

Put the tripe and gravy on one platter and serve. The bouillon may boil down to leave just enough for the gravy, making it pretty strong.

No. 41—STEWED VEAL OR CALF’S TONGUE WITH RAISINS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Soak the calf tongues in water. Cover and cook slowly in 3 qts. of water with salt, lemon peel, bay-leaf, cloves, onion and pepper; when tender, skin and slice. Brown the butter and flour and add the tongue bouillon, white wine, raisins and lemon juice. Cook ½ hour and season with sugar, salt or lemon juice. Put the tongues into the gravy and heat but do not boil. The gravy must be thick. Serve. Potato dumplings are nice with this meat.

No. 42—STUFFED VEAL CROWN ROAST.

Quantity for 8–10 Persons.

Preparation: The saddle of veal is freed from all fat and the rib bones are freed from meat 2 inches from the end. The prepared saddle of veal is tied together so it looks like a crown.

The fresh champignons are cooked until tender in butter and some bouillon or water. Add the 2 eggs, the chopped veal, pepper, salt and roll and mix well. This stuffing may or may not be stewed a little with butter and then put into the crown of veal. On the small ribs stick some potatoes so that they will not get too brown.

Roast the stuffed crown of veal 2 or 2½ hours, same as veal roast.

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CHAPTER 4.
MUTTON.

Numbered cuts on a sheep

LAMB OR MUTTON.

Boiled and roasted mutton.

How scraps of mutton may be utilized.

The best time for lambs is from beginning of December to the end of April. Good lamb meat is hard or firm and white and the fat also. Avoid buying soft, reddish meat of lamb or mutton. The forequarter is the most tender part of lamb.

The wether furnishes the best meat when he is 2 to 3 years old. Up to one year it is called lamb meat or lamb, older than that it is called mutton. Good mutton must be juicy, red and covered with a layer of white fat.

Best parts for roasts are leg and loin.

Best pieces for braising and stews are leg, loin and breast.

Small pieces for frying, cutlets and steaks from leg.

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Best meat to make bouillon is all lean meat, the feet, scraps of cutlets and bones.

Mutton is less nourishing than beef. It may be kept fresh in vinegar, buttermilk or sweet milk.

Especially old mutton will be more palatable after being kept in vinegar or milk for a while.

No. 1—LEG OF MUTTON, ENGLISH STYLE.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: Remove some fat from the leg of mutton, wash it well, pound it, salt and pepper it, and put into oven with ½ pint of boiling water. Add 1 tablespoonful of butter and roast 1½ hours, basting frequently; the roast will be quite rare inside. If you wish it well done, roast 2 to 2¼ hours.

Wash the peppermint well and chop it very fine, stir it with vinegar and sugar and serve with the meat. If you do not like peppermint sauce, pour off all fat from the roast, add 1½ tablespoonfuls of flour, brown it and pour in 1 cup of water, ¼ cup of cream and let this boil; then season with salt, strain the gravy and serve it with the meat.

No. 2—LEG OF MUTTON IN MILK.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The membrane and fat are removed from the leg of mutton and it is then well pounded and put into sweet milk for 2 or 3 days, turning it twice every day. The milk should cover the roast. In winter leave it in the milk for 3 days, in summer only 2. After this wash it off, lard it, salt and pepper it, put into oven with water, the spices and onion. After roasting it for ½ hour, add the butter, roast for 2 hours, basting frequently.

During the last ½ hour take off some fat, stir in 2 tablespoonfuls of flour and add 1 cup of water, gradually, also the cream and a few drops of lemon juice; now leave it in the oven a little longer. If the gravy has boiled down too much 66in the last ½ hour, add some more water. The gravy must be smooth and strained before serving with the roast. This is a very good dish.

No. 3—LEG OF MUTTON WITH RED WINE.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The leg of mutton is cleared from all membrane and fat, pounded and larded. The sardines are drained and cut lengthwise into halves and the leg of mutton larded with them. The thus prepared leg of mutton is covered with 1 qt. of vinegar, onion slices, cloves, pepper-corns and bay-leaf and left in the vinegar for 24 hours, turning it over once in a while.

After this time the leg of mutton is fried with the butter and after ½ hour the flour is stirred in, add salt and pepper, the ½ pint of water and gradually the red wine. The roast is cooked slowly for 2 or 2½ hours and turned and basted several times until well done. The gravy is strained and served with the roast.

Remarks: If you do not like the taste of sardines, lard with bacon only.

No. 4—ROASTED LEG OF MUTTON WITH CHAMPIGNONS.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The leg of mutton is freed from all fat and membrane, salted and fried in the ⅛ lb. of butter to a nice brown on both sides, and placed on a platter. Brown the flour in the same butter, add ⅛ onion and water or bouillon, salt and spices. Put the meat back into this gravy, it must be half way covered with it, cover it up and roast in oven 2½ hours. Then take meat out again, strain the gravy, take off all fat, 67pour the gravy back into the roaster, add Madeira and lemon juice, place the meat into it, cover, and cook it ½ hour longer. Finally cut up the champignons and put them into the gravy. Leg of mutton and gravy may be served on the same platter or separately. The gravy must be smooth, not thick.

No. 5—STUFFED ROASTED LEG OF MUTTON.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

The preparation and contents are the same as No. 4.

The bone is taken out, the cavity is filled with a stuffing as described in No. 11, of the previous chapter, Stuffed Veal Breast, and is cooked just the same as No. 4, of this chapter. You may omit the champignons.

No. 6—MUTTON STEW.

Quantity for 8 Persons.

Preparation: The leg of mutton must be of a good quality. It is pounded, washed and tied into a thin white cloth; then put into boiling water; salt, onion, carrot, parsley root, caraway seeds added and cooked slowly for 2½ hours. The leg of mutton must be white outside and pink inside and juicy. Garnish with parsley and serve. A mustard or caper gravy is served with this meat.

No. 7—LARDED SADDLE OF MUTTON, MOCK VENISON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The ribs of the saddle of mutton are chopped off, the outer hard membrane is trimmed off and the bones cut out. Then the meat is pounded and larded, strewn with salt and pepper and put into the pan with the ⅛ lb. of butter with which it is basted very often. Water is added from time to time and cooked one hour. Now the flour is stirred in, ½ cup of water and the cream and lemon juice added and boiled again ½ hour. The meat must be basted very often. The gravy is then strained and served with the meat.

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No. 8—SADDLE OF MUTTON A LA ENGLISH STYLE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The saddle of mutton is pounded and skinned. The ribs are chopped off a little, the fat is left on. Now the meat is salted and peppered and put into the oven with 1 pint of boiling water, and soup greens. Let it roast 1 hour, basting frequently. Then serve.

For the gravy, take 1 tablespoonful of flour, stir it into the drippings and add ¼ cup of cream. Skim the gravy. You can also serve a peppermint sauce as in No. 1. A Bearnaise gravy is nice too.

No. 9—MUTTON TENDERLOIN.

Quantity for 4 Persons.

Preparation: The two fillets are cut from a saddle of mutton, (they are situated below the ribs alongside of the back). Cut the fillets lengthwise and crosswise so they make 8 pieces. Lard each piece nicely with the bacon, salt and pepper it, put the butter into the pan and fry quickly. Then stir in ½ tablespoonful of flour and pour in enough bouillon or water mixed with meat extract so the fillets are almost covered. Cover the pan and cook slowly ½ hour. Finally add the lemon juice and wine. Strain the gravy and pour it on the fillets or serve separately.

No. 10—STEWED RACK OF MUTTON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The rib bones are partly chopped through and the whole piece of meat bound with string, then boiled slowly in 3 qts. of boiling water, salt and soup greens. When done, put on a hot platter. A mustard or morel gravy is nice with it. The remnant of bouillon is used to cook vegetables in or for soup.

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No. 11—MUTTON STEW WITH WHITE CABBAGE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cabbage is cut into 12 parts and put on the fire with boiling water, then cooked for 10 minutes. The water is then drained off and fresh boiling water put on. The meat is washed and salted, put in and cooked with the cabbage slowly for 2½ hours. Then it is served on a hot platter. The cabbage must not have too much gravy. If it is not rich enough, add more butter. Serve it with the meat and potatoes.

No. 12—MUTTON STEAK.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cutlets are pounded well, and the bones all trimmed out. A pan is larded with some mutton fat and heated. The meat is put in and fried on the stove ¼ hour, turning it over often. Serve on a hot platter, salt and pepper, and butter. A peppermint sauce, as in No. 1, is good with this meat.

No. 13—MUTTON CUTLETS OR CHOPS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The real cutlet piece is the loin with the upper ends of the ribs. Every cutlet must have a rib and be one inch thick. They are pounded, skinned and the fat cut off, salted and peppered. The butter is melted in a pan and the cutlets put in and fried 3 to 5 minutes. Then they are served on a hot platter. For gravy pour some hot water or bouillon into the frying butter and perhaps a little more salt. Pour the gravy over the cutlets and serve hot.

No. 14—MUTTON CUTLETS BROILED.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cutlets are pounded and placed on a broiler 5 minutes, turning them once; placed on a hot platter, seasoned with salt and pepper, buttered and served at once.

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No. 15—BROILED BREADED MUTTON CHOPS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Trim off the skin and fat, pound, salt and pepper the cutlets. Heat some butter and dip each cutlet into it, then into a mixture of roll crumbs and Parmesan cheese. Now broil to a light brown on a broiler, which requires 5 minutes. Serve on a hot platter and pour the rest of the melted butter over them.

Remarks: You can also fry the cutlets in a pan; then you need an additional ⅛ lb. of butter.

No. 16—MUTTON CHOPS WITH POTATOES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: There should be 12 pieces of chops; salt and pepper them and fry them brown on both sides in butter. The boiled potatoes are pressed through a potato masher and mixed well with the remainder of the butter, which is creamed with the yolks of 3 eggs, salt, grated onion, cheese, cream and the rest of the butter which is left in the pan. Half of this mixture is placed into a casserole, the fried cutlets are placed on top and the remainder of the mixture put on to cover them. Then strew bread crumbs over the whole and small pieces of butter and bake in a medium hot oven for ½ to ¾ hour. Serve in the casserole.

No. 17—STEWED MUTTON CUTLETS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cutlets must be 2 inches thick. They are pounded and larded with bacon strips after the skin and fat have been removed from them, then peppered and salted 71and dipped in flour. Now they are quickly fried in butter and placed on a hot platter.

For the gravy, brown the flour in the butter, add bouillon, wine, salt, and the cutlets. Cover and stew until done. ¼ hour before they are done, skim the fat off and add the sliced champignons and chopped truffles. Serve the cutlets and gravy on the same hot platter. It is best to warm the plates with such a dish.

Remarks: You can prepare the cutlets more simply by omitting the champignons and truffles and putting 4 tomatoes into the gravy. Strain the gravy.

No. 18—IRISH STEW.

Mutton Cutlets stewed with all kinds of vegetables and Potatoes.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The vegetables and potatoes are cleaned and peeled well and cut into small pieces. In an iron kettle, which has been buttered, the vegetables are placed in layers, then a layer of cutlets, seasoned with salt and pepper; on this a layer of potatoes and onions; repeat this twice, taking care that you do not season too highly with salt. Potatoes must be the last layer. Fill up with hot bouillon or water. Place a piece of butter on top. Stew or boil for 3 hours, well covered.

No. 19—BAKED MUTTON KIDNEYS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The kidneys are cut half way through, skinned and rubbed with salt and pepper. Melted butter mixed with mustard is put over them and then they are dipped in rye bread crumbs, basted with butter and baked 15 minutes.

This dish is very nice garnished with cooked vegetables.

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No. 20—MUTTON KIDNEY PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The kidneys are sliced ½ inch thick. Butter, onions and sliced champignons are cooked; flour, gravy, salt and pepper are added. The sliced kidneys are put in and cooked slowly 15 minutes. Add lemon juice.

The ½ cup of rice is boiled until soft in bouillon or water to a thick mush, then the butter and finally the 2 yolks of eggs are stirred into it. A pudding mold is buttered and strewn with roll crumbs, then put in a layer of rice and a layer of meat, alternately, until all is in; the last layer should be rice. Cover and cook in a steamer over a kettle of boiling water for 2 hours. After it is done, dump it on a hot platter and serve with Dutch gravy.

No. 21—MUTTON RAGOUT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is cut into 1½ inch pieces. Butter stewed with onion and the pieces of meat are put in to cook 10 minutes. Add the flour and cook another few minutes, then add bouillon or water, salt and pepper and cook until well done. During the last 15 minutes, pour in the red wine and serve with a wreath of boiled rice. (Boil 1 cupful of rice in salt water until tender but retaining its firmness and add a piece of butter).

No. 22—MUTTON WITH POTATOES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is cut into small thin slices, also the peeled potatoes. A casserole is buttered and filled with 1 layer of raw potatoes, 1 layer of meat, salt, pepper and sliced onion. Repeat twice, with potatoes for the last layer. Pour the gravy over, (if it is too thick, dilute with cream or milk) put 73a few small pieces of butter on top, bake in oven for 1½ hours.

If you have no left over gravy, make one of 1 tablespoonful of browned butter, flour, water or bouillon, cream, pepper and salt. Pour over the contents of the casserole and bake it.

No. 23—MUTTON WITH PICKLES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cold, fried or boiled mutton is cut into small pieces. The butter and onions are browned, then flour stirred in. Add salt, pepper, cloves, bay-leaf, vinegar, sugar and bouillon or thin gravy and boil until quite thick. The pickles, cut into small cubes, and onions, are now put in, stewed a little while; add the pieces of meat, heat, but do not boil, then serve. If the gravy is too light, add some meat extract or sugar coloring. Fresh boiled, peeled potatoes go well with this dish.

No. 24—MUTTON ROAST SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Meat, pickles, onions, all this cut into small pieces and mixed well with the other ingredients, then garnished with hard-boiled eggs.

No. 25—MUTTON PIE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

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The Paste.

Preparation: The meat is cut into pieces the size of cutlets, boiled until tender in 1 qt. of water, celery root, 2 small onions, salt. Cook 2 tablespoonfuls of butter and flour and add veal bouillon; then add lemon juice, salt and pepper, if necessary, boil a few minutes, but do not let the gravy get thick.

The Paste: Butter and lard must be very cold. You may omit the lard and use more butter instead if you wish. Both are cut into the flour, the very cold water and brandy poured in and then stirred to a light paste and rolled out on a well-floured board. The butter must be visible all through the paste. Do not knead much. Roll out, line a baking dish with half of the paste, then put in layers of meat, oysters, then sliced champignons, chopped parsley, the gravy poured over the whole and then covered up with the other half of the paste in which make a few cuts, finish off the edge and bake in medium hot oven 1 to 1½ hours.

Remarks: Leave some of the gravy, mix with oyster liquor and the juice of ½ lemon and serve with the pie.

No. 26—MUTTON PIE PREPARED SIMPLY.

The preparation of this pie is just the same as in No. 25, but instead of oysters and champignons, take raw, very thinly sliced potatoes.

No. 27—LAMB ROAST.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The lamb meat must be two days old. It is pounded, salted, peppered and put into the oven with the cup of water. After 10 minutes the browned butter is poured hot over the meat. Baste frequently, gradually adding the cream and lemon juice, and roast for 1½ to 2 hours.

For the gravy, stir into the butter some flour and a little water and cook (if necessary) a while longer. Serve the gravy with the roast after straining.

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No. 28—BREADED LAMB ROAST.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is pounded, rubbed with salt and pepper, then rolled in beaten egg and bread crumbs. Heat the butter and fry the meat quickly on top of the stove, then put it into the oven, basting it often and adding the cream in spoonfuls, also a little water, if the butter should get too brown. Cook in slow heat 1½ hours until the roast looks golden yellow; then serve.

For the gravy, stir 1 tablespoonful of flour into the butter, add water, cook and strain. You can also add chopped champignons.

No. 29—MUTTON OR LAMB RAGOUT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The mutton or lamb, which should be from the breast, is cut into equal sized pieces, stewed a little in 2 tablespoonfuls of butter, then add 1½ qts. of water, carrot, onion, salt, pepper, cloves, bay-leaf and cook the meat until tender.

For the gravy, take the rest of the butter, brown it with flour, add the strained mutton bouillon, the red wine, lemon juice, some of the champignon juice and boil slowly ½ hour. The gravy should be quite thick. Now put in the meat, champignons, truffles and spices and boil 15 minutes longer. Taste it for salt and spices. Serve on a hot platter, and garnish the rim with crescents of puff paste and small fried meat dumplings. The dumplings are prepared the same way as the Ox-tongue Ragout in No. 35, Chapter 2.

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No. 30—LAMB STEW.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The head is split in two, brain and tongue taken out and soaked in water. The tongue is boiled until tender in water with salt, pepper, bay-leaf, cloves and onion. In the same water, cook the brain and also the heart, liver, lungs and head until tender.

When the tongue, heart and lungs are well done, cut them into cubes. All the meat is put into a pot. Season with salt, pepper and a piece of butter, pour in some bouillon and stew. Cut the meat off the head, season with salt and pepper, dip in egg and roll crumbs and fry in butter to a golden yellow. The same is done with the brains. The liver is cut into slices, salted, peppered, dipped in flour and also fried.

The hash of tongue, lung and heart is placed in the middle of a hot platter, the liver slices placed in a wreath around it, the meat from the head, which has been cut into neat pieces, and the brains placed on top of the hash.

The gravy should be prepared before dishing out the hash. For the gravy, take one tablespoonful of flour, stir it in the butter in which the meat, brains and liver have been fried, add some of the bouillon and a little vinegar, lemon juice or white wine. Serve the gravy with the meat.

No. 31—PLAIN RAGOUT OF MUTTON OR LAMB.

The preparation is the same as in No. 29. Instead of wine, take wine vinegar or herb vinegar and leave off the champignons and truffles.

No. 32—LAMB CROWN ROAST.

Contents and preparation are the same as No. 42 of previous chapter, Veal Crown Roast.

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CHAPTER 5.
PORK.

Numbered cuts on a hog

Boiled, Fried and Salted Pork.

Also recipes for utilizing left over pork.

Good pork from well fed yearlings is tender, light and not too fat. The fat or lard must be white, the hide light. Inferior pork has a yellow hide, smeary lard and very fat, dark meat.

Suckling pig is considered a delicacy in the kitchen. It is usually 2 or 3 weeks old.

Best Pieces for Roasts.

The leg, the pork loin, the slightly smoked rib piece, the fillets.

Small Pieces for Frying.

The cutlets, the fillets and ham slices.

Best Pieces for Stew.

The pork shoulder and fillets.

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Best Pieces for Boiling.

The belly, the hip-bone, (head, shoulder and marbled pieces.

Best Pieces for Smoking and Salting.

The hams, pork loins, smoked tenderloin, (called lachsschinken), the belly for lean bacon, the pork loin as fat bacon, tenderloin and shoulder.

For Gelatines.

The hide or skin and bones.

No. 1—PORK ROAST.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is washed and pounded, some fat trimmed off and salted. The roast is put into the oven with 1 cup of boiling water, all spices and onion and roasted 1½ to 2 hours, basting it frequently. The roast must be crisp outside. When it is done, put it on a platter and prepare the gravy. If there is too much fat, skim it off, put the flour into it, stew a little while, add the cream and some water if necessary, cook, strain and serve with the roast.

No. 2—FRESH YOUNG LEG OF PORK FOR ROAST.

Quantity for 10–15 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is pounded, skinned, some of the fat cut off, rubbed with salt and put in oven with 1 pt. boiling water, all spices and onion and roasted 2½ to 3 hours, basting it frequently.

For the gravy, skim off the fat, stir in the flour, stew a little while, then add some water, the wine or cream, and cook it well, strain and serve with the meat.

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No. 3—BREADED LEG OF PORK.

Quantity for 10–15 Persons.

The meat is prepared the same way as described in No: 2, but ¾ hours before done, 8 cloves are stuck into it, ½ teaspoonful of sugar and 1 cup of rye bread crumbs roasted in butter are strewn over it. Cover it well with the bread crumbs by pressing it down with a knife, baste with drippings and roast ½ to ¾ hour longer.

For the gravy, stir in 1½ tablespoonfuls of flour, 1 glass red wine, 1½ cups of water; cook, strain and serve.

No. 4—BRAISED PORK ROAST.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is fried quickly to a light brown in 1 tablespoonful of lard and onion on the open fire, the flour is stirred in and browned a little. Now the water is poured on, salt and spices and wine added and then roasted in oven 2 to 2½ hours, turning and basting frequently.

For the gravy, skim off the fat, strain it and serve with the roast which must be a light brown.

No. 5—SOUR PORK ROAST.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is pounded and put into a jar or earthen dish with 1 qt. of vinegar, sliced onion, salt, cloves, peppers and bay-leaves and left in it for 2 days, turning it once or twice. When taken out to roast, put it into the oven with 1 cup of water, salt and pepper, also ½ of the onions that are in the vinegar, then roast 1¼ hours, basting frequently.

For the gravy, stir in the flour, stew a few minutes, add some water, the wine or ½ cup of cream, cook, pour over the roast. When this is done, strain the gravy and serve with the roast.

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No. 6—PORK STEW.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is washed and put on with 2½ qts. of cold water, onion, salt, spices and cooked slowly 2 to 2½ hours, covered. Skim the bouillon several times. Cut the meat in slices and arrange the vegetables around it. The bouillon may be used for boiling all kinds of vegetables, beans, peas and lentils.

No. 7—SALT PORK OR HIP-BONE FOR STEW.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The salt pork or hip-bone is put on with 3 qts. of cold water, spices and onion, and cooked slowly for 3 hours. The pot must be well covered and ought to be an earthen dish. The broth will be jellied when cold and can be utilized for all kinds of headcheese.

No. 8—SMOKED HAM FOR COOKING.

Quantity for 15–20 Persons.

Preparation: The ham is soaked in water over night, then put it on the fire with cold water enough to cover it, onions and spices added. Cook it slowly in a large kettle for about 4 to 5 hours. Serve it warm with a Madeira gravy, or cold in slices.

No. 9—SMOKED HAM BOILED, BREADED WITH RYE BREAD CRUMBS.

Quantity for 15–20 Persons.

Preparation: The ham is soaked in water over night, then put on the fire with sufficient cold water to cover it, boil slowly for 4 hours. It will be quite done by this time. Put it on 81a platter, skin it and lard it where the skin has been removed with 30 to 40 cloves, sprinkle side with the sugar and thickly with the rye bread crumbs, then lay the ham into a pan and bake it in the oven for 1 hour. Serve with a Madeira gravy. This is a fine dish.

No. 10—HAM IN BURGUNDY WINE.

Quantity for 15–20 Persons.

Preparation: The skin is cut off and the bones are taken out as well as possible. To the wine add the onion, the chopped leek, thyme and marjoram, then leave the ham in it for 24 hours, turning it over often. After that take it out, make a stuffing of truffles, champignons, 1 tablespoonful of butter, salt, pepper and ½ cup of bouillon mixed well and stuff the cavity left after removing the bone with it and sew it up. Clean the bladder well inside and outside, make a cut into it and put the stuffed ham inside, then pour in the wine with all its contents in which the ham has been lying for 24 hours, sew it up carefully. Then tie the whole into a white cloth and put it on the fire in cold water to boil for 4 to 5 hours slowly. After this, take the cloth off, open the suture, pour the fluid into a pot and put the ham into a pan.

Brown the butter and flour, add some of the ham fluid and Madeira, cook it well and add perhaps ½ teaspoonful of sugar, (better taste the gravy first). Fill some of this gravy over the ham and put it into the oven, roast for ¼ hour, then serve it with the gravy. Ham prepared in this way is very fine. If wine cannot be had, use Ginger Ale.

No. 11—FRIED HAM WITH EGGS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The ham is put in milk for 6 hours, then dry off the ham slices and fry them quickly in butter, put them on a platter and pour the butter over. In the meantime the 82eggs have been fried in butter with salt and pepper and now they are carefully placed on the ham.

Remarks: You need not put the ham into the milk and instead of ham you may take breakfast bacon. (Bacon and Eggs).

No. 12—BOILED HAM WITH NOODLES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The ham is chopped fine. The noodles are cooked in salt water for ten minutes, then poured into a colander. Butter a casserole and put in a layer of noodles, then a layer of ham and repeat 2 or 3 times until all is in. The top layer must be noodles. The milk is well mixed with 2 or 3 eggs and very little salt and pepper and poured over the whole mass, a few pieces of butter on top and baked in oven slowly for 1 hour.

No. 13—BOILED HAM WITH MACARONI.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The ham is chopped fine and the macaroni broken in 2 inch pieces, boiled in salt water for ½ hour, then drain. Butter a casserole, put in a layer of macaroni and one of ham, repeat 2 or 3 times, with macaroni for the last layer. The milk is stirred well with eggs, salt, pepper, lemon juice and grated cheese and poured over the mass, then baked in the oven for one hour, after putting a few small pieces of butter on top. Serve in the casserole in which it was baked.

No. 14—BREADED HAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The ham is cut into ¼ inch thick slices and put into milk for 5 hours, then taken out, dried, salted, dipped into white of egg and then into roll crumbs mixed with the 83flour. Then it is fried in hot butter on both sides. These ham slices are nice to serve with vegetables.

No. 15—ROASTED PORK-FILLET.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The pork-fillets are pounded, the skin and most of the fat removed, then larded with bacon, salted and peppered. Put the fat which you cut off into a flat baking tin with some butter; into this heated lard and butter, put your fillets, baste often and let it roast in the oven 45 minutes to 1 hour. This depends on the size of the meat. 15 minutes before done, pour off some of the lard, stir in the flour to brown, then the water and gradually the cream, basting frequently. Strain the gravy and serve with the fillet.

No. 16—STUFFED PORK-FILLET CALLED MOCK DUCK.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For Stuffing.

Preparation: The skin and fat are removed from the fillets and these pounded flat. Chopped pork and veal, eggs, ½ tablespoonful of butter, lemon juice, capers, salt and pepper are mixed well. This stuffing is placed between two fillets and these are then tied together with string or fastened together with toothpicks. If there are four fillets, put ½ of the stuffing on two and place the other two on top, then put bacon strips on top and fry them like No. 15, 1 to 1½ hours. Strain the gravy and serve with the fillets. This makes a very fine dish.

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No. 17—ROASTED PORK CUTLETS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The pork cutlets are pounded, salted and peppered. The egg is beaten with a tablespoonful of milk and the cutlets dipped into this and then into the bread crumbs, then fried until light brown in hot butter or lard. This will require 15 minutes if they are ½ inch thick; if they are thicker, fry them for 20 minutes and place them on a hot platter.

If there is much fat in the pan, take some of it out and brown onion slices and flour in the remaining fat; add water, clove and bay-leaf, also salt and pepper, if necessary, and cook for 5 minutes. Strain the gravy and pour over cutlets or serve it separately.

No. 18—CHOPPED PORK CUTLETS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation and ingredients are the same as in No. 17. The cutlets are chopped, carefully breaded and fried in butter about 8 to 10 minutes if the cutlets are ½ to ¾ inch thick.

No. 19—STEWED PORK CUTLETS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fat is cut off and the cutlets salted and peppered and dipped in flour, then fried quickly in hot butter on both sides. They are then taken out and put on a hot platter. The sliced onion and flour are browned in the drippings, bouillon, wine, spices, lemon juice, salt, 4 pepper-corns added, and cooked a while. The cutlets are then put into this gravy, covered and placed into the oven to stew one hour. When done, strain the gravy and serve with cutlets on the same platter.

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No. 20—PORK KIDNEYS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The kidneys are cut crosswise into ¼ inch slices and fried in the hot butter 1 minute. Salt and pepper, stir in the flour, cook another minute and pour in bouillon and vinegar and cook 1 to 2 minutes more, stirring constantly. Have a good hot fire. The kidneys are tender when they do not look red any longer. If they cook too long, they get hard. Serve at once.

No. 21—PORK RAGOUT OR PORK PEPPER.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is cut into 2½ inch squares. The butter and flour is browned, then bouillon or water, onion slices, spices and salt added and cooked a few minutes. Put in the meat and cook slowly ½ hour. Add the vinegar or red wine and continue to cook slowly until done, which will require ½ to 1 hour. Put the ragout in a warm dish and stir the blood into the gravy, strain and pour over the meat.

Remarks: You may omit the blood.

No. 22—MOCK RABBIT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: All the meat must be chopped very fine and mixed well with the roll from which the water has been well drained, eggs, 2 tablespoonfuls of butter, lemon juice, capers, salt, pepper, and 1 teaspoonful of grated onion. It is shaped into an oblong loaf and strewn with roll crumbs. The butter or lard is heated, the loaf of meat put in and baked in the oven one hour, basting frequently. Take out the mock rabbit carefully 86and put it on a platter. For the gravy, brown ½ tablespoonful of flour in the drippings, add the water, boil, and when done, strain and serve with the mock rabbit. You may also add ¼ cup of cream and some lemon juice to the gravy.

Remarks: You may also put 2 to 3 peeled, hard-boiled eggs into the loaf of meat, whole, before baking it. It is fine for slicing cold.

No. 23—STUFFED HOG’S HEAD.

Quantity for 10 Persons.

The Stuffing.

Extra.

Preparation: The head is cleaned well and split open lengthwise without cutting the skin. The bones are all taken out and the inside of the head is salted and peppered. The bones are split and put over the fire with the 7 qts. of water, the carrot, onion, celery, vinegar, cloves, and bay-leaf.

For the stuffing, mix well the chopped veal, salt, pepper, soaked rolls, ¼ lb. of butter, 3 eggs, grated onion, lemon juice, nutmeg and put the stuffing into the head, 1 inch thick, then make a layer of boiled tongue (½ inch slices), pork and veal. Then a thin layer of truffles. Repeat this, putting in stuffing, sliced meat and truffles alternately until both sides of the head are filled, sew it up, lay a piece of pork skin before the throat opening and sew it on. Tie up the whole head in the white cloth or sew it into the cloth and cook it 4 hours in the same water in which you have boiled the bones. After it is done, leave it in the bouillon and cool it off; when it is nearly cold, place it on a board and weight it down. When it is cold, cut off the cloth and pick out all threads. Cut off a slice from the head so you can see the stuffing. Garnish by pinning a lemon slice into each eye with a toothpick, into the mouth place a bunch of parsley and around the head, green lettuce. 87This will make a fine cold supper or lunch. Serve a cold mustard gravy with it.

Remarks: The bouillon, after being boiled down considerably, may be used for aspic or head cheese.

No. 24—PORK RIBS AND SAUERKRAUT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For Meat Dumplings.

Preparation: The pork ribs which have been salted for several days are cut into pieces, washed, dried and fried on both sides in hot butter, then put into a pot, the sauerkraut on top. (If the sauerkraut is too sour, soak it in water and drain). Add ¼ lb. of butter, apples, white wine and sugar, cover and cook slowly for 2 hours. When it gets too dry, pour in some water.

The Meat Dumplings: The chopped pork and veal, soaked roll, egg, 1 tablespoonful of butter and onion are mixed well. Shape into dumplings and fry well done in the butter in which you fried the ribs.

Arrange the sauerkraut in the middle of the platter, the ribs around it and the dumplings piled on top in a heap. Then serve. If you cannot get wine, omit it.

No. 25—SAUSAGE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is ground three times or chopped very fine, then mixed well with the spices, filled into casings made from hog intestines and fried while fresh.

No. 26—FRIED SAUSAGE.

Preparation: The sausage is fried slowly in the hot lard until brown, then take it out and put the sliced onion into the 88same lard, add the flour, brown it, add water or bouillon, meat extract, if you have it, salt and pepper and cook. Pour this strained gravy over the sausage and serve.

No. 27—SAUSAGES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Meat and fat are chopped fine or ground 3 times, salted and peppered, filled into the casings and formed into lengths of sausages. You can improve the sausage by adding chopped truffles.

No. 28—FRIED SAUSAGES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The sausages are salted, dipped into white of egg, flour and bread crumbs and fried in hot drippings or butter to a nice brown color. They are nice with vegetables.

Remarks: You can prepare them like No. 26 and omit the bread crumbs.

No. 29—WHITE CABBAGE PIE WITH PORK.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: Remove the outer leaves and the core of the cabbage and boil until tender in salt water. Mix well the chopped pork and beef, butter, eggs, salt and pepper. Butter a pudding mold, drain the salt water from the cabbage and put in layers of cabbage and meat; repeat 3 times until all is in, the cabbage being on top, then close the mold, put it in a steamer over a kettle of boiling water and boil for 2 hours. Dump on a dish or platter after draining off the broth.

For the Gravy: Stir 5 rolled crackers with 1 tablespoonful of butter, salt, pepper, add the broth and boil. If it gets too thick, add some bouillon or water; stir in 2 yolks of eggs and serve with the pie.

Remarks: For the filling you may take pork only and for gravy thickening use flour instead of crackers.

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No. 30—CABBAGE SAUSAGES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The whole head of cabbage is boiled until half done in salt water. The outer leaves are then carefully taken off and some of the mixture of chopped pork, salt and pepper put on each leaf and the leaf is rolled or wrapped around it and tied with string. The bacon and onions are cut into small pieces and fried, then these little cabbage sausages are fried in it to a nice brown color. The gravy is poured over them, the pan is covered and the sausages stewed for 1½ to 2 hours, the string removed and served.

Remarks: If you have no gravy, make one by browning 1 tablespoonful of butter and 2 tablespoonfuls of flour and adding water or bouillon. Put in 3 tablespoonfuls of cream if you have it; salt, pepper and boil. If you have no bouillon, stir ½ teaspoonful of meat extract with water.

No. 31—SPANFERKEL OR ROAST LITTLE PIG.

Quantity for 8–10 Persons.

Preparation: The well washed and dressed pig is soaked in water for a few hours. The eyes are taken out and it is salted inside and outside. The fore and hind legs are bent under the pig and in this way it is placed into a pan with a tray on which it rests. Pour in some water and let it roast for 10 minutes. The butter is melted and the pig is brushed with it every 5 to 10 minutes. Gradually add water and cook it 1½ hours. Prick the skin several times so it will not blister; the butter will make the pig crisp. The drippings will be served as gravy or you can also serve a truffle, caper or tomato gravy with it.

No. 32—STUFFED SPANFERKEL OR ROAST LITTLE PIG.

Quantity for 8–10 Persons.

Preparation: The dressed and well washed pig is rubbed 90down with salt. The apples are peeled, cored and quartered, then mixed well with dried currants, raisins and sugar and stuffed into the pig which is then sewed up. Now bake just the same as No. 31.

Remarks: Sauerkraut and fried potatoes are good with it.

No. 33—SPANFERKEL A LA FRENCH STYLE.

Quantity for 8–10 Persons.

Preparation: The pig is washed well, dressed and rubbed with salt inside and outside. Liver, lungs and heart are chopped very fine and mixed well with butter, egg, salt, pepper and a few drops of lemon juice, then stuffed into the pig and this sewed up. The pig is brushed with fine salad oil and roasted slowly for 1½ to 2 hours. Water is added from time to time, garnish with lemon slices and serve with the gravy.

No. 34—MEAT SALTING AND PICKLING.

The Brine.

Preparation: Rub the meat with the 2 lbs. of salt until it all disappears and rub the joints and cuts with pepper. Then pack it into a barrel, the big pieces at the bottom, the small ones to fill in the cavities. After 2 days, make the brine by heating it, but not boiling, pour it on the meat and leave it on for 20 to 30 days according to the size of the pieces.

No. 35—PICKLED HAM.

Preparation: Salt is heated in a pan and mixed well with saltpetre, then the ham is rubbed with it for 45 minutes. After this, put the ham into a barrel, well weighted. Pour the salt water, which it produces, over it often and turn the ham over several times. It may remain in the brine 5 to 6 weeks.

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CHAPTER 6.
POULTRY AND GAME BIRDS.

POULTRY.

Cooked and Roasted Poultry.

Complete directions for utilizing Poultry Remnants.

THE CHICKEN.

The young chicken has a slender body and a delicate color. All young poultry has long legs, soft skin, feathers with oily quill that can be pulled out easily, small red comb, long claws and an elastic breast bone.

Old hens have a small, pale comb. If you wish to keep poultry, hang it up for a few days with the plumage, then pick it and dress it, stuff it with white paper, hang it up or wrap it in a clean cloth and put it on ice.

Poultry must not be cooked directly after slaughtering, because it will not get tender. According to the season it will keep 1–3 days.

A young chicken is roasted or fried. It is best when 8 to 16 weeks old. Old hens are good for cooking.

No. 1—ROAST SPRING CHICKEN.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The chicken is dressed, washed and dried well inside and outside and rubbed with salt.

Heart and liver may be put back into the chicken, gizzard and neck into the pan. The bacon slices are tied over the breast of the chicken, the pieces of butter put on top and then placed in the oven to roast one hour, basting it often until it is a golden yellow or light brown. Add water from time to time so that the butter will not get too brown. During the last 15 minutes put the cream, the flour and if necessary, water into the butter and let it simmer 15 minutes longer. Strain the gravy and serve with the chicken.

Remarks: You may leave off the bacon, but must baste the chicken every 5 minutes, because the breast gets dry very quickly.

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No. 2—STUFFED ROAST CHICKENS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The Stuffing.

Preparation: The chickens are dressed, washed, dried and salted inside and outside. The stuffing made of finely chopped heart, liver, gizzard, from which the tough membrane has been removed, soaked roll, salt, pepper, parsley, nutmeg, butter, eggs and lemon juice, well mixed, is put into the chickens, the slices of bacon tied across the breast, the chickens sewed up and roasted exactly like No. 1.

Remarks: The stuffing may be made richer with ½ cup of chopped champignons and 3 truffles chopped fine.

No. 3—ANOTHER FORM OF STUFFED CHICKEN.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The Stuffing.

Preparation: The chickens are prepared as described in No. 1 and 2.

The stuffing is made by heating the butter and stewing the onion slices to a light yellow in it, then add the chopped heart, liver and gizzard and stew 5 minutes. Add the roll and all the other ingredients, stew another few minutes, stir in the eggs, stuff the chickens, sew them up, tie bacon across the breast and fry the same as in No. 1.

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No. 4—STEWED CHICKEN WITH CHAMPIGNONS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The chickens are dressed and washed and fried in ⅛ lb. of butter in the oven for 15 minutes, basting them several times. After this time, stir into the butter the 2 tablespoonfuls of flour, add bouillon or water, salt, pepper, wine and champignons, cover the pot or pan, stew the chickens for 1 hour. Lastly put in the lemon juice and serve the chickens and gravy on one platter.

No. 5—OLD OR YOUNG CHICKEN WITH RICE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Gravy.

Preparation: The chickens are dressed, washed and boiled until tender in 3 qts. of water, the salt and onion slices. Boil a young chicken 45 minutes, old chicken 2–3 hours, according to its age. In the meantime, cook the rice in a double boiler with a few cups of bouillon and a little salt. When the rice is done, stir in a piece of fresh butter. Do not cook it too mushy.

The Gravy: Stir 1 tablespoonful of butter and 2 of flour, add some of the chicken broth, cook a few minutes till it thickens, add the white wine and stir in the 2 yolks of eggs.

The chickens are carved in nice pieces and placed in a heap in the middle of the platter, the rice around it and the gravy poured over the meat; or leave the chicken whole, place the rice around and serve the gravy separately.

Remarks: The gravy may be prepared without wine.

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No. 6—CHICKEN PIE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The Paste.

Preparation: The chickens are dressed, washed and put to boil in the water and salt. Young chicken will be tender in 45 minutes, old chicken in 2 to 3 hours.

The Paste: Butter and lard must be very cold. Cut it into the flour and add the very cold water, mix lightly and roll one-half of it out in ¼ inch thick layer. The paste must be dry; the butter must be visible after rolling. Put this layer into a baking dish, cut up the chickens, put the pieces into the dish, pour in the bouillon so that meat and broth are even. Roll the other half of the paste, make a few cuts into it and cover the pie, trimming off the edge neatly. Bake in the oven 1 hour to a golden yellow color. Leave only enough broth for the gravy. Stir into the broth 1 tablespoonful of butter, 1½ of flour, cook, strain and serve with the pie.

Cabbage salad and fresh boiled potatoes go nicely with it.

No. 7—PUFF PASTE PATTIES, FILLED WITH CHICKEN RAGOUT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Gravy.

The Paste.

Preparation: The chicken is prepared well and cooked until tender in 1½ qts. of salt water, then cut up into very small pieces.

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The Gravy: Melt the butter, stir in the flour, fill up with chicken broth, add cream and wine, cook till it thickens, put in the chopped champignons and the meat, season with salt and pepper, fill hot into the ready baked patties. Then bake in moderately hot oven for about 10 minutes and serve immediately.

Bake the patties according to No. 39, Chapter 3, Veal Sweetbread Patties.

No. 8—CHICKEN RAGOUT IN SHELLS OR OTHER SMALL MOLDS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The chicken meat is cut up into small pieces. Butter is melted and flour stirred in, broth, cream and white wine added, seasoned with salt, pepper and lemon juice, cooked and filled into the shells or other small molds. Sprinkle with bread crumbs, place pieces of butter on top and bake in oven to a nice brown color.

Remarks: This ragout may be improved with ½ pt. of finely chopped champignons and 4 truffles also chopped fine. This chicken ragout in shells makes an excellent side dish.

No. 9—CHICKEN CROQUETTES.

The preparation and ingredients are the same as in No. 31, Veal Croquettes, or No. 30, Veal Sweetbread Croquettes. See Chapter 3.

No. 10—FINE CHICKEN FRICASSEE.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

For the Gravy.

Preparation: The chickens are dressed and washed, fried light brown in ¼ lb. of butter, and, when well done, carved.

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For the gravy, stir into the drippings the flour, water or bouillon, cream, wine, champignons, juice and cook well. The gravy ought to be quite thick and light yellow, strain and season it with lemon juice, salt, if necessary, some pepper, and put in the whole champignons and the sliced truffles.

The chicken should be so carved that the meat will not fall from the bones and should be kept very hot. Put the meat on a platter and pour the gravy over it. Garnish the rim with puff paste scallops and small meat dumplings.

The dumplings are made by chopping the chicken liver, heart and gizzard, mixing it well with ½ soaked roll, salt, pepper, 1 egg, ½ teaspoonful of lemon juice. Fry the mixture in 1 tablespoonful of butter; when cool, form small dumplings and fry them a light brown in very little butter. This is a very fine dish.

No. 11—VIENNA BAKED CHICKEN.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The chickens are killed, dressed, washed, dried and prepared at once. Cut the chickens in half, salt them, dip them first into flour, then in beaten egg and then in bread crumbs. The lard is heated in an iron pot or kettle and the pieces of chicken placed into it carefully, one at a time, so as not to cool the fat too much and that the crumbs may not fall off. Bake them to a nice brown color. After the crust is hard, let them cook more slowly until well done. Then put on paper to drain, strew fine salt over the pieces and put on a platter after which they may be garnished with lemon slices.

No. 12—CHICKEN OR PIGEON CUTLET.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The birds are dressed, washed and skinned. Each breast is quartered and pounded a little, on each piece fasten a scraped wingbone and season with salt and pepper.

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Beat the egg well with 1½ tablespoonfuls of drawn butter, dip in the cutlets and then into roll crumbs, mixed with 2 tablespoonfuls of flour, then fry in butter 8 to 10 minutes, turning them often. With asparagus these poultry cutlets are very fine.

Remarks: The scraps of poultry may be utilized for soup, croquettes or fricassee.

No. 13—CHICKEN PIE, ENGLISH STYLE.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The paste is made the same as the chicken pie in No. 6.

The chickens are prepared as in No. 6, the meat removed from the bones and cut into ¼ inch slices, the ham and veal too. The baking dish is lined with the paste and filled with alternate layers of meat, salted and peppered, chopped parsley and champignons and the yolks of eggs put in whole.

The tablespoonful of butter and 2 of flour are browned a little, broth or water added, stewed, and this poured over the meat. Cover with the paste as described in No. 6, then bake in the oven slowly for 1¾ hours. The pie may be eaten cold. Use no flour for the gravy, but clear broth.

No. 14—PIGEON PIE, ENGLISH STYLE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Prepare the pie crust as described in No. 6. See Chicken Pie.

Preparation: The pigeons are dressed, washed and fried in the butter for ½ hour, then cut in halves. Fry the steak, which has been cut into small pieces and the fat taken off, in the same butter for 10 minutes. Prepare a baking dish with the crust as described in No. 6, put in the meat, salted and 98peppered, parsley and champignons and place the yolks of eggs here and there between the meat. Slice the ¼ onion and brown together with the flour in the drippings, add the bouillon, stew, strain and pour over the meat, then cover with crust according to No. 6 and bake in the oven 1¼ hours.

Remarks: For the crust, use butter only.

No. 15—FRIED PIGEON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The pigeons are dressed, washed, salted inside and outside. Heat the butter and fry the pigeons light brown on every side, basting with spoonfuls of water and cream. During the last ten minutes stir in the flour and add some more water if necessary, strain the gravy. On the stove it requires 1½ hours to fry the pigeons, to roast in the oven only one hour.

No. 16—STUFFED FRIED PIGEONS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Stuffing.

Preparation: The pigeons are dressed, washed and salted inside and outside.

The stuffing is made by mixing well the chopped liver, heart and gizzard from which the inner membrane has been removed with all the other ingredients. Stuff the pigeons with it, sew them, up and fry them as stated in No. 15; prepare the gravy likewise.

Remarks: You may make the stuffing more simply by omitting the champignons and truffles.

No. 17—FRIED PIGEONS WITH SWEET STUFFING.

Preparation: The butter is melted, and the soaked rolls 99stirred in and sautéed or dry fried. The almonds are scalded, skinned and ground and added with the rest of the ingredients. The pigeons are stuffed and prepared same as in No. 15.

No. 18—ROAST TURKEY.

Quantity for 10–15 Persons.

Preparation: The turkey is dressed and soaked in cold water 30 minutes, then dried and seasoned with pepper and salt inside and outside. The butter is placed in bits on the turkey and if it is a young turkey, roast it in the oven 2 hours, basting frequently with cream and water.

For the gravy, brown the flour in the drippings, add water, cook, strain and serve with the turkey.

If the turkey is older it will require 3 hours to cook it well, and it is best to cover it so it will not get too brown. To prevent the butter from getting too dark, add water from time to time.

Remarks: The leavings may be utilized in many ways. Turkey ragout in shells, see No. 8 for Chicken ragout in shells; Turkey croquettes, see No. 31. or No. 30, Chapter 3, Veal and veal sweetbread croquettes; Turkey pie, see No. 6, Chicken pie. The bones make a good soup.

No. 19—ROASTED AND STUFFED TURKEY.

Quantity for 10–15 Persons.

The Stuffing.

Preparation: Mix these ingredients well, stuff the turkey with the mixture and roast as directed in No. 18. Prepare the gravy the same as in No. 18.

The Goose.

The young goose or gosling has a soft gullet, a pale yellow bill and feet with pointed claws. The bill and feet of old geese are reddish yellow. The color of the skin must be white, not purple or blue.

The time for fat geese is from October to January.

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No. 20—ROASTED YOUNG GOOSE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The goose is cleaned and dressed. The wings, neck, head and feet chopped off. The fat is trimmed off, even from the bowels, and is soaked in water separately from the meat. The goose is washed and left to soak in cold water for 15 minutes, then dried and rubbed with salt inside and outside. Put it into the oven with 1 pt. of water, sliced onion and pepper-corns. When the water is boiled down pretty much, baste the goose frequently with browned butter. A young goose will be done in 1½ hours. It should be of a light brown color and very crisp. Sprinkle a tablespoonful of cold water over it to make it crisp.

Now prepare the gravy by stirring the flour into the drippings, cook it a few minutes and add water. Cook well, strain and serve with the goose.

No. 21—FAT GOOSE STUFFED WITH APPLES.

Quantity for 7–9 Persons.

The Gravy.

The Stuffing.

Preparation; The goose is prepared as described in the previous number, washed and salted inside and outside.

The prepared apples are mixed well with the currants and stuffed into the goose, which is then sewed up. The goose is put into the oven in a covered roasting pan with the water, sliced onion and pepper-corns, and roasted for 1 hour. After that time, remove the cover, baste with the drippings every 10 to 15 minutes, and if the water boils down, add spoonfuls of it so the fat will not get too brown. It may require from 2 to 3 hours roasting before the goose is well done and crisp. Sprinkle a tablespoonful of cold water over the skin to make it more crisp. Then serve.

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For the gravy, pour off nearly all of the grease and prepare as described in No. 20. If there is very much grease from the goose, skim some of it off while roasting.

No. 22—FAT GOOSE STUFFED WITH CHESTNUTS.

Quantity for 7–9 Persons.

The Stuffing.

Preparation: The preparation and ingredients for goose and gravy are the same as in No. 21. The chestnuts are put into the oven; when the shells burst take them out, peel them at once and chop them fine. Put them into a kettle over the fire with water, butter, 1 pinch of salt and 1 of pepper and sugar and cook until well done, then put in the chopped goose liver, stuff the goose with this mixture and sew it up. Prepare the roast and gravy as directed in No. 21.

No. 23—FRIED GOOSE LIVER.

Quantity for 7–9 Persons.

Preparation: Carefully remove the gall from the liver and put the liver into milk diluted with water for 2 hours, dry it well, salt and pepper, dip into beaten egg, then into flour. Heat the butter and fry the liver 5 minutes to a light brown, turning it several times. Serve on a hot platter. For the gravy, brown ¼ tablespoonful of flour in the butter, add broth or water, cook well and serve with the liver.

No. 24—GOOSE GIBLETS.

Quantity for 2–3 Persons.

For the Gravy.

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Preparation: The feet are scalded and skinned, the gizzard emptied and also scalded and skinned, the gullet cut from the neck, the eyes taken out, wings, neck and head well cleaned and singed. Now put all this in a kettle over the fire with the water, onion, salt, peppers, cloves, bay-leaf and cook until tender.

For the gravy, melt the butter, stir in the flour, cook and add the goose broth. The gravy must be smooth; stir into it one yolk of egg and pour it on the giblets. Serve in a deep dish.

Fresh, peeled potatoes are good with it.

Remarks: You may also utilize these goose giblets for soup and put in small potatoes.

No. 25—GOOSE LIVER PIE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Two of the goose livers are larded with oblong slices of peeled truffles. Drip the juice from 1½ lemons on the livers and let stand for several hours.

The ⅛ lb. of butter is heated, mixed with the flour, salt and pepper and ¾ pt. of broth and Madeira added. The finely chopped or ground veal and pork are stirred into the thick gravy. The one goose liver is chopped, fried 2 minutes in 2 tablespoonfuls of butter and the onion, salted and peppered and mixed into the filling. Fill all this into a deep baking pan or mold lined with bacon slices so that it makes 2 to 3 layers of stuffing, alternating with slices of goose liver. Cover with slices of bacon, set in steamer over a kettle of boiling water and boil for 1½ hours or bake in oven for 1 hour.

A truffle or Madeira gravy may be served with it.

No. 26—GOOSE LIVER PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

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Preparation: Liver and bacon are chopped fine. Fry the butter, grated onion, and the roll a few minutes, then put in the chopped liver and bacon, salt, pepper, cheese, cream, 3 yolks of eggs, the beaten whites and mix well. Put into a buttered mold, set in a steamer over a kettle of boiling water and boil for one hour, dump it on a plate and serve with a hot, brown gravy. This pudding may be made of duck liver as well; truffles may be added to make it richer. It makes a fine dish garnished with roasted blackbirds.

No. 27—ROASTED WILD GOOSE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For Roasting.

The Gravy.

Preparation: Wild geese are usually very tough, therefore take a young goose only. Clean and dress it well, let it soak in water for ½ hour, dry it and salt it inside and outside.

The filling or stuffing is made by heating the butter, chopping the scalded onion and put into the butter together with the peeled and sliced apples, cut into ⅛ths. Let these cook half done, then add 1 pinch of white pepper, salt and 2 pulverized cloves, fill the goose with this and sew it up.

Tie the slices of bacon across the breast of the goose and put into the oven with the water and ⅛ lb. of butter, basting it frequently. When the gravy gets too brown add more water. After it is well cooked, take off the string and bacon and serve it.

The Gravy: Stir some flour into the broth, add water or more broth, cook a few minutes, strain and serve.

No. 28—SMOKED GOOSE BREAST.

Preparation: The breast is cut from an undressed goose. Cut off the legs and the meat off the breast down to the bone. Be careful not to injure the outer skin. The small fillets are separated from the breast and it is rubbed well with ½ the 104quantity of salt, which has been mixed with the saltpetre and sugar until it dissolves. Replace the small fillets after salting them also, fold, and sew up the breast. Salt it well on the outside and place into a crock for 7 days, turning it twice a day and basting it well with the brine that collects. On the eighth day wrap in paper, place it between two boards, well weighted, and draw a string through the top end of fat and skin by which to hang it up. Hang it into a smoke house in medium smoke for 8 to 10 days. Then place again between two boards weighted down for a few days. By this process the fat becomes white and hard and the meat keeps better.

The Duck.

When the duck is 6 months old it makes the finest roast, but you may roast it up to a year old. The best time for duck is from August to the beginning of December.

No. 29—ROAST DUCK.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The duck is dressed, neck, wings and feet cut off and it is washed, dried and salted inside and outside. The apples are peeled, quartered, mixed well with the currants, filled into the duck and this sewed up. Put it into a pan with the water, 2 tbsps. butter, and roast for 1½ hours, basting frequently.

For the Gravy: If there is too much grease, pour some of it off, stir in the flour, brown it a little, add water, cook well, strain and serve with the duck.

No. 30—ANOTHER FORM OF STUFFED DUCK.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

The Stuffing.

For the Gravy.

Preparation: The ducks are dressed after cutting off 105neck, wings and feet, then washed and salted and strewn with 1 pinch of pepper inside and outside.

The stuffing is made of chopped liver, heart, gizzard, mixed with all the other ingredients and put into the ducks, which are then sewed up and treated just the same as described in No. 29.

Prepare the gravy as given in No. 29.

No. 31—FRIED DUCK LIVER.

This is prepared the same as described in No. 23.

No. 32—GOOSE AND DUCK SCHWARZ-SAUER.

Black Soup.

Quantity for 4 Persons.

Preparation: Neck, head, feet, wings, heart and gizzard are cleaned well and cooked until tender in 1 qt. of water with salt, pepper and 2 cloves. The prunes and quartered apples or pears are cooked until done in ½ qt. of water. The blood is stirred with the flour into ½ of the broth from the giblets and poured back on again. The chopped fruit added, then seasoned with vinegar and sugar and brought to boil, stirring constantly. It must not coagulate.

THE GAME BIRDS.

THE PHEASANT.

One can recognize the young bird by its less developed spurs and flexible bones. The pheasant may become 5 to 10 years old. Freshly shot pheasants are not good to eat because the meat is dry and hard. In winter the bird may be left hanging with its feathers for 2 to 3 weeks.

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No. 33—FRIED PHEASANT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The young pheasant is dressed, carefully washed and dried, then salted inside and outside and the liver put back into the bird with a piece of butter. The slices of bacon are tied across the breast.

Put the pheasant into the oven with ⅛ lb. of butter, baste it frequently and roast to a golden yellow. After 30 minutes, baste frequently with the cream and water by spoonfuls. It will require 1 to 1½ hours to cook it well done. Before serving, remove the bacon slices.

Into the drippings stir the flour, brown it, if necessary add more water, cook and strain and serve the gravy with the bird.

No. 34—FRIED OLD PHEASANT.

The preparation is just the same as the one under No. 33, with the exception that it requires from 2½ to 3 hours to cook the bird well done, therefore take a little more cream and water for basting and cover the roasting pan during part of the time to keep the bird from getting too dark.

No. 35—PHEASANT PATTIES.

In Shells or Other Small Molds.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The skin is removed from the meat. The meat, truffles and champignons are chopped fine. The bones are put on the fire with 2 qts of water, salt, a small piece of onion and boiled down to ½ qt. of bouillon. Then the gravy is made by heating the 3 tablespoonfuls of butter and the same quantity of flour stirred in to brown, ½ qt. of bouillon added and cooked. Season with salt and pepper, add white wine, meat, truffles and champignons and stir in the 2 yolks of eggs. Beat the whites of eggs and stir lightly into the mixture. 107When this is done, fill the shells or buttered molds with the filling and bake in the oven to a nice brown color.

Remarks: Truffles and champignons may be omitted.

No. 36—STEWED PHEASANT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The pheasant is cleaned, dressed, put into a stewpot with 3 tablespoonfuls of butter, fried a little on all sides, the flour stirred in and then enough broth added to cover the bird. Put in the rest of the ingredients named above and roast slowly in the oven for 2 to 2½ hours.

Strain the gravy through a fine sieve and serve with the pheasant.

No. 37—PHEASANT PIE.

Quantity for 8–10 Persons.

Pie Contents.

Preparation: The pheasants are cleaned, dressed and fried in oven for 20 minutes with ⅛ lb. of butter. The meat is then removed from the bones and a good qt. of broth is made from the latter, seasoned with Madeira, salt, lemon juice. The champignons are quartered and the truffles sliced; liver, heart, gizzard chopped fine, the rolls, salt, pepper, and yolk of egg stirred in. The onions are cooked a little in the drippings and the whole mixture added and stewed a little while. The whites of eggs are beaten and stirred into the mixture after it has cooled. Now butter your dish and put in one-half of the giblet filling as the bottom layer, then one layer of meat, then champignons and truffles, and so on until all the meat, champignons and truffles have been used. The broth is poured over the whole, the other half of the giblet filling put on the top and it is now baked in the oven for 1¼ hours. Serve it in the dish or casserole.

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No. 38—RED GROUSE AND GUINEA HEN.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The preparation is the same as No. 33, Pheasant. It also requires 1 to 1½ hours for cooking.

Remarks: Grouse gets very tender when kept in buttermilk over night.

No. 39—GROUSE PIE.

Quantity for 14 Persons.

Pie Filling.

Preparation: The grouse must be well hung; dress, salt and bake in hot oven with ⅛ lb. of butter for one hour, basting frequently. If buttermilk is to be obtained, put the grouse in buttermilk for 24 hours before baking. After frying, cut off the breasts and divide them into ⅛ths. The other meat is cut from the bones and chopped fine, also the beef and pork. The soaked rolls are sautéed or dry fried in 3 tablespoonfuls of butter and 4 eggs stirred into them. Now add grouse meat, beef, pork, salt, pepper, juice of ½ lemon, 1 wineglassful of Madeira, 1 teaspoonful of grated onion and mix well. The bones of the birds and beef are put on the fire with the champignon and truffle juice and boiled down to ½ qt. of broth, half of which is stirred into the filling.

Butter your dish or casserole and after lining it with paste, put in a layer of filling, then one of meat, strewing on some chopped champignons and truffles. Pour in the other ½ of the broth, cover with paste and bake in oven 1¼ hours to a nice brown color. Serve with a Madeira gravy.

The paste is made by mixing lightly ¼ lb. of flour with ¼ lb. of cold butter, ½ glassful of cold water and 1 teaspoonful of brandy, then rolled out.

Remarks: These pies may be made of pheasants, heath cocks or hazel hens, snow hens, snipes, quails and partridges.

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No. 40—FRIED PARTRIDGES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: After the birds have been cleaned, singed, dressed, wiped out and salted, tie the bacon slices around them, put them into a pan, pour on the hot butter and fry them for ½ hour, basting frequently and adding the cream by spoonfuls. When well done, take off the bacon and serve with the following gravy. In the drippings, brown 1 tablespoonful of flour, add a little water if necessary, cook, strain and serve. A little white wine may be added to the gravy.

No. 41—PARTRIDGE WITH SAUERKRAUT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The partridges are cleaned, singed, dressed and wiped out, bacon slices tied on and fried in 2 tablespoonfuls of butter for 15 minutes. If the sauerkraut is too sour, soak it in water a while, drain, then put it on the stove with the partridges and a little water, white wine, sliced apple, cover and stew slowly for 2 hours. When the birds are tender, take off the bacon, stir a little flour into the sauerkraut; cook for a few minutes and serve with the birds.

No. 42—FINE RAGOUT OF PARTRIDGE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Gravy.

For the Dumplings.

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Preparation: The partridges are well prepared. Cut off the breast and drum sticks and all other meat from the bones. The latter are cracked, put on the fire with 3 tablespoonfuls of butter and flour, fried quickly, then 1½ qts. of water, the champignon juice, some salt, 3 pepper-corns added and boiled slowly for 2 hours to make ½ to ¾ qt. of broth. Season this broth with red wine, Madeira, meat extract, sugar and strain it. Lard the breasts and fry them and the drum sticks or legs in butter. Cover and stew slowly for ½ hour until done. Drip the lemon juice on the goose liver, salt it and fry it in butter. If you have sweetbreads instead of goose liver, parboil in salt water for 10 minutes, remove the skin, drip on lemon juice and fry in butter.

To make the dumplings, chop the liver, heart, gizzard and meat from the bones very fine and mix well with the soaked roll, one egg, butter, salt, pepper, some chopped champignons and shape into dumplings. Fry these light brown in butter or cook 10 minutes in broth.

Toast the wheat bread slices, cut each partridge breast into 4 pieces, also the goose liver or sweetbreads. Place the toast on a hot platter, then on this the meat, breast, legs and the goose liver or sweetbreads. Put the champignons into the gravy and pour hot over the meat. Garnish the dish with the dumplings.

This ragout may be made of capon, quail, hazel hen, snow hen, pheasant or snipe.

No. 43—BLACKBIRDS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For Stuffing.

Preparation: The blackbirds must be fresh. They are cleaned, the head skinned, the eyes taken out and bill and claws chopped off a bit. The legs are turned inward, the right foot stuck through the eye sockets and the claws joined. The intestines are taken out and the gizzard removed. Juniper berries and the cleaned intestines are chopped fine, seasoned with salt, pepper, ½ teaspoonful of lemon juice and 2 tablespoonfuls of butter. This stuffing is put into the birds and the 111openings closed, fastening with toothpicks. They are then closely packed into a pan and the browned hot butter poured on, seasoned with more salt, pepper and 5 pulverized juniper berries, then fried 15 minutes, turning them over several times. The rolls are sliced and toasted, placed on a platter and the birds arranged neatly on the toast after removing the toothpicks. For the gravy, brown ½ tablespoonful of flour in the drippings, add water, wine, cook, strain and serve with the birds.

You may drip some gravy on the toasted roll slices to make them more palatable.

No. 44—LEIPZIG LARKS.

These birds are prepared just like the blackbirds in No. 43. The intestines may also be used for the filling.

No. 45—FRIED SNIPES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The snipes are prepared the same as the blackbirds or larks in No. 43 and No. 44. The gizzard is removed, the bacon slices are tied around the birds, after salting and peppering inside and outside; then fry them in butter for 20 minutes and serve them on the toast which has been soaked with some of the gravy.

For the gravy, stir ½ tablespoonful of flour into the drippings, add broth, cook, strain and serve with the birds. These are garnished with snipe on toast made from the intestines.

No. 46—SNIPE ON TOAST.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cleaned intestines are chopped and mixed well with butter, yolk of egg, red wine, parsley, capers, salt, pepper, bread crumbs and lemon juice. Cut the rolls in slices ½ inch thick, cut off the crust, toast them and put the above stuffing on thick, sprinkle some Parmesan cheese over and drip melted butter on, then bake them in the oven for 5 minutes and place around the fried snipes.

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No. 47—FRIED WOODCOCK.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The woodcock may hang 5 days before being cooked. Skin, dress and pound it, wash and dry it well and salt it inside and outside, then lard with bacon. The woodcock is fried in the butter, the cream and broth are poured on gradually and the bird stewed for 2 hours, basting frequently. By this time the gravy will be boiled down and smooth, strain it and serve with the bird.

No. 48—ANOTHER FORM OF FRIED WOODCOCK.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The woodcock is cleaned, dressed, tied, pressed into a jar and the bottle of red wine is emptied into this. The vinegar is boiled together with bay-leaves, pepper-corns, cloves, onion, carrot, thyme and when cooled, also poured on the bird; in this it remains 2 to 3 days.

After this time the bird is taken out, dried, rubbed with salt, bacon slices tied around it, fried in the butter, and stewed for 2 hours, basting frequently with cream and bouillon. The gravy is strained, the bacon slices are taken off the bird. It is served on a platter, some gravy poured over the bird and the rest served separately.

Remarks: You may serve a Madeira or pickle gravy with it.

No. 49—ROAST WILD DUCK.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The ducks are picked, singed, dressed, washed and skinned, salted inside and outside and tied into 113bacon slices. The prepared ducks are put into a stewpot over the fire with 1 pt. of water, onion, cloves, pepper-corns, bay-leaves. Cover and stew. When the water is boiled down, pour the ⅛ lb. of hot butter over them and add a little water or broth so that the butter may not get too brown, also add the red wine. 15 minutes before they are done, stir in the flour, add more broth or water if necessary and cook. The ducks should be of a nice golden brown color. Serve them with the strained gravy.

No. 50—ROAST CAPONS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Gravy.

Preparation: The capon is picked, dressed, the breast and drum sticks larded with bacon, and the bird salted inside and outside. Then the hot butter is poured over it and roasted 1¼ hours until done, basting frequently with cream.

For the gravy, brown the flour in the drippings, add the wine, and broth or water, cook, strain and serve with the bird.

No. 51—FRIED CAPON RAGOUT.

May be made from the capon. Prepare it just the same as described in No. 42, Fine Partridge Ragout.

No. 52—STEWED CAPON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The capon is prepared well and tied into bacon slices, then fried in ⅛ lb. butter for ½ hour.

For the gravy, stir in the flour, fill up with bouillon or water mixed with a teaspoonful of meat extract and the rest of the ingredients and in this gravy stew the capon 45 minutes to 1 hour, basting and turning it frequently. Serve the capon 114and strain the gravy. Quarter the champignons and put them into the gravy. Pour in the champignon juice while stewing.

Remarks: You can take oysters instead of champignons, allowing 3 or 4 to each person. Before serving the bird, remove bacon and strings.

No. 53—RED GROUSE CUTLETS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The grouse or other poultry is cleaned well and the meat removed from the bones while raw. Chop the meat and remove skin and tendons. Mix with the cream and salt. Shape into cutlets 1½ inches thick, dip into flour, then into the well-beaten egg and finally into the bread crumbs. Stick small bones into the cutlets and fry in butter to a nice color. These cutlets are very good served with vegetables.

Remarks: These cutlets may be made from all fine game birds, i.e., partridge, pheasant, hazel hen, snow hen; also from chicken.

From the bones you can make soup, which will be better if the bones have been fried in butter and soup greens a little while.

No. 54—ROAST POULARD.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The Poulard or French pheasant is cleaned, dressed, washed, dried and salted inside and outside. Bacon slices are tied over the breast and drum sticks. Roast in hot butter, adding the water, for 1 to 1½ hours, a piece of butter being put inside the bird also. Baste frequently with water and cream. It should be roasted to a nice golden brown color.

Serve on a hot platter after taking off the bacon and strings.

Into the drippings stir some flour, water or cream if necessary, the lemon juice, cook, strain and serve with the bird. The gravy should be smooth and of a light brown color.

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No. 55—POULARD FRICASSEE.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Prepare like recipe No. 10, Chicken Fricassee. It will make a very fine side dish.

No. 56—DUCK RAGOUT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Gravy.

Preparation: The duck is cleaned, dressed, washed, salted and fried 1½ to 2 hours, in 1 tablespoonful of butter and 1 cup of water, basting frequently.

For the gravy, brown the flour in the 2 tablespoonfuls of butter, add the duck stock and cook a little while; then add the bouillon, red wine or port wine, champignon juice, lemon juice, salt, pepper-corns, cloves, parsley and truffle parings. Cook the gravy for 15–30 minutes, strain through a fine sieve. Cut the champignons in half and put them into the strained gravy. Carve the duck and put it into the gravy too and steep another 15 minutes. Heap the ragout in the middle of a hot platter. Put the peeled truffles which were fried in 1 teaspoonful of butter for 2 minutes, over the ragout. Garnish with puff paste scallops, (see preparation in No. 29, Chapter 3, Puff Paste Patties with Veal Ragout), and with dumplings. These are made by chopping very fine the heart, gizzard and liver, mixed well with one soaked roll, one egg, 1 tablespoonful of chopped champignons, 1 teaspoonful of chopped parsley, 1 pinch of salt, pepper, and nutmeg. Sauté or dry fry (which means cooking food in a small amount of fat) in ½ tablespoonful of butter and add ½ grated roll. Then form small dumplings from this mixture and fry them to a light brown in butter or duck grease.

Remarks: This duck ragout is a very fine side dish.

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CHAPTER 7.
GAME.

Game must not be soaked in water and it should be washed only when necessary and then quickly dried. The flavor of game depends greatly on its preparation, the latter makes it one of the finest dishes. Game ought to be fried and roasted; boiled game is never as savory.

Butter, bacon and cream are the best fats in which to fry game. Sweet-sour victuals are best to serve with game as: Red cabbage, apple sauce, currant jelly and Cumberland sauce.

No. 1—ROAST SADDLE OF VENISON.

Quantity for 6–10 Persons.

Preparation: The deer, fawn or doe must hang in its skin a few days before it is cooked. The neck is cut off. The ribs are chopped off if they are too long. The skin is taken off, the meat pounded and larded closely with bacon strips; place a thin slice of bacon under the fillets. Fry the venison on both sides with part of the ½ lb. of butter, put the rest of the butter into the pot or pan and roast the meat 45 minutes, basting frequently with the sour cream. The roast should be pink inside and very juicy. Put it on a hot platter and prepare the gravy.

Stir the flour into the frying butter, brown it a few minutes, add the water, cook 5 minutes and add the lemon juice, then strain.

Remarks: The remnants of this venison may be utilized in a soup. Fry them with some butter or lard and soup greens and a tablespoonful of flour, add water and cook slowly for two hours. For directions refer to No. 63 and 64 under Soups, Chapter 1.

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No. 2—LEG OF VENISON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is pounded on both sides, washed, dried, skinned and larded with bacon. The joint of the leg is chopped. Scald the leg with a pint of boiling water and place it into the hot butter in the roasting pan, brown it on both sides, then place the bacon slices on the bottom of the pan and the leg of venison on top of them, roast in the oven for one hour, basting it often with spoonfuls of cream.

The Gravy: After the leg of venison is done, stir the flour into the drippings, brown it for 2 minutes, then add the water, cook for 5 minutes and strain.

Remarks: With a tablespoonful of red wine you can improve the gravy. If you wish to have the meat rare, allow ¾ hour for roasting. Add or subtract some of the time for frying according to the size of the piece of venison.

No. 3—VENISON CUTLETS.

For the Gravy.

Preparation: The meat is skinned, cut into ½ inch slices, each having a rib bone, then they are pounded on both sides and salted. Chop the scraps and fry them with the soup greens, light brown in hot butter, stir in the flour and brown it, add the water and season with salt, pepper, sugar, lemon juice, Madeira and clove and cook slowly for 1½ hours. Strain the gravy and put into it the meat extract and truffle slices and stew a little while. The cutlets are fried 4 minutes in the ⅛ lb. of butter; serve on a hot platter and pour the gravy, which should be smooth, over it.

Remarks: You may also pour tomato or champignon gravy over the meat. The platter with the cutlets would look well garnished with puff paste scallops.

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No. 4—DEER OR DOE LIVER.

Quantity for 2 Persons.

Preparation: The liver is washed and dried. Trim off the membrane, cut into even thin slices, salt and pepper and fry quickly in the hot butter. Onion and flour are stirred in and stewed with the liver. Then the water, vinegar and meat extract are added and cooked well; when done, serve at once because the liver will get hard and tough when standing.

No. 5—VENISON RAGOUT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is cut into 3 inch squares. The ¼ lb. of butter is browned with the flour, then water is added and all the spices and cooked 5 minutes. The meat is put into this gravy, the pot well covered and ¼ hour before done, the red wine is added. If the gravy has boiled down too far, add some more water. When the ragout is done, take out the meat, strain the gravy and pour it over the meat, serve on a hot platter. The gravy should be smooth. This meat should be cooked in an iron pot.

Remarks: Potato dumplings are nice with venison ragout.

No. 6—TO CARVE A LEG OF VENISON.

Leg of deer, doe or reindeer may be carved like a leg of veal. From the leg, remove first the skin and membrane and you will recognize the parts called the fricandeaux. On top of the leg lies a flat piece, on the side of it a piece that has the shape of a small fillet. These pieces may be used for fricassee or they may be filled and roasted. You may leave these pieces on the leg and lard and roast it with them. The tail end is chopped off, chopped in small pieces, and with the last ribs which are attached to it, a soup is cooked.

Remarks: All uncooked game keeps in vinegar or milk.

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No. 7—SADDLE OF VENISON.

Quantity for 14–16 Persons.

Preparation: The joints are chopped in several places so the meat lies flat in the pan, then it is skinned, washed, larded well, salted and fried on both sides in the hot butter; then put into the oven with all the spices and left to roast for 2 to 3 hours, basting frequently with the sour cream.

For the gravy, stir in the flour, brown it a little, then add the water and cook with the roast for 15 minutes. Strain the gravy and if the color is too light, add the meat extract.

No. 8—LEG OF VENISON.

Quantity for 14–18 Persons.

Preparation: The preparation is the same as described in No. 7, only the time for frying is longer, from 3 to 3½ hours.

Remarks: If the meat is from an old animal, it is best to keep it in milk, wine or vinegar for 2 to 3 days.

No. 9—ANOTHER FORM OF LEG OF VENISON.

Quantity for 14–18 Persons.

For the Gravy.

Preparation: The meat is skinned, the bone trimmed out, washed and salted. A sheet of paper buttered or brushed with fine salad oil, is wrapped around the meat, then it is enveloped in a layer of white bread dough. Heat ¼ lb. of drippings and ¼ lb. of butter, place the leg of venison into it and roast for 1205 to 5½ hours, basting it often. Remove paper and crust, when done, and brush the meat with gravy.

The gravy is prepared by browning the flour in the drippings, adding all the spices, the port wine, and the bouillon, then cooking it well. If the gravy is too greasy, skim it off and strain before serving.

Currant jelly or apple sauce is served with this meat.

No. 10—CHOPPED STEAK OF GAME.

Deer, Doe, Boar or Wild Rabbit Meat is Used.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Gravy.

Preparation: The membrane and tendons are removed from the meat, then it is chopped or ground fine together with the bacon and mixed well with ⅛ lb. of butter, salt, pepper and shaped into steaks.

The other portion of butter is heated and in this the steak is fried 10 minutes on the stove, basting and turning often. Put it on a hot platter and prepare the gravy.

If there is too much drippings left, take some out, stir in the flour, brown a few minutes, then add all the ingredients and cook well, pour it over the steak, serve immediately.

No. 11—COLD GAME PIE.

Made From Deer, Doe, Boar or Rabbit Meat.

A good way to utilize the remnants of game roasts.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is chopped or ground very fine. The butter is melted—add to it the rolls, chopped sardines (from which the bones have been removed) and onions, one whole egg and 3 yolks of eggs. This mixture is stirred on the stove and left to stew until dry.

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After cooling it off, add the chopped meat, salt and pepper. Press the whole through a sieve so there will be no chunks or pieces. Into this mass stir the truffle slices, the beaten whites of eggs, and the Parmesan cheese.

Fill a buttered dish or casserole with this mixture, cover it, set it in a steamer over a kettle of boiling water and boil 1½ hours. After cooling, turn it out on a platter, garnish the platter with prepared lettuce. This makes a fine dish for an evening dinner.

Remarks: This pie may also be served hot; then serve a game gravy or herb gravy with it.

No. 12—GAME RAGOUT MADE FROM REMNANTS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat is cut from the bones in nice, equal pieces. The bones are brought to boil in 2 qts. of cold water and boiled down to 1 pt. of broth or bouillon.

Cut the bacon into cubes and brown it in the butter, onion slices and flour and add the bouillon. If you have left over game gravy, add that too, season with salt, pepper, lemon juice and cream and cook slowly for 20 minutes, then strain and cut the pickles into it. Put the meat pieces into this gravy and let it get hot, but do not cook or the meat will get tough. The gravy must be smooth. After heating, serve at once.

Remarks: If you wish to have the ragout very fine, omit the pickles and take truffles or champignons instead.

No. 13—LEG OR SADDLE OF WILD BOAR.

Quantity for 14–18 Persons.

For Pickling.

For Frying.

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To Cover the Roast.

For the Gravy.

Preparation: The roast is pounded, the surface scored or cut in squares and the meat placed into a deep pot or jar. Vinegar, pepper, juniper berries, cloves and onion slices are put in and left with the meat for 3 days. After this time take the roast out and roast it in a deep roaster with all that was on it in the jar, except the vinegar. Instead of that, pour on the red wine and bouillon, season with salt and roast in the oven for 3½ hours. Then strew the roast with rye bread crumbs which have been mixed with ½ lb. of butter, pulverized cloves and 3 tablespoonfuls of sugar. Roast it 30 minutes longer so the crust will get hard and brown. In the meantime add the flour mixed with water to the gravy and cook it a while, then strain, add the meat extract, cook again, taste for salt and spices and skim off the fat.

Remarks: The remnants of roast are utilized in the same way as those of pork roast.

No. 14—HOW TO SKIN A RABBIT.

Hang the animal up by its hind legs on two nails, rip the rabbit from tail to throat, lengthwise. Take out the insides, cut the bile carefully from the liver, retain the latter and the heart and lungs, and throw away the rest of the intestines. Now separate the fur skin from the inner skin, make a cut through the fur around each ankle, pull the legs through, cut off the ears and pull the whole fur skin down from the hind legs over the head.

No. 15—RABBIT ROAST.

Quantity for 4 Persons.

Preparation: The dressed rabbit is washed and dried, head, throat and the skin from the belly and its fore paws are cut off and the joints of its hind paws are chopped. The back and legs are larded with thin slices of bacon. The butter is 123heated and the larded hare is placed into it to roast for 45 minutes. Season with salt and pepper and baste frequently with cream. If it is an old hare, it will require 1¼ hours for roasting. Ten minutes before the hare is done, add the lemon juice and the flour and stew 5 minutes, then pour in the water, leave the hare in this gravy 5 minutes longer, then serve it with the strained gravy.

No. 16—STEWED RABBIT.

Quantity for 4 Persons.

Preparation: The rabbit is prepared as described in No. 15, well larded, cut into pieces large enough for each person. The forelegs may be larded too. These pieces are fried in ¼ lb. of butter until they are light brown. Now pour the drippings into a deep roasting pot, add the bacon slices and make a layer of hare meat, season with salt, pepper, cloves and put on 1 cup of rye bread crumbs. Over this pour the red wine. After making another layer of meat and bread crumbs, cover the pot well and stew slowly 2 to 2½ hours. Serve the meat on a hot platter, strain the gravy, flavor and pour it over the meat. If the pot cannot be closed tightly, paste a strip of paper or cloth around the rim and cover.

Remarks: Potato dumplings are good with this meat.

No. 17—ANOTHER FORM OF STEWED RABBIT.

Quantity for 4 Persons.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 16 with the exception of taking ½ pt. of sour cream instead of wine and 2 tablespoonfuls of flour instead of rye bread crumbs.

The hare is prepared and cooked the same as given under No. 16. If the gravy is too thick, add more water.

No. 18—RABBIT CUTLETS.

Quantity for 4 Persons.

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For the Gravy.

Preparation: All meat is cut from a well dressed rabbit, skin and membrane removed; the bacon and meat are chopped or ground fine, seasoned with salt and pepper and mixed well with 2 eggs and small cutlets formed. The butter is heated, the cutlets brushed with it, then dipped into the bread crumbs and finally into the beaten egg. Some ribs are cut off the skeleton and stuck into each cutlet. The butter for frying is put into a pan, heated and the cutlets fried to a nice brown color. The gravy has been prepared by browning the heart, liver and lungs in 1½ tablespoonfuls of flour, then adding 1 pt. of broth or water, putting into this all the bones and seasoning with salt, cloves, and 4 pepper-corns. Cook the gravy for ½ hour and add the red wine or port wine, lemon juice and sugar. Strain and serve with the cutlets. Garnish the platter with currant jelly.

No. 19—HASENPFEFFER (RABBIT PEPPER).

Quantity for 2–4 Persons.

Preparation: The head, neck, breast, lungs, heart, liver and forelegs are cleaned well, cut in medium large pieces and left in vinegar for 1 day.

After the rabbit has been fried, cut 1 lb. of pork into medium large pieces. Cut the bacon into small cubes and fry it, or if you use butter, heat this and fry the finely sliced onion and pork in it and the rabbit meat which has been soaked in vinegar.

For the gravy, stir the flour into the drippings, stew a few minutes, then add water and all the spices and other ingredients. Then slowly cook the meat until tender in the gravy. When it is done, take the meat out and serve on a hot platter, strain the gravy and pour over the meat.

Remarks: You may omit the rabbit meat and pork and 125use only the heart, lungs, liver, head, neck, breast and forelegs if these are sufficient. You may also stir a little vinegar into some rabbit blood and add to the gravy. The liver may be omitted and fried separately.

No. 20—RABBIT LIVER.

Quantity for 1 Person.

Preparation: The liver must be very fresh. As soon as the rabbit is shot, dress it, take the liver out and prepare it the same day. If you cannot do this the same day, it is better to leave the liver and prepare it with the rabbit.

The fresh liver is washed, sliced, seasoned with salt and pepper, dipped into egg and flour, then fried quickly in some hot butter and served at once on a hot platter. Place a lemon slice on it.

No. 21—RABBIT ROAST SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The meat and potatoes are cut into small pieces. The 2 hard-boiled yolks of eggs are mixed well and stirred with the 2 raw yolks, the oil dripped in, cream, vinegar and the other ingredients mixed in. Taste the gravy and stir lightly into it the meat and potatoes, then heap it in a glass dish, chop the 2 whites of eggs and strew over the salad.

No. 22—RABBIT PIE.

For Frying.

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Preparation: Shoulders and legs are cut off and the rest of the meat removed from the bones and chopped very fine, also the pork. Mix this well with the soaked rolls, eggs, butter, salt and pepper.

Line the bottom and sides of the dish with this mixture. The meat from the loins of the rabbits is cut into nice pieces, fried brown in ¼ lb. of butter and put into the pie with the sliced truffles.

Now prepare the gravy. Into the butter in which the pieces of meat have been fried, stir 3 tablespoonfuls of flour, brown and add 1½ qts. of water or bouillon. Season it with all the spices, onion, salt, bay-leaf, pepper, clove, lemon juice, white wine and the truffle peelings and cook slowly for 1 hour. Strain the gravy and pour ¾ of it into the pie, put on another layer of the filling, bake in medium hot oven for 1½ hours or cover the dish well and set it in a steamer over a kettle of boiling water and boil 1½ hours. The remainder of the gravy should be served hot with the pie.

Remarks: The bones are chopped up and broth cooked from them which is used for the gravy to make this rich and palatable.

Remarks: This, pie may be served cold.

No. 23—DOMESTIC RABBIT ROAST.

Quantity for 4 Persons.

Preparation: The domestic rabbit is prepared and cooked the same as described under No. 15, Rabbit Roast.

No. 24—STUFFED DOMESTIC RABBIT ROAST.

Quantity for 4–6 Persons.

For Stuffing.

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Preparation: The domestic rabbit is prepared like the rabbit under No. 14, but the legs, neck and breast are left on, because it is going to be stuffed. It is washed well inside and outside and salted. Heart, liver and kidneys are chopped fine and mixed well with the soaked rolls and the other ingredients. The rabbit is filled with this stuffing and sewed up, the back well larded and fried on all sides light brown in hot butter. Then it is roasted in the oven for 1½ hours, basting frequently with the cream and lemon juice.

Remarks: The domestic rabbit may be made into ragout. See No. 5, Doe or Deer Ragout.

Remarks: The stuffing may be improved by adding champignons or truffles or ¼ lb. of chopped pork.

No. 25—LAPINS.

Lapins, the European hare, are prepared like rabbit. See No. 23 and No. 24.

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CHAPTER 8.
FISH.

THE VARIOUS PREPARATIONS OF FISH AND THE UTILIZING OF REMNANTS.

Every fish has a season when it is most savory. During the breeding or spawning season, no fish is good. When you buy a dead fish, observe carefully the following:

The meat of middle sized fish is more savory than that of large ones.

When you buy live fish, take the lively ones, not those that swim on their side or back. The bought fish are best killed in the market. The quickest way of killing a fish is to stun it with a blow on the head or neck, then cutting its throat and its tail.

You scale the fish by taking hold of its tail and with a sharp knife or fish scaler scraping off the scales from there towards the head.

To retain the nourishing qualities of the fish, it is not soaked in water, only washed and boiled immediately. Whole fish are put on the fire with cold or hot water. Pieces of fish are put on with boiling water or prepared in hot butter or lard to retain the nutriment in the fish, since the hot water or fat contracts the cells at the cuts. The skin of a whole fish retains the nutriment, therefore it may be put on the fire in cold water.

Fish must not be covered up while cooking or frying so that the temperature will not get too high. Frozen fish must be thawed completely before using; if this is not done, the inside of the fish is mostly rare when serving it. No dish will 129be good when the fish or meat used is prepared in a frozen state.

Fish are dressed by making a slight cut along the whole under side and taking out all intestines. The inner darker membrane must be entirely removed and the fish washed well.

No. 1—TO BOIL.

Whitefish, shellfish, pike, codfish, pickerel, bass, black bass, white bass, flounders, plaice or sole, carp, salmon, trout, brook trout, cabeljou, river trout.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fish is dressed and washed. Into a fish kettle pour 4 qts. of water, all the spices and enough salt to make it quite salty. Place the fish on the tray of the kettle in a swimming position and bring slowly to boil 5 minutes in cold or hot water, then set back to draw ½ hour. When the meat near the gills is not bloody any more, the fish is done. Before serving, rinse it with hot water to remove the scum and place on the platter in a swimming position. It is then garnished with lemon slices, parsley, lettuce and potatoes.

With the fish is served a fish gravy, mustard gravy, Bearnaise gravy or fresh creamed butter, browned butter, mustard butter, parsley butter, etc.

No. 2—BAKED FISH.

Any of the varieties named in No. 1.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fish is dressed, washed and dried, salted inside and outside and rolled in flour. It is placed into a pan or if possible an earthen or porcelain dish in which the butter has been heated; then put into the oven and baked for 10 minutes to a light yellow color. Baste with the cream and lemon juice, sprinkle with the Parmesan cheese, and add the capers and pepper-corns. In this gravy stew it ½ hour, then prepare carefully on a hot platter and serve. Strain the gravy 130through a sieve to remove all lumps, i.e., make it smooth. If it is too thick, add some cream or milk and pour it on the fish or serve it extra.

Remarks: This preparation is very fine. A little meat extract makes the sauce look more delicate.

No. 3—FISH STEAMED OR STEWED IN RED WINE GRAVY.

Any one of the varieties named in No. 1.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fish is dressed, washed, dried, salted inside and outside and left in a cold place for 1½ hours. The gravy is then prepared. Brown the butter and flour and mix in all the ingredients, also red wine; add water or bouillon and cook slowly 1½ hours and strain. It must be smooth and palatable.

Rub the salt off, put the fish into a porcelain or earthen dish in which the ounce of butter has been melted and roast in the oven for 10 minutes, basting frequently with the butter. After this, pour the gravy over it and stew the fish uncovered in the oven for ½ hour.

Remarks: The pan or dish should not be much larger than the fish, so that this is well covered with the gravy. Both fish and gravy are served on the same hot platter.

No. 4—BROILED OR ROASTED FISH.

Any one kind named in No. 1.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fish is dressed, washed and dried, then ripped lengthwise into two halves and the bones removed. Then salt, dredge with flour, dip into beaten egg and roll in bread crumbs. Drip melted butter on the fish, place into a flat pan and roast or bake in the oven, basting with melted butter. Serve with brown butter gravy and garnish with lemon slices.

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No. 5—BOILED SALMON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: All ingredients are put into the water and then boiled. The fish is not scaled, but the insides taken out and washed. When the water boils, set it aside, put the fish in and let it draw ½–¾ hours. Cooking would make it tough. Serve a butter or madeira gravy with the fish.

Remarks: If the fish is a salmon, it requires 20 minutes to cook it.

No. 6—SALMON, BLUE.

Quantity for 15 Persons.

Preparation: The is dressed, washed and dried. The vinegar is heated and poured on the fish, then it is placed into a fish kettle in a swimming position and the water is poured on cold, so that it almost covers the fish. All the ingredients are added; bring it to boil and set aside to simmer 1 hour. The fish must be served carefully and garnished with parsley and lemon slices; potato balls are good with it. For gravy, serve creamed butter, drawn butter, egg gravy, remoulade gravy or mayonnaise dressing.

Remarks: Salmon is good served cold with a mayonnaise dressing.

No. 7—SALMON SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The boiled fish is arranged on a glass dish in a mound after being cut into nice pieces and the bones removed. The gravy or dressing is made by stirring the raw 132yolk of egg into the boiled yolks, adding the oil a few drops at a time, also the lemon juice, vinegar and the other ingredients. It must be thick. The dressing is poured over the salad and slightly mixed with a wooden spoon. Garnish the salad with hard-boiled eggs and green lettuce leaves.

No. 8—SLICED SALMON BROILED.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The salmon is cut into 2 to 3 slices, cleaned, washed and dried well. Brush the slices with the ¼ cup of melted butter, salt and put on the lemon juice, onion slices and parsley. Cover the dish and put on the stove for one hour but do not fry. After one hour, put into a broiler, broil for 10 to 15 minutes, basting with butter and turning frequently. You can also fry them in a buttered pan. Serve in a hot dish, garnish with lemon slices and parsley and serve with a tomato or olive gravy, or a cold, sour gravy.

No. 9—BOILED SALMON TROUT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fish is cleaned and washed. The water with all ingredients in it is brought to boil, the fish placed into it in a swimming position, cooked 10 minutes and served on a hot platter. A fish or egg gravy may be served with it.

No. 10—FRIED TROUT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fish is dressed, washed, dried, salted inside and outside, dipped into the beaten egg and then into flour. The butter is heated in a pan, the fish fried in it to a light brown color and a butter gravy served with it.

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No. 11—EEL, BLUE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The eel is killed by wrapping the head into a cloth and giving it a few blows with a hatchet; then rub it with salt from head to tail until it looks blue. Skin the eel by making a cut in the skin around the head and pulling this down over the tail; if it does not strip off easily, cut it loose with a sharp knife. Cut the fish into equal pieces and clean each piece separately, pushing out the intestines and inner membrane and rubbing it with salt.

1½ qts. of water is brought to boil with 4 tablespoonfuls of vinegar and the eel scalded with it. Heat fresh water, 2 tablespoonfuls of vinegar, pepper-corns, bay-leaves, cloves, 1 onion, lemon slices and salt; in this water the eel is cooked slowly 15 minutes. The fish is then served on lettuce leaves and garnished with lemon slices. Caper, mustard or remoulade dressing is served with it. This fish is good eaten cold.

Remarks: The remnants of eel may be used to make aspic or head cheese. The eel broth and skin are utilized for it. See Head Cheese and Gelatines, No. 9 Eel in Jelly.

No. 12—BAKED EEL.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The eel is prepared as described in No. 11. The bones are taken out of the pieces, (these may be 3 to 4 inches long) salt and pepper, roll in beaten egg and flour and bake in hot butter to a nice brown color.

A Dutch dressing may be served with it.

No. 13—EEL IN BEER.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The eel is prepared as in No. 11, the bones 134being removed from the pieces. The 3 tablespoonfuls of butter are stirred into the flour, the beer added and also all the spices and lemon and onion slices. Cook this gravy and put in the pieces of eel to boil 20 minutes. Serve the eel on a hot platter, strain the gravy and pour it over the eel. The gravy must be thick and very palatable.

Remarks: If the gravy is not thick enough, mix some more flour with water, stir it in and let it boil.

No. 14—EEL WITH RICE. (FRICASSEE).

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The eel is prepared according to No. 11, cut into 4 inch pieces and cooked almost done in boiling water, salt, 2 tablespoonfuls of vinegar, ½ sliced onion, 8 pepper-corns, 2 cloves, 1 bay-leaf. When almost done, take out the pieces and put them into the gravy, which is prepared in the following way: Heat the butter, stir in the flour, add the cream and stir well until smooth, add salt and lemon juice and let it simmer 10 minutes. Serve eel and dressing on a hot platter and place a rim of cooked rice around it. Then strew over the whole some fine minced parsley. If you wish you may sprinkle chopped parsley over the eel before serving, or you may cook the parsley in the dressing.

Remarks: The gravy must be smooth and savory.

No. 15—COLD EEL ROULADE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For Cooking.

Preparation: The eel is prepared as described in No. 11, its head and tail cut off and ripped open lengthwise; intestines and bones carefully taken out; then cut it in two crosswise, to make 4 pieces. These pieces are washed, dried and rubbed 135with salt. The four hard boiled eggs are chopped and mixed well with the chopped parsley, onion, capers, lemon juice, salt and pepper. This stuffing is put inside of the four pieces of eel and these rolled up tightly and tied with string, then each tied up in a piece of white cloth. Into the 2 qts. of water put all the ingredients for cooking, and the head, tail and skin chopped up into small pieces and cook 15 minutes. This eel stock must be tasted as to seasoning, vinegar added and the prepared pieces of eel cooked in it slowly for 45 minutes. Leave them in the stock until pretty well cooled off, then take them out and place them between two platters. After a few hours, take off the strings and cloth and cut them into thin slices which are served on green lettuce leaves and garnished with hard-boiled eggs. You may serve them also with pickles and mayonnaise or mustard dressing.

Remarks: These eel roulades may be made into eel jelly. See Chapter Nine, No. 9.

No. 16—LARDED PICKEREL.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fish is dressed, washed, dried and rubbed with salt inside and outside. The back is skinned by slitting the sides and pulling the skin off. The back is then larded with bacon strips. The butter is heated in a pan and the fish placed into it in a swimming position after dredging with flour and grated Parmesan cheese. The hot butter is dripped on, also the lemon juice, and the fish put into the oven to bake 15 minutes. During this time baste with the butter carefully so the flour and cheese make a crust on the fish. Gradually add the cream and capers, and bake the fish in this dressing for ½ hour, basting frequently. Serve on a hot platter. Color the gravy with the meat extract and if it is too thin, add 1 teaspoonful of flour, mixed with cream or milk, cook and strain. The gravy is served with the fish; garnish with potatoes and macaroni and serve with sauerkraut.

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No. 17—LARDED AND STUFFED PICKEREL.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The Stuffing.

Preparation: The preparation is the same as given in No. 16. The filling or stuffing is made from chopped champignons stewed in the butter, flour, salt, pepper and cream. This is stuffed into the fish which is then sewed up. The fish is larded and cooked according to directions in No. 16. The gravy is also prepared as in No. 16.

No. 18—STUFFED AND LARDED PIKE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation and ingredients are the same as given under No. 16 and No. 17.

No. 19—FISH FRICASSEE FROM PICKEREL OR WHITEFISH.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Fricassee.

Preparation: The fish is dressed, washed, dried, the skin taken off the back and this larded with bacon. Then it is sprinkled with salt and put into a pan in a swimming position with ¼ lb. of butter and 1 cup of cream and fried slowly for 1 hour to a golden yellow color. During this time simmer the 18 crawfish or crabs in salt water for 45 minutes. They should not boil, but simmer. From eight crabs take out the meat and leave the other ten whole.

The veal sweetbreads are scalded, the membrane removed, salted and peppered, the lemon juice dripped on, then dredged with flour and fried in ⅛ lb. of butter to a nice brown color. The sweetbreads are cut into nice pieces. The champignons 137are heated in 1 tablespoonful of butter; lemon juice, salt, pepper, 2 tablespoonfuls of cream are added. The truffles are peeled and sliced and stewed with ½ tablespoonful of butter, 3 tablespoonfuls of bouillon, 1 pinch of salt. The crab meat from the 8 crabs is chopped fine and stirred with 1 tablespoonful of butter and 1½ tablespoonfuls of flour; add a little cream and boil. The lemon juice, salt, pepper and 1 yolk of egg are stirred in and set to cool. Small dumplings are formed from this mixture and fried in hot lard. The batter for the dumplings must be thick; try one first and if it does not hold together, add more flour. These small dishes must be prepared while the fish is cooking. That which is done must be kept hot in hot water. The fish, when done, is served on a hot platter in a swimming position, three crabs are placed on the fish’s back, the other seven along its sides. The pieces of sweetbread are also arranged neatly around the fish and the champignons and truffles, as well as the fish dumplings. All must be very hot and kept so until the gravy is done.

The Gravy: Into the butter in which the sweetbreads were fried stir some flour and add bouillon or water, pour it into the pan in which the fish was fried and cook for 2 minutes, taste and strain. It must be smooth and be served with the fish.

Remarks: This is a fine dish for parties. Potato balls and green lettuce are served with it.

No. 20—PICKEREL WITH TOMATO SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Gravy.

Preparation: The fish is dressed, washed, dried, salted, placed into a pan and lightly covered with a buttered paper. Then the hot butter is poured over it and it is cooked in the oven until well done, basting frequently for about one hour. In the meantime the gravy is prepared thus: The ham is cut into small pieces and fried light yellow in the butter, with onion slices and flour, then add bouillon and cream, season 138with salt, pepper and add Parmesan cheese; also put in the sliced or chopped tomatoes and cook until pretty thick. Strain the gravy, taste it and heat it again. The fish, which must be a nice pink color, is brushed with the thick gravy and served in a swimming position. The rest of the gravy may be served separately.

No. 21—PICKEREL OR CODFISH SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The boiled fish is cut up into nice pieces. The butter is melted, the peeled whole onion fried light yellow in it, then taken out. Stir in the flour, add the cream and cook 5 minutes. The 2 yolks are stirred in, but the gravy must not cook any more, cool it and season with salt, mustard, pepper, capers, vinegar and salad oil. Pour the gravy over the fish.

No. 22—BAKED RED SNAPPER.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fish is dressed, washed, dried and rubbed with a little salt. It is then dredged with flour, dipped into the beaten egg and cracker crumbs. The butter is heated and put on the fish, then baked in the oven for ½ hour until a nice brown. Serve a parsley gravy with it.

No. 23—PICKEREL OR WHITEFISH WITH SAUERKRAUT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: A baking dish or casserole is buttered and filled with layers of sauerkraut and fish alternating. The bones must have been removed and the fish cut into nice pieces. There should be 3 layers of sauerkraut and 2 layers of fish. After the dish is filled, stir the cream with some salt and pour over the whole. Put a little butter on top and bake in oven for 45 minutes.

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No. 24—BOILED TURBOT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The turbot is drawn by making a cut across the dark side below the gills, then rub it with salt until all slime is gone. After washing it, pour ½ qt. of vinegar on and let it stand for ½ hour. Run the knife along the spine on the black side and slit the white side in several places to prevent the skin from bursting while cooking. Fins and tail are shortened. Put plenty of salt water into the fish kettle, put the fish in, white side up, and cook slowly for 5 minutes, then set aside to simmer for ½ hour. Do not cover up the kettle. When serving, the white side should be up and garnish the platter with any kind of lettuce or salad i.e., cucumber salad, head lettuce or endive. Place lemon slices on the fish or small boiled crabs. Serve with a butter gravy or creamed butter and potato balls.

No. 25—TURBOT FRICASSEE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fish is cut into large pieces. A baking dish is buttered and the pieces of fish placed in. Add 3 tablespoonfuls of heated butter, stirred with 2 tablespoonfuls of flour, the cream, champignon juice and bouillon. The latter may be omitted. Cook the gravy until it is smooth and add the lemon juice, salt, pepper, chopped champignons and capers.

The tongue which has been boiled is skinned and sliced and put into the gravy, then boiled a few minutes and tasted as to seasoning. Pour this gravy over the fish, strew with Parmesan cheese and drip on some butter. Place the baking dish into a dish with water and bake in the oven to a nice color.

No. 26—BOILED RED SNAPPER.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fish is dressed, washed and put in a 140swimming position, into water enough to cover it and brought to boil. All the ingredients are added and after boiling up once, set aside to simmer ½ hour. Garnish with lemon slices and parsley. Serve the fish with a butter gravy mixed with fine chopped parsley or with an egg dressing.

No. 27—RED SNAPPER WITH RED WINE DRESSING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation and ingredients are the same as given under No. 3.

No. 28—FRIED SMELT OR SPARLING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fish is dressed, washed, rubbed with salt and left standing for 1½ hours. Then the salt is washed off a little. Beat the egg with the milk, brush the fish with it and dip it into the flour. Heat the butter and bake the fish in it in the oven to a nice brown color.

When served, pour the drippings over.

No. 29—FILLET OF SHELLFISH, WHITEFISH, CABELJOU, SOLE, WITH DRESSING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Fish Bouillon.

Preparation: The fish is dressed, washed, the bones all removed and cut into equal fillets. These are salted a little and left with the salt ½ hour.

During this time prepare the fish bouillon. The bones and skin are brought to boil in 1½ qts. of water to which the pepper-corns, cloves, lemon and onion slices and salt have been added and then cooked until the water has boiled down to ¾ qt. Then put the fish fillets into a buttered pan, season with 1 pinch of pepper, lemon juice, the ¼ lb. of butter placed on in pieces and ½ cupful of the fish bouillon poured over them.

The pan must be covered and the fish stewed in the oven for 25 minutes, then served on a hot platter, the drippings poured over. A Dutch gravy is served with it and the bouillon used for that. See gravies or dressings, Dutch Dressing.

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No. 30—FRIED MACKEREL.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The mackerel is cleaned well, the head chopped off and the fish split open lengthwise. The bones are all taken out, the fillets rubbed with salt and let stand for 1 hour. Then it is washed a little, dried, dipped into the egg beaten with milk and into flour. The butter is heated and the fillets are fried in it to a nice color for about 10 to 15 minutes. Serve on a hot platter, pour the drippings over and garnish with lemon slices and parsley. If the drippings are not sufficient, make an extra gravy of drawn butter mixed with chopped parsley.

No. 31—ROLLED, STUFFED FISH FILLETS.

Made from whitefish, pickerel, cabeljou, shellfish, halibut.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For Stew.

The Gravy.

Preparation: The fish is dressed, washed, skinned, split open lengthwise and the bones taken out, then it is cut into pieces 6 inches long and 3 inches wide. The trimmings which are left, must be fully ¼ lb. and are chopped fine. From 2 eggs make scrambled eggs. Cream the ⅛ lb. of butter and mix it well with the soaked roll, chopped fish trimming, 1 tablespoonful of parsley, scrambled egg, onion, salt, pepper. Press the whole mixture through a sieve and stir in another egg. This stuffing must taste very spicy or piquant and is spread evenly on the fish fillets. Then roll each one up and tie it with a white string, place them into a roasting pan, add ½ qt. of water, ½ pt. of white wine, 6 pepper-corns, ¼ onion, 2 slices of lemon, 3 tablespoonfuls of lemon juice and salt. The 1 ounce of butter is cut into pieces and put on the fish, then 142cover the pan with a buttered paper and bake in the oven ½ hour. Serve on a hot platter.

The gravy or dressing is prepared by mixing ⅛ lb. of butter with 2 tablespoonfuls of flour, add the strained broth from the fillets, cook and stir in 3 yolks of eggs, strain and serve with the fish fillets.

No. 32—BOILED CODFISH.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fish is pounded well, and put into water for 36 hours, changing it every 12 hours and adding a teaspoonful of soda at every change. After that, skin the fish and cut it into pieces, place it into boiling water with the salt, and 2 sliced onions, and let it simmer for 45 minutes. Serve it with drawn butter or mustard gravy.

No. 33—CODFISH RAGOUT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The remnants of boiled codfish are cut in small pieces. The ⅛ lb. of butter is browned, 2 tablespoonfuls of flour stirred in, add the bouillon and season with vinegar, onion, pepper-corns and bay-leaves.

The gravy is cooked slowly ½ hour, seasoned and strained. Add the fish, reheat but do not boil and serve on a hot platter with potatoes.

No. 34—FRIED SOLE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Skin the fish by running a sharp knife around the tail; loosen the skin from the meat and pull downward over the head. The white side is treated the same way, the tail and fins are shortened and the fish cut into convenient 143pieces. Every piece is cleaned well, salted and peppered, the lemon juice dripped on, the slices of onion placed on top, the pot covered up and the fish left in it to simmer 1½ to 2 hours. ½ hour before serving, each piece is dried, dredged with flour and dipped into the egg beaten with the milk and salt and then into roll crumbs.

The butter is heated and in it the pieces of fish are fried to a nice brown color. Serve it on a hot platter, garnish with lemon slices and parsley. The drippings may be used as gravy.

No. 35—BAKED SOLE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The ingredients and preparations are the same as in the preceding, No. 34. The pieces of fish are put into boiling hot lard deep enough so they float, and baked to a golden yellow color.

Serve with a mayonnaise or caviar gravy. See Gravies or Dressings.

Remarks: The pieces of fish may be rolled in finely chopped or ground hazel nuts instead of bread crumbs; this is very fine.

No. 36—BAKED GURNET.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fish is cleaned well, dried, cut in halves, lengthwise, the bones taken out, salted, seasoned with lemon juice, dipped into egg beaten with milk and then into flour.

Heat the butter and fry the fish in the oven for ½ hour, basting frequently. Serve a butter dressing with it.

No. 37—SMALL FISH RAGOUTS IN SHELLS OR SMALL MOLDS; UTILIZING REMNANTS OF FISH.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The butter is heated, the flour stirred in, also the cream, wine and lemon juice and boiled. This gravy 144should be thick; if too thick, add more cream or milk, salt, pepper and Parmesan cheese, then boil one minute. Cut the fish into small pieces and put into the gravy. Butter the shells or molds and fill with this mixture, strew the bread crumbs on and bake in the oven about 10 minutes, to a light yellow color. Serve immediately after taking out of the oven.

Remarks: This dish may be served as a fine side dish together with head lettuce.

No. 38—FISH CROQUETTES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fish is cut into small pieces. The butter is melted, the 3 tablespoonfuls of flour stirred in, then add cream and season with lemon juice, salt and pepper. This gravy is cooked a few minutes and must be thick, the 3 yolks of eggs are stirred in and the fish added. After this mixture has cooled off, small croquettes are formed which are dipped into the white of egg and flour or bread crumbs. Heat the lard to the boiling point, (it must be deep enough so the croquettes will float in it) and bake them to a golden yellow color.

Remarks: Fry one croquette first; if it should not hold together, add more flour.

No. 39—FISH CUTLETS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation and ingredients are the same as under No. 38. Form small cutlets, bread them the same as the croquettes and fry them in butter to a nice color. You may improve them with champignons or crab tails.

No. 40—FISH AND POTATO PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The boiled fish is cut up fine, the bones all taken out; the raw potatoes peeled and sliced fine. The baking 145dish or casserole is buttered and a layer of potatoes alternating with a layer of fish put in so that the last layer will be potatoes.

The gravy is made by heating the butter, stirring in the flour, adding the cream, salt, pepper, Parmesan cheese and capers. Cook one minute, then pour over the layers of fish and potatoes. Strew a few bread crumbs on top and place the pieces of butter on, then bake slowly 1½ hours. Serve in the dish with head lettuce.

No. 41—SALTED CODFISH CROQUETTES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation and ingredients are the same as given under No. 38, Fish Croquettes. If the codfish is too salty, soak it in water a few hours or simmer in boiling water a few minutes.

No. 42—CODFISH HASH.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The codfish is picked to pieces. If it is too salty, soak it a few hours. Heat the butter, stir in the flour, cream and fish and cook for 10 minutes. Toast slices of wheat bread and serve the fish hash on this.

No. 43—FRIED FRESH HERRING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Gravy.

Preparation: The head of the herring must have a yellow color, if it looks reddish, the herring is stale. The herring is dressed, washed, salted for 45 minutes, then it is dried and rolled in flour, that has been mixed with salt and pepper. Heat the butter or fat and fry the herring in it to a nice color, turning occasionally. For the gravy, brown the butter, add the juice of the lemon and finely chopped parsley.

Serve the herring on a hot platter and pour the gravy over it.

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No. 44—TO MARINATE OR PICKLE FRIED HERRING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For Marinating.

Preparation: The herring are dressed, washed, salted for 45 minutes; after that they are dried, then rolled in flour mixed with salt and pepper and fried in butter or lard to a nice color.

For marinating, boil vinegar, water, pepper, cloves, bay-leaves, sliced onion and salt and cool it. The fried herring are cooled and put into a stone jar and the fluid poured over. To be prepared one day before serving.

No. 45—MARINATED SALT HERRING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The salt herring are soaked for one day, then dressed and skinned. If you wish, you may cut them into pieces or leave them whole and put them into a dish. The gravy is then prepared.

The milt and roe, taken out of the herring, are well cleaned, chopped and beaten with vinegar, cream, grated apples and onions, pepper, cloves and bay-leaves. Pour this dressing over the herring and let stand for ½ to 1 day. Serve the herring in the gravy and potatoes in their jackets.

Remarks: Sour cream is best to use for marinating salt herring. This preparation is very good.

No. 46—MARINATED SALT HERRING.

A Simple Way.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The herring are dressed, skinned and soaked in water for ½ day, then cut into desirable pieces or left whole. 147Cook the vinegar with ½ pt. of water and cool. Put all the spices on the herring and pour the cold vinegar over. The milt may be put in also.

No. 47—HERRING SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The herring are soaked in water for ½ day, then dressed, skinned, the bones taken out, and cut into equal parts. Potatoes, apples, roast, sausage, eggs, onion, pickles, beets are all cut up, mixed well and seasoned with oil, salt, pepper, mustard, sugar and vinegar, then bouillon added. The salad is served in a glass dish and garnished with minced white of egg, yolk of egg, pickles and beets. You may also garnish with sardines cut in halves and rolled.

No. 48—BOILED LOBSTER.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The lobster is cleaned in water with a brush, by taking hold of its back with the left hand and using the brush with the right. In this way it is harmless. The water is brought to boil in the meantime with salt and the 12 pepper-corns, then the lobsters are put in head first, which kills them instantly. Boil 5 minutes, then set aside to simmer 45 minutes. After this time take out the lobsters, dry them and put them on a board, break off the claws and tail and split the body into halves from head to tail. Arrange these halves upright on a platter, put a bunch of parsley in the top, place lettuce leaves around and garnish neatly with the tails, cracked claws and legs.

Creamed butter or butter balls are served with it, also a mayonnaise dressing.

Remarks: Claws and legs are placed into a cloth and carefully cracked so the meat is not crushed. Large lobsters may boil 1 hour.

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No. 49—COLD LOBSTER.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation and ingredients are the same as in the preceding, No. 48. When the lobster is done, pour a cupful of cold water into the hot water and let the lobster cool in it. Then take it out, dry it and press it under a heavy board for one hour. When serving, brush it with oil and prepare it like the warm lobster. A mayonnaise dressing is nice with it.

No. 50—LOBSTER CROQUETTES OR CUTLETS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Utilizing remnants of lobsters.

The preparation and ingredients are the same as those given under No. 38 and 39, Fish Croquettes or Cutlets.

No. 51—LOBSTER RAGOUT IN SHELLS OR ON TOAST.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The lobster is prepared as given under No. 48. After the lobster is cooked, all meat is picked out, reserving the coral, which is pulverized. The ⅛ lb. of butter is browned with the flour, bouillon or water added and the coral put in. Meat extract, salt, pepper, sugar, lemon juice, cloves, bay-leaf, onion, Madeira, white wine and tomatoes added and smooth. It is strained and must be about ¾ of a pint, this is all cooked ½ hour. This gravy must be very savory. The champignons are cut into small pieces, the truffles peeled and chopped, then add the champignons, truffles and lobster to the strained gravy. This mixture is filled into buttered shells or small molds and baked in the oven for 5 to 10 minutes. Serve on slices of toast.

Remarks: This is a fine side dish.

No. 52—BAKED LOBSTER.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation and ingredients are the same as given under No. 48. When the lobster is cooked and split, hot butter 149is dripped on and the lobster baked in it for 10 to 15 minutes.

A mayonnaise dressing and chopped pickles are nice with it.

Remarks: It is best to bake the lobster in a gas oven.

No. 53—BOILED CRAWFISH OR CRABS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The Gravy.

Preparation: The crabs are cleaned like the lobster. See No. 48. The water with caraway seeds, salt and sliced onion is boiled and the crabs put in one by one. The water must boil constantly, so that the crabs are killed instantly. Boil 3 minutes, then set aside to simmer ¾ to 1 hour. Serve the hot crabs on a napkin. For gravy or dressing, take hot butter mixed with minced parsley.

No. 54—CRAB CUTLETS WITH VEGETABLES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The crabs are prepared and cooked as given under No. 53. The meat picked out, 18 claws or legs laid aside. The meat is coarsely minced, then mixed well with creamed butter, 2 yolks of eggs, lemon juice, salt and pepper and small croquettes made from this mixture. Dip in beaten egg and roll crumbs. Heat the butter and fry these croquettes in it on both sides to a nice color. Into each put a claw or leg. Arrange the croquettes around asparagus or peas.

Remarks: A good crab dressing may be prepared from the meat of crabs.

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No. 55—CRAB RAGOUT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The crabs or crawfish are cooked the same way as given under No. 53, the meat all picked out, also out of the tails and cut into small pieces. The coral is pulverized and cooked in ¼ lb. of butter together with flour browned in it. The bouillon, the champignon juice, white wine, lemon juice, salt and pepper are added and cooked for 15 minutes in a covered pan. This gravy is then strained through a fine sieve and the crab meat and champignons put in. This mixture is filled into shells or patties and baked in oven 5 minutes. (See Chapter 3, No. 29., Veal Sweetbread Patties). You can also serve this ragout on toast.

No. 56—OYSTERS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The oysters are opened with an oyster knife and cleaned with a small knife, then placed neatly on a platter covered with a napkin, garnishing with slices of lemon.

No. 57—OYSTER PATTIES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The butter is melted, flour, cream, lemon juice, salt, pepper and oysters put in, then boiled up once. Small patties are made as given under Chapter 3, No. 29, Veal Sweet Bread Patties. Fill the patties with the oyster ragout, bake in oven a few minutes, then serve at once. This is a fine dish.

No. 58—FRIED OYSTERS OR CLAMS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The prepared oysters are put into a dish, 151the lemon juice dripped on and breaded with crumbs, which are mixed with salt and pepper. In the meantime brown the butter and fry the oysters crisp, turning frequently. Serve them with spinage, sauerkraut and fish.

No. 59—OYSTER OR CLAM SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The oysters or clams are mixed with the other ingredients, put into a glass dish and garnished with green lettuce leaves.

No. 60—OYSTER OR CLAM PUDDING WITH RICE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Rice.

For the Gravy.

Preparation: The clams are cleaned in cold water with a brush. Change the water several times until it remains clear.

The white wine and salt are put into a dish and the clams put in and shaken over the fire until they open. The inside is then taken out, the shells thrown away. The clam liquor is used for dressing or gravy. Heat ¼ lb. of butter, stir in the flour and add cream, the liquor from the clams, chopped champignons and let it boil a few minutes, stirring constantly; then stir in the 3 yolks of eggs and set aside.

While the clams and dressing are being prepared, the rice is cooked with the bouillon to a thick mush.

A baking dish or casserole is buttered and filled with layers of rice alternating with layers of clams, rice for the top layer. The prepared gravy or dressing is then poured on, cheese strewn over, 1 tablespoonful of hot butter dripped on and then baked in the oven for 20 minutes. This dish may also be made of fresh oysters.

No. 61—SALMON STEAK.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The steaks should be cut in 6 neat medium-sized pieces from the middle of the fish, sprinkle with salt and pepper, pour 1½ tablespoonfuls of lemon juice on each steak, the onion must be thinly sliced, and the slices put on the steaks, also the parsley; then spread 1 tablespoonful of oil on each steak and let them lie for 1½ hours; get cooking utensil very hot, then remove the onions and parsley from each slice of fish, spread another tablespoonful of oil on each and broil for 5 minutes. Serve on a hot platter and garnish with lemon slices and parsley. An olive sauce should be served with this dish.

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CHAPTER 9.
HEAD CHEESE AND GELATINES.

The various preparations of Gelatines, Aspic, Headcheese, Poultry and Fish Jellies.

No. 1—HOW TO PREPARE GELATINE.

Preparation: The pork sward and pig’s feet are cleaned well in cold water, then put in cold water and brought to boil. As soon as they begin to boil, pour this water off and cut the sward up into small pieces, chop the feet into several pieces and put on the stove with 6 qts. of cold water to boil for 7 hours. The feet may be taken out before this time if you wish to use them for a meal. The broth must boil down to 2½ qts.; this is strained through a fine sieve, set aside to cool, and all fat removed from the top.

Whites of eggs, wine and lemon juice are thoroughly beaten together; the egg shells are crushed and all this put into the broth. Then put the broth over the fire once more and stir constantly until it boils. Remove at once, cover up the pot and place it in a moderate oven until the liquid is perfectly clarified. Put a clean white cloth over a pot and strain the broth through it. This must be as clear as water. Put into glass jars, seal and set them in a boiler with water at the bottom, the jars resting on a tray. Cover the kettle and boil for 1 hour. This gelatine will keep and may be used for sweet or sour gelatines.

Remarks: The pig’s feet may be served with a brown sweet-sour gravy. They may be eaten cold if put in vinegar, onion slices, salt and pepper-corns for 2 days.

No. 2—MEAT GELATINE FOR PATIENTS.

Quantity 1½ qts.

Preparation: The beef and the veal cartilage are washed and cut into small pieces, the carrot is scraped, but left whole. 153Then this meat, the carrot and 1 pinch of salt are put into a glass jar with ¾ qt. of water, sealed and slowly cooked in a boiler with water at the bottom, the jar resting on a tray, for 4 hours. After that, strain the broth, let it get cold and remove the fat, then serve it to the patient in spoonfuls.

Remarks: Instead of beef, you may use poultry.

No. 3—GELATINE OR HEADCHEESE FROM POULTRY BOUILLON.

Quantity for 4–6 Persons.

Preparation: The fried chicken is cut into small pieces, the pickles are peeled and sliced. The strong beef broth is heated and the gelatine dissolved in it with wine, meat extract and salt added, then strained and tasted as to seasoning. Put ¼ pt. of the warm fluid into a porcelain dish, skim off all fat, let it get cold and put on the sliced pickles and a few tablespoonfuls of broth, let it cool, arrange the chicken meat on it in the form of scales, pour the rest of the broth on and let it get cold and stiff. Then turn it out on a platter and garnish with parsley. Asparagus cut into small pieces may also be used in this gelatine.

Remarks: Instead of chicken you may use veal roast, tongue or goose liver from which all hard fried meat and cartilage is removed.

No. 4—HEADCHEESE FROM PIG’S FEET AND CALF’S TONGUE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Pig’s feet and calves’ tongues are cleaned well, put on to boil with the water, salt, pepper, onion, bay-leaf. Cover the pot and boil until well done, then take the skin off the tongue and cut it with the rest of the meat into small pieces.

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Strain the bouillon and add vinegar, lemon juice, wine and meat extract. Put the meat into a dish, pour the bouillon on and set to cool. Then turn it out on a platter and serve with head lettuce or potato salad, vinegar and oil, mayonnaise dressing or with fried potatoes.

No. 5—HEADCHEESE FROM OX-TONGUE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The tongue is cleaned and put on to boil in cold water until tender. It is then skinned and sliced, ½ pt. of vinegar poured on and left for a few hours. The bouillon is seasoned with salt, wine, champignon juice, lemon juice, some vinegar and the 4 pieces of gelatine are dissolved in the bouillon. The tongue, champignon and pickle slices and capers are put into a porcelain dish, the bouillon poured on and cooled; then turned out on a platter and served.

No. 6—HEADCHEESE FROM GOOSE OR DUCK.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For Cooking.

Preparation: The goose and calves’ feet are cleaned and well jointed, then put to boil in cold water with all the other ingredients. When the goose is tender, take it out of the broth, remove all spices that may adhere to it, place it into a porcelain or stone jar. Let the calves’ feet cook until boiled down to 3 qts., remove all fat and season with vinegar, meat extract and salt if necessary. Put in the crushed egg shells, beat the white of egg with water and add it to the bouillon, let it come to boil and then set aside to simmer until the white of egg curdles. After one hour, strain the bouillon and pour it through a white cloth over the goose meat.

Remarks: If you wish to prepare the headcheese quickly, omit the calves’ feet and use 35 pieces of gelatine dissolved 155in 3 qts. of bouillon, which is also clarified with white of egg and egg shells.

Remarks: The meat of the calves’ feet may be breaded in roll crumbs, fried in butter and served with a raisin gravy. If you wish to make this headcheese from duck, take 2 ducks.

No. 7—HEAD CHEESE FROM PARTRIDGE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The partridges are cleaned and dressed and put to boil in cold water with the spices. When it is done, carve it and put it into a porcelain dish. Let the bouillon boil down to 1¼ qts., season with white wine or Madeira, lemon juice and meat extract and remove all fat, then dissolve the gelatine in it. Stir the whites of eggs with some bouillon and add it with the egg shells, then boil for a few minutes and set aside to simmer until the bouillon is clear. Strain it through a sieve and a cloth and pour it on to the meat to cool. Turn it out on a platter and garnish with lettuce and lemon slices.

No. 8—FISH IN JELLY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Put the water on with all the other ingredients and boil, then put in the fish after being dressed and cleaned and let it simmer gently for ½ hour. Take out the fish, remove the bones and cut it up into large pieces. The fish stock is boiled down to l¼ qts. and the gelatine dissolved in it, then boiled for one hour, strained and poured on the fish to cool. Serve it on a glass platter garnished with head lettuce.

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No. 9—EEL IN JELLY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The eel is skinned, cut in pieces and the intestines taken out. The 1½ qts. of water are brought to boil with vinegar, pepper-corns, salt, bay-leaf, onions, lemon slices and soup greens; add the eel and simmer gently for 15 minutes. Take out the pieces of eel and boil the broth down to 1 qt. Into this put the crushed egg shells, the white of egg mixed with some broth, ¼ teaspoonful of meat extract and the gelatine and cook for a minute, then set aside. When the bouillon is clear, strain it through a fine cloth. Slice the two hard boiled eggs and cover the bottom of a porcelain dish with them, then pour on some jelly and fish bouillon and let it get cold. After that put the eel pieces on and the rest of the sliced egg, then pour the rest of the stock over and let it get cold. When it is stiff, turn it out on a plate and garnish with head lettuce, It is best to prepare this dish the day before using it.

No. 10—SALMON IN JELLY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Into the water put the wine vinegar, the wine, salt, pepper-corns, bay-leaves, cloves, onion slices, lemon slices and let it come to boil. Clean the fish well and put it into this water to simmer gently for ½ to ¾ hour. After this take the fish out, remove the bones, cut in pieces and boil down the stock to 1 qt. Beat the whites of 2 eggs with some of the broth and add it, also the crushed shells and 10 pieces or layers of gelatine. Let this mass cook a second and set aside to clarify, then strain through a fine cloth.

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Place the pieces of fish and crab tails into a porcelain dish, pour the fish stock on and put it on ice to cool quickly. Then turn it out on a glass platter and garnish with head lettuce and lemon slices. Serve with a mayonnaise dressing.

No. 11—OYSTERS AND CAVIAR IN JELLY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The beef bouillon must be clear and free from fat; season it with white wine and lemon juice, and dissolve the gelatine in it. Stir the white of egg with some bouillon and add it, put in the crushed egg shells to cook for a second, then set aside to clarify. Strain it through a fine cloth. Fresh oysters are opened, cleaned and cut out of the shells. A dish is set on chopped ice, some oysters are placed in a circle into the dish and sufficient cold bouillon put on to cover; then let them get stiff. Repeat this until all oysters have been used. Put the rest of the bouillon on top and let it get stiff.

The caviar is poured into a sieve, let very cold water run over it until it becomes granular. In the center of the oyster jelly cut out a round hole, large enough to hold the quantity of caviar at hand. Heat the oyster jelly that has been cut out and pour it over the caviar. When it is perfectly stiff, turn it out on a platter and garnish with lemon slices and lettuce leaves. Serve with a cold mustard dressing.

No. 12—GOOSE LIVER IN JELLY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Remove all fat from the broth. Dissolve the gelatine in it, color with the meat extract and season with Madeira. Add to it the white of egg beaten into some of the broth, and the crushed shell, cook a second and set aside to clarify, then strain through a fine cloth.

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Skin the goose liver and cut it into 1½ inch slices, also the truffles and lard the liver slices with the truffles, then stew slowly in a little butter. When done, place them on blotting paper to drain off the fat. The champignons are cooked in bouillon for 10 minutes.

Into a dish set in crushed ice put part of the bouillon, let it get stiff and put in half of the goose liver, also half of the champignons. Some more bouillon is poured over this and cooled; then repeat this same process until all goose liver, champignons and broth have been used. Let it get stiff, turn it out on a platter and serve with a cold mustard dressing and potato salad.

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CHAPTER 10.
DRESSINGS or GRAVIES.

DRESSINGS FOR MEAT, POULTRY, GAME AND FISH.

SAUCES FOR PASTRY AND SWEET DISHES.

Flour Gravies.

Good butter and good flour are the essentials for a gravy and constitute the main part of it. For the preparation of white gravies, earthen, pewter or enameled dishes are the best. Gravies must always be smooth and it is best to strain them through a fine sieve. If you have them ready before the meal, put them into a double boiler. They must neither be too thick nor too thin.

No. 1—WHITE GRAVY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Melt the butter, add the peeled onion and steep a little while, then stir in the flour and bouillon and cook 10 minutes, season with salt and pepper. Beat the 2 yolks of eggs with a little water and slowly stir it into the gravy. Do not boil any more.

No. 2—DUTCH GRAVY.

For Fish, Chicken or Veal With Rice.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Melt the butter, stir in the flour, stew a few minutes, fill up with fish stock, stirring constantly, then season with salt and lemon juice and add the 2 yolks of eggs as given under No. 1.

Remarks: If the gravy is for chicken or veal with rice, season it with white wine.

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No. 3—FINE DUTCH GRAVY FOR FISH OR VEAL.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Melt the butter, stir in the flour, simmer gently, fill up with fish stock, or bouillon if it is intended for veal. Cook, stirring constantly, add sour cream, lemon juice, salt and pepper.

The sardines are cleaned, chopped and put into the gravy with the capers. Cook slowly for ten minutes, stirring frequently, then strain through a fine sieve, heat it again and add the 2 yolks of eggs.

No. 4—WHIPPED DUTCH GRAVY.

For Fish, Asparagus, Cauliflower, Oyster Plants and Scorzonera.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The flour is mixed well with fish stock or vegetable broth and whipped while over the fire, until it thickens; then add the fresh butter and the yolks of eggs, which have been beaten with water. Let it boil, stirring constantly. Serve at once.

Remarks: The gravy may be seasoned with 1 teaspoonful of lemon juice.

No. 5—GOOD FISH GRAVY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Melt the butter, stir in the flour, add the fish stock and cream and cook a little while, stirring constantly, then season with lemon juice and salt if necessary. Finally stir in the yolks of eggs.

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No. 6—CAULIFLOWER GRAVY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Melt the butter, stir in the flour, gradually pour in the cauliflower broth and boil, stirring constantly. Then season with salt and nutmeg and stir in the 2 yolks of eggs.

No. 7—ASPARAGUS GRAVY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Cream the butter, add the yolks of eggs, flour and cream; then add the boiling asparagus broth, while stirring. Let it boil, stirring constantly. Serve at once or keep warm in water. It is very fine.

No. 8—FINE MUSTARD GRAVY.

For Beef and Fish.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Cream the butter, add the yolks of eggs, mustard, flour, and gradually pour in the bouillon, stirring constantly, then cook. Season it with lemon juice, sugar and salt if necessary. Put in the lemon slice which should be taken out when served.

No. 9—PLAIN MUSTARD DRESSING.

For Fish and Beef.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Brown the butter and flour, add the bouillon, cook and season with pepper, salt, sugar and vinegar.

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No. 10—FINE BEARNAISE SAUCE.

For Fillets, Saddle of Mutton, Mutton Cutlets.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The leek is cut into small pieces, vinegar added, then boiled down to one-half of the portion and strained through a fine sieve. Cream the butter, stir in the yolks of eggs, the leek vinegar, meat extract and bouillon. Place into a double boiler and let it thicken, stirring constantly; season with salt, pepper and finely chopped parsley. It must be smooth. Serve at once.

No. 11—TOMATO GRAVY.

For Fillet, Saddle of Mutton and Mutton Cutlets.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The leek is cut into small pieces and boiled down in vinegar to half of the portion. Cream the butter, add yolks of eggs, tomatoes, flour, bouillon and the strained leek vinegar. Put into a double boiler and let it thicken, stirring constantly. Season with sugar, salt and pepper and serve at once.

No. 12—FINE TOMATO DRESSING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Ham and onion are cut into fine pieces and fried brown in butter. The chopped tomatoes are added and cooked a little while; then stir in the flour and add the bouillon. Season it with salt, pepper, lemon juice and sugar. Cook the gravy slowly for 1 hour, strain through a fine sieve and stir in the 2 yolks of eggs.

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No. 13—FINE GRAVY.

For Poultry, Meat and Fish.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The lean ham is cut into small cubes and fried in the butter. Add the sliced onion, stir in the flour and stew a little while, add the bouillon and cream. Now the gravy is cooked for 15 minutes and the ¼ cupful of ground fish added. When served with meats, add meat instead of fish. Season with salt, pepper and lemon juice. Let it boil a while and strain through a fine sieve.

No. 14—HORSE RADISH GRAVY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The horse radish must be scraped and grated very quickly, flour and butter stirred in and the cream added. Let it boil 15 to 20 minutes, stirring constantly, and season with salt and sugar.

No. 15—HORSE RADISH DRESSING, RAW.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The prepared horse radish is mixed with vinegar, salt and sugar and served that way.

No. 16—SARDINE GRAVY.

For Fish and Meat.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The sardines are soaked in water for ½ hour, then chopped fine and rubbed through a sieve. Melt the butter, stir in the flour and stew a while, then add the bouillon, 164or fish stock if used for fish. Add wine and lemon juice and the sardines, cook it slowly for 15 minutes and season with salt and pepper; then stir in the yolks of eggs, but do not boil it any longer.

No. 17—CAPER SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Melt the butter, add the sliced onion and stew a while, then stir in the flour and add the bouillon, season with salt, pepper, lemon juice, and boil 15 minutes, stirring constantly. Strain through a fine sieve. Put in the capers and let it simmer gently. Stir in the yolks of eggs and a pinch of sugar.

No. 18—OYSTER DRESSING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Melt the butter, stir in the flour, add the bouillon, and oyster liquor. If the oysters are fresh, you may use some of the beards. Cook the gravy slowly for ½ hour, then strain through a fine sieve and season with salt and pepper. Put in the sardine butter or finely chopped sardines. The oysters are put into boiling water for ¼ minute, then placed into a colander to drain. Put into the hot gravy and serve at once.

No. 19—CRAB OR LOBSTER GRAVY.

For Fish, Chicken and Fricassee.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The crabs are brushed well in cold water, then cooked very red in 2 qts. of boiling salt water. The claws and tails are broken off and the meat picked out and cut up. Remove the gravy substance from the bodies and crush the coral in a mortar.

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Heat the butter and put in the crushed coral, stir while stewing, add the 2 tablespoonfuls of flour, stew a while and add the bouillon, cook it slowly until it is smooth, then strain through a sieve and season with salt and pepper. Stir in the 2 tablespoonfuls of cream, let the gravy get very hot and put in the meat from the tails and claws. It must not boil any more.

Lobster gravy is prepared the same way. Instead of crabs or crab butter, take lobsters or lobster butter.

Remarks: A left over body of a lobster may be utilized for a gravy.

No. 20—REMOULADE SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Stew the oil and flour a little while, add the bouillon, cook, strain and stir until cold. Stir the hard-boiled yolks of eggs together with the raw yolk, lemon juice, mustard and gradually stir in the oil mixture. Season with salt, pepper and sugar. It is served with beef, eggs and head cheese.

No. 21—WHITE FRICASSEE SAUCE.

For Chicken Fricassee or Veal Fricassee.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Melt the butter and stir in the flour, add the bouillon, stir and boil 5 minutes, add white wine, lemon juice, salt, pepper and set to simmer gently.

No. 22—ONION GRAVY.

For Boiled Beef.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Brown the butter with the sliced onion, stir in the flour, add the bouillon and season with salt, vinegar and pepper. Cook the gravy 10 minutes and strain through a fine sieve.

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No. 23—PEARL ONION GRAVY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Prepare the gravy just like onion gravy, No. 22. After the gravy has been strained, put in the pearl onions, cook for 1 minute and stir in the yolks of eggs, but do not cook any longer.

No. 24—PICKLE GRAVY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Brown the butter, stir in the onion and flour, cook a minute, and add the bouillon. Add the meat extract and cook 15 minutes, then strain and season with salt, pepper, vinegar, sugar. Put in the finely chopped pickles and set to simmer. You can improve this gravy with pieces of cauliflower and small pearl onions. Serve with mutton roast or lamb.

No. 25—BURGUNDY OR MADEIRA SAUCE.

For Ham, Fish or Tongue.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Brown the butter and flour, add the bouillon and all the other ingredients.

Cook this gravy for 1 hour slowly, stirring frequently, then strain through a fine sieve, add a few tablespoonfuls of wine, season and serve hot. It must be a nice brown color and smooth.

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No. 26—BACON GRAVY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Cut the bacon into small cubes and fry to a nice yellow color, add the finely sliced onion and fry a little while, add the flour and bouillon and season with salt, pepper, cloves, bay-leaf, vinegar and sugar. Cook for 15 minutes and serve with potatoes in their jackets.

No. 27—HERB GRAVY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Parsley, onion, thyme, pepper-corns are fried in butter, the flour stirred in and browned; add the bouillon and meat extract and boil down to ½ the quantity, strain through a fine sieve, heat again and put in the herbs. Season with lemon juice and salt and stir in a small piece of butter.

No. 28—BROWN CHAMPIGNON SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Brown the butter, stir in flour and onion and cook 1 minute, add the bouillon and champignon liquor, season with meat extract, red wine or Madeira, lemon juice and cook for ½ hour. Strain the gravy, add the champignons, which may be quartered if they are too large, set aside to simmer gently. Now flavor with salt, sugar and lemon juice.

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No. 29—TRUFFLE SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Butter and onion are browned, flour stirred in and bouillon added, together with red wine, Madeira, pepper, meat extract, cloves, bay-leaf and put in the peelings of truffles, cook slowly for 1 hour, strain through a fine sieve. Chop the peeled truffles and add them, season with salt and a little sugar.

No. 30—MOREL SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fresh morels are cleaned, washed in lukewarm water and put on the fire with lukewarm water, stirring carefully while heating the water. Then they are poured into a colander. This process is repeated until there is no more sand on the morels. The last water is put aside. After a while pour it off carefully from the settlings and boil down to ½ pt. The ham and onion are cut into small dice, fried brown in 2 tablespoonfuls of butter, the flour stirred in and browned 1 minute, then add the bouillon and morel liquor and cook slowly for 45 minutes. Add the meat extract, pepper, salt and strain it. Cut up the morels, put them into the gravy, let it come to boil again, add parsley and serve very hot.

No. 31—PARSLEY GRAVY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The finely chopped onions and flour are browned in butter, bouillon added and cooked 10 minutes, 169stirring constantly. Season with salt, pepper and lemon juice, add the chopped parsley, but do not cook any longer.

Remarks: ¼ cup of sweet cream will improve the gravy.

No. 32—DILL, CHIVE OR TARRAGON GRAVY.

These gravies are prepared like the parsley gravy, the ingredients are the same also, but instead of parsley take dill for dill gravy, chives for chive gravy, and tarragon for tarragon gravy. These gravies are good with fish, chicken, beef and asparagus.

No. 33—SORREL GRAVY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Melt the butter, stir in the flour, gradually add the bouillon and cream, stirring constantly, cook a few minutes and add the sorrel. Strain and season with salt, pepper and sugar. Stir in the yolks of eggs and serve very hot.

Remarks: The sorrel is cleaned and treated like spinage and boiled the same way, then rubbed through a sieve.

Cold Dressings.

No. 34—OIL DRESSING A LA TARTARE.

For Hard-Boiled Eggs, Cold Beef and Head Cheese.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Oil, onion and flour are fried light brown, bouillon and lemon juice added, cook a little while, then strain and stir until cold. Add the herbs or pickles and season with salt, pepper and more lemon juice, if necessary. If the gravy is too thick, when cold, add more bouillon.

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No. 35—COLD MUSTARD DRESSING.

For Cold Lamb or Veal Roast.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Hard-boiled and raw yolks of eggs are well stirred together, the oil added in drops, season with mustard, lemon juice, salt, pepper and sugar. If the dressing is too thick, thin it with 1 tablespoonful of cream. This dressing is very good with cold roast.

No. 36—TARTARE DRESSING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Oil, onion, flour are fried light brown, bouillon added, seasoned with mustard, lemon juice, salt and pepper and cooked slowly for 15 minutes, then strained through a fine sieve. Stir until cold, then stir in the 2 yolks of eggs and the pickles and capers. Taste it again. It should be quite thick.

No. 37—COLD HERB DRESSING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The 2 hard-boiled and 1 raw yolk of eggs are thoroughly beaten together, the oil added a few drops at a time, the herbs and mustard put in and then seasoned with salt and pepper and the finely chopped white of egg put in also.

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No. 38—COLD REMOULADE DRESSING.

Very fine.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The two kinds of yolks of eggs are mixed well, the oil added a few drops at a time, cream and lemon juice slowly stirred in, then capers, sardines and mustard are added. Season with salt and pepper and keep cold.

No. 39—COLD CHIVE DRESSING.

For Beef.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Cream, vinegar and chives are stirred together, then seasoned with salt, pepper and sugar.

No. 40—COLD CAVIAR DRESSING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Put the 3 yolks of eggs and cream into a double boiler and cook until it thickens, stirring constantly, add the vinegar and stir until cold, then season with pepper, sugar and salt.

Put the caviar into a sieve, and let cold water run over it until it becomes granular, then stir into the dressing. This dressing is good with blue fish.

No. 41—MAYONNAISE DRESSING No. 1. (COLD).

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The 6 yolks of eggs are stirred with the oil, then seasoned with lemon juice, pepper, mustard, sugar and salt.

Remarks: Mayonnaise dressing is good with salmon.

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No. 42—MAYONNAISE DRESSING No. 2.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The yolks of eggs are stirred adding the oil and vinegar a few drops at a time, season with onion, pepper and salt and add sufficient bouillon to give it the required thickness.

No. 43—COOKED MAYONNAISE DRESSING.

Very Good With Lobster or Chicken Salad.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Yolks of eggs, cream, vinegar, mustard, pepper, salt and sugar are mixed well and cooked in a double boiler, stirring constantly until it thickens. When the gravy is cold, add sour whipped cream.

Remarks: You may peel a dill pickle, chop it very fine and add to the dressing.

No. 44—MAYONNAISE DRESSING No. 3.

Very Good With Poultry Salad.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Yolks of eggs, cream, broth and vinegar are mixed well and boiled in double boiler as before mentioned in No. 43, then seasoned with salt, pepper and onion. Stir the dressing until cold, then add 2 tablespoonfuls of oil a few drops at a time.

Sweet Sauces or Dressings.

Sauces for Puddings and Pastries.

No. 45—WHITE WINE SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The 2 whole eggs, flour, wine, sugar are 173mixed well on the stove and stirred until it becomes foamy and begins to thicken, but must not cook. Then add the lemon slices.

Remarks: This sauce may be served cold or warm.

No. 46—ARRACK SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: All ingredients except the arrack or brandy are mixed well and treated the same as mentioned under No. 45. The arrack or brandy is stirred in last. This sauce may be served cold or warm.

No. 47—VANILLA SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The vanilla bean is left to soak in milk for 1 hour, then the sugar is added. The milk is brought to boil, the yolks of eggs and flour are mixed with a little cold milk, slowly stirred into the boiling milk and cooked for one minute. If you wish to use this sauce cold, it must be stirred several times while getting cold so it will not form a skin.

Remarks: The sauce must be stirred well while boiling.

When it is used cold you may add ½ cup of whipped cream or the white of egg beaten to a froth.

No. 48—COCOA SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Stir the cocoa with the yolks of eggs and a little cold milk and prepare the sauce like vanilla sauce given under No. 47.

No. 49—CHOCOLATE SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 47 and No. 48, but instead of cocoa, ¼ lb. of chocolate is grated and stirred into the yolks of eggs and milk and less sugar is needed.

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No. 50—LEMON SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 47, but instead of vanilla use lemon peel.

No. 51—MARASCHINO SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 47, but instead of vanilla, use 4 tablespoonfuls maraschino.

No. 52—CHERRY SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cherries are stoned and boiled in the water for 1 hour, then rubbed through a fine sieve. The corn starch is dissolved in a little water, then stirred into the boiling cherry sauce mixed with sugar and cooked 5 minutes, stirring constantly. The sauce is served cold.

No. 53—PRUNE SAUCE.

Preparation and ingredients are the same as given under No. 52. Instead of cherries use 1 lb. of fresh or dried prunes.

No. 54—APRICOT SAUCE.

Preparation and ingredients are the same as given under No. 52. Instead of cherries use 1 lb. of fresh or dried apricots.

No. 55—STRAWBERRY SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The corn starch is mixed with some juice. The remaining juice is mixed with sugar and spices and put over the fire until it boils, then the dissolved corn starch added and boiled 5 minutes, stirring constantly. The sauce is served cold or warm.

Remarks: When the juice from preserved fruit is used, less sugar is needed.

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No. 56—RASPBERRY SAUCE.

Preparation and ingredients are the same as given under No. 55; instead of 1 pt. of strawberry juice, use 1 pt. of raspberry juice.

No. 57—CHERRY, CURRANT, BLUEBERRY SAUCE.

Preparation and ingredients are the same as given under No. 55 but instead of strawberry juice, use either cherry, currant or blueberry juice.

No. 58—FRUIT PUREE SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Sauce made from prunes or fresh plums, cherries, strawberries, raspberries, gooseberries, currants, grapes, apples or apricots.

Preparation: The fruit puree is made very savory with sugar and spices. The corn starch is mixed with a little water and stirred into it, also the rest of the water, then the whole is cooked and rubbed through a fine sieve. If the sauce should be too thin, use more corn starch. The wine may be omitted.

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CHAPTER 11.
POTATOES.

The various recipes for the preparation of potatoes.

The potato is a very useful food and may be prepared in many ways. Salt is necessary to make the potato savory. It must be boiled well done and quickly. It may be peeled long before using, but should be kept covered with water after it is peeled, otherwise it will turn brown. Potatoes lose their good flavor if they are kept in a moist cellar where they will grow poisonous sprouts. They sprout also in the spring; the sprouts should be immediately removed.

No. 1—POTATOES IN THEIR SKINS OR JACKETS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes must be of equal size. They are cleaned in cold water and put to boil in cold water in a covered kettle. When done, drain off the water, shake them a little and set them aside to dry and their jackets will burst.

No. 2—NEW POTATOES IN THEIR JACKETS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are cleaned in cold water and with a kitchen knife, a small piece of peeling is cut off. Put on the fire with cold water and caraway. When done, pour off the water, leave the dish covered, shake it and set it aside to dry, and their jackets will burst.

Remarks: The potatoes must be kept constantly boiling.

No. 3—BAKED POTATOES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes should be of even size. They are cleaned in cold water, the point of each is cut off and they are baked in the oven for 1 good hour. The oven must be very hot. Serve in their jackets.

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No. 4—PEELED POTATOES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are cleaned in cold water and peeled. The very large ones are quartered, the medium-sized ones are cut into halves and the small ones rounded, with the eyes well pierced out. Put into clear water at once after peeling. Then put them over the fire with cold water and salt, boil quickly, drain well and set them aside to dry a little.

No. 5—SMALL POTATO BALLS.

To Be Served With Fish.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are cleaned in cold water, peeled, and with a vegetable scoop cut out round balls. They are then put over the fire in a kettle with water and salt and boiled until done which requires about 15 to 20 minutes. Drain the water off at once and set aside to dry.

Remarks: You may steam these potatoes, which requires ½ hour. They are very nice when steamed.

No. 6—UTILIZING THE REMNANTS OF POTATO BALLS, MASHED POTATOES.

Preparation: The potato remnants are boiled until tender in salt water, which is then drained off and the potatoes pressed through a potato masher. The butter is added, the pot with these potatoes placed into hot water and beaten until well mashed, seasoned with salt, then served in a hot dish.

Remarks: The remnants may also be used for potato soup or dumplings.

The whites of 5 eggs, well-beaten, may be stirred into the above and then baked in a buttered pan in the oven.

No. 7—PARSLEY POTATOES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are peeled, scooped out and cooked as given under No. 5. When they are done, stir in the butter mixed with parsley and cover a few minutes.

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No. 8—FRENCH FRIED POTATOES, POMME SOUFFLE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are peeled and cut into thin oblong or round slices as thick as the back of a knife or cut out in small balls. The lard is heated until it smokes, but must not boil.

The potatoes are dried with a clean cloth and fried to a golden yellow color in the lard, then they are placed into a colander to drain, sprinkled with salt, shaken a little and served very hot.

No. 9—POTATO CHIPS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The ingredients are the same as given under No. 8, French Fried Potatoes.

Preparation: The potatoes are cleaned, peeled and sliced so thin that you can see the knife through them. The lard is heated until it smokes, a handful of potato slices at a time are dried and fried golden yellow in the hot lard, then taken out with a skimmer and placed on paper to drain. Salt and serve very hot. They must never be covered, neither while cooking nor afterwards.

No. 10—STUFFED POTATOES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are washed well and cooked in their jackets, removed from the fire when barely done, strained, peeled, then carefully cut into halves and scooped out. The pieces which have been removed, are pressed through a potato masher and mixed with butter, Parmesan cheese, onion, parsley and yolk of egg. Season with salt and pepper and put back into the scooped out potato halves, smooth off on top, sprinkle with salt and fry in butter to a golden yellow color.

Remarks: They are very fine to serve with cold meats or to garnish hot meat platters.

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No. 11—POTATO CROQUETTES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are washed, cooked, peeled, grated and pressed through a potato masher. The butter is creamed with the yolks of eggs and grated potatoes stirred in and seasoned with salt and pepper. Small croquettes are formed, rolled in bread crumbs and fried in butter or lard to a nice color. Serve hot.

No. 12—POTATO BALLS, FRIED.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are boiled, peeled, grated or mashed. Cream the butter, stir in the yolks of eggs, Parmesan cheese, nutmeg, pepper and salt, the mashed potatoes and flour. Balls, walnut size, are formed from this mass, rolled in roll crumbs and fried in hot lard to a nice golden yellow color. The lard should be deep enough for the balls to float. Drain in a colander or on paper.

Remarks: These potato balls are nice to garnish meat platters.

No. 13—SOUR POTATOES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are cooked, peeled and sliced. While they are boiling, the dressing is prepared. Brown the butter or lard with the onions, stir in the flour, stew a little while, add the bouillon and season to taste with vinegar, salt and pepper and cook a few minutes. Put in the boiled sliced potatoes, cook a few minutes and serve.

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No. 14—CREAMED POTATOES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are cooked in the jackets, then peeled and sliced or cut into small dice. Or bake the potatoes in the oven, peel them and cut into dice. Melt the butter, stir in the flour, cook 1 minute, add the milk and cream, cook a little while, season with salt and pepper, put in the potatoes, cook and serve. The dressing must neither be too thin nor too thick.

Remarks: Creamed potatoes are nice with soup meat, mutton chops or fried sausage.

No. 15—BAKED POTATO PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are boiled, peeled and mashed. The butter is creamed with yolks of eggs, cheese, pepper and salt. Stir in the mashed potatoes, the flour and lastly the beaten white of egg. Butter the mold, put the mixture in and bake in medium hot oven for 45 minutes.

No. 16—STEAMED POTATO PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation and ingredients are the same as given under No. 15. The prepared mixture is put into a mold that has been buttered and sprinkled with bread crumbs. Set in a steamer over a kettle of boiling water and boil for 1 hour. Then turn it out on a platter and serve.

Remarks: Caper sauce is good with potato pudding.

No. 17—POTATO PANCAKES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The raw potatoes are peeled, washed and put into cold water. Take out of the water and grate quickly. 181Drain off the water that collects on the grated potatoes, mix them with the yolks of eggs, flour, pepper, salt, apple, onion and lastly with the beaten whites of eggs. Heat the lard and bake 3 to 4 thin pancakes in the pan at once. They must be baked brown and crisp. The dish or plate on which they are served, should not be covered.

Remarks: Apple sauce is good with them.

No. 18—BOUILLON POTATOES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are peeled and cut into quarters or sixths, according to their size, then partly boiled in water. Drain off the water and pour on the boiling bouillon, season with salt, pepper and onion, do not cover them and cook slowly until the bouillon has been absorbed by the potatoes. Add the butter, cook a little longer, then add the parsley.

Remarks: With new potatoes you need only 1 qt. of bouillon, because they are not so mealy.

No. 19—SARDINE OR HERRING POTATOES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Gravy.

Preparation: The boiled potatoes are peeled and sliced, sardines or herring are soaked in water and cut in small pieces. The ham, which may be remnants, is also cut and fried in ⅛ lb. of butter and the sliced onion. The butter must not get brown; stir in the flour and after cooking a little, add the bouillon and cream, season with salt and pepper if necessary. Cook this dressing slowly for ½ hour, then rub through a sieve. Fill a buttered baking dish or casserole with layers of sliced potatoes and herring or sardines alternately, pour the dressing over, strew with cheese and drip on a little butter, then bake in oven 20 minutes, being careful that the dressing does not 182boil, as that will make it thin. It is best to put the dish into another dish with water before baking. Bake until a golden yellow.

Remarks: This may also be prepared without sardines or herring.

No. 20—POTATOES WITH CRACKERS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The raw potatoes are peeled, sliced thin, and the crackers rolled. Butter a baking dish or casserole, fill with layers of potatoes and crackers alternately, with small pieces of butter, salt and pepper between each, repeating until all has been used. Then pour the cream or milk over, put a few pieces of butter on top and bake 1½ hours.

Remarks: This dish is good with cold meats.

No. 21—FRIED RAW POTATOES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The raw potatoes are peeled, sliced very thin and washed well. Butter or drippings are put into a pan, add the sliced potatoes, onion, salt and pepper. Cover and fry slowly, gradually adding the water. In ½ hour the potatoes are done and of a golden yellow color.

No. 22—SWEET POTATOES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are washed well and baked in their skins in the oven for ¾ to 1 hour. Fresh butter is served with them.

No. 23—POTATO DUMPLINGS FROM BOILED POTATOES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are boiled, peeled and grated when they are cooled off or mashed while still hot. When cold, 183the mashed potatoes are mixed well with roll crumbs, eggs, onion, pepper, salt, the ⅛ lb. of melted butter and the flour. The roll cubes are fried in butter crisp and yellow. These pieces are put in the middle of dumplings formed of the mashed potatoes, rolled in flour and cooked in salt water 15 to 20 minutes in an open kettle. The water must be boiling when the dumplings are put in.

Remarks: Try a dumpling; if it does not hold together, add more flour. The dumplings must be taken out of the water as soon as done. Serve hot.

No. 24—ANOTHER KIND OF POTATO DUMPLINGS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are boiled, peeled and grated. When they are cold, butter, eggs, nutmeg, salt and flour are stirred in. The roll cubes are fried in butter until crisp, then medium-sized dumplings are formed from this mixture with the roll cubes in the center. Dip your hands into flour and make the dumplings round and firm, then roll them in flour and boil them in an open kettle 15 or 20 minutes. The salt water must boil briskly before the dumplings are put in.

Remarks: Try a dumpling first and if it does not hold together add more flour. Sour roast goes nicely with potato dumplings.

No. 25—RAW POTATO DUMPLINGS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The raw potatoes are peeled, grated and pressed dry in a cloth. Bring the milk to boil, pour in the farina slowly and boil it 3 to 4 minutes, stirring constantly. Mix the grated potato with the boiling farina, yolks of eggs, salt and beaten whites of eggs. Fry the roll cubes in butter very crisp. Rinse your hands in cold water, make dumplings from the mixture with the roll cubes in the center. While the dumplings are being made the salt water is brought to boil and the dumplings are put in for 15 to 20 minutes. Do 184not cover the pot. The raw potato dumplings must be prepared quickly or they will turn black.

Remarks: They may be served with any kind of meat.

No. 26—UTILIZING REMNANTS OF POTATO DUMPLINGS.

The dumplings left over are sliced and fried in butter to a golden yellow color.

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CHAPTER 12.
VEGETABLES.

The various preparations of vegetables.

Vegetables are known to be the best and most wholesome food.

Mushrooms, all kinds of cabbage, legumes are good for anemics. The legumes and cabbages must be washed well and scalded.

The Preservation of Vegetables During the Winter.

Cauliflower is cut off above the roots, the outer leaves removed, a string tied to the stem and hung up on the ceiling of the cellar. White and red cabbage and savoy cabbage are preserved in the same manner.

Kohlrabi, carrots, turnips, parsley roots, celery roots and shallots are kept in dry sand over winter.

Fresh parsley is kept in glass jars by putting in alternate layers of salt and parsley. Close the glass well each time after taking some out. Rinse the parsley before using.

No. 1—ASPARAGUS WITH BROWN BUTTER.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The asparagus stalks are washed and peeled thin at the top and thicker toward the end. If the ends are woody cut them off. Then tie the asparagus into small bundles and put them into salt water to boil until tender, about ½ hour. Place them on a platter with the heads all lying one way, lightly brown the butter and pour it over. Serve hot.

No. 2—ASPARAGUS WITH CREAMED BUTTER.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Preparation and cooking of this asparagus are the same as given under No. 1. Serve the asparagus on a platter covered with a napkin, then cream the butter and serve in a separate dish.

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No. 3—ASPARAGUS WITH CREAM DRESSING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Dressing.

Preparation: The asparagus are prepared and cooked as given under No. 1. When they are tender pile them on a platter keeping the heads all one way and prepare the dressing.

Melt the butter, stir in the flour, the yolks of eggs and the cream and gradually pour in the boiling asparagus liquor. Let it come to a boil, stirring constantly, pour over the asparagus and serve hot.

No. 4—CANNED ASPARAGUS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

This asparagus is carefully heated and served with any kind of dressing prepared for it as given either under No. 1, No. 2 or No. 3.

No. 5—FRENCH ASPARAGUS WITH CREAM DRESSING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Dressing.

Preparation: Thin stalks of asparagus may be used for this; they are peeled and cut into 2 inch lengths, then cooked in boiling salt water for 20 minutes. The water is poured off, the asparagus put into a dish and the gravy or dressing poured over. For the dressing melt the butter, stir in the flour and pour in gradually the boiling asparagus liquor, add sour or sweet cream, 3 teaspoonfuls of lemon juice, stirring constantly, boil 1 minute, then add the 2 yolks of eggs, but do not boil any more.

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No. 6—PRESERVED ASPARAGUS WITH CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation and ingredients are the same as given under No. 5, French Asparagus with Cream Dressing.

No. 7—GREEN ASPARAGUS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The green asparagus is washed, but not peeled, and cooked 20 minutes in boiling salt water. The slices of toast are placed on a platter and the asparagus, from which the water is drained in a colander, put on each slice of toast, heads all one way. The butter which has been heated to a golden color is poured on. Serve very hot.

No. 8—ASPARAGUS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fresh asparagus is peeled and cooked as given under No. 5.

For the dressing melt the butter, stir in the flour, add the cheese, the sweet or sour cream, and cook, stirring constantly. The dressing must be thick.

Drain the water off the asparagus, butter a baking dish, put in the asparagus and dressing, strew the roll crumbs over and drip the tablespoonful of butter on. Bake this by setting the baking dish in a dish with hot water in the oven about 10 to 15 minutes.

Boiled ham or tongue is nice with this dish.

Remarks: It makes a fine side dish.

No. 9—CAULIFLOWER.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Dressing.

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Preparation: Pick off the outer leaves and put the head of cauliflower, the top downward, in cold water for 15 minutes to remove the insects that might be on it. The salt water is brought to boil and the cauliflower boiled in it a half hour.

For the dressing stew the butter and flour, add the cauliflower liquor and cream, and boil, stirring constantly. Add the yolks of eggs and do not boil any more.

The cauliflower is carefully placed on a platter or into a vegetable dish so it does not fall apart and the dressing is poured over, then the nutmeg is strewn over it.

No. 10—CAULIFLOWER WITH BUTTER SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cauliflower is prepared and cooked the same as given under No. 9. It is carefully placed in a dish, and the hot browned butter poured over.

No. 11—CAULIFLOWER WITH CRAB OR LOBSTER DRESSING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The preparation of cauliflower is the same as given under No. 9. Make a dressing as described under No. 19, in Gravies or Dressings and pour it over the head of cauliflower.

No. 12—SCALLOPED CAULIFLOWER AU GRATIN.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Dressing.

Preparation: The cauliflower is cleaned and put in water ¼ hour, then boiled in salt water ½ hour until almost tender, placed into a buttered dish until the dressing is made.

The butter is melted, flour stirred in, and cooled 1 minute. Add the sweet cream, boil, season with cheese, lemon juice and salt to taste. This dressing is poured over the cauliflower, 189roll crumbs strewn on and a little butter dripped over it; then baked in oven 20 to 30 minutes until it is a nice yellow color.

No. 13—ARTICHOKES WITH BUTTER.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: With a sharp knife cut off the points of the artichokes about 1½ inches, then boil them tender in salt water and vinegar. Serve them on a dish, cream the butter and serve with the artichokes or brown it and pour it over.

No. 14—STEWED ARTICHOKES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The artichokes are cleaned and prepared given under No. 13 and cooked partly done in salt water and vinegar. Then each one is cut into half and the inside white fibers removed carefully. These pieces are put into a pot, 3 tablespoonfuls of butter, chopped champignons, cheese and ½ pt. of bouillon added, the pot covered and the artichokes stewed 2 hours, turning them over several times. The stewed artichokes are put into a vegetable dish and the dressing prepared. Heat the rest of the butter with the flour, add the artichoke liquor, the rest of the bouillon, Madeira or red wine and the meat extract. Cook this well and season with pepper and salt, then pour over the artichokes.

No. 15—CANNED ARTICHOKES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The canned artichokes are heated and the dressing is prepared. The butter is heated, the flour stirred in, cooked 2 minutes, the bouillon and cream added and cooked well. Season the dressing with salt, pepper and lemon juice. 190Take the artichokes out of the liquor and put them into this dressing to simmer 10 minutes. If you like add 3 tablespoonfuls of white wine and chopped champignons or truffles.

No. 16—SCALLOPED ARTICHOKES WITH CHEESE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Dish.

Preparation: The artichokes are prepared as given under No. 13. Cooked partly done with vinegar in the boiling salt water. From the pieces of cooked artichokes remove the white fibers. Place them into a buttered baking dish or casserole, strewn with cheese and put on the ¼ lb. of butter in small pieces, season with pepper and salt, add the bouillon, cover the dish and bake them slowly in the oven 2 to 3 hours.

No. 17—OYSTER PLANTS, SALISFY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Dressing.

Preparation: The oyster plants are scraped and at once placed into water mixed with flour or milk so that they keep their white color, then cut into 2 inch lengths and cooked until tender in boiling salt water with vinegar. While they are cooking, prepare the dressing. Melt the butter, stir in the flour, cook and add bouillon or half bouillon and half cream, add meat extract, cook and season with pepper and salt. Then drain the water from the oyster plants, put them into the dressing and set aside to simmer gently for 10 minutes.

No. 18—SCORZONERA.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Dressing.

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Preparation: The vegetable is scraped, cut into 2 inch lengths and immediately put into water, mixed with flour or milk, then cooked until tender in salt water and vinegar. This will require ½ hour, during which time you prepare the dressing.

Melt the butter, stir in the flour, stew a few minutes, add the bouillon and cream or milk, boil again and season with lemon juice, pepper and salt. Drain the water from the vegetables, put them into the dressing and cook 10 minutes or set aside to simmer gently. When serving stir in the yolks of eggs.

Remarks: For scorzonera salad make a dressing of oil and vinegar mixed with mayonnaise.

No. 19—FRESH GREEN PEAS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fresh, green peas are taken out of the pods and boiled until tender in boiling salt water. This will require ½ hour; then drain the water off, add butter and flour, shake the pan, but do not stir it; add cream, meat extract, 1 pinch of pepper, sugar and salt to taste. Let it cook slowly and when you serve it put in the chopped parsley.

No. 20—ANOTHER WAY OF PREPARING PEAS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fresh green peas are prepared and cooked as directed under No. 19. When they are done drain them, put the drawn butter on, season with pepper, salt, sugar, shaking the pan, and sprinkle with minced parsley before serving. Canned peas are prepared the same way, but not cooked in salt water.

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No. 21—FRESH GREEN PEAS WITH CRAB MEAT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The preparation and ingredients are the same as given under No. 20. When they are done shake them with the hot butter, add the crab meat, mix, drip the crab butter on.

Remarks: This is a very fine dish.

No. 22—PEA OMELET.

Look for the preparation in chapter 15, Omelets.

No. 23—ASPARAGUS AND CAULIFLOWER OMELET.

Look for the preparation in chapter 15, Omelets.

No. 24—MARROW PEAS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The marrow peas are strung like beans, washed and cooked until tender in bouillon and butter, then add the flour, stir and season with salt, pepper and sugar. Lastly add the parsley.

No. 25—YOUNG CARROTS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The carrots are scraped, cut into small pieces or sliced, then washed and cooked until tender in bouillon and butter. This will require from ½ to 1 hour. Season them with salt, pepper, sugar to taste, stir in the flour and let them cook a little while longer, lastly add the parsley. The carrots may be scooped out and the openings filled with boiled green peas, then stewed until soft.

No. 26—FRESH GREEN PEAS AND CARROTS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The peas are prepared as directed under No. 19, but take only 1 lb. of peas and ½ of all other ingredients. Take ½ of 193the quantity of carrots also, and prepare according to directions in No. 25. When serving, place the carrots in the center of the dish and the peas around them.

No. 27—SPINAGE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The spinage is picked over, the stems cut off and washed well. Cook it in boiling salt water for 15 minutes, drain the water off and chop the spinage or rub it through a colander.

Melt the butter, stir in the flour, cook and stir in the spinage, add sweet cream and bouillon, season with salt and pepper and cook a little longer, stirring constantly.

Remarks: The dish may be garnished with hard-boiled eggs.

No. 28—SORREL.

Sorrel is prepared just like spinage, see No. 27, Spinage.

No. 29—LETTUCE.

Lettuce as a vegetable dish is prepared like spinage. See No. 27, Spinage.

No. 30—SPINAGE IN INDIVIDUAL MOLDS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The spinage is picked over, the stems cut off, washed well, cooked in boiling salt water for 15 minutes, the water then drained off and the spinage rubbed through a sieve.

Melt the butter, stir in the flour, cook, add the spinage, season with salt, pepper, stir in the cream and yolks of eggs. Put in small buttered molds and set in a steamer over a kettle of boiling water and boil until the mixture stiffens, then turn them out on a platter and serve.

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No. 31—SAVOY CABBAGE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The head of cabbage is cut into half, remove the outer leaves and cut out the heart or core, then cut up the rest into several pieces, wash it and cook it 20 minutes in boiling salt water.

Butter and onions are stewed a little while, add the flour and stew a few minutes. Drain the water from the cabbage, chop it or rub it through a colander, then add it to the butter, onion and flour; add the bouillon, season with salt and pepper and cook slowly for 15 minutes.

No. 32—BRUSSELS SPROUTS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The sprouts are cleaned, the yellow leaves removed, then slowly boiled in salt water. Drain off the water. Melt the butter, stir in the flour, cook a little while, add the bouillon and meat extract and put in the Brussels sprouts. Season with salt and pepper and cook 20 minutes longer. The little sprouts must not fall apart.

Remarks: When served it may be garnished with a wreath of fried chestnuts.

No. 33—ANOTHER WAY OF PREPARING BRUSSELS SPROUTS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The sprouts are prepared as before, (See No. 32.) After the water has been drained off, melt ⅛ lb. of butter, add the sprouts, pour in some bouillon, season with salt and pepper and serve. Fry the roll crumbs in the other ⅛ lb. of butter and put over the sprouts before serving.

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No. 34—KALE OR BORECOLE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The ribs of the leaves are cut out, then the kale is washed carefully 4 to 5 times, to remove all sand. Cook in boiling salt water for ½ hour or until tender, then pour it into a colander to drain. Now chop it fine or rub it through the colander.

The butter or drippings are melted, the flour stirred in, stewed, the prepared kale added, and then the bouillon. Season with salt and pepper. Cook slowly 1 to 1½ hours and add ½ cup of sweet cream if you like.

No. 35—STEWED RED CABBAGE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The bad leaves are cut off, the cabbage cut into half, the heart cut out and the cabbage sliced. Pour a pint of boiling water on, add butter or drippings, cook one hour, add all the other ingredients. Cook 1 to 2 hours longer, stirring occasionally. Ten minutes before serving it, add 1 tablespoonful flour and stew 10 minutes longer.

Remarks: Taste the cabbage so that it is neither too sweet nor too sour. You may use vinegar instead of wine.

No. 36—WHITE CABBAGE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The bad leaves are removed, the head of cabbage cut in half, the heart cut out and the cabbage cut into 16 parts. It is cooked in boiling salt water for 15 minutes, drained, drippings and bouillon added and stewed for 1 hour. Add caraway seeds, flour, salt and pepper and stew a while longer.

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No. 37—STEWED WHITE CABBAGE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cabbage is prepared as directed under No. 36. The sliced cabbage is stewed for 15 minutes, the water drained off, bouillon or water and drippings added and stewed for one hour. Sugar, vinegar, flour, pepper, salt are added and the cabbage stewed another hour, stirring frequently.

No. 38—WHITE CABBAGE PREPARED LIKE CAULIFLOWER.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Dressing.

Preparation: The outer leaves are removed and the head of cabbage cooked until tender in 6 qts. of boiling salt water. The butter is melted, flour stirred in, milk added, cooked and seasoned with salt, pepper and if you like, stir in the yolks of eggs. Put the head of cabbage on a platter and pour the thick dressing over it, then serve at once.

No. 39—WHITE CABBAGE SAUSAGES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The bad leaves are removed and after cleaning the cabbage well, it is cooked partly done in boiling salt water. The outer leaves are then carefully cut off. The leavings of the cabbage are chopped fine, also the pork and beef and all this is mixed well, seasoned with butter, salt and pepper. Some of this mixture is put on each cabbage leaf and the leaf is rolled round it and tied with a clean string. The bacon is put into a pan and the cabbage sausages fried brown in it. The gravy is poured in and all is cooked a few minutes, then served on a platter.

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No. 40—WHITE CABBAGE WITH LAMB.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The bad leaves are trimmed off, the heart cut out, the cabbage cut up into 8 parts and cooked 15 minutes in boiling water, then the water is drained off. 1 to 2 qts. of water are poured on the cabbage, the meat is put in, season with salt and pepper and boil until tender. By the time the meat is done, the water ought to be boiled down so the vegetables are not too juicy.

No. 41—KOHLRABI.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The kohlrabis are peeled, sliced and cooked until tender in boiling salt water. Drain off the water. Melt the butter, add the flour and bouillon and cook. Put in the kohlrabis, season with salt and pepper, add the cream and stew slowly for 15 minutes.

No. 42—TURNIPS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The turnips are peeled, sliced, cooked until tender in boiling salt water, which is drained off when done. Put the butter on the turnips, add the flour and bouillon, season with salt and pepper and stew 15 minutes more.

No. 43—TELTOW TURNIPS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The vegetable is scraped, washed well in warm water, put into boiling salt water and boiled partly done, 198then drained. The turnips are stewed in butter to which the flour, sugar and bouillon are added, then the dish is covered and left to stew until tender. Season with salt and pepper. The vegetable must not be too juicy.

No. 44—STEWED GREEN STRING BEANS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: String the beans, slice them or break into 4 parts each, wash them, put over the fire with the butter or drippings, some bouillon and cook until tender, gradually adding more bouillon. ½ hour before well done, flour, vinegar, sugar are added, also salt and pepper. When they are cooked, add the parsley. If you like, you can put in a little summer savory.

No. 45—GREEN STRING BEANS, PREPARED ANOTHER WAY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The beans are prepared as given under No. 44, and boiled until tender in salt water, which is then drained off. The butter is melted, flour stirred in and the milk added. This dressing is cooked a few minutes, stirring constantly, and the beans put into it. Season with salt and pepper, stew 5 minutes and add the minced parsley.

Remarks: The dressing for the beans must not be too thick.

No. 46—SALTED GREEN BEANS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Soak the beans in water for a few hours, drain and put over the fire in boiling water. Then boil until tender, drain and prepare the beans as given under No. 44 or No. 45.

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Remarks: The salted beans need more time to cook than fresh beans and when seasoning, be careful not to add too much salt.

No. 47—CANNED GREEN BEANS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The water is poured off the beans, butter is melted and the beans put into it and cooked slowly for 15 minutes. Flour is lightly stirred in, the bouillon poured in and the beans stewed in it a little while, then seasoned with salt, pepper and the parsley.

No. 48—CANNED WAX BEANS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Pour off the water, melt the butter and put the beans in to steep a little while. Then stir in the flour, add the bouillon, season with vinegar, sugar, salt and pepper and stew 15 minutes, then add the parsley.

No. 49—FRESH WAX BEANS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The beans are strung and broken into 2 to 3 pieces, washed and cooked until tender in boiling salt water. The butter is melted, the flour and water added. Boil a few minutes, stirring constantly, and season with salt, pepper and vinegar. Put the beans into this gravy, stew them a little, then stir in the yolks of eggs, but do not boil any more.

No. 50—CANNED SWEET-SOUR BEANS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The beans are strung, broken into pieces 200and cooked until tender in boiling salt water. One cup of water mixed with vinegar, sugar, cloves, cinnamon, boiled and poured over the beans, from which the salt water has been well drained. Serve cold.

No. 51—BEETS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The beets are put over the fire in cold water and cooked until tender, then the water is drained off and the beets peeled and sliced. The butter is heated, the flour and the milk stirred in, then boiled, seasoned with salt and pepper, the beets put in and cooked a little while longer.

No. 52—YOUNG ONIONS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The onions are peeled and cooked until tender in boiling salt water, which is drained off when done. The butter is heated, the flour stirred in, stewed a little, milk added and cooked, stirring constantly. Lastly add the onions, season with salt and pepper, and simmer a few minutes.

No. 53—STUFFED ONIONS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The onions are peeled, scooped out, put into boiling salt water for a few minutes and then taken out and dried. The meat stuffing is mixed well with champignons and truffles, then carefully put into the onions. The inside of the onions is stewed in butter, the flour stirred in and then the bouillon. Season with wine and meat extract and stew the stuffed onions in this gravy for 1 hour until they are brown.

Strain the gravy and add salt and pepper.

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No. 54—TOMATOES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The tomatoes are sliced and put into a buttered baking dish in layers alternating with crackers, seasoned with butter, salt and pepper and baked in the oven ½ hour, then served in the dish.

No. 55—STUFFED TOMATOES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The tomatoes are wiped clean, a slice is cut off at the top, the pulp carefully taken out with a small spoon and rubbed through a fine sieve. Put the butter, grated bread and onions in a pan to cook, then add the tomato pulp, salt, pepper and parsley, stew it a little while, stir in the yolks of eggs and fill the tomatoes with this mass. Sprinkle with roll crumbs and butter, place these stuffed tomatoes in a buttered baking pan and bake them in the oven ½ hour.

No. 56—TOMATOES FILLED WITH MEAT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Prepare the tomatoes as given under No. 55. The butter is melted, the veal stewed in it, yolks of eggs, cream, champignons stirred in and seasoned with salt and pepper, 2 tablespoonfuls of tomato pulp added and the whole mixture cooked a few minutes. Now fill the tomatoes with this, sprinkle with roll crumbs and butter, then place in a buttered baking pan and bake in the oven ½ hour.

Remarks: You may omit the champignons. tomatoes look very nice on the table and are served at parties.

No. 57—STUFFED CUCUMBERS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

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For Stewing.

Preparation: The cucumbers are peeled and carefully scooped out. Mix the chopped veal with the soaked roll, stew it in the butter, add salt, pepper, nutmeg, eggs and parsley, cook 2 minutes and fill the cucumbers with this mixture. Melt the ⅛ lb. butter in a shallow pan, place the cucumbers in and gradually add the bouillon, and stew ½ hour. Place the cucumbers carefully on a platter and serve very hot.

No. 58—STEWED CUCUMBERS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cucumbers are peeled and cut in halves. The seeds are taken out and the cucumbers cut into equal parts, which are marinated for 1½ hours in 4 tablespoonfuls of vinegar, 1 tablespoonful of salt, 6 tablespoonfuls of sugar and a pinch of pepper.

The bouillon is cooked with meat extract, vinegar, sugar, salt and pepper and the cucumbers put in to cook until tender. Then the butter is melted, the sliced onion and flour browned in it, and the cucumber liquor added. The cucumbers are put in and slowly stewed ¼ hour until they are a shining brown color. Season the gravy to taste.

Remarks: Preserved cucumbers are at once placed in the gravy and stewed ¼ hour.

No. 59—STUFFED ROOT CELERY OR CELERIAC AU JUS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The celery is cleaned well and peeled, then carefully scooped out and cooked in salt water for 20 minutes. Line with yolk of egg and stuff with meat stuffing. See preparation of Stuffed Veal, Chapter 3. The slice which had been cut from the top of the celery before this was scooped out, is tied on to the stuffed celery and this is put into a pot with the 203gravy, mixed with Madeira or red wine and stewed slowly 1½ hours until tender, turning several times. Cut each celery in half, pour dressing over and serve.

No. 60—“GARDI AND FINOCCI” AS VEGETABLES.

This is a southern species of thistle and is prepared like Stuffed Root Celery, No. 59. You can prepare this vegetable without stuffing, by cooking it tender in salt water, and stewing a few minutes in a savory wine dressing.

No. 61—MIXED OR LEIPZIG VEGETABLES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The asparagus is peeled and cut into 1½ inch pieces, cauliflower is cleaned and broken into small roses, morels or fresh champignons brushed well. If you use morels, put them over the fire in lukewarm water and let them get hot, stirring gently, then strain. Repeat this process until all sand is removed. Asparagus and cauliflower are cooked until tender in salt water. The carrots are scraped and stewed until tender in butter and ¼ pt. of bouillon. The crabs are washed, brushed and cooked in boiling salt water, then the meat is picked out, the coral broken fine and stewed in 2 tablespoonfuls of butter and 1 pt. of vegetable liquor from cauliflower and asparagus. The flour is mixed with a little water and stirred in and all this is cooked ½ hour, then seasoned with salt and pepper and strained. The crab sauce is added to the carrots, the asparagus, cauliflower, morels and crab meat added, heat it over the fire, put into a dish with a little butter over top and serve very hot.

Remarks: This is a very fine dish and it may be prepared from canned vegetables.

No. 62—CHAMPIGNONS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fresh champignons must be hard and white. Remove the brown skin, trim off the roots and wash 204them. The butter is heated and the champignons put in, season with salt and pepper and gradually pour on ¼ cup of water, stew until tender. Stir the flour with the cream, add to the mushrooms and stew a few minutes.

Remarks: If you take canned champignons, take ¼ pt. of cream and ¼ pt. of champignon liquor.

No. 63—CHAMPIGNON PUREE.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 62. The champignons are chopped fine and while preparing them, add ½ teaspoonful of meat extract.

Remarks: May be served on toasted bread.

No. 64—TRUFFLES IN BROWN DRESSING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The truffles are put into cold water so the dirt will dissolve, then brushed in lukewarm water. Put them on the fire with butter, gradually add the bouillon, cover the pot and cook slowly until tender. When done, take them out, peel them carefully and cut them up into 6 to 8 parts. The rest of the butter is browned, flour and the truffle peelings added, and the bouillon in which the truffles were boiled. Season with meat extract, Madeira, salt, pepper, sugar and lemon juice. Cook a nice, brown dressing of this, strain, put the truffles in and stew a few minutes. Serve on toast.

Remarks: This may be used for stuffing.

No. 65—TRUFFLE PUREE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The truffles are cleaned and the dressing is prepared from the peelings of the truffles, according to No. 64. The truffles are chopped very fine, put into the strained dressing and seasoned. Then put into shells or small porcelain dishes or serve on cutlets or scrambled eggs.

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No. 66—MORELS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The morels are cleaned well and put on the fire with lukewarm water and let them get hot, stirring gently, then strain. Repeat this until all sand is removed. The last water is boiled down to ½ pt. The butter is browned with the flour, the morel liquor is added and the meat extract, and then cooked slowly for 15 minutes. Put in the cream and season with salt and pepper. Now put the morels into the dressing, cook, put in a piece of butter and the parsley.

This dish is fine with smoked salmon or scrambled eggs.

Remarks: Canned or dried morels are prepared the same way. If you use canned morels, then utilize the liquor in the can. Dried morels are soaked in water for 2 to 3 hours.

No. 67—MUSHROOMS.

Edible Boletus.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Mushrooms must be firm, they are brushed and very dark ones only are peeled. The lighter colored ones do not need to be peeled. They are cut up into equal pieces. The butter is heated, the mushroom pieces put in with the whole peeled onion and stewed for 15 to 20 minutes. The dish must be covered. Strew the flour on, stirring lightly, add the sour cream, ¼ teaspoonful of meat extract, salt and pepper, and lastly the parsley, stew 2 minutes and serve.

No. 68—CHANTERELLES.

Another Species of Mushrooms.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The chanterelles are cleaned, washed, but not left in water; cook them 1 minute in 2 qts. of boiling salt water, drain in a colander. Heat the butter, put in the chanterelles 206with flour, salt and pepper and stew 2 minutes, then add the cream and parsley and serve at once.

No. 69—OLIVES AS VEGETABLES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The stones are taken out and the olives cooked tender in the bouillon; to this add 1 tablespoonful of butter. The rest of the butter is melted, flour stirred in, then the olives, bouillon, cream and meat extract. Season with salt and pepper, stew for 15 minutes and add the chopped parsley.

No. 70—STUFFED OLIVES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The preserved olives are scooped out and stuffed with cooked chicken, which has been ground fine and mixed with egg, butter, salt, pepper and lemon juice. One-half pint of Madeira sauce is prepared. See under Gravies and Dressing, No. 25. The stuffed olives are put in and cooked until tender.

No. 71—FILLED OR STUFFED OLIVES WITH CHAMPIGNONS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 70. One-half pound of champignons, which have been cooked until tender in butter, are stirred into the dressing.

Remarks: This is a fine dish to serve at parties:

No. 72—ROASTED CHESTNUTS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The skins are rubbed off and the chestnuts slit with a sharp knife. Into an iron frying pan or spider put ⅓ of the salt, place the chestnuts on the salt in one layer and cover them with the rest of the salt. Put the pan into a medium hot oven and bake them scarcely ½ hour, then take them out and place them on a napkin to eat with fresh butter.

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No. 73—CHESTNUT PUREE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The chestnuts are taken out of the outer shell, then hot water poured on and the inner skin pulled off. Cook them in bouillon until tender and strain. Heat the butter, stir in the flour, stew a few minutes, add the chestnuts and stir in cream, red wine, salt, pepper, sugar and parsley. Let it get hot, stirring briskly, arrange mound-shaped and serve.

No. 74—FRIED CHESTNUTS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Shell the chestnuts, scald them and pull off the inner skin. Brown the butter and after the chestnuts are cooked slightly in water, put them into the hot butter, add salt and sugar and fry them light brown, shaking frequently. Serve them with roast goose stuffing or as a garnish with cabbage.

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CHAPTER 13.
SALADS.

The various preparations of green salads, potato salads, vegetable salads and meat salads.

Green salads such as head lettuce, endive, romaine and escariol salads are pleasing and refreshing with meats and fish.

Salads must be prepared carefully. They may be served with every meal.

Good oil and good vinegar or lemon juice are essentials for preparing salads.

No. 1—GREEN LETTUCE.

Head Lettuce, Endive Lettuce.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The head lettuce is picked over, the ribs cut through, also the largest leaves, then washed well and dried. The oil, vinegar or lemon juice, salt and pepper are mixed well and poured over the lettuce. Mix thoroughly with two spoons.

No. 2—GREEN LETTUCE WITH EGG DRESSING.

Head Lettuce, Endive, Romaine, Escariol Lettuce.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The lettuce is picked over, washed and drained. The yolks of eggs are thoroughly beaten with cream, then vinegar stirred in slowly and salt, pepper and sugar added. Pour over the lettuce, mix well with two spoons, and serve at once.

No. 3—GREEN LETTUCE WITH MAYONNAISE DRESSING.

Head, Endive, Escariol Lettuce.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The lettuce is prepared as before mentioned. 209Yolks of eggs, cream, vinegar, mustard, salt, pepper and sugar are mixed well and cooked in a double boiler until thick, stirring constantly, cooled and mixed with the lettuce.

No. 4—GREEN LETTUCE WITH BACON.

Head, Endive Lettuce.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Prepare the lettuce as before. The bacon is cut into small cubes and fried to a nice yellow color; add vinegar, salt, pepper, sugar and mustard, cool and add the lettuce, stirring lightly.

No. 5—GREEN LETTUCE PREPARED SWEET.

Head Lettuce.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Prepare the lettuce as before. The whole egg is beaten with sugar, cream, vinegar, salt and pepper and mixed well with the lettuce.

Remarks: Three tablespoonfuls of oil may be used.

No. 6—POTATO SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes should be medium-sized and not mealy. They are boiled in the jackets, peeled and sliced. The vinegar and bouillon are poured over while potatoes are still warm, add the oil, salt, pepper and onions and mix well, being careful not to break the potatoes. This salad must be prepared one hour before serving. Taste before serving and add more seasoning if necessary.

No. 7—POTATO SALAD WITH SPICED DRESSING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are prepared as given under 210No. 6. Yolks of eggs, milk, vinegar, mustard, salt, pepper, sugar, flour and butter are mixed well and cooked in double boiler until thick, stirring constantly. Mix the sliced potatoes with this dressing.

No. 8—POTATO SALAD WITH SOUR CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Prepare the potatoes as in No. 6. The cream, vinegar, sugar, salt and pepper are put on the sliced potatoes and mixed well.

Remarks: Nos. 7 and 8 are fine salads.

No. 9—POTATO SALAD WITH BACON.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Prepare the potatoes as in No. 6. Cut the bacon into small dice, fry to a light yellow color, add the onions and fry a few minutes, then add bouillon, vinegar, salt, pepper and let come to a boil. Pour over the sliced potatoes.

No. 10—CUCUMBER SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cucumbers are peeled and sliced very thin, salted and left standing for a while. Drain well, add oil, vinegar, pepper, parsley and mix well.

No. 11—SWEET CUCUMBER SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cucumbers are prepared as given under No. 10. Egg, cream, vinegar, sugar, pepper, parsley, are beaten well and mixed with the cucumbers.

No. 12—CUCUMBER SALAD WITH SOUR CREAM.

Preparation: The cucumbers are prepared as given under No. 10 and mixed well with cream, vinegar and pepper. They are very good.

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No. 13—CUCUMBERS AND HEAD LETTUCE MIXED.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The lettuce and cucumber are prepared as before given under No. 1 and No. 10. The cucumber slices are mixed well with cream, vinegar, pepper, salt and mixed lightly with the green lettuce.

No. 14—TOMATO SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The tomatoes are scalded, skinned, sliced and mixed well with oil, vinegar, salt, pepper, onion and parsley.

No. 15—TOMATO SALAD WITH MAYONNAISE DRESSING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The tomatoes are scalded, skinned and placed on ice. The yolks of eggs are mixed with oil, which is put in a few drops at a time; add cream, lemon juice, pepper, salt and mustard. The mayonnaise dressing must be thick. The head lettuce is treated as under No. 1, placed on salad plates and the cold tomatoes put on them, the mayonnaise dressing poured over the tomatoes.

Remarks: This is a fine salad.

No. 16—TOMATO SALAD WITH COOKED MAYONNAISE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Preparation is the same as given under No. 15. Yolks of eggs, cream, vinegar, mustard, salt, pepper and 212sugar are mixed well and cooked in the double boiler until thick, stirring constantly. Let it get cold and pour over the whole tomatoes. The tomatoes may be garnished with green lettuce as under No. 15.

No. 17—ASPARAGUS SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The asparagus are peeled, cut into equal pieces or left whole and boiled until tender in boiling water. When cold, mix them with the oil, vinegar, pepper and salt.

No. 18—ASPARAGUS SALAD WITH MAYONNAISE.

Preparation and ingredients are the same as given under No. 17. The asparagus is covered with mayonnaise dressing. See No. 16, Cooked Mayonnaise Dressing for Tomato Salad.

No. 19—CAULIFLOWER SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cauliflower is broken up into roses, boiled until tender but not too soft, in boiling salt water, drained and mixed with oil, vinegar, pepper and salt.

No. 20—CAULIFLOWER WITH COOKED MAYONNAISE.

Preparation and ingredients are the same as given under No. 19. Instead of the other dressing use cooked mayonnaise dressing. See No. 16.

No. 21—CARROT SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The carrots are scraped, cut up into equally large pieces and cooked until tender in salt water, drained and mixed well with oil, vinegar, salt and pepper.

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No. 22—BEAN SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The beans are strung, broken into pieces, boiled until tender in salt water, drained, and while still warm, mixed with oil, vinegar, salt, pepper, onion and parsley. It must not be too dry.

No. 23—ROOT CELERY OR CELERIAC SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The celery is washed well, cooked until tender in 3 qts. of water, peeled, sliced and while still lukewarm, mixed with vinegar, oil, salt, pepper, bouillon, then covered and left standing for 1 hour before serving. ½ cup of sugar may be mixed with it.

No. 24—ROOT CELERY SALAD MIXED WITH POTATO SALAD WITH MAYONNAISE DRESSING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes and celery are cleaned, cooked until tender, peeled and sliced thin. Yolks of eggs, cream, vinegar, mustard, pepper, salt and sugar are mixed well and cooked in double boiler until thick, stirring constantly. This dressing is mixed with warm potatoes and celery.

No. 25—CELERY SALAD WITH MAYONNAISE DRESSING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The celery is prepared according to No. 23. One-half of the portion of mayonnaise dressing is made according to No. 24 and mixed with the celery.

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No. 26—BEAN SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The beans are strung, broken into 3 pieces, cooked until tender in boiling water, drained and mixed with oil, vinegar, bouillon, parsley, onion, salt and pepper. This salad must be prepared a few hours before serving and should be kept covered until served.

No. 27—MIXED SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The vegetables are cleaned, cut up and each separately cooked until tender in salt water and drained. The potatoes are boiled until tender, peeled and cut. When the vegetables and potatoes are cold, mix with oil, vinegar, salt, pepper, onion, summer savory and parsley, being careful not to break the pieces.

No. 28—FINE MIXED VEGETABLE SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For Mayonnaise Dressing.

Preparation: All the vegetables are cut into small pieces and boiled separately in salt water until tender, but not too soft. The water is drained off and the vegetables mixed with the potatoes, truffles, salmon, sardines and olives, which have also been cut into pieces.

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The mayonnaise dressing is made by stirring the 4 yolks of eggs into cream; add lemon juice, mustard, pepper and salt and cook in double boiler until thick, stirring constantly. After it has cooled off, stir in the oil.

The salad is mixed carefully with one-half of this dressing. The head lettuce leaves are picked off and placed into the salad dish, the salad piled up in the center of it and the rest of the dressing poured over. You may garnish it with olives. This is a very fine salad.

No. 29—MIXED SALAD WITH MEAT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The vegetables are all prepared according to No. 28. The meat may be beef, veal or poultry, which has been cooked or fried and is cut up like the vegetables, then mixed with these and vinegar, oil, pepper, salt and arranged on the leaves of the head lettuce.

Remarks: This salad may be served with mayonnaise dressing as No. 28.

No. 30—CHAMPIGNON SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The larger champignons are cut into pieces, the smaller ones left whole. The potatoes are boiled until tender, peeled and cut into small dice. The sweetbreads are boiled in salt water, skinned and minced. All this is mixed with the sour cream, oil, lemon juice, salt and. pepper and arranged on the head lettuce leaves, strewn with parsley and garnished with olives.

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No. 31—TRUFFLE SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Preserved truffles are scraped and sliced fine, fresh ones are brushed well in much water, then put into a small pot with the bouillon and 2 tablespoonfuls of oil and cooked until tender, taken out of the bouillon, peeled and sliced. Into the water or bouillon in which the truffles had been cooked, put the rest of the oil, vinegar, salt and pepper to cook and pour it on the sliced potatoes. Add the sliced truffles and the chopped hard-boiled eggs and the white wine. Mix it all carefully, cover the dish and set aside for 3 hours before serving.

Remarks: If you take canned truffles cook the bouillon with the truffle liquor and peelings for 15 minutes, strain it and mix it with the other ingredients.

No. 32—COLD SLAW.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Pick off the bad leaves and slice or cut the cabbage very thin, scald it 5 minutes and drain the water off through a colander. Mix it well with vinegar, cream, yolks of eggs, pepper, salt and oil.

No. 33—BEEF SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For preparation and ingredients for this salad look to No. 24, Chapter 2, Beef salad.

Remarks: Lamb and veal salad are prepared the same way.

No. 34—RABBIT ROAST SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For preparation and ingredients for this salad look to No. 21, Seventh Chapter, Game.

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No. 35—CHICKEN SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The chicken is well cleaned and cooked until tender in 2 qts. of water and salt. The skin is removed and the meat cut fine. The bouillon is boiled down and ½ cup of it poured on the meat. The cup of cream, yolks of eggs, vinegar, mustard, pepper and salt are mixed well and cooked until thick, stirring constantly. This dressing is poured over the meat, the chopped champignons and truffles added and mixed with the rest or they may be omitted. Cover the salad and set it aside for one hour before serving. This salad may be made from any kind of poultry. You may add celery cut in small pieces. Lastly add the whipped cream.

No. 36—HERRING SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For preparation and ingredients see Chapter 8, No. 47.

No. 37—SALMON SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For preparation and ingredients see Chapter 8, No. 7.

No. 38—PIKE SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fish is scaled, dressed, washed, cooked until tender in salt water and set to simmer gently 15 minutes. Remove the skin and bones, cut the meat into small pieces. Heat the butter and onion, but do not brown, stir in the flour, add the cream, stirring constantly, cook, add the yolks of eggs, but do not boil any longer. When the dressing is cold, add the vinegar, oil, mustard, capers and salt. Stir the dressing for 15 minutes more, pour over the fish and mix lightly. Take out the onion before adding the cream.

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No. 39—OYSTER OR CLAM SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For preparation and ingredients see Fish, Chapter 8, No. 59.

No. 40—LOBSTER SALAD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The lobster is cooked, cooled, the meat picked out and cut into small oblique pieces. Mix it with vinegar, oil, salt and pepper.

The cream, yolks of eggs, lemon juice, mustard and sugar are mixed well and cooked until thick, stirring briskly; then put in the capers. The head lettuce is prepared and the large leaves cut into smaller pieces. Now arrange on a platter one layer of lettuce and one of lobster salad, pour over some mayonnaise dressing and repeat 2 or 3 times until all is used up. Garnish the dish or plate with radishes. It makes a fine salad. This salad may be mixed with mayonnaise dressing as in Chapter 10, No. 42.

No. 41—FRUIT SALAD AS DESSERT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Oranges, pineapple, bananas are peeled and sliced. Strawberries are cleaned, the cherries are stoned, all this fruit mixed and whipped cream poured on in a glass dish. The whipped cream may be omitted. If you like you may mix ½ cup of Sherry wine in with it.

No. 42—LETTUCE COMBINATION SALAD.

Preparation: Line salad bowl with the crisped lettuce; peel and quarter the tomatoes; slice and crisp the cucumbers; slice the onions and radishes in very thin slices. Arrange the 219vegetables on the lettuce; mix the vinegar with the mayonnaise dressing and pour over the salad. A little Roquefort cheese crumbled and mixed with the dressing is fine. Excellent, served with steak.

No. 43—FRUIT SALAD DRESSING.

Preparation: Take 1 cup boiled mayonnaise, a little powdered sugar, juice of an orange or a lemon, ½ pint of whipped cream.

No. 44—FRUIT SALAD No. 1.

Preparation: Mix all the cut fruit with fruit salad dressing.

No. 45—FRUIT SALAD No. 2.

Preparation: Mix all the cut fruit with the fruit salad dressing.

No. 46—FRUIT SALAD No. 3.

Preparation: Mix all the cut fruit with the fruit salad dressing.

No. 47—FRUIT SALAD No. 4.

Preparation: Mix all the cut fruit with the fruit salad dressing.

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CHAPTER 14.
EGGS.

The preparation of eggs. Eggs are a valuable food and indispensable in the kitchen. Some dishes cannot be prepared without eggs.

Eggs can be tested as to their freshness in a basin with ½ pt. of water mixed with a tablespoonful of salt. Fresh eggs sink to the bottom, others float on top.

To preserve eggs for the winter, put them into salt, so that they do not touch and are covered well. Use a stone jar for this purpose and cover it.

No. 1—SOFT BOILED EGGS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The eggs are washed well, then carefully put into boiling water with a spoon and cooked 3 minutes. Take from the stove and let stand 1 more minute.

No. 2—HARD-BOILED EGGS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The eggs are washed well and carefully put into boiling water to boil 20 minutes. These hard-boiled eggs are easily digested.

No. 3—HARD-BOILED EGGS FOR GARNISHING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The eggs are boiled 20 minutes in 2 qts. of boiling water, then shelled and either sliced or quartered and used for garnishing spinage and ragout.

No. 4—FRIED EGGS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The butter is heated in a clean spider and each egg carefully put in and fried until the white around the yolk has become opaque or firm. Sprinkle with salt and pepper and take out with a cake turner, place on platter and garnish with parsley.

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No. 5—POACHED EGGS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Add salt and vinegar to the water, boil it and put each egg in on a ladle, hold it there until the white has become firm, then put it on a skimmer to let the water drip off, place it on the warm buttered toast and put into oven until all eggs are poached.

No. 6—FRIED EGGS IN TOMATO SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Tomato Sauce or Dressing.

Preparation; The tomatoes are sliced and the ham cut into small pieces. Melt the butter, stew the sliced onion and ham in it for 10 minutes, then stir in the flour, 1 pt. of water, tomatoes, salt, pepper and sugar and cook ½ hour, then strain through a fine sieve. Sprinkle each egg with salt and pepper and fry in the salad oil, which should be very hot. Tip the pan or dish a little so the oil covers the egg. When the white of egg is firm, take it out and put it into the hot tomato dressing which is set where it will remain hot.

No. 7—BOILED EGGS IN BRINE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The eggs are boiled five minutes in boiling water. If you wish them hard, cook them 15 minutes, then crush the points of the egg shells and put the eggs into 2 qts. of salt water.

No. 8—BRINE EGGS IN CREAM SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The eggs are boiled 15 minutes, the shells crushed and the eggs placed into strong salt water for 4 hours. The butter is heated, flour stirred in, cream, lemon juice, salt and pepper added and this cooked, stirring continually.

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Shell the eggs, quarter them, heat them in the gravy and serve very hot.

No. 9—SCRAMBLED EGGS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Beat the eggs well into milk and salt for 5 minutes. Heat the butter in a pan, pour in the mixture of egg and milk and slowly stirring them, let them get firm, then serve on a hot platter.

No. 10—SCRAMBLED EGG PANCAKE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Beat the eggs in a dish 5 minutes, adding salt. Heat the butter in a broad pan or spider, pour in the eggs and let them get firm over a slow fire. Lift with a knife once or twice and carefully slip on a hot platter to serve.

No. 11—SCRAMBLED EGGS, ENGLISH STYLE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The eggs are beaten 5 minutes with cream, salt, pepper, then champignons added. The butter is heated in a pan, the eggs poured in and stirring gently, let them get firm, then serve on a hot platter.

No. 12—SCRAMBLED EGGS WITH RED HERRING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The herrings are skinned and the bones removed from them, then stewed in the hot butter. Eggs, salt and pepper are well-beaten and poured over the fish. Let the eggs get firm and serve on a hot platter.

No. 13—SCRAMBLED EGGS WITH CHIVES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The preparation is the same as No. 9. The chives are strewn on or mixed in while baking.

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No. 14—STUFFED EGGS, (DEVILED EGGS).

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The eggs are cooked 15 minutes, cooled, peeled, cut into halves, the yolk taken out and mixed well with butter, parsley, capers, salt, pepper, sugar, lemon juice and mustard and put back into the whites of the eggs. Place lettuce leaves on a platter, garnish with sardines and put the stuffed eggs on.

No. 15—ANOTHER FORM OF STUFFED EGGS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The eggs are cooked 15 minutes, cooled, the top carefully cut off and the inside carefully scooped out with a small spoon, so the shell is not destroyed or broken. The white of egg is chopped fine, the yolk stirred with oil, which is put in by drops, mixed with lemon juice, salt, pepper, sugar, cream. The gelatine is dissolved in a tablespoonful of warm water, strained and also stirred in with the yolk mixture. The crab tails are cut into small pieces. The caviar is poured into a sieve and cold water poured on plentifully, then drained off. Now fill each egg with a little dressing, then crab meat, then chopped white of egg, dressing and caviar; repeat this until the egg is filled. Replace the tip of the egg and put the eggs on ice or prepare them the day before serving, then no ice is needed. Garnish with lettuce.

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CHAPTER 15.
OMELETS, PANCAKES, WAFFLES, NOODLES AND PIE.

The Various Preparations of Omelets, Pancakes, Waffles, Noodles, as Sweet Pastry and Small Side dishes.

PIES.

No. 1—OMELET FOR BREAKFAST.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The yolks of 10 eggs are beaten 3 minutes with cream, flour, salt. The beaten whites are stirred in lightly A large round spider is heated, the butter melted in it, the egg batter poured in and baked 1 minute on the stove, then put into the oven for 5 minutes. The omelet must be a nice yellow color; do not turn it over. Serve on a hot platter.

No. 2—SWEET OMELET AS DESSERT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The preparation is the same as under No. 1, also the baking. When the omelet is done, put jelly or preserves on one-half of it and fold the other half over to cover it. Sprinkle sugar over and serve at once.

No. 3—ASPARAGUS OMELET.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation is the same as No. 1. The asparagus pieces are mixed into the batter and baked the same as No. 1. Serve at once.

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No. 4—PEA OMELET.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The water is drained from the peas. Beat the yolks, cream, flour and salt 3 minutes and stir in the peas and the beaten whites of eggs. Bake as given under No. 1 and serve at once.

No. 5—OMELET WITH PARMESAN CHEESE OR OYSTERS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Eggs, cream, salt, pepper are beaten 5 minutes and the melted butter stirred in. A broad spider is heated with a little butter, the omelet batter poured in, the pan shaken to and fro until the batter is baked. Then slip the omelet carefully on a hot platter, sprinkle with cheese, roll it up, pour a little gravy over and serve at once. Stewed oysters may be rolled in the omelets.

No. 6—OMELETS WITH MEAT OR CHAMPIGNONS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Preparation and baking are the same as given under No. 5, Omelet With Cheese. When the omelet is done, cover it well with champignon puree, (see Chapter 12, No. 63,) roll up the omelet, sprinkle it with cheese and serve at once. Remarks: Pour a cup of gravy over the omelet.

No. 7—WHIPPED CREAM OMELET.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Yolks of eggs, flour and salt are mixed well with the beaten whites of eggs and the cream. Melt the butter in a broad spider, pour in the omelet batter and bake in medium hot oven 10 minutes until golden yellow.

Remarks: The omelet may be sprinkled with Parmesan cheese.

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No. 8—WHIPPED CREAM OMELET AS DESSERT.

Prepare the omelet No. 7, fill it with jelly or preserves and serve a fruit sauce with it.

No. 9—WHIPPED CREAM OMELET WITH FROSTING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Frosting.

Preparation: Yolks of eggs, flour, salt and sugar are mixed well. Add the beaten whites of eggs and the whipped cream. The butter is heated in a broad spider, the omelet batter poured in and baked in medium hot oven 10 to 12 minutes until golden yellow. When done, spread it with plum, prune, strawberry or apricot marmalade.

Beat the 6 whites of eggs to a stiff froth, stir into it the ½ pound of sugar, then put into a cornucopia from which the point has been cut off. Now press the frosting through the opening and make figures on the omelet, put it into the oven for 15 minutes until the frosting is of a light yellow color. When done, serve on a warm platter and garnish with sugared fruit. Serve at once.

Remarks: The frosting must be ready when the omelet is taken out of the oven the first time. Cover it with fruit marmalade and the figures or designs of frosting and finish baking it in the oven.

No. 10—PANCAKES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Yolks of eggs, milk, flour and salt are mixed well with beaten whites of eggs and lastly the baking powder. Heat the butter or lard in a small pan or spider, put in 2 tablespoonfuls of batter and bake it to a nice color. When baked on one side, turn the pancakes and bake on the other side. Remarks: If you use a large spider, put in 2 to 3 pancakes and bake them at once.

Potato Pancakes.

For preparation see No. 17, Chapter 11, Potato Pancakes.

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No. 11—FILLED PANCAKES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The eggs are beaten 5 minutes with milk, flour, sugar and salt. Heat a large spider and put in the butter, then 4 to 5 tablespoonfuls of pancake batter and bake until golden yellow on both sides. Spread with the jelly or marmalade, roll up the pancake, place it on a platter and sprinkle with sugar and cinnamon. This recipe will make 6 pancakes. They must be baked very thin.

No. 12—WAFFLES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Flour, yolks of eggs, milk, butter and salt are stirred well with beaten whites of eggs and baking powder.

Grease a waffle iron, put in 2 to 3 tablespoonfuls of batter and bake the waffles to a nice brown color, turning it to bake on both sides. Serve at once.

No. 13—ANOTHER FORM OF WAFFLES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The 4 yolks of eggs, milk, cream, flour, are mixed well and the soda dissolved in 1 tablespoonful of milk stirred in; add the beaten whites of eggs and bake according to No. 12.

No. 14—SAND CAKE WAFFLES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The butter is washed so it does not contain any salt, then creamed. Add the eggs, sugar, flour and lemon and bake the batter in a waffle iron. Put ½ teaspoonful of lard on each half of the iron, then put in three tablespoonfuls of batter, close the iron and bake 8 minutes, turning it to bake on both sides. Sprinkle with vanilla sugar.

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No. 15—YEAST WAFFLES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Cream the butter, stir in eggs, sugar, lemon peel, nutmeg. The yeast is dissolved in the cream which has been warmed, stirred into the mixture, then flour added to make a stiff batter. Set to rise in a warm place. Grease the waffle iron, put in 3 tablespoonfuls of batter, close the iron and bake the waffles light brown, turning the iron to bake on both sides. Waffles must be baked and served quickly, because they are apt to lose their crispness and become tough. When serving, sprinkle with sugar and cinnamon.

No. 16—LEMON PIE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Filling.

For Frosting.

Preparation: The 1½ cups of flour are put into a dish, the hard butter cut into it and rubbed, not kneaded; gradually add ½ glass of cold water, work lightly, roll it out and line a pie tin with the paste, making a high rim. Then bake it in oven and prepare the filling. Mix the sugar with 2 tablespoonfuls of flour, lemon juice, grated lemon rind and hot water and boil 1 minute, stirring constantly, then cool and mix in the 2 yolks and one whole egg. Put this filling into the baked crust and set aside for a few minutes to thicken. The frosting is made by beating the 2 whites of eggs to a stiff froth, stir in the 6 tablespoonfuls of sugar, cover the pie filling with it and put back into the oven and bake to a light brown color.

No. 17—APPLE PIE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

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For the Filling.

For Frosting.

Preparation: The paste is prepared as given under No. 16. The apples are peeled, cored, sliced, placed into a pie tin lined with paste, sugar strewn over and baked in oven.

The frosting is then made by beating the 2 yolks of eggs with cream, sugar, cinnamon and the beaten whites. When the apples in the pie are done, pour on the frosting and put back into the oven until the frosting turns a light brown color. Apple pie must be served warm.

No. 18—ANOTHER KIND OF APPLE PIE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Filling.

Preparation: The paste is prepared like No. 16. Half of it is rolled out and the pie tin lined with it. The apples are peeled, cored, sliced, put into the crust which is not yet baked, sugar and cinnamon strewn on, the white wine sprinkled over, the rest of the paste rolled out, 4 slits cut in the center and placed over the apples, fastening the edge well by pressing it down and cutting off the superfluous crust. Bake to a nice brown color.

No. 19—STRAWBERRY OR HUCKLEBERRY PIE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Filling.

Prepare the crust as before, (See No. 16, Lemon Pie), roll out half of the crust, line a pie tin with it, fill with berries and sugar, cover as before, (see No. 18), and bake in oven to a nice brown color.

No. 20—STRAWBERRY PIE WITH WHIPPED CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Filling.

For the Frosting.

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Preparation: The pie crust is prepared and baked as given under No. 16. Then the berries and sugar are put in and put back into oven 15 minutes until berries are cooked, cool off, mix the whipped cream with sugar and vanilla and garnish the pie with it or spread evenly over the top and garnish with raw strawberries.

No. 21—PEACH PIE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Prepare the pie crust as in No. 16, but do not bake. Peel the peaches and remove the stones, then slice them, put into the pie and sprinkle the sugar over. Cover with the rest of the crust and bake to a nice brown color.

No. 22—SQUASH PIE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Filling.

Preparation: Prepare the crust as in No. 16, but do not bake it. Cook the squash, rub through a sieve or colander, add eggs, vanilla, nutmeg, cream, corn starch and put into the crust, bake 45 minutes.

No. 23—PUMPKIN PIE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For Filling.

Preparation: The pie crust is prepared as in No. 16. The pumpkin is cut into pieces and cooked until tender. Rub through a colander or sieve, take 2½ cups of pumpkin puree, mix it with molasses, milk, salt, sugar, cinnamon, nutmeg and cook 15 minutes, stirring constantly. Lastly stir in 2 eggs, put into the crust and bake 45 minutes.

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No. 24—MINCE PIE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Mince Filling.

Preparation: The pie crust is prepared as in No. 16. The mince filling is prepared by cooking the lean beef in a little water, then removing fat and membranes, and chopping it fine. Apples are peeled, cored, chopped. Mix apples, meat, molasses, sugar, cloves, cinnamon, nutmeg, suet, chopped fine, cider, raisins, currants, citron, butter, salt and brandy, put into the crust and bake 45 minutes.

Remarks: This filling may be sufficient for 2 pies. The mince meat not used is kept in a sealed glass can.

No. 25—ANOTHER KIND OF MINCE MEAT.

Quantity for 4 Pies.

Preparation: The meat is prepared as in No. 24. Apples, suet and citron are treated as given in No. 24 and the whole mixed with the spices, i.e., 1 teaspoonful of pulverized cinnamon ¾ teaspoonful of cloves, ¼ teaspoonful of nutmeg, salt, sugar, molasses, raisins, currants, juice of orange and lemon and brandy. Stir it for 10 minutes, put it into a glass can and seal.

No. 26—PIEPLANT PIE, RHUBARB.

For the Filling.

Preparation: Prepare the pie crust as in No. 16. The pie plants are skinned and cut into 1 inch pieces, then put into pie crust, strew sugar and 1 tablespoonful of flour over, cover with a crust, making slits in the center, and bake 45 minutes.

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No. 27—GRAPE PIE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Filling.

Preparation: The dough is prepared as in No. 16. The grapes crushed in a sieve or colander, to remove the seeds and shells, then mixed with the sugar, put into the crust. Cover with strips of pie crust and bake 45 minutes.

No. 28—SOUR CREAM PIE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Filling.

Preparation: Prepare the crust as in No. 16 and bake it. Sour cream, sugar, yolks of eggs, lemon peel, beaten whites of eggs are mixed well and put into the baked crust and baked 15 minutes in medium hot oven.

No. 29—VANILLA CREAM PIE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Filling.

Preparation: Prepare the crust as in No. 16 and bake it. For the filling, mix the cream, ½ cup of sugar, flour, vanilla and cook in double boiler until thick, then stir in the 3 yolks of eggs, put into the crust and bake in oven 10 minutes. Now make the frosting with 3 beaten whites of eggs and the 9 tablespoonfuls of sugar stirred in, cover the pie and bake in oven until light brown.

No. 30—CHICKEN PIE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are given under No. 6, Chapter 6, Poultry, see Chicken Pie.

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No. 31—PATTY PASTE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Flour, water, egg, rum and baking powder are mixed into a paste. The cold butter is cut on the paste, folded around it and rolled out. This repeated 3 times and the paste rolled out, cut into 6 small tarts or 1 large one.

No. 32—SWEET PUFF PASTE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The ingredients and preparation are the same as given under No. 31. The rolled out paste is cut into all kinds of shapes, sprinkled with sugar and covered with fruit marmalade, then folded over, baked to a nice brown color, brushed with white of egg and sprinkled with sugar and cinnamon.

No. 33—PUFF PASTE SCALLOPS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Ingredients and preparation are the same as under No. 31. The paste is rolled out to ¼ inch thickness, cut out with a medium large tumbler, cut into halves and baked.

Remarks: These scallops are used for garnishing ragout.

No. 34—PUFF PASTE TARTS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Prepare the paste as given under No. 31, roll it out to ¼ inch thickness and cut out 12 disks, then with a smaller cutter cut out the centers of these, so as to form 12 rings. 6 of the small disks cut out of the centers are used to cover the tarts and the other 6 are folded together and rolled out to ⅙ inch thickness and 6 disks cut out a little larger than the rings. These are for the under crust. Set the rings upon the larger disks and fasten them on with beaten egg, brush the ring with beaten egg and put on a second ring. Then bake them in the oven, also the small disks as covers. Fill each tart with anything you like and put the cover on, put back into oven for a few minutes and serve.

No. 35—SWEETBREAD PATTIES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are the same as given in Chapter 3, Veal, No. 28, Sweetbread Patties.

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No. 36—CHICKEN PATTIES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are the same as given under Chapter 6, No. 7, Puff Paste Patties.

No. 37—PIGEON PIE, ENGLISH STYLE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are given in No. 14, Chapter 6.

No. 38—GOOSE LIVER PIE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are given in No. 25, Chapter 6, Goose Liver Pie.

No. 39—PHEASANT PIE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are given under No. 37, Chapter 6, Pheasant Pie.

No. 40—PIE MADE FROM GROUSE, HAZELHEN, SNOWHEN, SNIPE, QUAIL, PARTRIDGE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are given under No. 39, Chapter 6.

No. 41—COLD GAME PIE.

Venison, Doe, Boar, Rabbit.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are given under No. 11, Chapter 7, Cold Game Pie.

No. 42—RABBIT PIE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are given under No. 22, Chapter 7, Rabbit Pie.

No. 43—OYSTER PATTIES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are given under No. 57, Chapter 8, Fish.

No. 44—NOODLES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Beat the eggs and butter well, mix in the flour gradually, knead the dough 20 minutes, roll it out very thin, so it is almost transparent, then roll it up and cut in ¼ inch slices for cooking and baking and still finer for soup, then dry them thoroughly.

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No. 45—COOKED NOODLES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are given under No. 44. These dried noodles are cooked in 5 qts. of boiling salt water 10 minutes, then the water is drained off.

No. 46—SOUP NOODLES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are given under No. 44. The fine soup noodles are cooked in bouillon 15 minutes.

No. 47—HAM NOODLES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are given under No. 12, Chapter 5, Pork, Boiled Ham and Noodles.

No. 48—NOODLE PUDDING WITH APPLES AS DESSERT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The noodles are prepared like No. 44, cooked in salt water 10 minutes and the water drained off. The apples are peeled, cored and sliced. Butter a baking dish or casserole and put in a layer of noodles, then apples, currants, sugar, cinnamon and almonds, repeat 2 or 3 times until all is used. The last layer should be noodles. Pour the cup of water over, place little pieces of butter on top and bake in oven 1 hour.

No. 49—APPLE STRUDEL.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Filling.

Preparation: The eggs and butter are mixed with the cup of flour and a noodle dough made which is rolled out to be almost transparent. The apples are peeled, cored and chopped into quite small pieces, the almonds peeled and almonds and citron chopped quite fine. All these are placed on the dough, 236then sugar, cinnamon, currants and lastly the tablespoonful of butter cut into small pieces added, these rolled up in the dough and placed into a long pan. The ⅛ lb. of butter is cut in pieces and put on the strudel and this is baked in the oven to a nice color. Cream may be served with this as dressing.

No. 50—ROLLED UP APPLES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Butter and eggs are mixed well, then milk and flour added and lastly the baking powder, a smooth paste made and rolled out thin. The apples are peeled, cored and left whole, then each apple filled with fresh or preserved strawberries. Each apple is wrapped into a piece of paste, which is pressed around it, so it cannot come off and fry in deep fat. When done, strew with sugar and cinnamon and serve hot.

No. 51—APPLE FRITTERS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Pancake Batter.

Preparation: Eggs, flour, milk and salt are stirred to a pancake batter. The apples are peeled and cut into thick slices, the core carefully removed, the white wine with sugar and cinnamon poured over the slices, covered and left standing for 1 hour.

Heat the butter in a pan, dip the apple slices into the batter and put them into the hot butter, then put on another tablespoonful of batter and bake on both sides to a nice brown color. Strew sugar and cinnamon over. Serve hot.

No. 52—MACARONI WITH PARMESAN CHEESE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The macaroni is broken into pieces and 237cooked well in boiling salt water, which will require ½ hour. Drain the water off, strew pepper and grated cheese on, put the butter on and cook a while longer. Serve hot with a tomato or lobster dressing.

No. 53—BAKED MACARONI.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are the same as given under No. 52, but these are put into a buttered baking dish, ¾ pt. of cream poured on, roll crumbs and butter on top and baked in the oven to a nice color.

No. 54—MACARONI WITH HAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are given in Chapter 5, No. 13, Boiled Ham With Macaroni.

No. 55—FISH MACARONI.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The macaroni is broken into inch pieces and boiled in 3 qts. of salt water. The fish is cleaned, dressed and boiled in salt water, then the skin and bones are taken out and the fish cut into small pieces. Butter a baking dish, put in a layer of macaroni, then fish and Parmesan cheese and champignons, sprinkled with white wine. Repeat this 3 times, the last layer being macaroni. A dressing is made of ⅛ lb. of melted butter into which the flour, cream or milk, lemon juice, salt and pepper are stirred, this poured over the macaroni, the ⅛ lb. of butter cut in small pieces, sprinkled over the top and baked in the oven to a nice color.

No. 56—MACARONI PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The macaroni is broken into 1 inch pieces, 238cooked in 3 qts. of salt water, and drained. Cream the butter, stir in the yolks of eggs, cheese, salt, pepper and macaroni. Beat the whites of eggs and add, stirring lightly. Put into a buttered baking dish or casserole, which has been strewn with bread crumbs, cover well, set in a steamer over a kettle of boiling water and cook 1 hour. Serve with a truffle or brown butter dressing and turn pudding out on a platter.

No. 57—MUFFINS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Flour, corn meal, sugar, eggs, milk and melted butter are mixed to a smooth batter, the baking powder added, then small muffin tins buttered and filled with dough. Bake 20 minutes.

No. 58—CHOCOLATE PIE WITH WHIPPED CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Filling.

For the Frosting.

Preparation: The pie crust is made as given under No. 16. For the filling, cook the chocolate 5 minutes with the water, sugar and vanilla, stirring constantly, remove from the stove and stir in the yolks of eggs and the beaten whites.

This mixture is poured into the baked pie crust and put back into the oven to thicken. When cold, cover with whipped cream mixed with sugar and vanilla.

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CHAPTER 16.
SAUCES.

FRUIT.

Stewed fruit used as a sauce is a wholesome and valuable food. It is served with poultry and game. It is refreshing for patients. The fruit must be cooked in a pot or kettle free from any kind of grease. The spices must be removed from sauces and jams before serving. Fruit jams and sauces look best when served in glass dishes.

No. 1—APPLE SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The apples are pared, cored, cut up into eighths, boiled until tender with water, wine, lemon slice, lemon juice and sugar. They should be cooked on a moderate fire to prevent scorching, rubbed through a colander, served cold in a glass dish.

No. 2—CHERRY SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cherries are cleaned, the stems picked off, cooked until tender in sugar and water and served cold. Sour cherries require much sugar.

No. 3—STRAWBERRY SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The berries are cleaned and washed. Water and sugar are boiled down to a syrup; cool it and put in the strawberries and shake them until they are well mixed with the syrup. Then put them in a cool place.

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No. 4—RASPBERRY SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Clean the berries, boil the water and sugar 5 minutes, then put in the berries and cook a little while. Carefully remove the scum and serve the fruit cold.

No. 5—CURRANT SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Clean the currants and pick them off the stems. Boil the sugar and water, put in the berries and cook them a few minutes, take them out and put them into a dish. Boil the syrup until thick, then pour over the berries and serve cold.

No. 6—WHORTLEBERRY OR HUCKLEBERRY SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The berries are picked over, washed, put on the fire with water and sugar to cook. When boiling, add lemon slice and juice, let it boil up a few times, remove the lemon slice and serve cold.

No. 7—BLACK MULBERRY SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The berries are picked over, washed and the water drained off. White wine and sugar or water and sugar are brought to boil. Add lemon juice and mulberries, cook 1 minute, take them out with a skimmer. Boil down the juice and pour over the berries. Serve cold.

No. 8—FRESH PLUM SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The plums are cut into halves and the stones are taken out. The water and sugar boiled a few minutes, the plums put in, covered and cooked slowly without stirring until tender. Carefully place them into a dish so they will not be crushed. Boil down the juice and pour it over the fruit. Serve cold.

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No. 9—GOOSEBERRY SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The unripe berries are cleaned, i.e., stems and calix removed, scalded and left in the water a few minutes and drained.

Water and sugar are boiled, the berries put in and covered. Let them simmer ½ hour, strew with sugar and serve cold.

Remarks: If there should be much syrup, boil some of it down with sugar until it becomes pink and forms bubbles, then pour on to a moistened plate. This jelly may be used for garnishing.

No. 10—BILBERRY OR BLUEBERRY SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The berries are washed, cooked until tender in water and sugar, rubbed through a sieve or colander and served cold.

No. 11—PEACH SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The peaches are pared, cut into halves and the stones removed. Sugar and water are boiled a few minutes, the peaches put in and 10 of the stones, set to simmer a few minutes; then take them out with a skimmer, boil down the syrup and pour over the fruit when cold.

No. 12—APRICOT SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The ingredients and preparation are the same as given under No. 11, Peach Sauce.

No. 13—PLUM SAUCE.

Mirabelle Plum.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Sugar and wine are boiled for ½ minute, prick each plum, put them into the boiling sugar and stew them slowly until tender. Serve cold.

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No. 14—GREENGAGE SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation of this fruit is the same as given under No. 13, Mirabelle Plum.

No. 15—PINEAPPLE SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The pineapple is peeled, cut up into neat pieces and cooked well done in sugar and water mixed with lemon juice. If there is too much syrup, take out the fruit, boil down the syrup and pour over the fruit. Serve cold.

No. 16—MELON SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The melons are peeled, the seeds taken out, the fruit cut into neat pieces and boiled until tender in sugar, water and lemon juice. Then take out the melon with a skimmer, boil down the juice to a syrup and pour it over the fruit. Serve cold.

No. 17—ORANGE AND APPLE SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The apples and oranges are peeled, the core and seeds removed and each sliced or cut into 8 to 10 equal pieces. The sliced apples are boiled in white wine, water and ½ cup of sugar. Cook slowly, taking care that the pieces do not break. Let them cool. The white skin is removed from the oranges. The yellow skin or peeling is cut up and thickly sugared, set on the stove so the sugar will adhere to the pieces, then set to cool. The orange slices are also sugared well. Now in a glass dish, alternate layers of boiled apples and sliced oranges are placed, repeating twice, and the apple and orange juice poured over. The sugared orange peel is used for garnishing the dish; but the rind of one orange should be sufficient for that.

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No. 18—STEWED SLICED APPLES FOR SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The apples are peeled, cored and cut into 8 or 10 equal parts. The currants are washed and put to boil with apples, water, wine and sugar. Boil until tender, but not broken. Serve them cold.

No. 19—DRIED APPLES FOR SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The apples are washed, drained and put to boil in ¾ qt. of water. Set them on the back of the stove where they will heat very slowly and soak while heating. Add the sugar, lemon slice, lemon juice and white wine, let them boil until tender and serve cold.

Remarks: These dried apples may be made into a smooth sauce by rubbing them through a colander or sieve when done.

No. 20—PRUNES FOR SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The prunes are washed and set to boil with 1 pt. of water, sugar, lemon slice and lemon juice. If there is too much juice, take the prunes out, boil down to a thicker syrup and pour over the prunes. Serve cold.

No. 21—RHUBARB SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Skin the rhubarb and cut it up in 2 inch pieces, cook until tender in water and much sugar. Serve cold. Rhubarb requires much sugar, as it is very sour.

Remarks: If you like, you can thicken this sauce with a little corn starch dissolved in water.

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No. 22—PEAR SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The pears are peeled, large pears cut into 4 parts, small ones into halves. The core is cut out and the pears cooked until tender in water, sugar, cloves, cinnamon and lemon slice. It is best to cook them very slowly in a granite or porcelain dish. When the pears are soft, take them out, add the corn starch to the syrup, boil it down and pour over the fruit. Serve cold or warm.

No. 23—TOMATO SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The tomatoes are scalded and skinned. Water, sugar, cloves and lemon slices brought to boil and the tomatoes put in 2 or 3 at a time. When they are done, take them out and put in others until all are boiled. Boil down the syrup if there is too much of it and pour over the tomatoes after straining.

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CHAPTER 17.
DESSERTS.

Directions for preparing all kinds of desserts, cold and warm; puddings, puff pastes, souffles, sherbets, creams, ices and ice creams.

Steamed Puddings.

No. 1—RICE PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The rice is washed and brought to boil in 1 cup of water. When the water is boiled down, add the milk gradually and 1 pinch of salt and boil to a thick mush. When done, cool it off. Cream the butter, add sugar, 7 yolks of eggs, raisins, almonds and the beaten whites of eggs. Butter a pudding mold, strew in some bread crumbs, put in the rice pudding, close the mold well and set in a steamer over a kettle of boiling water and boil for 1½ hours. When serving, turn the pudding out on a platter and serve cold with a vanilla or wine sauce or sweet cream.

No. 2—APPLE RICE PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The rice is cooked slowly with one cup of water; when the water is boiled down, add the milk gradually and cook it to a thick mush. Cream the butter, add the sugar, then the yolks of eggs, raisins and almonds. Let rice cool, then mix all together. The apples are peeled, cored, cut into 16 parts and stewed until tender in a little water and sugar. Butter a pudding mold and strew with bread crumbs. Stir 246the well-beaten whites of the 7 eggs into the rice, put a layer of rice into the mold, then a layer of apples and repeat this twice; the last layer to be rice. Close the mold, set in a steamer over a kettle of boiling water and boil 1½ hours, then turn over on platter and serve with sweet cream.

No. 3—CHERRY RICE PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The preparation is again the same as No. 2, instead of apples put in layers of sour cherries, boiled until tender in 1 cup of sugar and 1 cup of water. Boil down the cherry juice with sugar to taste and serve it with the pudding.

No. 4—PEACH RICE PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The preparation is again the same as No. 2, instead of apples put in layers of peaches, boiled until tender in 1 cup of water and one of sugar. Boil down the peach juice, putting in a few stones which should be removed before serving, and serve the syrup with the pudding.

No. 5—APRICOT RICE PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The preparation is the same as given under No. 2, see Apple Rice Pudding. Instead of apples put in layers of apricots boiled until tender in 1 cup of water and ½ cup of sugar. Boil down the juice with some sugar and serve with the pudding.

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No. 6—PLAIN RICE PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The preparation is the same as given under No. 1, Rice Pudding.

No. 7—FROTH OR FOAM PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The milk is brought to boil, the butter added, sugar and flour are mixed and stirred into the boiling milk until the mixture comes off the sides of the skillet. Then cool it, grate the lemon peel and stir it in with the yolks of eggs and the beaten whites. Butter a pudding mold and strew in bread crumbs, then put in the pudding, set in a steamer over a kettle of boiling water, cover the mold tightly and boil for 2 hours. Turn it, and serve with a fruit sauce.

No. 8—CABINET PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The zwieback is broken into 3 parts, the lady fingers into halves. Butter a mold and make a layer of zwieback, raisins, currants, then one of lady fingers, repeat this 2 to 3 times, the last layer being zwieback. Then mix well the milk, cream, sugar and eggs and pour on the pudding, set in a steamer over a kettle of boiling water and boil 1½ hours. When done, turn it out on a platter and serve with a wine sauce.

No. 9—WHEAT BREAD PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Cream, the butter with yolks of eggs, sugar, raisins, currants, citron and almonds, mix and stir well. The crust of the rolls is grated off, then they are soaked in milk, 248the surplus milk pressed out and the rolls stirred with the rest of the ingredients, also the beaten whites of eggs. Butter a mold, strew with bread crumbs, put in the pudding and steam 1 hour. Serve with a fruit sauce.

No. 10—PLUM PUDDING.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: Raisins and currants are washed well and dried. The suet is chopped very fine and mixed well with 6 eggs, sugar, raisins, currants, grated lemon peel, milk, bread crumbs, brandy and lastly the flour. Butter a mold, strew with bread crumbs, put in the pudding and steam for 5 hours. Turn the pudding out on a platter, pour the rum over and light it. The flaming pudding is brought to the table and served with a wine sauce.

No. 11—CHOCOLATE PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The milk is brought to boil, butter, sugar, flour, chocolate well stirred in until the mixture comes off the sides of the skillet, then take from the stove. Cool it and stir in the almonds, yolks of eggs and the beaten whites.

Butter a mold, strew with bread crumbs, fill with the pudding, cover tightly and steam 1½ hours, then turn out on a platter and serve with a vanilla sauce.

Remarks: The dish must be only ¾ full because the pudding raises very much.

No. 12—FLOUR PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Beat the yolks of eggs with sugar 20 minutes, add lemon juice and grated rind and lastly stir in the flour, which must be sifted 4 times. The whites of eggs are beaten to a stiff froth and mixed in. Butter a mold, put in the pudding, close it well and steam 1¼ hours. Turn the pudding on a platter and serve with a wine sauce.

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No. 13—LAYER PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Filling.

For Between Layers, 4 Small Pancakes.

Preparation: Cream, flour, butter, yolks of eggs are mixed well and brought to boil. When the batter rolls from the sides of the pot, take it off the fire to cool. Then add sugar, grated lemon peel, and 5 whites of eggs beaten to a stiff froth.

Now bake the pancakes. Mix well the milk, flour, 3 tablespoonfuls of melted butter, 4 eggs and a little salt. Heat a pan with butter and bake the pancakes the size of the pudding dish. Now butter the mold, strew bread crumbs in, make 1 layer of pudding batter, one layer of fruit marmalade or preserved fruit as peaches, cherries, strawberries or raspberries; on this fruit layer, place a pancake, then another layer of pudding batter, again a layer of fruit, another pancake and so on according to the number of pancakes you have. The top layer must be the pudding batter. Close the dish well and steam for 1½ hours. When done, turn the pudding out and serve with a fruit sauce.

No. 14—FARINA PUDDING No. 1.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Milk and butter are brought to boil, the farina stirred in, the sugar and lemon rind added and all stirred and cooked until the batter rolls from the sides of the skillet, then cool it off and add almonds, yolks of eggs and beaten whites. Butter a mold, strew with roll crumbs, put in the pudding, close the mold well and steam 1½ hours. Turn the pudding out on a platter and serve with cherry or raspberry sauce.

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No. 15—MACARONI PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are the same as given under No. 56, in Chapter 15, Macaroni Pudding.

No. 16—POTATO PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are given in Chapter 11, No. 16, Potato Pudding.

No. 17—MEAT PUDDING WITH RICE LAYERS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients, and preparation are the same as given as in Chapter 2, Beef, No. 2, Meat Pudding, from Roast Beef, Stew or Soup Meat.

No. 18—ANOTHER FORM OF MEAT PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are the same as given in Chapter 2, Beef, No. 26, Meat Pudding.

No. 19—MUTTON KIDNEY PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparations are given in Chapter 4, Lamb, No. 20, Lamb Kidney Pudding.

No. 20—VEAL ROAST PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are the same as given in Chapter 3, Veal, No. 6, Veal Roast Pudding.

No. 21—GOOSE LIVER PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are given in Chapter 6, Poultry, No. 26, Goose Liver Pudding.

No. 22—CHERRY PUDDING.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The milk rolls are grated and soaked in milk. When well soaked, press out the milk and rub them through a strainer or colander. Melt the butter in a spider, 251put in the mashed rolls and sauté or dry fry them on the stove. Now mix this well with yolks of eggs, grated lemon rind, cinnamon, sugar, stoned cherries and cherry syrup. Beat the whites of eggs to a stiff froth and add to the mixture. Butter a pudding mold, strew in bread crumbs, then fill with the pudding and steam for 2 hours. Turn out and serve.

No. 23—FARINA PUDDING No. 2.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The milk and butter are brought to boil, then the sugar, lemon peel and farina poured in and cooked 5 minutes to a thick paste, stirring constantly. Now take from the fire, cool off and add blanched and ground sweet and bitter almonds, the 8 yolks of eggs and the beaten whites. Butter a pudding mold, strew with bread crumbs, put in the pudding and steam 1½ hours. Turn the pudding out and serve with a fruit or wine sauce.

No. 24—SOUR CREAM PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The thick sour cream is mixed well and stirred 10 minutes with juice and grated peel of lemon, yolks of eggs, roll crumbs, salt, currants and beaten whites of eggs. A mold is buttered and strewn with roll crumbs, the pudding filled in and steamed 1½ hours. Then it is turned out on a platter and served with a wine or fruit sauce.

No. 25—BLACK PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The unblanched almonds are ground, the chocolate grated. Sugar and yolks of eggs are stirred 20 minutes, then mixed well with almonds, chocolate, raisins, citron, cinnamon, cloves, roll crumbs, white wine and beaten whites of eggs. Butter a mold, strew it with crumbs, put in the pudding, close it well and steam 1½ hours. Turn it out and serve with a chocolate sauce.

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No. 26—PUDDING A LA BRANDENBURG.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: Milk and butter are brought to boil, add the flour and boil, stirring constantly till it comes from the sides of the skillet. Cool and stir in the sugar, sweet and bitter almonds, citron, orange and lemon peel, yolks of eggs and the beaten whites. Butter a pudding mold, strew it with roll crumbs, put in the pudding, close well and steam for 2 hours. Turn the pudding out on a platter, pour on ¼ cup of rum, light it and bring it to the table. Serve with a wine sauce.

Warm Puddings, Baked Puddings.

No. 27—BAKED CREAM PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The sour cream is mixed well with sugar, grated lemon peel, lemon juice, flour, 7 yolks of eggs and beaten whites. Then bake in the oven in a buttered pudding dish for 25 to 30 minutes.

No. 28—BAKED RICE PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The rice is boiled to a thick mush with milk. Cream the butter with sugar and yolks of eggs, add the rice and the beaten whites of eggs, fill into a buttered pudding dish and bake in oven ½ hour.

Remarks: The pudding may be made richer with ¼ lb. blanched, ground almonds, ½ cup of raisins, 6 to 8 eggs instead of 4.

No. 29—BAKED RICE PUDDING WITH FRUIT LAYERS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The preparation of the rice is the same as given under No. 28, Baked Rice Pudding.

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The buttered pudding dish is filled with alternating layers of rice and fruit, from which the juice has been drained. Put in 3 layers of each and the top layer should be rice. Bake in oven for 1 hour and serve with the sauce from the fruit used in the pudding.

No. 30—BAKED FARINA PUDDING WITH FRUIT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The milk is brought to boil, the farina put in and stirred 10 minutes. Let it get cold. Cream the butter, add grated lemon rind, lemon juice, sugar, 5 yolks of eggs and the farina and stir in the beaten whites of eggs. Butter a pudding dish and fill it with alternating layers of farina and cherries, 2 layers of each; the top layer should be farina. Put a few pieces of butter over the top and bake in oven 1 hour.

No. 31—BAKED CHERRY PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Soak the rolls in milk, cream the butter with sugar, add the yolks of eggs, almonds and rolls, after pressing out the milk; mix well, add the stoned cherries and beaten whites of eggs. Butter a baking dish, put in the pudding and bake in oven 1 hour.

No. 32—BAKED LEMON PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The 8 yolks of eggs are beaten ¼ hour with sugar, lemon juice and grated lemon peel, the corn starch and beaten whites of eggs added last. Butter a baking dish, fill in the pudding and bake 15 minutes.

No. 33—BAKED POTATO PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Cream the yolks of eggs and sugar, add the grated lemon peel, grated potatoes, cream, beaten whites of eggs, and mix well. Put the batter into a buttered baking dish and bake in oven 45 minutes. Serve with a fruit sauce.

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No. 34—BAKED POTATO PUDDING.

To be Served with Meat.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The potatoes are boiled, peeled and grated. Cream the butter with the yolks of eggs, add the potatoes, cheese, salt, pepper and beaten whites of eggs. Butter a casserole or pudding dish, put the pudding in, sprinkle bread crumbs and pieces of butter over the top and bake in oven 45 minutes.

No. 35—BAKED CHARLOTTE PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The rolls are soaked in milk and wine, add ground almonds, sugar, raisins, lemon peel, yolks of 4 eggs and lastly the beaten whites of eggs. A baking dish is buttered, the pudding filled in and baked in oven 45 minutes. A fruit or wine sauce is served with the pudding.

No. 36—BAKED ALMOND PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The yolks of eggs, almonds and sugar are stirred 20 minutes, then the flour and whites of eggs added. A pudding dish is buttered, the pudding filled in and baked 45 minutes.

No. 37—BAKED YORKSHIRE PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Egg, white of egg, milk and flour are mixed well. Butter is heated in a pudding dish, the batter put in, the suet heated and poured over and the pudding baked in a hot oven 20 minutes.

No. 38—BAKED CHOCOLATE PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The chocolate is grated and mixed with 255flour and sugar. The milk is brought to boil and the chocolate with the flour and sugar added, stirred over the fire until the mixture is thick, then cooled. Cream the butter with the yolks of eggs and vanilla, mix with the chocolate batter and the beaten whites of eggs. Butter a pudding dish, fill in the pudding and bake in oven for 1 hour.

No. 39—BAKED APPLE AND FARINA PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The milk is brought to boil, the farina added and cooked 10 minutes, stirring constantly, then cooled. Cream the butter, mix with yolks of eggs, sugar, grated lemon peel, the boiled farina, and the beaten whites of eggs.

The apples are peeled, sliced into ¼ inch slices, mixed with ½ cup of sugar. Butter a pudding dish and put in layers of farina, apples, currants and almonds alternating, repeat 3 times; then bake in oven for 1 hour.

No. 40—BAKED APPLE STEW PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The apples are peeled, cut into 4 inch slices and stewed in ⅛ lb. of butter, then cooled. Beat 4 yolks of eggs for 30 minutes with sugar, add flour, grated lemon peel, cream and the stewed apples. Lastly add the beaten whites of eggs. Butter a pudding dish, put in the pudding and bake 45 minutes.

No. 41—FINE BAKED APPLE PUDDING:

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The apples are peeled, cored and filled with a mixture of currants, almonds and 2 tablespoonfuls of sugar. Butter a pudding dish, put in the filled apples, make a batter of cream, cinnamon, lemon peel, yolks of eggs, sugar, flour and beaten whites of eggs, then pour over the apples and bake slowly.

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No. 42—BAKED OMELET PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The yolks of eggs are beaten 25 minutes with the sugar, the beaten whites of eggs lightly mixed in, then put into a buttered pudding dish, and bake in oven 20 minutes.

No. 43—BAKED CREAM PUDDING.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: Milk, butter and sugar are brought to boil. Four yolks of eggs are stirred smooth with the corn starch and added to the boiling milk to cook 3 minutes, stirring constantly; then cooled and three yolks of eggs, grated lemon peel, beaten whites of 7 eggs added.

Butter a dish, put in the pudding and bake in oven ½ hour. Serve with a fruit sauce.

No. 44—BAKED FLOUR PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Flour and ½ cup of milk are stirred smooth, the rest of the milk brought to boil and the flour stirred in to boil 1 minute. The almonds, sugar and eggs are stirred in and beaten 10 minutes. Butter a pudding dish, put in the batter and bake in oven for 1 hour. Serve with a raspberry sauce.

No. 45—BAKED SPONGE PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Yolks of eggs, cream, sugar and vanilla are stirred 20 minutes. The beaten whites of eggs are mixed and put into a buttered pudding dish. Bake in medium hot oven for ½ hour. A fruit sauce is served with it.

No. 46—BAKED VEAL ROAST PUDDING.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are given in Chapter 3, Veal, No. 6, Veal Roast Pudding.

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No. 47—BAKED SWEET PUDDING WITH WINE FROSTING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For Wine Frosting.

Preparation: The crust is grated off the rolls, these are cut up, soaked in milk for 1 hour, then the milk is pressed out and the soaked rolls stirred with the melted butter to a creamy mass. Add sugar, citron, cinnamon, 6 yolks of eggs, and the beaten whites. Butter a pudding dish, put in the batter and bake 1 hour.

Prepare the frosting by mixing 6 yolks of eggs, sugar, grated lemon peel and lemon juice, cinnamon, French white wine and arrack and heating it on the fire while beating constantly. Then add the 6 beaten whites of eggs to the hot sauce. Pour the wine sauce over the hot baked pudding and serve at once.

No. 48—BAKED RYE BREAD PUDDING WITH APPLES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The apples are peeled, cored, cut into slices ¼ inch thick. Cream the butter, add sugar, yolks of eggs, rye bread, currants and beaten whites of eggs. Butter a pudding dish and fill it with alternating layers of rye bread mixture and apples with sugar sprinkled over, repeat 2 or 3 times. The top layer should be rye bread. Put on small pieces of butter and bake in oven 1 hour. Serve sweet cream with the pudding.

No. 49—BAKED NOODLE PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The noodles are cooked in salt water for 10 minutes, then the water is drained off. The apples are peeled, cored and sliced. Butter a pudding dish and fill with 258alternating layers of noodles and apples with sugar and currants. The top layer should be noodles. Pour on a cup of water, put on small pieces of butter and bake in oven 1 hour.

No. 50—BAKED QUINCE PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The quinces are boiled until soft in water, then skin and grate them. The grated quince should weigh about ¾ lb. Stir until white. Add sugar, grated lemon peel and juice, yolks and beaten whites of eggs. Put into a buttered dish and bake in oven ½ hour.

No. 51—BAKED MACAROON PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Butter, milk, flour, crushed macaroons are stirred over the fire until they form a thick batter; remove from the fire and stir until it has cooled off. Add the yolks of eggs, sugar, almonds, vanilla, beaten whites of eggs. Put into a buttered dish and bake in oven for 1 hour. Serve with a fruit sauce.

Remarks: This pudding may be steamed for 1½ hours.

Sweetmeats Baked or Fried in Pans On the Stove.

No. 52—FRENCH TOAST.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The rolls are sliced, cream, sugar, eggs, cinnamon are mixed and poured over the slices to soak. Butter is heated in a pan, the roll slices baked a golden yellow in it and sprinkled thickly with sugar and cinnamon. Serve dried or fresh fruit sauce with it.

No. 53—CARTHUSIAN DUMPLINGS WITH WINE SAUCE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The crust of the rolls is grated off, then 259quarter them and soak in a pint of milk. After soaking, press out the milk, mix the milk well with eggs, sugar, cinnamon and pour it back on the roll slices to soak for a while longer. Now roll each piece in the crumbs from the crusts and bake in butter to a nice color. Serve on a hot platter with wine sauce.

No. 54—APPLE FRITTERS OR BANANA FRITTERS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Batter.

Preparation: The apples are peeled, the core removed, sliced in ½ inch thick, round slices, white wine and sugar poured over. Eggs, milk, flour and salt are mixed to a batter. Butter is heated in a pan, each apple slice dipped into the batter, put into the hot butter and fried a nice color. Serve on a hot platter, sprinkled with sugar and cinnamon.

No. 55—APPLE STRUDEL.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Filling.

Preparation: The noodle dough is rolled out very thin. Melt the butter and brush it on the dough. Peel and core the apples and slice them thin. Then put the apple slices, sugar, cinnamon, almonds and citron on the dough, roll it up, brush it with butter and bake in a buttered pan 30 to 45 minutes. Sprinkle with sugar and cinnamon and serve.

No. 56—CHOCOLATE STRUDEL.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

For the Filling.

Preparation: The noodle dough is kneaded with ⅛ lb. of butter, then rolled out very thin. The 5 yolks of eggs are 260stirred with sugar for 15 minutes, almonds and chocolate are added, and lastly the beaten whites of eggs. This mixture is spread on the dough which is then rolled up. A baking pan is buttered and the strudel baked ½ to ¾ hour.

No. 57—CHOCOLATE STRUDEL WITH DRESSING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The ingredients and preparation are the same as given under No. 56, Chocolate Strudel. When ready to be baked, place it into the pan in the form of a snail, pour on ¾ pt. of hot cream mixed with ⅛ lb. of fine grated chocolate and 1 tablespoonful of vanilla, then bake ½ hour.

No. 58—STEAM NOODLES.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Mix flour, milk and yeast to a batter and set to rise. When risen, mix in butter, sugar, eggs and flour. Put on a well-floured baking board and form dumplings from the dough, leaving them on the board to rise. Stew them 15 minutes in the hot cream and ⅛ lb. of butter until light brown, then sprinkle with sugar and pour drawn butter over.

No. 59—FRIED APPLE POCKETS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Pancake Batter.

Preparation: The apples are pared, cored, filled with jelly and strewn with sugar.

Eggs, milk, salt and flour are stirred into a dough that is rolled out to ¼ inch thickness. With a tumbler cut out 12 round disks. Put each apple between two disks and press the edges together, so as to completely cover the apple. Then fry in much hot lard, place into a colander to drain off the fat and sprinkle with sugar and cinnamon. They may be served warm or cold.

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No. 60—BISCUIT TORTONI. MACAROON MOUSSE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Whip the yolks of eggs, vanilla and sugar well, mix in the macaroons, beaten whites of eggs and whipped cream. Oil a mold, put in the mixture and let it stand in ice 6 hours before serving.

No. 61—RUM CREAM WITH CHERRY SAUCE.

Quantity for 6–10 Persons.

Preparation: Yolks of eggs, rum and sugar are whipped to a froth. Milk and vanilla are brought to boil, the gelatine dissolved in a little milk and mixed with the boiling milk to which also the mixture of yolks of eggs, rum and sugar is added. This mixture must be stirred until it is cold, then the beaten whites of eggs and finally the whipped cream is stirred in. Rinse a mold with cold water, put in the pudding and place on ice or in a cold place. Turn the pudding out on a platter and serve with cherry sauce.

No. 62—WHIPPED CREAM PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cream is mixed with sugar and vanilla. The strawberries are cleaned and mixed with 1 cup of sugar. Pumpernickel, chocolate and ¼ cup of sugar are mixed. Now arrange in a glass dish layers of strawberries, pumpernickel and whipped cream. The latter garnished with strawberries make the top layer.

No. 63—WINE PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: White wine, lemon juice, and lemon rind, sugar, 8 yolks of eggs are stirred well on the stove and brought to boil ¼ minute. The gelatine is dissolved in 4 tablespoonfuls 262of wine and mixed in with the rest, also the beaten whites of eggs. Oil a mold, put in the mixture and put on ice or in a cold place. When stiff, turn it out on a platter and garnish with fruit.

No. 64—WINE CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: White wine, brandy, cherry juice, lemon juice, orange juice, sugar, yolks of eggs and the gelatine dissolved in wine are mixed well and stirred over a slow fire until it thickens, but do not let it boil. While still warm, add the whites of eggs beaten to a froth and salt. Oil a mold, put in the cream and place on ice or prepare it a day before using. When serving, turn it out and garnish with cherries.

No. 65—WINE JELLY WITH RICE LAYERS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Wine Jelly.

Rice Layer.

Preparation: White wine, lemon and orange juice, sugar and gelatine dissolved in 1½ cups of water are well mixed over a slow fire. The rice is washed and cooked 25 minutes in 3 qts. of water, then poured into a colander or sieve. Now add the wine, sugar, lemon juice and rind, salt and dissolved gelatine, cover and cook very slowly. When the juice has been absorbed by the rice, take it from the stove and cool. A dish is placed into ice or very cold water and a layer of wine jelly poured in to stiffen. When that is stiff, cut out oblong dumplings of cold rice and place them on the jelly layer in circles, pour on another layer of wine jelly and so on until the rice and jelly are used up. When stiff, turn it out and garnish the jelly and platter with orange slices.

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No. 66—WHITE WINE JELLY WITH FRUIT LAYERS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Fruit for Layers.

Preparation: White wine, dissolved gelatine, sugar, lemon and orange juice are well mixed and stirred over the fire until it starts to boil, then strain through a cloth. Place a dish on ice or into very cold water, pour in a cup of jelly to stiffen, on this place a layer of fruit, strawberries, sliced bananas or pineapples and repeat several times.

If you have no fresh fruit, use preserves from which the syrup has been drained. The jelly layer must be on top. Turn it out before serving. The platter may be garnished with various kinds of fruit.

No. 67—LEMON JELLY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The gelatine is dissolved in ¾ qt. of warm water, sugar and lemon juice added and the whole warmed a little, then strained through a cloth. Put into a mold and when stiff, turn it out on a platter.

Remarks: You may put layers of fruit into the jelly according to No. 66, Wine Jelly With Fruit Layers.

No. 68—ORANGE JELLY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The oranges are cleaned, cut into halves, and the juice carefully pressed out with a lemon squeezer. The gelatine and sugar are dissolved in this juice, then warmed and lemon juice and wine added. Strain through a cloth. The orange rinds are carefully cleaned out without breaking them and filled with the above gelatine, then placed on ice. When stiff, place the oranges on a platter and garnish with fresh leaves.

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No. 69—PINEAPPLE JELLY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The pineapple is peeled and grated on a fine grater. The gelatine is dissolved in 1 pt. of warm water, then mixed well with sugar and the grated pineapple. This mixture is strained through a fine sieve, poured into a mold, placed on ice to harden. When cold, turn it out.

No. 70—CHERRY JELLY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cherries are cleaned and stoned. Two dozen of the stones are crushed and boiled with the crushed cherries, cloves and cinnamon for 20 minutes in 1 pt. of water, the dish being covered. Strain, add gelatine and sugar, then strain again and add the red wine. Put the jelly into a mold, place on ice and when cold, turn out on a platter.

No. 71—STRAWBERRY JELLY.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The strawberries are crushed, water, sugar, lemon juice mixed in and cooked over a slow fire for 10 minutes, then strained through a fine sieve. The gelatine is dissolved in this juice and the whole strained again. Fill into a mold, place on ice to stiffen, then turn out and garnish with strawberries and whipped cream.

No. 72—ORANGE GELATINE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Cream, grated orange rind and juice, sugar and gelatine are mixed well and cooked ¼ hour, stirring constantly, then strained through a fine sieve. Oil a mold, put in the jelly and place on ice or prepare the day before serving. Turn out on a platter or glass dish.

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No. 73—ARRACK CREAM WITH WHIPPED CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Yolks of eggs and sugar are whipped ½ hour. The gelatine is dissolved in warm water and strained, then mixed with the yolks of eggs and sugar, arrack and lastly the whipped cream. This is filled into a glass dish and set to stiffen.

No. 74—STRAWBERRY CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The juice is drained from the strawberries and strained to remove the seeds. The gelatine is dissolved in ½ cup of the juice and mixed with strawberries, vanilla, sugar and whipped cream. Oil a mold, strew with sugar, put in a layer of lady fingers, then the cream on top of the lady fingers, place on ice to harden, turn it out and serve with strawberry juice.

Remarks: If you take fresh strawberries, use more sugar.

No. 75—RASPBERRY CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are the same as given under No. 74, Strawberry Cream. If you use fresh raspberries, you need 2 pts.

No. 76—PINEAPPLE CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The juice from the pineapple is drained off and warmed, the gelatine dissolved in some of it and strained through a fine sieve. Sugar and vanilla are stirred in and the pineapple cut up into small pieces. Lastly add the whipped cream which has been drained on a sieve. Oil a mold, strew in a little sugar, fill in the cream and place on ice or prepare the day before serving. Turn out on a platter.

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No. 77—VANILLA CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The vanilla bean is put into the milk to soak, or the vanilla extract put into the milk; also the yolks of eggs, sugar and gelatine. Let this mixture come to a boil, stirring constantly, boil ¼ minute, mix in the beaten whites of eggs and stir until cold. Now add the whipped cream. Oil a mold, fill in the cream, and place on ice; turn it out when stiff.

No. 78—COLD APPLE CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The apples are peeled, cored and cut into 8 parts, then boiled until soft in ½ pt. of white wine and ¼ lb. of sugar. When done, cool them.

The cream, yolks of eggs, flour, grated lemon peel and ¼ lb. of sugar are mixed well, then boiled to a cream, stirring constantly. Now oil a mold and put in a layer of boiled apples, then strawberries or raspberries, then a layer of cream, then frosting made of the whites of eggs beaten to a froth with 6 tablespoonfuls of sugar. This is baked 10 minutes in a medium hot oven. Let it get cold and serve in the dish.

Remarks. This cream may be served hot, but it is better cold. If you have no fresh fruit, use preserved, but drain off the juice.

No. 79—COLD APPLE PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The apples are cut up and put into a pot with enough water to cover them, then boiled until soft, very slowly, so they do not get slushy. Pour them into a sieve or cloth and drain off the juice. This is boiled down to 1 qt., add to it the sugar and gelatine and strain; boil up again, then mix in the white wine. Fill the whole into a glass dish to stiffen and serve with a vanilla sauce.

Remarks: The apples may be used for apple sauce.

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No. 80—NECTAR.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation:

Sour cream, sugar, vanilla and rum are mixed well. The gelatine is dissolved in warm milk, strained and mixed with the other ingredients. Pour into a mold and set on ice to stiffen. Turn it out before serving.

No. 81—CORN STARCH PUDDING.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: ¾ qt. of milk, sugar, almonds and vanilla are mixed well and brought to boil. Then the corn starch is stirred into ¼ qt. of milk, poured into the boiling mixture and boiled 5 minutes, stirring constantly. Yolks of eggs are stirred in as soon as the pudding is taken from the fire, also the beaten whites of eggs. Put into a dish to stiffen, turn it out and serve with a vanilla or wine sauce.

No. 82—COLD LEMON CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The yolks of eggs and sugar are stirred 1 hour, then add the grated rind and juice of 1 lemon and the arrack. Dissolve the gelatine in warm white wine, stir until cold and strain before mixing with the other ingredients. Add the whites of eggs beaten to a froth, place on ice or prepare a day before serving. Turn it out on a platter.

No. 83—RUSSIAN CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Yolks of eggs and sugar are beaten for 15 minutes, add the rum, then the beaten whites of eggs. Serve in glass dishes.

No. 84—ORANGE CREAM PREPARED COLD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The yolks of eggs and sugar are beaten ½ 268hour, add the gelatine dissolved in the orange juice, and strained. Then add the lemon juice, grated orange rind and the beaten whites of eggs. Put into glass dishes and set to stiffen.

No. 85—COLD LEMON CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 84, Orange Cream Prepared Cold. Instead of 8 tablespoonfuls of orange juice and rind, take the same quantity of lemon juice and rind.

No. 86—COFFEE CREAM PREPARED COLD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 84, Orange Cream Prepared Cold. Instead of the juice of oranges, the juice of lemons and the rind, take ¼ pt. of coffee extract in which you dissolve 1 tablespoonful of cocoa.

No. 87—CHOCOLATE CREAM PREPARED COLD.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 84, Orange Cream Prepared Cold. Instead of the juice of oranges, the juice of lemons and the rind, take 1⁄10 lb. of bitter chocolate or cocoa dissolved in ¼ cup of water and 1 teaspoonful of vanilla.

No. 88—CHOCOLATE CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The chocolate is dissolved in ½ pt. of water and the gelatine in the other ½ pt., mix the two. Add sugar and vanilla and boil this mixture ½ minute. Take from the fire and add the yolks of eggs, a little later the whites of eggs beaten to a froth. Rinse a mold with cold water, put in the mixture to stiffen, turn it out and serve with a vanilla sauce.

No. 89—CHOCOLATE MOUSSE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Dissolve the cocoa and gelatine in ½ cup of water on a small fire, with sugar and vanilla well mixed in. Stir until cold, add the whipped cream. Rinse a mold with cold water; put in the mixture, close the dish well, pack in ice and salt and let stand several hours. When serving, dry the dish and turn the cream out on a platter.

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No. 90—VANILLA MOUSSE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation.: The gelatine is dissolved in the warm water and strained. The sugar and vanilla are added and the whipped cream in spoonfuls. Rinse a mold with cold water, fill in the mixture, close well and pack in ice and salt for several hours. Then dry and turn out on a platter.

No. 91—COFFEE MOUSSE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 90, Vanilla Mousse. Instead of vanilla, take 6 to 8 tablespoonfuls of coffee extract.

No. 92—HAZELNUT MOUSSE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 90, Vanilla Mousse. Mix in ¼ lb. roasted, coarsely chopped hazelnuts.

No. 93—PINEAPPLE MOUSSE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 90. Instead of vanilla, take ½ lb. of pineapple, cut into small pieces, or pineapple puree.

No. 94—RUM OR COGNAC MOUSSE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 90, Vanilla Mousse. Instead of vanilla, take 8 tablespoonfuls of rum or cognac.

No. 95—COUNT PUECKLER OR LAYER MOUSSE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

PART I.

Preparation: ½ lb. of chocolate is grated and mixed well with ¼ cup of warm water and ⅛ lb. of sugar. Dissolve the gelatine in the other ¼ cup of warm water, strain and divide into 3 parts; mix ⅓ of it with the chocolate, ½ teaspoonful of vanilla and ½ pt. of thick whipped cream.

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PART II.

Dissolve the raspberry jelly over the fire, mix in ⅛ lb. of sugar, 2 beaten whites of eggs, and ⅓ of the dissolved gelatine, also ½ teaspoonful of vanilla and ½ pt. of thick whipped cream.

PART III.

The macaroons are crushed, mixed with ½ pt. of whipped cream, ⅛ lb. of sugar, ½ teaspoonful of vanilla and ⅓ part of the dissolved gelatine.

A form is rinsed with cold water and layers of the chocolate, raspberry and macaroon mixtures are put in. Then the mold is closed well and packed in salt and ice for some hours. When serving, dry the mold and turn it out on a platter.

No. 96—COLD RICE STARCH PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The milk and grated lemon peel are brought to boil; sugar, rice starch and yolks of eggs are mixed well with a little cold milk, stirred into the boiling milk and boiled again 5 minutes, stirring constantly; then take from the stove. When the mass has cooled, mix in the beaten whites of eggs. Rinse a mold with cold water, fill in the pudding and set to stiffen. Turn it out on a platter and serve with a fruit sauce.

No. 97—COLD CHOCOLATE PUDDING WITH FARINA.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The chocolate is grated and mixed with farina, vanilla and sugar. The milk is brought to boil, the farina mixture put in and boiled 15 minutes, stirring constantly. Rinse a mold with cold water, fill in the pudding and set to stiffen. Vanilla sauce is served with it.

No. 98—COLD RICE PUDDING WITH PEACHES.

Quantity for 6–10 Persons.

Preparation: Wash and boil the rice for 5 minutes in 1 cup of water with a pinch of salt, then add the milk gradually 271and cook until the rice is done and thick, but not mushy. Mix with sugar, vanilla, raisins, almonds and macaroons. Dissolve the gelatine in ¼ cup of warm water and mix with the rice, then cool and stir in the whipped cream. Rinse a mold with milk and sprinkle with sugar, then make alternating layers of rice and peaches from which the syrup has been drained. The top layer must be rice. Close the mold well and place on ice or into a very cold place. When serving, use the fruit juice for a sauce.

No. 99—PLAIN COLD RICE PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Wash and boil the rice 5 minutes in 1 cup of water and a pinch of salt, then gradually add the milk until the rice is thick, but not mushy. Now stir in the sugar and vanilla. Dissolve the gelatine in ¼ cup of warm water and stir into the rice, then cool and mix in the whipped cream. Rinse a mold or dish with milk and sprinkle with sugar. Put in the pudding, close it well and place on ice or into very cold water. Turn it out on a platter and serve with cherry sauce.

No. 100—CHAMPAGNE CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: 5 yolks of eggs, 3 whole eggs, sugar and champagne are mixed and boiled to cream, stirring constantly. The gelatine is dissolved in ¼ cup of water and mixed into the cream, also the beaten whites of 5 eggs. Put it into a mold or into glasses and put on ice. Serve with macaroons.

Remarks: Omit the gelatine when using the whipped cream.

No. 101—CURRANT AND RASPBERRY PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Currants and raspberries are picked over and cooked in 1 pt. of water ½ hour, then strained through a cloth and the juice brought to boil. Add the sugar and farina 272and cook for 20 minutes, stirring constantly; fill the mass into a mold rinsed with cold water to stiffen. Turn it out and serve with cream or milk.

Remarks: If you use corn starch instead of farina, mix it with 1 cup of cold juice before putting it into the boiling juice. Then boil it 5 to 8 minutes and fill it into the mold. If the farina is not sweet enough, add more sugar while boiling.

No. 102—GOOSEBERRY PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Gooseberries are best when still unripe. Cook them in water for ½ hour, then press through a fine sieve and put in the sugar and cook again with the farina for 10 minutes. Fill it into a dish rinsed with cold water and set aside to stiffen, turn it out and serve with cream or milk.

No. 103—CHERRY PUDDING.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Clean and stone the cherries, then crush about 20 stones and cook them with the cherries in the water slowly for ½ hour, after that strain them and add lemon juice and sugar. Then let it come to boil again. Mix the corn starch with 1 cup of cold juice and stir it into the boiling juice to cook 5 to 8 minutes more, stirring constantly. Put into a dish rinsed with cold water and after stiffening, turn it out and serve with cream or milk.

Remarks: If the pudding is too thin, add more corn starch.

No. 104—HILL CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Cream, yolks of eggs, grated lemon peel, flour and sugar are mixed well and boiled to a cream. The 3 beaten whites of eggs and the jelly are stirred 1 hour, then fill the cream into a glass dish and set to cool. After cooling, fill the jelly on top of it. Serve cold.

Desserts That Are Frozen.

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No. 105—VANILLA ICE CREAM.

Quantity for 10 Persons.

Preparation: ½ pt. of milk 3 yolks of eggs and flour are boiled to a cream, stirring constantly; mix the beaten whites of eggs with sugar and add to the cream. To this add the rest of the milk, cream and vanilla. Freeze the mass and pour a hot chocolate sauce over it when serving. It is very fine.

No. 106—STRAWBERRY ICE CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation,: The strawberries, fresh or preserved, are rubbed through a sieve, cream and vanilla, sugar to taste added, then frozen.

No. 107—RASPBERRY ICE CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 106, Strawberry Ice Cream.

No. 108—PEACH ICE CREAM.

Quantity for 8–10 Persons.

Preparation: Fresh peaches are peeled, stoned and rubbed through a sieve, mixed with cream, vanilla and sugar and frozen.

No. 109—APRICOT ICE CREAM.

Quantity for 8–10 Persons.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 108, Peach Ice Cream.

No. 110—LEMON ICE CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Milk, cream and sugar are mixed and put into the ice cream freezer to freeze a little, then the juice of lemons are added and frozen.

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No. 111—PINEAPPLE ICE CREAM.

Quantity for 6–8 Persons.

Preparation: The pineapple is peeled and grated, then rubbed through a sieve, mixed with cream, sugar and lemon juice and frozen.

No. 112—CHOCOLATE ICE CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Dissolve the chocolate in milk, add sugar, cream, vanilla, yolks of eggs and heat to the boiling point, stirring constantly. Remove from the fire immediately, stir until cold and freeze.

No. 113—COFFEE ICE CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The coffee must steep in the milk for 1 hour, then strain through a fine cloth. Cream, yolks of eggs and sugar are mixed well and cooked to a cream, stirring constantly. Then take it off the stove and stir until cold, mix with coffee and milk and freeze.

No. 114—NUT ICE CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Milk, cream, sugar and yolks of eggs are mixed well and boiled, stirring constantly; then cooled, the nuts mixed in and the mass frozen.

Remarks: One teaspoonful of vanilla may be added.

No. 115—TEA ICE CREAM.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 113, Coffee Ice Cream. Instead of steeping the coffee in the milk, put in tea.

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No. 116—VANILLA ICE CREAM WITH FRUIT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Cream, vanilla, sugar and yolks of eggs are mixed well and brought to boil, stirring constantly, then cook it. The raisins are scalded, put into a colander, cut into small pieces, mixed with the cut citron, crushed macaroons and quartered cherries, also 3 tablespoonfuls of maraschino are mixed into the cold cream. Add also the beaten whites of eggs and freeze.

No. 117—STRAWBERRY ICE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The strawberries are rubbed through a sieve, sugar and vanilla added, then frozen. Serve with whipped cream.

No. 118—RASPBERRY ICE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 117, Strawberry Ice.

No. 119—PEACH ICE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The fresh peaches are peeled, stoned, pressed through a sieve, mixed with sugar and frozen.

No. 120—APRICOT ICE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation and ingredients are the same as given under No. 119, Peach Ice.

No. 121—PINEAPPLE ICE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The pineapple is peeled, grated, mixed with sugar, whites of eggs, lemon juice and water, then frozen.

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No. 122—TUTTI-FRUTTI ICE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: This tutti-frutti ice is prepared like No. 121, Pineapple Ice. Oranges are peeled and cut into small pieces and sugared, the cherries are quartered and sugared. When the pineapple ice is nearly frozen, mix with orange and cherry and freeze a little more, but do not turn the freezer.

No. 123—CHAMPAGNE SHERBET.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Dissolve the sugar in a little water then add champagne and orange juice. Fill the mixture into a freezer and pack with finely chopped ice and salt. Do not turn freezer, stir contents occasionally with spoon.

No. 124—CHAMPAGNE FRAPPE.

Quantity for 8 Persons.

Preparation: Dissolve the sugar in water and add the juice of lemon, beat the whites of eggs well and add, then let it freeze. Before serving the lemon ice, it should be put into a larger dish when taken out of the freezer. Pour the champagne over the mass and beat quickly, serve at once in glasses.

No. 125—MAPLE SYRUP ICE.

Quantity for 8 Persons.

Preparation: The yolks of eggs and water are beaten 15 minutes, add the syrup, let it come to a boil in a double boiler, stirring constantly. Let it cool, add the whipped cream, pour into a mold, close the mold and pack in ice with salt.

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No. 126—ROLL DUMPLINGS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The rolls must be soaked in water or milk and the liquid pressed out. Cream the butter with the eggs and sugar, then mix all this with the soaked rolls, flour and salt. Now boil 4 qts. of water with one tablespoonful of salt, cut off dumplings from the batter with a tablespoon, drop into the boiling salt water and boil them 10 minutes. Always try one dumpling first, if too loose, mix a little more flour into the batter.

No. 127—BETTER KIND OF ROLL DUMPLINGS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The rolls must be soaked in milk and the milk pressed out. Cream the butter with the yolks of eggs and sugar, add the almonds, currants, grated lemon rind, rolls, flour and salt. Beat the whites of eggs to a stiff froth and stir into the mixture. Let the 4 qts. of salt water boil, cut off dumplings from the batter with a tablespoon, drop into the boiling salt water and boil them 10 minutes.

Remarks: Always try one dumpling first, if too loose, mix a little more flour into the batter.

No. 128—LEMON ICE GARNISHED WITH FRUIT.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: Mix the milk, lemon juice and sugar, but do not freeze. On each dessert plate put a slice of pineapple, on this the half of an apricot, a prune on the apricot, then a teaspoonful of whipped cream, finishing with the brandied cherries, adding a small piece of lemon ice to the fruit. Mix some of the pineapple and apricot juice, boil with sugar and 2 tablespoonfuls of sherry until it thickens. Add 3 tablespoonfuls of this sauce to each plate of dessert.

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CHAPTER 18.
BEVERAGES.

Cold and Hot Beverages.

No. 1—COLD PUNCH.

Preparation: The ingredients are mixed well, put into a punch bowl and covered to stand several hours.

No. 2—HOT PUNCH.

Preparation: The punch bowl is put into hot water. Pour into it 1 pt. of boiling water, sugar and lemon rind and let stand for a while, then add white wine, rum, lemon juice and 2 qts. of hot water, stir with a wooden ladle and serve hot.

No. 3—HOT KING’S PUNCH.

Preparation: Mix the ingredients, boil and serve hot.

No. 4—PRESIDENT’S PUNCH.

Cold or Warm.

Preparation: Sugar and water are boiled 15 minutes, then wine, rum, pineapple juice and preserved pineapple added. This punch is served hot or put on ice and served cold.

No. 5—EGG PUNCH.

Preparation: Mix white wine, sugar, lemon juice and rind, add the well beaten eggs and bring to a boil, beating constantly, then take from the stove and mix in the arrack. Serve at once.

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No. 6—WARM BURGUNDY PUNCH.

Preparation: Sugar, water, Burgundy wine, white wine, arrack and pineapple juice are mixed well and heated but not boiled. The orange is sliced with the peel and put into the bowl, then the hot fluid is poured in and the champagne added at the table.

No. 7—HOT WINE.

Preparation: The ingredients are mixed well and brought to the boiling point, but not boiled, strained and served hot.

No. 8—GROG.

Preparation: Mix the ingredients and serve at once.

No. 9—BISHOP.

Preparation: The sugar is dissolved in the red wine and the Bishop essence mixed in or the orange peel is soaked in water for ½ hour and mixed with the wine.

No. 10—CARDINAL, (COLD).

Preparation: The pineapple is cut into small pieces, put into a bowl, the piece of orange peel and juice, with the sugar added and left to stand 15 minutes, then the white wine is poured on. Put the beverage on ice and when serving, add the champagne.

No. 11—CREAM PUNCH.

Preparation: Yolks of eggs and sugar are beaten to a froth, the arrack mixed in, the beaten whites of eggs added and lastly whipped cream. Serve this punch in glasses or tumblers.

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No. 12—PINEAPPLE PUNCH.

Preparation: The pineapple is peeled and sliced very thin. The sugar is added, ½ bottle of the wine poured over and let stand several hours, then add the rest of the wine and when serving, pour in the champagne.

Remarks: Instead of the champagne you may put in a small bottle of Seltzer-water.

No. 13—STRAWBERRY PUNCH.

The preparation is the same as No. 12, Pineapple Punch. If you like you may add ½ bottle of champagne.

No. 14—RASPBERRY WINE.

Preparation: The berries are crushed and strained through a cloth. With 1 qt. of raspberry juice, use 2 lbs. of sugar and 2 qts. of white wine and let it come to a boil. Cool it and fill into bottles that are well corked and kept in a cool place.

No. 15—PEACH PUNCH.

Preparation: The peaches are peeled and sliced, put into a bowl with sugar, ¼ bottle of white wine and let stand 3 to 4 hours. Then pour on the rest of the white wine and red wine and serve very cold.

No. 16—MAY BOWL OR WOODRUFF PUNCH.

Preparation: One-half bottle of white wine is poured on the woodruff. Cover the bowl and let stand several hours. Then add the rest of the wine and sugar. Place the bowl on ice.

Remarks: This May bowl may be improved by mixing a bottle of champagne and 1 cupful of strawberries with it when serving.

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No. 17—CURRANT WINE.

Preparation: Red and white currants are mashed and strained through a cloth. To 10 qts. of juice, add 15 lbs. of sugar and 20 qts. of water. Put it into a clean cask, and leave it to ferment for 3 weeks. After that time empty the cask, clean it well, then pour back the wine and leave it two weeks longer, then add the brandy. Now close up the cask tightly and place it so that it need not be moved when the wine is drawn off. Bottle the wine after six months, without moving the cask.

No. 18—WARMBEER.

Preparation: Beer, sugar and butter are brought to boil; then milk and yolks of eggs are mixed well and added; season with cinnamon, let all come to a boil and serve hot.

No. 19—COLD LEMONADE.

Preparation: Dissolve the sugar in the water, add the lemon juice, mix well and serve very cold.

No. 20—FINE LEMONADE.

Preparation: Dissolve the sugar in the water, mix in the lemon and orange juice and pour the whole over the sliced bananas.

No. 21—ALMOND MILK.

Preparation: The almonds are blanched and ground, then put into a porcelain dish. Add the water and sugar and let stand 20 minutes, then strain through a cloth and add the rose water.

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No. 22—CHOCOLATE.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The chocolate is broken into pieces and dissolved in the water on the stove, the milk is added and brought to boil. Mix in sugar to suit your taste.

Remarks: You may stir in 2 yolks of eggs. Plain chocolate is made by using more water and mixing 1 tablespoonful of flour with water and adding this to the chocolate while cooking.

No. 23—ICE CHOCOLATE.

Ingredients and preparation are the same as given under No. 22, Chocolate. When cooled off, strain through a sieve, add 1 teaspoonful of vanilla, place into ice and salt for 3 hours and serve in tumblers or sherbet cups with whipped cream on top.

No. 24—COCOA.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Preparation: The cocoa is stirred smooth with milk, add the sugar, let it get hot, stirring constantly. Add the rest of the milk, cook 1 minute and add the vanilla. Mix the yolks of eggs well with one tablespoonful of milk and stir into the cocoa.

Remarks: You may omit the yolks of eggs and instead stir a tablespoonful of flour, mixed with water, into the boiling cocoa.

No. 25—TEA.

Enough for 12 cups.

Preparation: The tea is put into a well covered pot. Pour on 1 pt. of boiling water, cover and let it steep 3 minutes, then pour on the rest of the water and set to draw again 5 minutes before serving.

No. 26—TEA WITH VANILLA.

Ingredients and preparation are the same as given under No. 25, Tea. But add to this ½ teaspoonful of vanilla.

Remarks: You may add a small piece of lemon peel when pouring on the water.

Dried tea leaves may be used for sweeping carpets. Moisten the leaves and sprinkle them on the carpet. This will clean the carpet and absorb the dust when sweeping.

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No. 27—ICED TEA.

The ingredients and preparation are the same as given under No. 25, Tea. After the tea has steeped long enough, pour it off, cool it and put in pieces of clean ice, sugar and into each glass 1 to 2 slices of lemon.

No. 28—COFFEE.

Enough for 12 cups.

Preparation: It is best to grind the coffee fresh and fine every time you wish to make some. The water must boil when you pour it on. Close the pot well.

Remarks: There are various ways of making coffee. A. An egg may be stirred into the ground coffee before pouring on the hot water. B. It may be made in a machine in which the water boils and little water gets onto the coffee at a time. This is the best way. C. Pour the hot water on the coffee, simmer 5 minutes and strain. This is the quickest way of making coffee.

No. 29—GOOSEBERRY OR CURRANT WINE.

Clean and pick over the berries, wash them and press out the juice well. The cask must be very clean and odorless. Scald it several times and then dry it in the fresh air, put in the sugar and enough water to dissolve it while shaking the cask. When the sugar is dissolved, add the strained juice. Place the cask into a place like the garret where it is warm. It will soon ferment, then remove the foam from the bunghole every morning, stir the wine with a clean wooden stick and fill in fresh water so the cask remains full. After about 6 weeks the fermenting will cease, then close the bunghole with a cork, leave it in the cask another 3 to 4 months and then put the wine into bottles. Cork and seal them well and set them upright in the cellar, where it is dark and cold.

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CHAPTER 19.
BREAD AND CAKES.

No. 1—WHEAT BREAD No. 1.

Enough for 2 Loaves.

Preparation: The 4 cups of flour are put into a mixing bowl, lukewarm milk and wafer added and mixed into a smooth batter. The yeast is dissolved and stirred in ¼ cup of milk and mixed into the batter; sprinkle a little flour over it and put the sponge in a warm place to rise. If the pan is ¼ full, it, must rise to half fill the pan. Put in the salt and the rest of the flour, knead the dough for 15 minutes and put into two greased bread pans to rise again. If the pans are half full, the bread must rise to the brim of the pan. Brush the top of the bread with cold water and bake it in medium hot oven for 45 minutes.

No. 2—WHEAT BREAD No. 2.

Enough for 2 Loaves.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 1. When the second part of the flour is kneaded into the dough, work in 1 tablespoonful of lard.

Remarks: You may take butter instead of lard. One cup of boiled and grated potatoes may be mixed with the flour.

No. 3—RYE BREAD WITH LEAVEN.

Enough for 2 Loaves.

Preparation: Mix 4 cups of flour with lukewarm water, then add the leaven or yeast, strew a little flour over and set to rise to double its bulk. Then knead in the salt and caraway seed and the rest of the flour and continue kneading for 20 minutes. Make two loaves and put them into greased pans and set to rise again to twice its size, brush it with cold water and bake 1 hour.

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No. 4—RYE BREAD WITH YEAST.

Enough for 2 Loaves.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 3, using yeast instead of leaven. Dissolve the yeast in ¼ cup of lukewarm water and mix it with the flour.

No. 5—HEALTH BREAD OR GROATS BREAD.

Enough for 2 Loaves.

Preparation: Sift 4 cups of flour and mix it to a smooth batter with lukewarm water and yeast that is dissolved in ¼ cup of water, then set the sponge to rise. After this mix in the salt and knead the rest of the flour in and continue kneading 20 minutes. Form two loaves and put them into greased pans, then set them to rise again to twice their size. Bake ¾ to 1 hour in medium hot oven.

No. 6—BREAD STICKS.

Quantity for 6 Persons.

Ingredients and preparation are given under Chapter 1, Soups, No. 16, Bread Sticks.

No. 7—BISCUIT.

Quantity for 10 Persons.

Preparation: Mix 2 cups of flour to a smooth batter with the lukewarm milk and the yeast dissolved in ¼ cup the lukewarm milk, then set to rise in a warm place. Mix in the melted butter, egg and salt and beat the batter 20 minutes, then add the rest of the flour. Roll out the dough to about ¾ inch thickness, cut out biscuits with a tumbler, fold them half over or leave them round, put them into floured or greased tins, set to rise and bake them to a nice color.

Remarks: If you wish sweet biscuits, stir in ½ cup of sugar. The dough must be beaten 20 minutes.

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No. 8—COFFEE CAKE.

Enough for 2 Cakes.

Preparation: The milk is made lukewarm and stirred to a smooth batter with 2¼ cups of flour, then the yeast dissolved in ¼ cup of lukewarm, milk is mixed in quickly and put in a warm place to rise. After the sponge has risen well, mix in the melted butter, sugar, grated lemon rind, the eggs and the rest of the flour, stir the dough thoroughly with a spoon. Butter 2 tins and put in the dough about 1 inch thick, then set to rise; after this strew on sugar, cinnamon and put on small pieces of butter and some chopped almonds. Bake in medium hot oven.

No. 9—STREUSEL COFFEE CAKE.

Preparation of the Streusel.

Preparation: The dough is prepared as given under No. 8, Coffee Cake. Instead of strewing on sugar, cinnamon and pieces of butter, you make sugar crumbs as follows: Melt the butter, mix flour, sugar, cinnamon and almonds with it and rub to crumbs with the hands. Sprinkle over the cakes before baking.

No. 10—SCHNECKEN (SNAILS).

For the Filling.

Preparation: The preparation is the same as given under No. 8, Coffee Cake. Stir in 1 cup of flour more than given in No. 8, roll out the dough to 1 inch thickness, strew it with sugar, cinnamon, currants, almonds, sprinkle with melted butter, roll it up carefully and cut slices off to make the snails. Place these into a buttered tin and set to rise about ½ hour. Then bake them in a medium hot oven, brush them while hot with melted butter and sprinkle with sugar.

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No. 11—FILLED BERLINER PANCAKES OR STUFFED DOUGHNUTS.

Preparation: The dough is prepared like No. 8, Coffee Cake, but 1 cup of flour more is kneaded in than given under No. 8. Roll out the dough ½ inch thick, cut out small disks with a tumbler, put on one disk some jelly or thick apple sauce, place another disk on top and fasten the two by pressing the dough together all around, leave them on a floured board or tin and set to rise. Heat the lard in an iron kettle and put in a few Berliners at a time and bake them golden yellow. They must be fried in deep fat. Prick them with a knitting needle to see whether the dough is baked enough. While hot, roll them in sugar.

No. 12—WREATH CAKE.

Preparation: Cream the butter, stir in the eggs, sugar vanilla, the yeast which has been dissolved in ½ cup of lukewarm milk and the flour. Roll out the dough quite thick, cut three strips of it and braid it. Then make a wreath of this braid and put it into a buttered pan to rise in a warm place. Brush it with yolks of eggs, strew sugar on and bake in a hot oven to a nice color.

No. 13—ROUND COFFEE CAKE No. 1.

Preparation: Cream the butter with sugar and eggs. The yeast is dissolved in 1 cup of lukewarm milk and mixed in, also the grated ½ lemon peel; then stir in the flour and beat the dough well for 20 minutes. Butter a round cake pan with tube, fill in the dough to half full and let it rise in a warm place to the top of the pan. Then bake it 1 hour.

No. 14—ROUND COFFEE CAKE WITH RAISINS.

Preparation: Let the milk get lukewarm and stir to a smooth batter with 2¼ cups of flour, mix with the yeast dissolved 288in ¼ cup of lukewarm milk. Set the sponge to rise in a warm place, then stir in the melted butter, eggs, sugar, grated lemon peel, raisins and the rest of the flour, beat this dough well for 10 minutes. Butter a round cake pan with tube, fill it half full and set to rise in a warm place until the pan is full, then bake to a nice color for ¾ to 1 hour.

No. 15—STOLLEN.

Sufficient for 2–3 Cakes.

Preparation: Warm the milk and stir into a smooth batter with 4½ cups of flour, add the yeast dissolved in ½ cup of lukewarm milk and set the sponge to rise. Stir in the melted butter, sugar, eggs, raisins, citron, sweet and bitter almonds, brandy and the rest of the flour to make a pretty stiff dough. Knead it until it will not adhere to the hands. Cut the dough into 2 or 3 parts, as many “stollen” as you wish to have, and shape them nice and round, then set to rise in a warm place. Butter a pan for each cake, double up the dough, place it into the pan and set to rise again. Bake in a medium oven. If the cakes are large, bake them 2 hours, if small, 1½ hours. As soon as you take them out of the oven, brush them with butter and strew them with sugar. These cakes must be prepared in a warm place.

No. 16—APPLE CAKE.

For Frosting.

Preparation: The dough is prepared like No. 8, Coffee Cake. Butter some pans and spread the dough out in them ¼ inch thick, then set to rise in a warm place.

Peel and slice the apples, place them on the dough in rows, sprinkle with sugar and cinnamon, then bake. After the cake is baked, spread the frosting on. The frosting is made by mixing cream, yolks of eggs, sugar and beaten whites of eggs; spread it on the cakes and bake them 10 minutes longer.

Remarks: The frosting is sufficient for 1 small cake. The dough will make 4 to 5 cakes, according to size.

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No. 17—CHERRY CAKE.

Preparation: The dough is prepared like No. 8, Coffee Cake. Put the dough, about ½ inch thick, into buttered pans and set to rise in a warm place. The cherries and the sugar are put on thick, then the cake is baked in a hot oven. After taking it out, spread on the frosting which has been prepared according to No. 16, Apple Cake, and bake 10 minutes longer. This cake may be prepared without the frosting.

No. 18—PLUM CAKE.

The preparation is the same as given under No. 17.

No. 19—CHEESE CAKE.

Preparation: The dough is prepared according to No. 8. Butter some pans, spread the dough out in them ¼ inch thick and set to rise. During this time prepare the cheese. The cottage cheese, cream, sugar, eggs, salt and vanilla are mixed well and spread over the dough quite thick. The butter is melted and sprinkled over the cheese, then the cake is baked to a nice color.

Remarks: You may mix into the cheese ½ cup of currants.

No. 20—CURRANT CAKE.

The preparation and baking are just the same as given under No. 17, Cherry Cake.

No. 21—POPPY SEED CAKE.

Preparation: The dough is prepared according to No. 8 and spread out in buttered pans about ¼ inch thick, then set to rise in a warm place. The poppy seed is scalded and the water drained off. The pears are peeled and grated into the poppy seed, sugar and eggs are mixed in. Spread the poppy seed mixture thick on the dough, sprinkle melted butter on and bake ¾ hour.

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No. 22—HUCKLEBERRY CAKE.

Preparation: The dough is prepared as given under No. 8, spread out in buttered pans about ¼ inch thick, then set to rise in a warm place. The berries are strewn on thick and sprinkled with sugar. Bake it and if you wish, spread the frosting on according to No. 16.

No. 23—ONION CAKE.

Preparation: The dough is prepared as given under No. 8, spread out in buttered pans about ¼ inch thick and set to rise in a warm place. The onions are peeled, sliced and stewed a little in ⅛ lb. of butter, to which the peeled and finely chopped apples are added. Strew sugar on the dough and spread on the onions mixed with apples ¼ inch thick, sprinkle with sugar, then with the melted butter and bake to a nice golden color.

Remarks: The apples may be omitted.

No. 24—COFFEE CAKE WITH EGG CREAM.

Preparation: The dough is prepared as given under No. 8, rolled out to ¼ inch thickness and put into buttered pans to rise in a warm place. Melt the butter and stir with the eggs to a thick cream. This cream is spread thickly on the dough and the cake baked quickly in a hot oven. When the cake is done, put on quite a little butter and sprinkle with plenty of sugar.

Baking Powder Cakes.

No. 25—COFFEE CAKE WITH ALMOND FROSTING.

For the Frosting.

Preparation: Cream the butter, stir in sugar, lemon juice and rind, gradually mix in yolks of eggs, milk and flour. Lastly add the baking powder and the beaten whites of eggs. 291Spread this batter out 1 inch thick into buttered pans, sprinkle with sugar, cinnamon and blanched almonds cut into narrow strips, sprinkle butter over and bake to a nice color.

No. 26—COFFEE CAKE WITH CHOCOLATE FROSTING.

Preparation: The batter is prepared and baked as in No. 25. Dissolve the chocolate over the fire in the water, add sugar and vanilla and stir until it becomes stringy. Now mix the beaten whites of eggs with it and spread on the cake when it is baked.

No. 27—ROUND COFFEE CAKE No. 2.

Ingredients and preparation are given under No. 25. Put the batter into a round cake pan with tube and bake it ½ hour.

No. 28—STIRRED CAKE.

Preparation: Cream the butter and mix with sugar, lemon juice and flour, add 1½ teaspoonfuls of baking powder and the beaten whites of eggs. Put in a buttered pan and bake ½ to ¾ hour.

No. 29—LAYER CAKE WITH CHOCOLATE.

For the Filling.

Preparation: Cream the butter, then mix with sugar, yolks of eggs, flour, and lastly the baking powder and beaten whites of eggs. The chocolate is grated and mixed with one-half of the batter. Bake in four layers, 2 light or yellow ones and 2 dark ones containing chocolate.

The filling is made by mixing well: cream, yolks of eggs, vanilla and sugar and cooking it in a double boiler to a thick cream, stirring constantly. Let it get cold, mix with the beaten whites of eggs and spread it between the layers, putting them together light and dark alternately. The cake may be covered with a chocolate frosting.

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No. 30—LAYER CAKE WITH JELLY FILLING.

Preparation: Cream the butter with sugar, add the yolks of eggs, then gradually work in the flour, baking powder and beaten whites of eggs. Bake in three layers and when these are cooled off, spread jelly over them and place one on the other. If you like, cover the cake with a white frosting.

No. 31—LAYER CAKE WITH BANANA FILLING.

For the Filling.

Preparation: Cream the butter with the sugar and yolks of eggs; gradually add the milk and the flour, and lastly the baking powder and beaten whites of eggs. Bake in 4 layers and when these are cooled, spread the sugared, sliced bananas between the layers and cover the cake with white frosting.

No. 32—LAYER CAKE WITH COCOANUT FILLING. No. 1.

For the Filling.

Preparation: Cream the butter with the sugar, add yolks of eggs and the milk and gradually stir in the flour. Lastly add the baking powder and beaten whites of eggs. Bake in three layers and prepare the filling in the meantime. Mix the beaten whites of eggs with sugar, cocoanut and vanilla and spread between the layers as well as on and over the whole cake.

No. 33—SPONGE CAKE.

For the Filling.

Preparation: Cream the sugar and yolks of eggs and add 293milk, vanilla and ½ cup of flour. To the beaten whites of eggs stir ½ cup of flour and mix it with the rest, then add salt and baking powder. Bake in two layers and prepare the filling in the meantime. Milk, yolks of eggs, sugar and vanilla are mixed well and cooked to a thick cream in a double boiler, stirring constantly. When this is cooled off, mix in the beaten whites of eggs and spread the filling between the layers. Put a cocoanut frosting on the cake.

No. 34—GOLD CAKE.

Preparation: Cream the butter and mix with sugar, yolks of eggs and vanilla, then add milk and gradually the flour and lastly the baking powder. Butter a cake pan, fill in the dough and bake 1 hour.

No. 35—SILVER CAKE.

Preparation: Cream the butter and sugar, add vanilla, milk, gradually the corn starch, then baking powder and lastly the beaten whites of eggs. Put into a buttered pan and bake 1 hour.

No. 36—THEATER CAKE.

Preparation: Cream the butter with sugar, yolks of eggs and vanilla; add the milk, then flour, baking powder and the beaten whites of eggs. Put into a buttered pan and bake ½ hour.

No. 37—FLAT CAKE.

Preparation: The butter is melted, yolks of eggs and sugar are put in and stirred to a cream. Add the grated lemon peel and juice, cardamom and gradually work in the flour. Mix the salt of hartshorn with a little flour and stir it in. Lastly 294mix in the well-beaten whites of eggs and spread the dough out in buttered pans about 2 inches thick. Sprinkle with sugar, cinnamon and ground almonds and bake to a nice color.

No. 38—POTATO CAKE OR TART.

Preparation: The yolks of eggs and sugar are beaten to a cream; then grated lemon rind and juice, the ground almonds, potatoes and beaten whites of eggs mixed in. Butter a round, loose bottom pan and strew with bread crumbs, put the batter in and bake slowly for 1 to l½ hours.

Remarks: Tarts, so-called in Europe, differ very much from the dainties similarly designated in this country. The former are more like our American pies, but without an upper crust. Sometimes they have narrow strips of crust laid in the form of lattice work across the top.

No. 39—RICE CAKE OR TART.

Preparation: The rice is washed and partly cooked in milk, but do not stir it, for the kernels must stay whole. Cool the rice. Cream the butter and sugar, add raisins and cinnamon, then the rice and lastly the beaten whites of eggs. Butter a round, loose bottom cake pan, strew with bread crumbs, put the batter in and bake slowly.

No. 40—STRAWBERRY SHORT CAKE.

For the Filling.

Preparation: Cream the butter with sugar, yolks of eggs and milk, gradually work in the flour and baking powder and lastly the beaten whites of eggs. The dough is baked in 2 layers, each being 1½ inches thick. When they are cool, spread between the layers and on top crushed strawberries mixed with sugar and on this the whipped cream mixed with sugar and vanilla.

Remarks: After the whipped cream is on the strawberry short cake, it must be served at once.

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No. 41—DEVIL’S FOOD.

For the First Half.

For the Second Half.

For the Filling.

Preparation: The first half is prepared by creaming the butter, mixing with sugar, egg and yolks of eggs. Dissolve the soda in milk and stir it into the mixture, then measure and sift the flour and add it gradually.

The second half is prepared by putting the brown sugar, the bitter chocolate and milk into a double boiler, to stew to a smooth cream which is set to cool. Now the first and second half are put together, mixed and baked in three layers. When these are cooled, make the cream according to No. 29, see Layer Cake with Chocolate, and spread between the layers. Cover the cake with a chocolate frosting.

No. 42—ANGEL’S FOOD.

Preparation: The whites of eggs are beaten to a stiff froth, the cream of tartar stirred in and also the sugar and vanilla. The flour is sifted 7 times and at last mixed with the other ingredients. Put into a buttered pan and bake slowly ½ hour.

No. 43—YELLOW ANGEL’S FOOD.

Preparation: The sugar is sifted 4 times and stirred to a cream with yolks of eggs; add the beaten whites of eggs, cream of tartar and vanilla. Sift the flour 5 times and work it in. Put the batter into a buttered pan and bake slowly ¾ to 1 hour.

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No. 44—FIG CAKE.

For the Frosting.

Preparation: Cream the butter, add the sugar, milk, flour, baking powder and lastly the beaten whites of eggs. Divide the batter into 3 parts. Into the first part mix the cinnamon, cloves and chopped figs. Bake two light and one dark layer and arrange them with the dark layer in the middle. Prepare the frosting by beating the whites of eggs to a stiff froth and mixing it with 1 tablespoonful of sugar and 4 tablespoonfuls of water which have been boiled 5 minutes. The mixture is stirred until cool, the almonds are added and the frosting spread over the cake.

No. 45—LAYER CAKE WITH COCOANUT. No. 2.

For the Filling.

For the Frosting.

Preparation: Cream the butter with sugar, then add flour and baking powder and the beaten whites of eggs. Bake in 4 layers. Make the filling according to No. 29, Layer Cake With Chocolate, and when the layers are cool, spread the cream between them. Make the frosting from the beaten whites of eggs mixed with sugar, spread it on the cake and sprinkle with grated cocoanut.

No. 46—TEA CAKE.

Preparation: The sugar and yolks of eggs are stirred 20 minutes, the ground almonds added and the mixture stirred again 20 minutes. Now add lemon juice and grated lemon rind, the whites of eggs beaten to a froth, and then quickly stir in the flour. Lastly add the baking powder mixed with some of the flour. Put the batter into a buttered pan and bake 1 hour.

Remarks: In the beginning, the heat may be greater in the bottom of the oven than in the top.

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No. 47—SUNSHINE CAKE.

Preparation: The yolks of eggs are stirred with sugar ½ hour. The flour mixed with the cream of tartar is sifted 4 times. Add salt, lemon and orange juice, the sifted flour and the whites of eggs beaten to a froth. Butter a pan and strew it with roll crumbs, put the batter in and bake 40 minutes in medium hot oven.

No. 48—FRUIT CAKE.

Preparation: Cream the butter with sugar and yolks of eggs. Dissolve soda in molasses and mix it into the batter, add the brandy, white wine, rose water, ground cloves, mace, nutmeg, flour and lastly the beaten whites of eggs. Mix in the Sultana and the small raisins, citron, orange rind and figs. Line a pan with buttered paper, put the batter in and bake slowly for 2 hours.

No. 49—BREMER BLOCK.

Preparation: Cream the butter and sugar. Wash the raisins and currants and put them in a warm place; when real warm, mix them with the butter. Almonds and citron are next stirred in, then the warm milk, the yeast dissolved in ½ cup of warm milk, salt and flour. Put the dough into buttered pans, set to rise and bake 1½ to 2 hours.

No. 50—PLAIN FRUIT CAKE.

Preparation: Cream the butter with sugar and yolks of 298eggs, add raisins, currants and saleratus dissolved in molasses; then coffee, flour and lastly whites of eggs beaten to a stiff froth. Put the batter into a pan lined with buttered paper and bake in a moderate oven 1 to 1½ hours.

No. 51—BROWN SPICE CAKE No. 1.

Preparation: The eggs are beaten thoroughly, lard heated a little, sugar, molasses, cloves, cinnamon, nutmeg, raisins and salt mixed in. The soda is dissolved in the milk or coffee and added. The cream of tartar is mixed into the flour, and this added gradually. Line a pan with buttered paper, put the batter in and bake 1 to 1½ hours in medium hot oven.

No. 52—NATRON OR CARBONATE OF SODA CAKE.

Preparation: Cream the butter, sugar and yolks of eggs, then add lemon juice and grated rind and the blanched, ground sweet and bitter almonds. The carbonate of soda and cream of tartar are mixed into the flour and this is gradually worked into the batter; and lastly, stir in lightly the stiffly beaten whites of eggs. Put into a buttered pan and bake 1 hour.

No. 53—LIGHTNING CAKE.

For Sprinkling on the Cake.

Preparation: Cream the butter, sugar and yolks of eggs, add the lemon rind, flour mixed with baking powder and lastly the stiffly beaten whites of eggs. Butter some pans, spread the dough out in them about ⅛ inch thick, sprinkle with almonds, sugar and cinnamon. Bake in medium oven and while still warm, cut into nice pieces and serve warm.

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No. 54—CARAWAY CAKE.

Preparation: The butter and flour are rubbed together, raisins, sugar and caraway and the well-beaten eggs stirred in. Boil the milk and dissolve the soda in it, let it get cold and stir into the dough. Put the batter into a buttered pan and bake ¾ to 1 hour.

No. 55—WIT CAKE.

For Sprinkling.

Preparation: Stir the yolks of eggs and sugar to a cream, work in the flour. Add the melted butter, arrack, lemon juice, baking powder and beaten whites of eggs. Butter some pans, spread the batter in 1 inch thick, sprinkle the almonds over and bake the cake ½ hour.

No. 56—ENGLISH CAKE.

Preparation: Butter, flour and sugar are rubbed together with the hands. Add to this the raisins, citron, grated orange rind; beat the 4 eggs to a froth, boil the milk and mix it with the eggs, then stir into the batter and lastly mix in the ammonium. Butter a pan, strew it with roll crumbs, fill in the batter and bake in medium hot oven 1 hour.

No. 57—WALNUT CAKE.

Preparation: Cream the butter, add sugar and eggs and beat 10 minutes. Soda is dissolved in sour milk and mixed into the batter, the walnuts, raisins, flour and lastly the baking powder added. Put the batter into buttered pans and bake to a nice color.

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No. 58—SPICE CAKE No. 2.

Preparation: Cream the butter with sugar and yolks of eggs, then add soda, dissolved in sour milk, and raisins, cinnamon, ground cloves, nutmeg and flour, and lastly the whites of eggs beaten to a stiff froth. Butter a pan, put in the batter and bake 1 hour.

No. 59—SOUR CREAM CAKE.

Preparation: The soda is mixed with sour milk and to it are added in the order named, sugar, yolk of egg, salt, nutmeg, flour and the stiffly beaten white of egg. Bake the batter in two layers and spread on the lower layer the sour cream filling. This is made by mixing well ¼ cup of sour cream, 1 yolk of egg, 2 tablespoonfuls of sugar, ½ teaspoonful of flour, teaspoonful of lemon juice and cook it ½ minute, stirring continually. When this has cooled, stir in the beaten white of egg.

No. 60—THOUSAND PUFF TART.

Preparation: Mix the flour, water, egg, rum and baking powder. Cut the cold butter into bits and spread it over the dough, fold the dough over and roll out, repeat 3 to 4 times, then roll out thin. Now cut out 6 to 8 disks the size of the tart you wish to make, turn up the edge, brush over with yolks of eggs and bake light brown or yellow. Dust with sugar when done, fill in apricot or raspberry marmalade, place the disks one on top of the other. The top one should have no marmalade, but be dusted with powdered sugar.

Remarks: This tart dough can be prepared like Good Tart dough in No. 93, a very good recipe.

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No. 61—CHEESE TART.

For the Filling.

Preparation: Cream the butter, add sugar, eggs, flour and baking powder. Butter a pan, roll out the dough and put in, turning up a high rim. Cheese, butter, sugar, vanilla, flour, yolks of eggs and beaten whites are mixed well, filled into the tart and baked until of a yellow color.

No. 62—APPLE TART.

For the Filling.

For the Frosting.

Preparation: The preparation of the dough is the same as given under No. 60. The dough is rolled out, put into a buttered, round, loose bottom pan with a high rim, partly baked and spread thick with apple sauce. The 6 whites of eggs are beaten to a stiff froth, sugar and ground almonds mixed in and this frosting spread on the sauce. Now the tart is baked again to a nice light brown color.

Remarks: This tart dough can be made like Good Tart dough, in No. 93, a very good recipe.

No. 63—ORANGE TART.

Preparation: Yolks of eggs and sugar are stirred ½ hour, almonds and orange juice mixed in, then the baking powder and beaten whites of eggs. This dough is put into a buttered, round, loose bottom pan, strewn with bread crumbs and baked ¾ hour in medium hot oven.

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No. 64—RICE TART WITH ORANGES.

For the Filling.

Preparation: The preparation of the dough is the same as No. 61. The dough is rolled out and put into the pan, making a high rim, and baked. The rice is cooked done but not mushy in 3 qts. of water. Then pour off the water, add white wine, lemon juice, orange juice, grated rind of ½ orange and sugar mixed with the rice to simmer ¼ hour. The yolks of eggs and the beaten whites are added and this mixture spread thick on the tart which is baked 20 minutes more in a medium hot oven. Instead of baking this dough, the batter may be prepared for the tart according to No. 93.

No. 65—BREAD TART.

Preparation: Yolks of eggs and sugar are stirred 20 minutes, then bread, cinnamon, almonds, citron, cardamom, baking powder and beaten whites of eggs mixed in. A round, loose bottom pan is buttered, the batter filled in and the tart baked in a slow oven. You can cover the tart with a chocolate frosting.

No. 66—PUFF PASTE TART WITH CREAM.

For the Cream.

Preparation: Flour, water, egg, rum and baking powder are mixed into a dough, the butter cut into bits and spread on, the dough folded over, rolled out and this repeated several times. Cut out 3 round layers and bake them each in a round baking pan to a golden color. Meanwhile mix the cream, flour, 303butter, sugar, yolks of eggs, grated lemon rind and cook in double boiler to a thick cream, add the ½ cup of ground almonds, spread this cream between the layers and cover with the frosting. To make this, beat the whites of 4 eggs to a stiff froth, add 12 tablespoonfuls of sugar. After the frosting is on, put the tart into the oven again and bake to a golden yellow.

No. 67—CHERRY TART.

For the Filling.

For the Frosting.

Preparation: Flour, water, egg, rum and baking powder are stirred to a dough and rolled out. The butter is cut into bits and spread on and the dough folded over and rolled out again; repeat this process 3 to 4 times and lastly put the dough into a round baking pan shaping it with a high rim. Now fill in the cherries and partly bake the cake. In the meantime prepare the frosting by mixing well 5 yolks of eggs, ground almonds, sugar, lemon juice and beaten whites of eggs. Bake the tart again to a nice color.

Remarks: This tart dough can also be made like Good Tart dough, in No. 93.

No. 68—STRAWBERRY OR RASPBERRY PUFF TART.

For the Filling.

Preparation: Butter, flour, water, egg, rum and baking powder are stirred into a dough, rolled out and butter cut into bits and spread on, then folded up and rolled out again. Repeat this 3 to 4 times, cut out 3 layers which are baked to a nice color. The strawberries or raspberries are picked over, washed, mixed with sugar and whipped cream and spread between the layers. Cover with whipped cream.

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No. 69—EMPEROR TART.

For the Filling.

Preparation: The nuts are ground and stirred for ½ hour with yolks of eggs and sugar, then vanilla and flour are added and lastly the beaten whites of eggs. Bake in two layers, cool them, spread apricot marmalade between them and cover the cake with pineapple frosting.

No. 70—MOUTH POCKETS.

Preparation: The preparation of the dough is the same as given under No. 68. Roll out the dough very thin, cut out little tarts, put in the center of each some kind of marmalade, either raspberry, apple sauce, cherry or plum, and bake the tarts after folding one-half of each over the fruit.

No. 71—PUFF PASTE STRIPS.

Preparation: The preparation of the dough is the same as given under No. 68. When the dough is rolled out thin, cut strips 3 inches long and 1½ inches wide, bake them until done, dust with sugar and finish baking. When done, spread with fruit marmalade and place two and two together.

No. 72—ALMOND TART FILLED WITH CREAM.

For the Filling.

Preparation: Yolks of eggs and powdered sugar are beaten for 15 minutes, the ground almonds added, then the baking powder and the beaten whites of eggs.

Bake in 3 layers, cool them, then spread on whipped cream mixed with sugar and vanilla, place the layers one on the other and cover the whole cake with whipped cream. The cake may be filled with fruit marmalade.

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No. 73—HUNTER’S TART.

For the Filling.

For the Frosting.

Preparation: 4 yolks of eggs and 2 whole eggs are stirred with sugar 15 minutes, add 1 grated lemon rind, flour, baking powder, the beaten whites of 4 eggs. Butter a round, loose bottom pan, sprinkle with roll crumbs, put the batter in, and bake it in medium hot oven. When baked, spread it with marmalade and then with the frosting. This is made by beating the whites of eggs to a stiff froth and mixing it with sugar, lemon juice and almonds. Then bake the cake again in a medium hot oven until the frosting is yellow.

No. 74—FIRE TART.

For the Filling.

For Sprinkling.

Preparation: Stir the yolks of the hard-boiled eggs well with sugar, add the almonds, then the flour, enough to make a stiff dough. Butter a pan and cover the bottom of it with dough. Leave enough for strips. Then bake the tart in a slow oven, cool it and spread it with jelly or marmalade. Mix the ground almonds with sugar and sprinkle over the jelly, then arrange the strips of dough nicely over the top and bake again. Place something under the pan that the bottom of the tart will not get dark.

No. 75—WHITE ALMOND TART.

For the Frosting.

Preparation: Cream the butter, sugar and yolks of eggs, then add the ground almonds, the flour, the baking powder and lastly the beaten whites of eggs. Butter a round, loose bottom 306pan, put the batter in and bake to a nice color. The rum is mixed with enough powdered sugar to make a creamy frosting and when the tart has cooled off, spread it with this frosting.

No. 76—HEAVEN’S TART.

For the Filling. No. 1.

No. 2.

No. 3.

Preparation: Cream the butter, add the sugar, egg, yolks of eggs, flour and baking powder, mix well and bake in three layers.

Beat the 3 whites of eggs to a stiff froth, add 4 tablespoonfuls of powdered sugar, ¼ lb. sweet and 6 bitter, ground almonds and vanilla, and spread on the baked layers. Put them back into the oven to bake light yellow. On two of the layers put jelly. The cup of cream, 2 yolks of eggs, lemon juice, flour, 2 tablespoonfuls of sugar and 1 teaspoonful of vanilla are mixed well and boiled to a cream, stirring constantly. Let it get cold, spread it over the two layers covered with jelly and place one on the other. Place the layers covered with the beaten whites of eggs on top.

No. 77—HEAVEN’S FOOD.

For the Filling.

Preparation: The eggs are well-beaten and stirred with sugar for 10 minutes; add flour and baking powder, ground walnuts and chopped dates and bake the cake to a nice color. When it is done, break it in desirable pieces, place them close together again, put the sliced oranges and bananas on and cover the whole with whipped cream mixed with sugar and vanilla. Serve at once.

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No. 78—MERINGUE TART.

Preparation: The whites of eggs must be beaten very stiff, the cream of tartar, sugar and vanilla added and beaten or stirred 1 hour. Rinse a round cake pan with water, put the mixture in and bake in a slow oven 1 hour. When cold, fill it with whipped cream.

No. 79—SPONGE CAKE.

Preparation: Cream the yolks of eggs and sugar, add the flour, water, salt and vanilla, then add baking powder and beaten whites of eggs. Butter a pan, put the batter in and bake slowly.

No. 80—WALNUT TART.

Preparation: Rub yolks of eggs to a cream with sugar, add the ground walnuts, chopped dates, lemon juice, cracker crumbs, baking powder and beaten whites of eggs. Butter a round, loose bottom cake pan, put the batter in, bake it to a nice color, and cover with a chocolate frosting.

No. 81—BISCUIT TART.

Preparation: Cream the yolks of eggs and sugar, add vanilla or grated ½ lemon rind, flour, baking powder and the beaten whites of eggs. Butter a round, loose bottom pan, put the batter in and bake in a slow oven. A glass of fine wine poured over the baked tart makes it very nice.

No. 82—SAND TART.

Preparation: The butter is washed to take the salt out, then creamed; add gradually the sugar and yolks of eggs, lemon 308juice, grated lemon rind and brandy. Then add the flour in spoonfuls. All in all the batter must have been stirred 1 hour. Now add the baking powder and beaten whites of eggs. Butter a round, loose bottom pan, put the batter in and bake slowly 1½ hours.

No. 83—FILLED BISCUIT ROLLS.

Preparation: The yolks of eggs and sugar are stirred ½ hour, then the grated lemon rind, flour and beaten whites of eggs mixed in. A pan is buttered with the 1 tablespoonful of butter, the batter spread in ¼ inch thick and baked in a medium hot oven to a light brown color. When still warm, spread with the marmalade, roll it up and cut slices of it which may be baked or dried a little in the oven. If you wish, cover them with frosting.

No. 84—DATE CAKE WITH WHIPPED CREAM.

For the Filling.

Preparation: The yolks of eggs are creamed with sugar, then add the chopped or ground walnuts and dates, bread crumbs, baking powder and beaten whites of eggs. Bake in 2 layers. Mix the whipped cream with sugar and ½ teaspoonful of vanilla, spread on the layers and arrange these one on the other. Serve at once.

No. 85—FARINA TART.

Preparation: The yolks of eggs, sugar, lemon peel and almonds are stirred 1 hour, the farina mixed in dry and lastly the beaten whites of eggs. Butter a round, loose bottom pan, put the batter in and bake slowly 1 hour.

No. 86—BROWN SPICE CAKE No. 3.

Preparation: Cream the butter with sugar and yolks of 309eggs, add the milk, cloves, cinnamon, nutmeg, raisins, nuts, flour, baking powder and whites of eggs. Butter a pan, put the batter in and bake 1¼ to 1½ hours in medium hot oven.

No. 87—SPICE CAKE No. 4.

Preparation: The butter, lard, yolks of eggs and sugar are stirred to a cream, add the coffee, sour milk in which the soda has been dissolved, cinnamon, cloves, flour and beaten whites of eggs. Butter a pan, put the batter in and bake 1 hour or bake in 3 layers.

No. 88—SCOTCH TART.

Preparation: The butter is stirred to a cream, with yolks of eggs, sugar, lemon juice and rind; add the flour and lastly the baking powder and beaten whites of eggs. Butter a pan, put the batter in and bake to a light brown color.

No. 89—LARD CAKE.

Preparation: Stir the yolks of eggs and sugar to a cream; cream the lard and mix with the eggs and sugar. Now add flour and almonds in spoonfuls and lastly the baking powder and beaten whites of eggs. Butter a pan, put the batter in and bake to a nice brown color.

No. 90—SEXTON’S CAKE.

Preparation: The butter is stirred to a cream; add the sugar, ground almonds, flour and baking powder and stir 45 minutes. Spread the batter ½ inch thick in small square muffin pans or in a large square buttered cake pan, bake it to a light brown color and leave it to cool a little before taking out of the pan, because it breaks easily. After it has cooled off completely, dust with sugar or spread frosting on.

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No. 91—CHOCOLATE TART.

For Filling.

Preparation: Stir the butter, sugar and yolks of eggs to a cream. Add the chocolate dissolved in water, unblanched, ground almonds, flour and baking powder and the beaten whites of eggs. Butter a round, loose bottom pan, put the batter in and bake in a slow oven. Mix the whipped cream with sugar and vanilla and fill or cover the tart with it before serving.

No. 92—ENGLISH BRIDE’S CAKE (FRUIT CAKE).

Preparation: The butter is stirred to a cream with sugar and yolks of eggs. Then work in ½ lb. of flour, the brandy mixed with the spices and the molasses in which the soda is dissolved, the beaten whites of eggs, then raisins, currants, citron and the other ½ lb. of flour. The cake is baked 3 to 4 hours.

Remarks: This cake may be kept 20 years and longer and will still be palatable. Wine is served with it.

No. 93—GOOD TART DOUGH.

Preparation: Cream the butter with sugar, egg yolks and brandy, and add the flour. Roll out the dough and line a round, loose bottom pan with it. Strew with ½ cup of cracker crumbs and ¼ lb. blanched, ground almonds. Spread the fruit on the almonds. This dough is very good for any kind of Fruit Tart.

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No. 94—CHOCOLATE TART No. 2.

For Filling.

Preparation: Beat the whites of eggs to a stiff froth, add the chopped bitter chocolate and almonds, then yolks of eggs and sugar, and lastly the flour and baking powder. Bake in two layers. A little before serving, spread whipped cream between the layers.

No. 95—FILLED SAND TART.

Sand tart batter as in No. 82.

For Filling.

For Frosting.

Preparation: The sand tart batter should be baked in 3 layers; when cold, spread the fruit marmalade between the layers. Then cover with rum frosting.

No. 96—TREE TART.

Preparation: Beat the yolks with a rotary egg beater, add ½ cup sugar and beat well again, then set aside. Beat whites to stiff froth, add other ½ cup sugar. Mix both and add 1 cup flour measured before sifting. Butter pans, dredge them with flour and put the batter in. Bake in 8 layers in a slow oven. Spread chocolate or sour cream filling as in No. 76, between the layers. You may also cover with a frosting if you wish.

No. 97—FENCE TART.

First Layer.

Second Layer.

Third Layer.

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For the Covering.

For the Fencing.

Preparation: The first layer. Whip whites of eggs to thin froth, add salt and cream of tartar, then whip to a stiff froth, mix in the sugar and then the yolks of eggs whipped to a cream. Mix the flour in lightly and bake this batter in a buttered, round, loose bottom pan. Loosen edge of layer and arrange ladyfingers or macaroons around in circle. For the second layer. The dissolved bitter chocolate, sugar, cream and vanilla are boiled for 2 minutes, stirring constantly; stir in the dissolved gelatine, set the mixture in cold water and continue stirring until it begins to thicken, then add the ½ pint of whipped cream and spread the mixture over the baked layer. The third layer is made exactly like the second layer only using the pink coloring instead of the bitter chocolate; after the whipped cream is added, spread the mixture over the chocolate layer.

Before serving, spread the 1 pint of whipped cream, to which has been added a little sugar and vanilla, over the cake.

No. 98—FRUIT TART.

Apricot, Peach, Plum, Blueberry, Raspberry or Strawberry Tart.

Prepare the batter according to No. 93, Good Tart Dough. Cover with the desired fruit, either fresh or canned, sprinkle with sufficient sugar, bake for 25 minutes. Before serving the cake, cover with beaten cream or almond frosting, prepared according to No. 23, Chapter 20 and then bake.

No. 99—SUNSHINE CAKE.

Preparation: Beat the yolks of eggs first and add half the sugar; beat the whites of eggs very dry and add remaining sugar; beat well and add the vanilla, salt and the yolks of eggs; lastly, add the flour and cream of tartar. Bake in a moderate oven one hour.

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No. 100—LOVE CHOCOLATE CAKE.

Preparation: Cream butter and sugar; add the egg and vanilla; add the milk in which the soda is dissolved; dissolve the chocolate in a half cup boiling water, let cool and add; lastly, add the flour. Bake in flat cake tin about 45 minutes.

No. 101—ANGEL FOOD.

Preparation: Beat the whites of eggs to a stiff froth; boil the sugar with 4 tablespoons of water until all the sugar is dissolved; beat the sugar syrup into the whites of the eggs; add vanilla and the flour and cream of tartar. Bake slowly one hour.

No. 102—FRUIT CAKE.

Preparation: Cream the sugar and butter, add yolks of eggs, cloves and cinnamon; dissolve the soda in the sour milk and add to the rest; add the flour and mix well; lastly add the raisins, dates, citron and walnuts. Bake about 45 minutes.

No. 103—CREAM PUFFS.

Preparation: Stir the flour into the boiling water and butter. Set aside to cool and, when cold, stir in the unbeaten eggs one at a time. Drop in muffin tins and bake in a fairly hot oven. When baked, fill with beaten cream, sweetened to taste and flavored with vanilla.

No. 104—CREAM PUFFS.

Preparation; Pour the water over the butter. As soon as it boils and the butter is melted, stir in the flour and keep stirring until it leaves the sides of the pan. Let cool, stir in the eggs and soda, drop on the buttered pans and bake thirty minutes. Do not open the oven door for twenty minutes for fear they will fall. Fill with whipped cream, sweetened and flavored.

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No. 105—YEAST DOUGHNUTS.

In the Morning Add:

Preparation: Let rise, then roll and cut in shape desired, or roll into long strips and twist into shape. Let rise again while the lard is heating and then fry. Raised doughnuts require longer cooking.

No. 106—SOUR CREAM DOUGHNUTS.

Preparation: Stir butter, eggs and cream well, add all other ingredients, roll and cut the dough, bake in hot lard to golden brown color and sprinkle powdered sugar over.

No. 107—BLITZ-KUCHEN.

Preparation: Stir sugar, butter and yolks of eggs together well, add the stiffly beaten whites of eggs and flour. Bake in a long tin and cover with sugar, cinnamon and chopped almonds. Cut and serve while warm.

No. 108—SPICE CAKE.

Preparation: Beat the sugar, butter and eggs together until smooth; add the remaining ingredients. Bake in three layers and put together with white frosting.

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No. 109—WHIPPED CREAM CAKE.

Make a good sponge cake dough (see No. 29). and omit the chocolate.

Filling.

Preparation: After the layers are baked, beat the cream stiff, add sugar, vanilla and almonds; sweeten the cream and spread between the layers and on top. This is the queen of all cakes.

No. 110—WALNUT CAKE.

Filling.

Preparation: Cream the yolks of eggs and the sugar; add the beaten whites of the eggs; mix the rolled crackers, finely chopped nuts and baking powder and add. Bake in three layers in a slow oven.

Stir powdered sugar with a little water, spread on top of cake and put on the walnut halves.

No. 111—ANGEL CAKE.

Preparation: Cream the eggs separately, add sugar, walnuts, dates, baking powder and flour. Bake in a buttered pan.

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CHAPTER 20.
FILLINGS AND FROSTINGS FOR CAKES.

No. 1—VANILLA FILLING.

The preparation of the vanilla filling is the same as given in Chapter 19, No. 29, Layer Cake with Chocolate.

No. 2—NUT FILLING No. 1.

Preparation: The ingredients, excepting the white of egg, are all mixed well. The mixture is cooked one minute, stirring constantly, then cooled and the beaten white of egg mixed in.

No. 3—RAISIN FILLING.

Preparation: Water and sugar are stirred well, then boiled for one minute and taken from the stove. The raisins and beaten white of egg are mixed in and the filling spread on the cake, while still warm.

No. 4—NUT FILLING No. 2.

Preparation: The ingredients are mixed and cooked for several minutes, stirring constantly.

No. 5—ALMOND FILLING.

Preparation: The sugar, water and vanilla are boiled 1 minute and spread on the cake while warm. The almonds are strewn on immediately, then cover with the sweetened whipped cream.

No. 6—LEMON FILLING.

Preparation: This is given in Chapter 19, No. 33, Sponge Cake.

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No. 7—WALNUT FILLING.

Preparation: The ingredients are mixed and boiled, stirring constantly, then spread on the cake while still warm.

No. 8—CHOCOLATE FILLING.

Preparation: The chocolate is dissolved in the water, vanilla and sugar added and boiled 3 minutes while stirring constantly. Mix in the beaten whites of eggs while the chocolate is still warm.

No. 9—COCOANUT FILLING.

Preparation: The whites of eggs are beaten to a stiff froth, the cocoanut mixed in, then sugar and vanilla.

No. 10—BANANA FILLING.

Preparation: The bananas are peeled and sliced, mixed with sugar and spread between the layers of the cake.

No. 11—DATE FILLING.

Preparation: The dates are chopped fine and mixed with orange juice and grated orange rind, water and sugar and spread on the cake.

No. 12—CHOCOLATE FROSTING No. 1.

Preparation: Chocolate and sugar are dissolved in the water and vanilla and cooked until it threads. Stir it a little while longer and spread on the cake quickly, then put the cake into the oven again for 1 minute.

No. 13—CHOCOLATE FROSTING No. 2.

Preparation: The chocolate is grated, mixed with the other ingredients, and boiled a few minutes, stirring constantly, until quite stiff. Take off the fire, stir until nearly cold and spread on the cake immediately.

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No. 14—CHOCOLATE FROSTING No. 3.

Preparation: Sugar, cocoa and vanilla are mixed and the cold water gradually stirred in, being careful not to take too much water because the mixture must be thick. Spread on the cake at once. If you wish, add ½ cup of blanched and chopped almonds.

No. 15—VANILLA FROSTING.

Preparation: Vanilla is added to the sugar and the cream in ½ teaspoonfuls. Take only sufficient cream to make the frosting of consistency to spread.

No. 16—LEMON FROSTING.

Preparation: The lemon juice is mixed with the sugar and stirred a while. If the frosting is too thick, add more cream.

No. 17—TUTTI-FRUTTI FROSTING No. 1.

The ingredients are mixed well and cooked until the mixture may be spread on the cake while still warm.

No. 18—TUTTI-FRUTTI FROSTING No. 2.

Preparation: The sugar and hot milk are stirred a while, then the other ingredients are added and the frosting spread on the cake immediately.

No. 19—PLAIN FROSTING.

Preparation: White of egg and sugar are stirred well and vanilla or lemon essence added; white of egg is not beaten to a froth.

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No. 20—CARAMEL FROSTING.

Preparation: Sugar and milk are boiled until the mixture draws threads, take off the fire, add butter and vanilla and stir continually until you spread it on the cake while still warm.

No. 21—GLAZE FROSTING FOR HONEY CAKES.

Preparation: All ingredients are stirred to a cream and spread on the cake.

No. 22—RUM FROSTING.

Preparation: The sugar is dissolved in water and cooked until it threads. Then cool it a little, add the rum and stir until the frosting begins to get white, then spread on the cake.

No. 23—ALMOND FROSTING FOR FRUIT TART No. 1.

Preparation: The whites of eggs are beaten to a stiff froth, mixed with sugar and almonds and spread on the cake. This is then put into a medium oven and baked lightly to harden the frosting.

No. 24—ALMOND FROSTING No. 2.

The preparation is the same as given in Chapter 19, No. 67, Cherry Tart.

No. 25—FRUIT FROSTING.

Preparation: The ingredients are mixed well, stirred 25 minutes until thick and foamy, then spread on the cake immediately.

No. 26—CREAM FROSTING FOR FRUIT CAKE.

Preparation: Cream, sugar and yolks of eggs are mixed well and the beaten whites of eggs added. This frosting is spread on the cake and baked 10 minutes until the frosting is a nice yellow color.

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No. 27—PLAIN ALMOND FROSTING.

Preparation: The cream and the almonds are stirred into the sugar. The frosting must be quite thick, then spread on the cake immediately.

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CHAPTER 21.
COOKIES.

Directions for Preparing Christmas Cookies.

No. 1—BUTTER COOKIES.

Preparation: The butter is washed to take the salt out. Then butter, flour and sugar are mixed, yolks of eggs, arrack and almonds added and the dough rolled out to ¼ inch thick. Cut out with cookie cutters and bake to a light yellow color.

Remarks: These cookies may be brushed with whites of eggs and dusted with sugar, cinnamon and almonds before they are baked.

No. 2—HAZELNUT COOKIES.

Preparation: The ingredients are mixed into a smooth batter, rolled out thin, cut out in various designs and baked a nice yellow color. When done, spread with vanilla frosting.

No. 3—KISSES.

Preparation: The sugar and whites of eggs are whipped to a stiff froth. The pan is spread with wax, little heaps of froth are put on and baked in a very moderate oven.

No. 4—SAND COOKIES.

Preparation: Butter, sugar, yolks of eggs and 1 tablespoonful of water are stirred well, then the beaten whites of eggs and baking powder are added and flour mixed in to make the dough stiff enough to roll out. Cut it into squares, dust with sugar and cinnamon and bake.

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No. 5—ALMOND HEAPS.

Preparation: Stir the beaten whites of eggs with sugar ½ hour, add almonds, cinnamon and corn starch. Rinse the cake pans with water, put little heaps of the batter on and bake 20 minutes in a medium oven.

No. 6—ALMOND MACAROONS.

Preparation: The beaten whites of eggs and sugar are stirred ½ hour, then the almonds and corn starch are added. The cake tins are rinsed with cold water; put little heaps of the mixture on and bake in a medium oven to a golden yellow.

No. 7—CHOCOLATE MACAROONS WITH ALMONDS.

Preparation: The almonds are blanched and cut into long strips, then they are stirred in the sugar and water over the fire until they become sugared. When this has cooled, stir in the chocolate and beaten whites of eggs. Grease the pans with a bacon rind, put little heaps of the batter on and bake in a medium oven.

No. 8—CHOCOLATE MACAROONS WITH COCOANUT.

Preparation: Sugar and eggs are stirred well, then chocolate, cocoanut, cinnamon, lastly flour and baking powder added. Grease the pans with a bacon rind. Put little heaps of the batter on and bake in a slow oven.

No. 9—WALNUT MACAROONS.

Preparation: The whites of eggs are beaten to a stiff froth, sugar is mixed in and stirred ½ hour, then walnuts and vanilla are added. Rinse the pans with cold water, place little heaps of the mixture on and bake in a medium oven.

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No. 10—FLAWNS.

For Sprinkling.

Preparation: The butter is stirred to a cream with sugar and the eggs, then work in flour and baking powder. Roll out the dough to the thickness of a knife, cut out designs, sprinkle with sugar, blanched and cut or ground almonds and cinnamon and bake in medium hot oven.

The butter must be washed to take out the salt.

No. 11—ALMOND PUFFS.

Preparation: The whites of eggs are beaten to a froth and stirred ½ hour with the sugar, grated lemon rind, almonds and corn starch. Rinse the pans with cold water, put on small heaps of the mixture and bake in medium oven.

No. 12—ALMOND STRAWS No. 1.

Preparation: Eggs, sugar, almonds and lemon rind are mixed well and stirred until the dough rolls from the spoon with which you stir it. The bread board is floured, the dough rolled out to ½ inch thickness and cut into strips 3 inches long and 2 inches wide. Leave them on the board over night, turn them in the morning and leave them 6 hours longer, then bake in a medium hot oven to a golden yellow color.

No. 13—VANILLA STRAWS.

Preparation: The butter is washed to take out the salt, creamed and mixed with sugar, eggs and vanilla. Add the baking powder mixed with the flour. Roll out the dough on a well-floured board to ¼ inch thickness, cut out oblong strips and bake them in buttered pans to a dark yellow color.

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No. 14—ANISE COOKIES.

Preparation: Sugar, eggs, butter, anise and ammonium dissolved in a little milk are mixed well and stirred ¼ hour, then gradually add the flour. Roll out the dough on a floured board, cut out designs, leave them on the board for 24 hours and bake to a yellow color.

No. 15—VANILLA FLAWNS.

Preparation: The eggs and sugar are stirred on the stove for ½ hour, then vanilla and flour are added. With a coffee spoon put little heaps of the batter on a pan, let them stand 4 to 5 hours, put in the oven and bake to a nice color.

No. 16—OATMEAL COOKIES No. 1.

Preparation: The lard and sugar are stirred well; oatmeal, hot water and the dissolved soda mixed in; 1 pinch of salt and some nutmeg, cloves and cinnamon added. Put little heaps on a buttered pan and bake to a light brown color.

No. 17—OATMEAL COOKIES No. 2.

Preparation: The butter is rubbed to a cream; mix well with sugar, eggs, salt, cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, oatmeal, then add the dissolved saleratus and flour. Roll out the dough, cut out cookies with a cutter and bake to a light brown color.

No. 18—BROWN COOKIES No. 1.

Preparation: Rub the butter and lard to a cream with sugar, add molasses, syrup, chopped almonds and citron, cloves, cinnamon, grated lemon rind, potash, hartshorn salt and flour. Roll the dough, cut out cookies and bake to a light brown color.

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No. 19—BUTTER COOKIES.

Preparation: The butter, sugar and eggs must be stirred to a cream, then add cream, saleratus, nutmeg, and lastly the flour. Roll out the dough, cut out cookies and bake to a golden yellow color.

No. 20—BROWN COOKIES No. 2.

Preparation: Rub the butter to a cream with syrup, sweet and bitter almonds, potash, cloves, cinnamon, cardamom, lemon rind and citron. Lastly mix in the flour and sugar. Roll out the dough, cut out and bake in medium hot oven.

No. 21—BROWN COOKIES No. 3.

Preparation: Mix the ingredients well, put in enough flour to make a stiff dough, roll it out, cut out cookies and bake.

No. 22—BROWN COOKIES No. 4.

Preparation: Mix well the melted lard, sugar, syrup, cinnamon, salt and sour milk in which the soda is dissolved; then work in enough flour to make a stiff dough. Roll out the dough, cut out cookies and bake.

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No. 23—BROWN COOKIES No. 5.

Preparation: Melt the lard and add sugar, molasses, baking soda, cloves, cinnamon, ginger, salt, eggs and enough flour to make a stiff dough. Roll out the dough, cut out cookies and bake.

No. 24—WHITE COOKIES No. 1.

Preparation: Cream the butter with sugar and yolks of eggs, then add almonds, cream, cardamom, lemon rind, dissolved hartshorn salt and flour enough to make a stiff dough. Roll it out, cut out cooking and bake.

No. 25—WHITE COOKIES No. 2.

Preparation: The sugar is dissolved in the rose water and brought to boil. Yolks of eggs and hartshorn salt are mixed and stirred into the sweetened rose water while still warm, (not hot), then all the other ingredients are quickly mixed in and lastly the flour. Roll out the dough, cut out cookies and bake to a golden yellow color.

Remarks: Let the dough stand for a day before baking.

No. 26—WHITE COOKIES No. 3.

Preparation: The butter is washed to remove the salt. The cold butter is cut into the flour and mixed with the hands, 327then eggs, dissolved hartshorn salt, sugar, almonds and lemon rind are added. The dough is now rolled out and cut out with a tumbler or cookie cutter. Bake in pans to a golden yellow color.

No. 27—BUTTER STRAWS WITH ALMONDS.

Preparation: Rub the butter to a cream with yolks of eggs. Then add the beaten whites of eggs, lemon rind and baking powder mixed with flour. The dough is rolled out, cut into strips and baked to a golden yellow color.

No. 28—CHOCOLATE COOKIES.

Preparation: Rub the butter and sugar to a cream, add chocolate, almonds, eggs and vanilla, then baking powder mixed with flour and roll out the dough. Cut out the cookies with a tumbler or cutter and bake in a slow oven.

Remarks: Cookies containing chocolate take more time for baking.

No. 29—NUT CHOCOLATE COOKIES.

Preparation: The ingredients are mixed well and stirred, the flour added last, then this dough is rolled out and cut into strips or into disks with a tumbler and baked slowly.

No. 30—MOLASSES COOKIES.

Preparation: The lard is melted and mixed with sugar, molasses, water, the soda dissolved in a little water, the cream of tartar, cinnamon, ginger, salt and enough flour added to make a stiff dough. Roll out, cut out cookies and bake.

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No. 31—COCOANUT DROP CAKES.

Preparation: The ingredients are mixed well and the flour stirred in last. With a teaspoon drop on well buttered pans and bake until light brown.

No. 32—HICKORYNUT DROP CAKES.

Preparation: The butter is stirred to a cream and mixed with sugar and eggs. The soda is dissolved in the sour milk and added, also the vanilla, the nuts and the baking powder mixed with the flour. Little heaps of dough are placed on well buttered pans and baked in a slow oven.

No. 33—SMALL HERMIT CAKES No. 1.

Preparation: Butter, sugar and eggs are stirred well. The soda dissolved in the molasses and mixed in; then add nuts, raisins, dates, cloves, cinnamon and flour. Grease the pans with a bacon rind, make little cakes the size of a walnut and bake in a slow oven.

No. 34—SMALL HERMIT CAKES No. 2.

Preparation: The butter, eggs, sugar and currants are mixed well, soda dissolved in the molasses added, also cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg and enough flour to roll out the dough, being careful not to make it too stiff. Roll out thin, cut out with a cookie cutter or in strips and bake in a hot oven.

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No. 35—MOTHER’S COOKIES.

Preparation: Cream the butter with eggs and sugar, add the milk, lemon rind and baking powder mixed with the flour. Roll out quite thin, cut out cookies and bake to a golden yellow color.

No. 36—PEANUT DROP CAKES.

Preparation: The butter, sugar and yolks of eggs are stirred to a cream; add the milk, nuts, salt, the beaten whites of eggs and baking powder mixed with the flour. With a teaspoon drop on well buttered pans, place a peanut on each and bake in a slow oven.

No. 37—PEANUT STRAWS.

Preparation: The very cold butter is cut into the flour, sugar is added and quickly mixed with the hands. Beat the whites of eggs to a stiff froth and add it to the dough. Spread the dough into buttered pans, strew the peanuts on and bake the cake. When it has cooled, cut it into small equal strips.

No. 38—SMALL PLAIN COOKIES.

Preparation: Butter, lard, eggs and sugar are stirred well. The soda is dissolved in the hot water and added, then salt and not too much flour. The dough should be rather soft; roll it out, cut out cookies, sprinkle with sugar and bake to a golden yellow color.

No. 39—RAISIN CAKE.

Preparation: The butter, eggs and sugar are stirred well, raisins, walnuts, coffee, cinnamon, soda dissolved in the hot 330water and flour mixed in. The pans are buttered well and the dough put on in teaspoonfuls, flattened a little and baked slowly.

No. 40—GINGER SNAPS.

Preparation: Butter, lard, sugar and eggs are stirred well; baking soda dissolved in the sour milk, coffee, ginger, cinnamon, cloves added and flour to make a stiff dough. Roll it out, cut out the cookies with a tumbler and bake.

No. 41—BROWN PEPPERNUTS No. 1.

Preparation: Sugar and butter are stirred to a cream, then all ingredients mixed in and lastly the flour. Make little heaps or nuts on buttered pans and bake them.

No. 42—BROWN PEPPERNUTS No. 2.

Preparation: Preparation is the same as the one before, No. 41, Brown Peppernuts. The hartshorn salt is dissolved in the given quantity of rose water.

No. 43—SUGAR PEPPERNUTS.

Preparation is the same as given under No. 41.

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No. 44—VANILLA STARS.

Preparation: The vanilla is crushed with the sugar, then yolks of eggs, almonds, beaten whites of eggs mixed in and stirred 1 hour. Roll out the dough, make little stars and bake in medium hot oven. The board must be well-floured when rolling out the dough.

No. 45—EGG CRACKNELS.

Preparation: The ingredients are mixed well with the hands, and the dough formed into small rings; these are dipped into beaten egg, then rolled in sugar and cinnamon and baked to a golden yellow color.

Remarks: The eggs must be boiled 20 minutes. The yolks are chopped fine before working into the dough. The whites may be chopped, mixed with salt, pepper, oil and vinegar and used for garnishing green lettuce.

No. 46—ALMOND BREAD.

Preparation: Sugar and eggs are stirred well, the other ingredients mixed in and lastly the baking powder mixed with the flour. Roll out the dough and bake. When done and still warm, cut into strips.

No. 47—SPRINGELS.

Preparation: The sugar and eggs are beaten well. The ammonia is pulverized with a knife blade and added, then the flour. Roll out the dough and cut out small cookies, then bake in medium oven to a nice color.

No. 48—PLAIN PEPPERNUTS.

Preparation: The sugar is stirred ½ hour with the eggs, then add cinnamon, cloves, pepper and the ammonia, pulverized with a knife blade. Stir in enough flour to make a stiff 332dough, roll it out and cut out small cookies. Leave these for 2 to 3 days, turning them over and dipping in brandy and bake slightly in a medium oven.

No. 49—ALMOND STRIPS No. 2.

Preparation: Sugar and eggs are stirred well, the almonds mixed in after they are cold, then flour to make a stiff dough. Roll it out and cut into small strips and bake.

No. 50—HONEY CAKES.

Preparation: Melt the honey. Dissolve the potash in the rum and cover the dish. Then mix all the other ingredients with the honey, add the rum with the dissolved potash, and lastly the flour. Knead the dough 1 hour and set it in a warm place for 5 days. Then roll it out and bake it. When it is still warm, cut it into squares, oblongs or triangles. If you wish, you may cover them with a frosting, or with almonds and citron before baking.

No. 51—COCOANUT KISSES.

Preparation: Beat the whites of eggs very stiff; add the sugar and beat well; add cream of tartar and vanilla and lastly the cocoanut. Drop from a spoon on a buttered tin and bake in a moderate oven one-half hour.

No. 52—CINNAMON STARS.

Preparation: Stir the sugar, eggs and cinnamon together one hour; put six tablespoonfuls in a separate dish for frosting. To the remainder, add the grated, unblanched almonds; mix well; roll out upon a molding board strewn with flour and sugar; form with a star; frost; bake on buttered tins.

No. 53—LADY FINGERS.

Preparation: Beat eggs and sugar stiff, add salt and flour; put the dough in a form 3 inches long and 2 inches wide, bake rapidly. It will also make a fine cake if baked in a buttered pan.

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CHAPTER 22.
CONFECTIONERY.

No. 1—MOLASSES CANDY.

Preparation: Boil the molasses, sugar, butter and vinegar, stirring constantly. Test it by dropping a few drops into cold water; if it hardens it has been boiled sufficiently. Then add soda dissolved in 1 tablespoonful of hot water and lemon essence or vanilla. Pour the candy into a buttered pan and when cool, pull it with your hands well buttered until it is a light color. See candy pulling.

No. 2—VINEGAR TAFFY.

Preparation: Mix the ingredients and boil 20 minutes, then pour into a buttered pan and pull.

No. 3—CHOCOLATE FUDGES.

Preparation: Mix the molasses, sugar, milk and butter and cook 7 minutes, add the chocolate and cook 7 minutes more, then add the other ingredients. Pour into a buttered pan and when cold, cut into squares.

No. 4—BUTTER SCOTCH.

Preparation: Boil the syrup, sugar, water and butter until it hardens when testing in cold water. Add the vinegar and vanilla and pour into a buttered pan. When cold, cut into squares.

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No. 5—LEMON CANDY.

Preparation: Mix the sugar, water and cream of tartar and boil until it cracks and breaks when tried in cold water. Pour into a deep buttered dish and when cool, mix in the tartaric essence and lemon extract, and shape into any desired form.

No. 6—CHOCOLATE CARAMELS No. 1.

Preparation: Mix the sugar and syrup and boil 5 minutes, add the other ingredients and boil until it stiffens. Pour into a buttered pan and cut into squares.

No. 7—BON-BONS.

Preparation: Mix the sugar, water and vanilla and boil until it cracks when tried in cold water. Pour into an oiled pan or porcelain platter, spread it out and cut into cubes.

Remarks: You can also flavor with rosewater, orange or lemon instead of vanilla.

No. 8—CHOCOLATE CANDY.

Preparation: Mix the ingredients and boil 3 minutes, then pour into buttered pans and cut into cubes when cold.

No. 9—NUT CANDY.

Preparation: Mix the sugar, milk and cream and boil until, when trying a few drops in cold water, it holds together and forms a soft mass. Then add butter and salt, take from the stove, mix in vanilla and nuts and stir the mixture until it gets creamy. Pour it to 1 inch thickness into buttered pans and cut it into cubes when cold.

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No. 10—POPCORN CANDY.

Preparation: Pour enough popped corn into a pan to cover the bottom of the pan, put it on the stove to get very hot, being careful not to burn it. Mix the sugar, butter, water and salt and boil until it hardens when tried in cold water. Now mix it with the hot corn, add the rest of the popped corn and stir until it rolls from the spoon, then spread it out in buttered tins.

Remarks: It is best to use old popcorn.

No. 11—COCOANUT DROPS.

Preparation: Grate the cocoanut and weigh it, add to it ½ of its weight in sugar, mix this with the beaten white of egg, drop on buttered paper and bake in oven 15 minutes.

No. 12—CHOCOLATE CARAMELS No. 2.

Preparation: Cream the sugar and butter, add chocolate, molasses and milk and boil until it hardens when tried in cold water. Pour it about 1 inch thick into buttered pans and when cold, cut into squares with a buttered knife.

No. 13—PEANUT CANDY.

Preparation: Put two cups white sugar into a porcelain kettle; stir constantly until dissolved. Add one cup chopped peanuts. Turn at once into a buttered dish and cut in squares.

No. 14—PULLED TAFFY.

Preparation: If vinegar is strong, use two-thirds water and one-third vinegar. Boil the sugar, water and vinegar together until half done; then add the butter and stir until mixed well. When it snaps when tested in cold water, it is done. Pour on buttered tins, let cool, flavor and pull.

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No. 15—ICE CREAM CANDY.

Preparation: Boil sugar, vinegar and water together about ten minutes; add butter and let it boil another five minutes. Try a few drops in a glass of cold water. If hard, pour the mass into a buttered tin and set in a cool place until cool enough to pull. Pull it until it becomes white. Cut in pieces as desired.

No. 16—CRACKER JACK.

Preparation: Boil syrup, sugar and vinegar until it will crack when tried in cold water. Add the soda, stir well and pour the foamy mixture over the corn and peanuts.

No. 17—POP CORN BALLS.

Preparation: Pop the corn and remove all the hard kernels. Boil the sugar and water until it hairs, add the flavor, pour over the corn and form into balls.

No. 18—CHOCOLATE FUDGE.

Preparation: Put sugar, chocolate and milk on to boil and stir occasionally to prevent burning. Remove from fire as soon as a soft ball can be formed when mixture is tested in cold water. Add butter; stir vigorously until creamy. Pour into buttered shallow pan and mark in squares.

No. 19—CARAMELS.

Preparation: Mix everything together. Boil until it hardens in cold water. The last quarter hour stir well. Put in buttered tins. When cold, cut in squares.

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No. 20—FUDGE.

Preparation: Boil together sugar, chocolate and milk or cream until it hardens in water. Add the butter; take off the fire; add the vanilla and walnuts. Stir until it thickens. Pour in a greased tin and put in a cool place to harden.

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CHAPTER 23.
PRESERVES.

Preserving Fruits and Vegetables.

Only the best quality of fruit should be used for preserving, and the preserves must be kept in a cool dry place.

Glass jars are the best to put up preserves; tin cans must be soldered and this cannot very well be done at home.

The kettle in which the preserves are cooked should be clean and kept for this purpose only. The spoon or ladle used for stirring is best of silver or new wood.

The jars should be clean and scalded before using. They must have good rubbers and be closed so tightly that not a drop will come out when turned upside down.

No. 1—STRAWBERRIES.

Preparation: The strawberries must be dry and sound. Clean them, pour water on and let stand for a few minutes, then drain in a colander. Now weigh the fruit and take ½ lb. of sugar to every pound of fruit. Boil the fruit and sugar a few minutes over a slow fire, then fill it at once into the jars. Close these tightly and set them upside down to test the covers. When they are cold, store them in a cool, dry place.

Can also be made according to No. 13, but cook only 20 minutes instead of 2 hours.

No. 2—RASPBERRIES.

Preparation: The preparation of the raspberries is the same as that of strawberries. See No. 1, Strawberries.

No. 3—PINEAPPLE.

Preparation: Pare and slice the pineapple, which is best done with a silver knife. Weigh the fruit after it is sliced and take to every pound of fruit ¾ lb. of sugar and small cupful of water. Boil the sugar and water 5 minutes, skim it and put in the fruit to boil 20 minutes until it is transparent, skim it again and put it hot into the jars; then treat the jars as in No. 1 and store them in a cool, dry place.

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No. 4—PEACHES AND APRICOTS.

Preparation: Peel the peaches or apricots very thin, cut in halves and stone them. To one pound of fruit take ½ lb. of sugar and ¼ cup of water. Boil the sugar, water and 4 crushed stones 5 minutes, skim and add the fruit and boil a few minutes longer until it is soft. Do not let it get mushy. Skim the fruit again and fill it hot into the jars. Then treat the jars again as in No. 1 to test the covers. Store them in a cool, dry place.

Remarks: The peelings may be used for jelly. See Preparation of Jelly.

No. 5—PEACHES IN JELLY.

Preparation: Cut the small peaches into pieces, stone them, weigh them, boil until tender in the water and drain in a colander. Now put the sugar into the fruit syrup and boil until thick, skim it and put the large peeled peaches into it whole. Boil until the fruit is tender but not mushy, then put it carefully into the jars, pour the thick syrup on, place a brandy paper over and close the jars up tightly.

No. 6—APRICOTS IN JELLY.

Preparation: The preparation of apricots is the same as that of peaches. See No. 5, Peaches in Jelly.

No. 7—PICKLED PEACHES.

Preparation: Peel the peaches, leave them whole and weigh them. Boil the given quantity of water with sugar, vinegar, cloves and cinnamon 5 minutes, skim and add the peaches. When the fruit is soft, put it into the cans or jars and pour the syrup over. If there is too much syrup, boil it down to fill the cans or jars. Cover with a brandy paper and close them up tightly. The stone jars may be tied up with parchment paper.

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No. 8—PICKLED APRICOTS.

Preparation: The preparation of pickled apricots is the same as that of pickled peaches. See No. 7, Pickled Peaches.

No. 9—APRICOTS OR PEACHES IN BRANDY.

Preparation: Peel and weigh the apricots or peaches. Boil the sugar and water 5 minutes and skim, then put in the fruit, boil a few minutes and put into the jars. Let the syrup boil down and pour it onto the fruit hot, then pour the brandy on top, close the jars tightly and treat them as in No. 1.

Remarks: To every pound of fruit use 1 glass of brandy.

No. 10—STRAWBERRIES IN JELLY.

Preparation: Prepare the large strawberries as in No. 1, and drain off the water. Treat the small berries the same way, put the latter on the stove with the sugar, boil until soft, then rub through a sieve or a white, clean cloth so the juice will run into a dish. Put this juice back into the kettle, add to this the lemon juice and boil it down to jelly. Then add the large strawberries and boil 3 to 4 minutes. Put carefully into the jars, boil down the syrup if it is too much and pour it on the fruit hot. Cover with brandy paper and close the jars tightly. Treat them as in No. 1, to test the covers and when cold, store them in a cool, dry place. Melted paraffine is often used to make jars air-tight.

No. 11—RASPBERRIES IN JELLY.

Preparation: The preparation of raspberries is the same as that of strawberries. See No. 10, Strawberries in Jelly.

No. 12—STONED SOUR CHERRIES.

Preparation: Wash the cherries, stone them and weigh them. To every pound of cherries take ¾ lb. of sugar, boil 5 minutes and fill hot into the jars. Cover with a brandy paper and treat the jars as in No. 1.

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No. 13—LARGE SWEET CHERRIES.

Preparation: Wipe the cherries with a cloth and place them into the jars. Boil the sugar and water 5 minutes, skim it and pour over the cherries. Close the jars, but not tightly. Put the jars into a boiler with water reaching nearly to the top of the jars. Cover the boiler, boil for 2 hours, take out the jars, close them tightly and treat them as in No. 1.

Remarks: The cherries may be stoned. Put a tray or several thicknesses of cloth on the bottom of the boiler, also hay or cloth between the jars.

No. 14—COGNAC CHERRIES.

Preparation: Wash and dry the cherries, prick them with a needle, and trim the stems with a pair of scissors. Fill a jar half full with them. Boil down the sugar and water to one-third of the quantity and add the brandy. When this syrup is cold, pour it into the jars, close them tightly and treat them as in No. 1.

No. 15—MIRABELLE PLUMS, No. 1.

Preparation: Mirabelles are the small, round, yellow plums; they must be firm and sound when preserved. Rub them with a cloth and prick them with a needle a few times. Boil sugar and water 5 minutes, skim, add the plums, boil a few minutes and put into the jars. Boil down the syrup and pour it over the plums hot. Treat the jars as in No. 1 and store in a cool, dry place.

No. 16—MIRABELLE PLUMS, No. 2.

Preparation: Treat the plums as before. After they have been rubbed with a cloth and pricked, fill a jar half full. Boil the sugar and water 10 minutes and pour over the plums hot. Close the jars, but not tightly, then place into a boiler with water to boil 2 hours. After that time take out the jars, close them tightly and treat them as in No. 1.

Remarks: Put a piece of brandy paper inside before closing them up tightly.

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No. 17—PLUMS.

Preparation: Wipe the plums with a cloth. Boil the sugar and water for 5 minutes, skim and add the plums. Let them boil up a few times; as soon as they begin to crack, skim and put them carefully into the jars. Boil the syrup down and fill into the cans hot. Then close the jars tightly and treat them as in No. 1.

No. 18—PEELED PLUMS.

Preparation: Put the large, blue plums into hot water for a minute and skin them. With a sharp knife make a slit into the side of each plum and take out the stone; place them into the jars in layers. Boil the sugar and water with cinnamon and vinegar for 5 minutes, skim and pour it hot over the plums. Close the jars and boil them in a boiler for 45 minutes. Then take them out, close them tightly and treat the jars as in No. 1.

Remarks: Plums must be prepared quickly, as they will easily turn brown. To avoid this, one may sprinkle some of the sugar over as soon as they are skinned.

No. 19—PLUMS IN RED WINE.

Preparation: Wipe the ripe, blue plums with a cloth. Boil the sugar, red wine, vinegar, cloves and cinnamon 5 minutes, skim, add the plums and boil a few minutes. Take them out as soon as the skins begin to crack and put them into the jars. Boil down the syrup and fill it hot into the jars. Close the jars tightly and treat them as in No. 1.

No. 20—PICKLED PLUMS.

Preparation: Wipe the plums with a cloth, prick with a toothpick several times and place carefully into a stone jar. Boil the sugar, vinegar, cinnamon and cloves a few minutes, skim and pour over the plums boiling hot. This process is repeated 3 times. When the juice boils for the third time, the plums are put in, let boil up a few times, then all is put back into the stone jar or cans and tightly closed or tied up. These pickled plums are nice to serve with meat.

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No. 21—GOOSEBERRIES.